kilogram

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n kilogram one thousand grams; the basic unit of mass adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites "a kilogram is approximately 2.2 pounds"
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The biggest disco ball in the world has a diameter of 2.41 meters and 137.89 kilograms. It also has 6,900 mirror squares on it
    • n kilogram The ultimate standard of mass in the French system of weights and measures, equal to 1,000 grams; the mass of a certain cylinder of platinum deposited in the Archives of France on the 22d of June, 1799, and thence known as the Kilogramme des Archives. But in future the ultimate standard will be the international kilogram at the Pavilion de Breteuil near Sèvres; this substitution will not alter the value of the kilogram. The kilogram was intended to be (and is, within one ten-thousandth part) the mass of a cubic decimeter of water at its maximum density. It was ascertained by Miller to be equal to 15432. 34874 grains, or 2. 20462125 imperial pounds, with a probable error of 3 in the last decimal place. An independent determination by Miller (made merely as a check upon the other) gave 2. 20462116, with a probable error of 5 in the last place. The real error, however, and indeed the variations of weight of this ill-constructed Kilogramme des Archives, may very likely be somewhat greater. See metric system, under metric.
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Usage

In literature:

Now, a kilogram of, the aforesaid Robur would not produce less than ten, so that he came between the dog and the crocodile.
"Rubur the Conqueror" by Jules Verne
NOR: Traiti unit of weight, 0.56 kilograms.
"Concordance" by Ann Wilson
Months ago meat cost 32 francs a kilogram (about 13 shillings a pound) and an egg cost 1 franc 25 (a shilling).
"World's War Events, Vol. II" by Various
It represents the amount of heat required to raise a kilogram of water 1 deg.
"Studies of American Fungi. Mushrooms, Edible, Poisonous, etc." by George Francis Atkinson
During the 6 hours 237.63 kilograms of water passed through the absorbing system.
"Respiration Calorimeters for Studying the Respiratory Exchange and Energy Transformations of Man" by Francis Gano Benedict
At Havre, the coffee price is given in francs, on a quantity of 50 kilograms.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
The 49 well-clad boys showed an average excess per age-weight of .54 kilogram and age-height of 1.8 centimetres.
"New Worlds For Old" by Herbert George Wells
According to Heider, a healthy adult secretes on an average 48.8 kilograms of solid and 438 of liquid matter a year.
"Woman under socialism" by August Bebel
It carried at least 6,614 pounds (3,000 kilograms) to a height of 9,186 feet (2,800 meters).
"Zeppelin" by Harry Vissering
So I've got me plenty of kilograms of liquid Vee-Two, all ready to touch off.
"Triplanetary" by Edward Elmer Smith
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In news:

Berlin authorities say they shot and killed a 120 kilogram (265-pound) wild boar after it attacked and injured four people including a police officer in a residential neighborhood.
BERLIN—Berlin authorities say they shot and killed a 120 kilogram (265-pound) wild boar after it attacked and injured four people including a police officer in a residential neighborhood.
BERLIN – Berlin authorities say they shot and killed a 120 kilogram (265-pound) wild boar after it attacked and injured four people including a police officer in a residential neighborhood.
MADRID — Spanish authorities say they have arrested a Panamanian woman arriving at Barcelona airport with 1.38 kilograms (3 pounds) of cocaine concealed in breast implants.
This undated handout photo provided by the Georgia Interior Ministry shows bottles containing one kilogram (2.2 pounds) of yellowcake uranium.
All of them were above 2.5 kilograms.
LONDON — Jordan Burroughs gave the United States its first wrestling gold medal of the London Games, winning the men's 74-kilogram freestyle final against Sadegh Saeed Goudarzi of Iran, 1-0, 1-0.
Spanish police seized more than 300 pounds, or 140 kilograms, of explosive materials when they arrested the suspect.
Scott Alan Harper Jr, A.K.A.Scott Allen Harper, was indicted in March of 2011 for Conspiracy to Possess with the Intent to Distribute Five Kilograms or More of Cocaine.
The dedicated actress lost a total of 25 pounds (11.3 kilograms) during filming so she could authentically portray desperate prostitute Fantine, who sells her hair and her teeth to survive.
More than 30 kilograms each of cocaine and marijuana have been seized.
In order to participate, contestants are required to weigh over 80 kilograms (176 pounds).
Men carry a 100-kilogram bag of millet as they leave a distribution centre in western Niger.
The Imperial County Narcotics Task Force seized 48 kilograms of cocaine.
UNC-Chapel Hill physics professor Paul Frampton may be in an Argentine prison cell awaiting trial on charges of trying to smuggle two kilograms of cocaine out of the country, but that hasn’t stopped him from asking for a raise.
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In science:

Moreover, for diamagnetic materials, levitating very small pieces requires intense fields, which makes the suspension of a payload of several tens of kilograms (see Tab. 1) almost impossible.
Feasibility of a magnetic suspension for second generation Gravitational Wave interferometers
With individual sub-kilogram solid targets, modules with abnormally high backgrounds can be isolated and replaced. A further important feature of EURECA is its multi-material target.
Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop "Radiopure Scintillators for EURECA" (RPScint'2008)
The first one is more appropriate to our intentions but, as we want to be closer to the Newtonian mechanics definitions, we will use a units system in which electric charge is measured in units of mass, then only remain the mechanical units, the meter, the kilogram and the second.
Rigid motions and generalized Newtonian gravitation. Lost in Translation
Since WIMP direct detection means a rare event search with total rates constrained by experiments to be roughly below 1 event per kg detector mass per day, one would need target masses generally above the kilogram scale in order to gain a sufficient statistic in a reasonable life-time of the experiment.
WIMP direct detection overview
Due to the relatively large target mass, tens to hundreds of kilograms of Germanium, they will also be able to use the annual modulation signature as a WIMP-induced nuclear recoil discrimination procedure.
WIMP direct detection overview
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