keep

Definitions

  • "'I will keep these on,' he said to the shopkeeper."
    "'I will keep these on,' he said to the shopkeeper."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v keep prevent (food) from rotting "preserved meats","keep potatoes fresh"
    • v keep stick to correctly or closely "The pianist kept time with the metronome","keep count","I cannot keep track of all my employees"
    • v keep maintain by writing regular records "keep a diary","maintain a record","keep notes"
    • v keep supply with necessities and support "She alone sustained her family","The money will sustain our good cause","There's little to earn and many to keep"
    • v keep hold and prevent from leaving "The student was kept after school"
    • v keep retain possession of "Can I keep my old stuffed animals?","She kept her maiden name after she married"
    • v keep look after; be the keeper of; have charge of "He keeps the shop when I am gone"
    • v keep maintain for use and service "I keep a car in the countryside","She keeps an apartment in Paris for her shopping trips"
    • v keep have as a supply "I always keep batteries in the freezer","keep food for a week in the pantry","She keeps a sixpack and a week's worth of supplies in the refrigerator"
    • v keep store or keep customarily "Where do you keep your gardening tools?"
    • v keep retain rights to "keep my job for me while I give birth","keep my seat, please","keep open the possibility of a merger"
    • v keep allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature "We cannot continue several servants any longer","She retains a lawyer","The family's fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff","Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on","We kept the work going as long as we could","She retained her composure","this garment retains its shape even after many washings"
    • v keep keep under control; keep in check "suppress a smile","Keep your temper","keep your cool"
    • v keep stop (someone or something) from doing something or being in a certain state "We must prevent the cancer from spreading","His snoring kept me from falling asleep","Keep the child from eating the marbles"
    • v keep behave as expected during of holidays or rites "Keep the commandments","celebrate Christmas","Observe Yom Kippur"
    • v keep conform one's action or practice to "keep appointments","she never keeps her promises","We kept to the original conditions of the contract"
    • v keep supply with room and board "He is keeping three women in the guest cottage","keep boarders"
    • v keep raise "She keeps a few chickens in the yard","he keeps bees"
    • v keep keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., "keep clean" "hold in place","She always held herself as a lady","The students keep me on my toes"
    • v keep continue a certain state, condition, or activity "Keep on working!","We continued to work into the night","Keep smiling","We went on working until well past midnight"
    • v keep maintain in safety from injury, harm, or danger "May God keep you"
    • v keep fail to spoil or rot "These potatoes keep for a long time"
    • n keep a cell in a jail or prison
    • n keep the main tower within the walls of a medieval castle or fortress
    • n keep the financial means whereby one lives "each child was expected to pay for their keep","he applied to the state for support","he could no longer earn his own livelihood"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Keep Away from the Banks for Fear The Banks Will Cave In 329 Keep Away from the Banks for Fear The Banks Will Cave In 329
Keep your body steady Keep your body steady
Keep a look-out for the carriages Keep a look-out for the carriages
THE MOON-CHILD MUST KEEP ON RUNNING ROUND HER. P. 11 THE MOON-CHILD MUST KEEP ON RUNNING ROUND HER. P. 11
Sainte-Susanne, Keep Sainte-Susanne, Keep
Where the loveliest of all the parasol Madonnas keeps guard over the still lagoon Where the loveliest of all the parasol Madonnas keeps guard over the still lagoon
"Keep your head still" "Keep your head still"
"'KEEP STEP, RABBIT, MAN!'" "'KEEP STEP, RABBIT, MAN!'"

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Pigs have no sweat glands, which is why they stay in water or mud to keep cool
    • Keep (Mach) A cap for retaining anything, as a journal box, in place.
    • Keep That which is kept in charge; a charge. "Often he used of his keep A sacrifice to bring."
    • Keep That which keeps or protects; a stronghold; a fortress; a castle; specifically, the strongest and securest part of a castle, often used as a place of residence by the lord of the castle, especially during a siege; the dungeon. See Illust. of Castle. "The prison strong,
      Within whose keep the captive knights were laid."
      "The lower chambers of those gloomy keeps .""I think . . . the keep , or principal part of a castle, was so called because the lord and his domestic circle kept , abode, or lived there."
    • Keep The act or office of keeping; custody; guard; care; heed; charge. "Pan, thou god of shepherds all,
      Which of our tender lambkins takest keep ."
    • Keep The means or provisions by which one is kept; maintenance; support; as, the keep of a horse. "Grass equal to the keep of seven cows.""I performed some services to the college in return for my keep ."
    • Keep The state of being kept; hence, the resulting condition; case; as, to be in good keep .
    • Keep To attend upon; to have the care of; to tend. "And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden, to dress it and to keep it.""In her girlish age, she kept sheep on the moor."
    • Keep To be in session; as, school keeps to-day.
    • Keep To care; to desire. "I kepe not of armes for to yelp [boast]."
    • Keep To cause to remain in a given situation or condition; to maintain unchanged; to hold or preserve in any state or tenor. "His loyalty he kept , his love, his zeal.""Keep a stiff rein, and move but gently on."
    • Keep To confine one's self to; not to quit; to remain in; as, to keep one's house, room, bed, etc.; hence, to haunt; to frequent. "'Tis hallowed ground;
      Fairies, and fawns, and satyrs do it keep ."
    • Keep To continue in, as a course or mode of action; not to intermit or fall from; to hold to; to maintain; as, to keep silence; to keep one's word; to keep possession. "Both day and night did we keep company.""Within this portal as I kept my watch."
    • Keep To have habitually in stock for sale.
    • Keep To have in custody; to have in some place for preservation; to take charge of. "The crown of Stephanus, first king of Hungary, was always kept in the castle of Vicegrade."
    • Keep To have in one's service; to have and maintain, as an assistant, a servant, a mistress, a horse, etc. "I keep but three men and a boy."
    • Keep To hold; to restrain from departure or removal; not to let go of; to retain in one's power or possession; not to lose; to retain; to detain. "If we lose the field,
      We can not keep the town."
      "That I may know what keeps me here with you.""If we would weigh and keep in our minds what we are considering, that would instruct us."
    • Keep To last; to endure; to remain unimpaired. "If the malt be not thoroughly dried, the ale it makes will not keep ."
    • Keep To maintain, as an establishment, institution, or the like; to conduct; to manage; as, to keep store. "Like a pedant that keeps a school.""Every one of them kept house by himself."
    • Keep To observe duly, as a festival, etc.; to celebrate; to solemnize; as, to keep a feast. "I went with them to the house of God . . . with a multitude that kept holyday."
    • Keep To observe; to adhere to; to fulfill; not to swerve from or violate; to practice or perform, as duty; not to neglect; to be faithful to. "I have kept the faith.""Him whom to love is to obey, and keep His great command."
    • Keep To preserve from danger, harm, or loss; to guard. "Behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee."
    • Keep To preserve from discovery or publicity; not to communicate, reveal, or betray, as a secret. "Great are thy virtues . . . though kept from man."
    • Keep To record transactions, accounts, or events in; as, to keep books, a journal, etc.; also, to enter (as accounts, records, etc. ) in a book.
    • Keep To remain in any position or state; to continue; to abide; to stay; as, to keep at a distance; to keep aloft; to keep near; to keep in the house; to keep before or behind; to keep in favor; to keep out of company, or out reach.
    • Keep To reside for a time; to lodge; to dwell. "Knock at his study, where, they say, he keeps ."
    • Keep To supply with necessaries of life; to entertain; as, to keep boarders.
    • Keep To take care; to be solicitous; to watch. "Keep that the lusts choke not the word of God that is in us."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In 1998, a law passed in the U.S. state of Virginia allows drivers to keep their road kill, as long as they report it within 12 hours
    • keep To observe; heed; regard; attend to; care for; be solicitous about.
    • keep To observe or carry out in practice; perform; fulfil: as, to keep the laws; to keep the sabbath-day; to keep one's word or promise.
    • keep To celebrate or observe with all due formalities or rites; solemnize: as, to keep Lent.
    • keep To hold; have or carry on: as, to keep court; to keep an act at a university.
    • keep To tend; care for; have the charge, oversight, or custody of.
    • keep To guard; protect; preserve; especially, to maintain inviolate or intact; preserve from danger, mishap, loss, decay, etc.: as, to keep the peace.
    • keep To retain or hold possession of; retain in one's own power or possession; continue to have, hold, or enjoy; retain: as, he got it to keep; to keep a thing in mind; to keep a secret; to keep one's own counsel.
    • keep To have habitually in stock or for sale.
    • keep To have habitually in attendance or use; employ or maintain in service, or for one's use or enjoyment: as, to keep three servants; to keep a horse and carriage.
    • keep To maintain; support; provide for; supply with whatever is needed.
    • keep To maintain or carry on, as an establishment, institution, business, etc.; conduct; manage: as, to keep a school or a hotel; to keep shop; to keep house.
    • keep To receive; go to meet; receive as a friend or guest.
    • keep To take in and provide for; entertain.
    • keep To hold; detain: as, what keeps him here?
    • keep To hold or hold back; restrain.
    • keep To continue, or continue to maintain or preserve, as a state or course of action: as, to keep the same road; to keep step.
    • keep To cause to be or continue in some specified state, condition, action, or course: as, to keep the coast clear; to keep things in order.
    • keep To stay or remain in; refrain from leaving: as, to keep the house; to keep one's bed.
    • keep To maintain habitually: same as keep up.
    • keep To scare away: same as keep off: as, to keep crows.
    • keep To maintain a regular record of or in; have or take charge of entering or making entries in: as, to keep accounts; to keep the books of a firm; to keep a diary.
    • keep To restrain; hold back.
    • keep In printing, to set in lower-case type, as a word or initial letter.
    • keep To conceal; avoid telling or disclosing.
    • keep To restrain; curb, as a horse.
    • keep To maintain; continue; prevent cessation of.
    • keep To maintain in good order or condition: as, to pay so much a year to keep up a grave.
    • keep Synonyms, etc. Keep, Retain, Reserve. Keep is a very general idiomatic word, meaning, in this relation, not to dispose of or part with; hold on to: as, to sell half and keep half. Retain covers the idea of not giving up where there is occasion or opportunity : as, to surrender on condition that the officers retain their side-arms. To reserve is to keep back at a time or in an act in which other things are given up; also, to keep back for a time: as, to reserve judgment.
    • keep Keep, Defend, Protect, Shelter, Preserve. Keep is the general word in this relation also. To defend is to keep by warding off attacks; the word does not so much imply success as the others do. To protect is to keep by covering from danger. To shelter is to keep by covering on one side, or on all sides, especially above, from exposure. Shelter seems figurative when not applied to keeping from exposure to the weather, and protect and defend when not applied to the physical. To preserve is in various senses to protect or keep from destruction or injury : as, to preserve forests, the bank of a river, fruit, vested rights, life, or one's dignity.
    • keep and Observe, Commemorate, etc. See celebrate.
    • keep To care; be solicitous.
    • keep To take care; be on the watch; be heedful.
    • keep To lodge; dwell; hold one's self, as in an abiding-place.
    • keep To keep one's self; remain; stay; continue: as, to keep at a distance; to keep in with some one; to keep out of sight; hence, in familiar speech, used with a present participle almost as an auxiliary of continuous or repeated action: as, he keeps moving; she kept crying out; they have kept asking for it this hour past.
    • keep To last; endure; continue unimpaired.
    • n keep Heed; notice; care.
    • n keep Custody; keeping; oversight.
    • n keep That which is kept or cared for; charge.
    • n keep The stronghold or citadel of a medieval castle; the innermost and strongest structure or central tower. It was the final dependence for keeping the castle against assault. In the lower parts of the structure prisoners werekept, with stores, etc.; and in the upper parts the family lived, especially in times of danger. Also called dungeon or donjon, dungeon-keep, or dungeon-tower. See dungeon, donjon.
    • n keep Subsistence; board and lodging; maintenance or means of subsistence: as, the keep of a horse.
    • n keep plural In coal-mining, wings, catches, or rests for holding the cage when it is brought to rest at some point, above the bottom of the shaft. See cage-shuts.
    • n keep A meat-safe.
    • n keep A large basket.
    • n keep A reservoir for fish by the side of a river.
    • keep In printing, to save (composed type) from distribution; also, to follow rigidly the capitals or other peculiarities of (manuscript copy).
    • keep In cricket, to act as stumper or wicket-keeper.
    • n keep In mech.: A cover to protect a part of a machine from injury.
    • n keep A chock; a stop; a block to prevent a piece from moving.
    • n keep On a locomotive, a part of the axle-bearing which is fitted below the journal of the axle and serves to hold an oiled pad against it to furnish constant lubrication.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: If you put a raisin in a glass of champagne, it will keep floating to the top and sinking to the bottom.
    • v.t Keep kēp to have the care of: to guard: to maintain: to manage: to have in one's service: to hold for one's own use or enjoyment: to remain in: to adhere to: to practise: not to lose: to maintain hold upon: to restrain from departure: to preserve in a certain state: to maintain: to fulfill
    • v.i Keep to remain in any position or state: to remain fresh: to last or endure: to continue: to adhere: to have rooms at college (Cambridge):—-pr.p. keep′ing; pa.t. and pa.p. kept
    • n Keep that which keeps or protects: subsistence: food: the innermost and strongest part of a castle, the donjon: a stronghold
    • ***

Quotations

  • Robert Louis Stevenson
    Robert%20Louis%20Stevenson
    “Keep your fears to yourself, but share your courage with others.”
  • Robert E. Lee
    Robert%20E.%20Lee
    “Never do a wrong thing to make a friend or to keep one.”
  • Ronald Alan Weiss
    Ronald Alan Weiss
    “Once you're moving you can keep moving.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “To say the truth, reason and love keep little company together now-a-days.”
  • Goodman Ace
    Goodman Ace
    “I keep reading between the lies.”
  • George Herbert
    George%20Herbert
    “One sword keeps another in the sheath.”

Idioms

A still tongue keeps a wise head - Wise people don't talk much.
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An apple a day keeps the doctor away - Eating healthy food keeps you healthy.
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Keep abreast - If you keep abreast of things, you stay informed about developments.
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Keep an eye out - If you keeep an eye out for something, you are watching carefully to see if it happens.
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Keep at bay - If you keep someone or something at bay, you maintain a safe distance from them.
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Keep body and soul together - If you earn enough to cover your basic expenses, but nothing more than that, you earn enough to keep body and soul together.
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Keep in touch - If you keep in touch with someone, you keep communicating with them even though you may live far apart.
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Keep it on the Q T - If you keep something on the Q T, you keep it quiet or secret.('Q-T' is also used.)
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Keep it under your hat - If you keep something under your hat, you keep it secret.
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Keep mum - If you keep mum about something, you keep quiet and don't tell anyone.
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Keep posted - If you keep posted about something, you keep up-to-date with information and developments.
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Keep someone at arm's length - If you keep someone or something at arm's length, you keep a safe distance away from them.
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Keep someone on their toes - If you keep someone on their toes, you make sure that they concentrate on what they are supposed to do.
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Keep tabs on someone - If you keep tabs on someone, you check, watch and keep a close eye on what they are doing.
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Keep the wolf at bay - If you keep the wolf at bay, you make enough money to avoid going hungry or falling heavily into debt.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. kēpen, AS. cēpan, to keep, regard, desire, await, take, betake; cf. AS. copenere, lover, OE. copnien, to desire

Usage

In literature:

We would keep out of the expensive tourists' ways, and live cheaply, keeping house when we could.
"A Little Girl of Long Ago" by Amanda Millie Douglas
What I want first is the boy, to give me an object and keep up my pluck, and keep me steady.
"The History of Sir Richard Calmady" by Lucas Malet
I could keep true to her the whole world over; and if she promises, she will keep true to me.
"A Little Girl in Old Boston" by Amanda Millie Douglas
Such a life was by no means a healthy one for Estelle, as Lord Lynwood's aunt, Lady Coke, discovered during her visits to Lynwood Keep.
"Chatterbox, 1906" by Various
Deze days de Rabbits has ter keep out de way er folks, but in dem days folks had ter keep out der way er ole Brer Rabbit.
"Nights With Uncle Remus" by Joel Chandler Harris
I'm sure I don't see what keeps all you boys from dying!
"Still Jim" by Honoré Willsie Morrow
Let's keep on being fools, good and plenty, but keep busy just the same.
"Blow The Man Down" by Holman Day
When it rains, I have to go outside to keep from gittin' too wet.
"Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves, Arkansas Narratives, Part 4" by Work Projects Administration
Still they remain silent, keeping the dark thought, if such it be, to themselves.
"The Flag of Distress" by Mayne Reid
It's just as if my body goes on while my feet keep sinking in the sand and won't keep up.
"The Peril Finders" by George Manville Fenn
She would not give it flies, which she considered cruel, but used to keep it alive on morsels of raw meat.
"Betty Vivian" by L. T. Meade
God, keep my hands off him!
"The Manxman A Novel - 1895" by Hall Caine
They were making for a point that would intersect the flight of the swan should he keep on in his horizontal course.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
Keep out about ten for smokes and grub.
"Desert Conquest" by A. M. Chisholm
If I keep them out I keep him out, and run the thing my own way.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
I have orders that we are all to keep perfectly quiet till the plans are settled and we each get our instructions.
"Condemned as a Nihilist" by George Alfred Henty
Keep several apples in a close box and watch for the "worms" to come out.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Nature Study" by Ontario Ministry of Education
A handful tightly gripped should keep the shape of the hand, and show to a degree the markings of the palm.
"Dishes & Beverages of the Old South" by Martha McCulloch Williams
If you keep it, I will truly have no honest business in Lucera.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
Whatever Esther said, she would keep her own eyes on the sign.
"The Prisoner" by Alice Brown
***

In poetry:

Beautiful twenty-second,
Beautiful twenty-second,
May the people ever keep it,
Beautiful twenty-second.
"Beautiful Twenty-Second" by Julia A Moore
She makes her immemorial moan,
She keeps her shadowy kine;
Oh, Keith of Ravelston,
The sorrows of thy line!
"A Nuptial Eve" by Sydney Thompson Dobell
Yet, stranger! here, from year to year,
She keeps her shadowy kine;
O Keith of Ravelston,
The sorrows of thy line!
"Keith Of Ravelston" by Sydney Thompson Dobell
Yet, stranger! here, from year to year,
She keeps her shadowy kine;
Oh, Keith of Ravelston,
The sorrows of thy line!
"A Nuptial Eve" by Sydney Thompson Dobell
Who shall keep thy sheep,
Lord, and lose not one?
Who save one shall keep,
Lest the shepherds sleep?
Who beside the Son?
"Christmas Antiphones" by Algernon Charles Swinburne
Your naked new-born soul, their stake,
Stood blind between;
God said “let him that wins her take
And keep Faustine.”
"Faustine" by Algernon Charles Swinburne

In news:

Nowitzki said he doesn't know why the swelling keeps coming back and that arthroscopic surgery remains an option if it keeps happening.
The Cowboys are nowhere near the NFL's best, but they are what the league likes they keep it interesting -- and keep you watching -- until the very end.
The law says the Federal Reserve has to focus on two mandates: Keeping prices stable and keeping unemployment below 4 percent.
To keep supply chains lean and resilient, companies must keep a weather eye out for any and all disturbances.
To keep them operating dependably and at peak efficiency, it is important to keep them properly maintained.
"We knew we had to keep running the ball, keep pounding it at them," he said.
The more Atlanta keeps winning, the more coach Mike Smith keeps tinkering with ways to help the Falcons improve.
See what she keeps handy to keep her going along the way.
Hopefully, I can keep on being consistent in the outfield and keep bringing Gold Gloves home.
An apple a day may actually keep the doctor away – or even better, keep you from getting a life-threatening blood clot.
What Superstorm Sandy says, goodbye to Rachel, keep it classified, our pioneer state, common sense and studs, tip your attendants, keep sidewalks safe, tax hiking .
I'm sure some of you probably agree with him, but as long as they keep paying me, I'll keep showing up.
Keep On Keeping On theme.
While far from an exhaustive list of options, here are a few tools that can help keep your devices going and keep you productive for a few extra hours during any type of power-zapping accident or disaster.
"Keep it in your pocket or keep it in your purse, and then let the system alert you in the right way.".
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In science:

We keep βz = βy = 1 fixed and vary the torsion constant τ , starting with the integrable case τ = 0.
Frobenius-Perron Resonances for Maps with a Mixed Phase Space
The parameter k is suitably chosen to keep the graph sparse but connected.
Random spread on the family of small-world networks
Given a set W of worlds, a cpm maps pairs of subsets of W to some partially ordered set D . I write Pl(U jV ) rather than Pl(U; V ), in keeping with standard notation for conditioning.
Conditional Plausibility Measures and Bayesian Networks
If the second term on the right were larger than 1, then we could increase m while keeping the ratios g/m, ℓ/m, and b/m fixed, and thereby make the probability as large as we like, and in particular larger than 1.
On the critical exponents of random k-SAT
The nontrivial zero slope limit is given by sending α′ → 0 while keeping the parameter θ ij of noncommutativity and the open string metric fixed.
Worldsheet and Spacetime Properties of p-p' System with B Field and Noncommutative Geometry
In principle, we may proceed with such a clustering process, keeping track of all additional one- or two- or multi-spin–flip terms that are generated.
Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points
We can then follow renormalizations of the needed operators by keeping track of the phase lengths, in addition to the various bond-strengths.
Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points
In this case, if we wish to take α′ → 0 and keep the YM coupling constant fixed, we must scale gs to infinity as (α′ )−1/2 .
On Theories With Light-Like Noncommutativity
For k D5-branes, again we have to take gs to infinity as we take α′ to zero, in order to keep the Yang-Mills coupling fixed.
On Theories With Light-Like Noncommutativity
It remains the freedom to act with a second matrix ∆β , however, keeping C +AC invariant.
On the Gribov Problem for Generalized Connections
Just to visualize such approximation we want to keep ourselves using the Dirac operator formalism.
It is the ambiguity. (But only three generations)
To compute Tr M k from Eq. (3), we must keep in the summation only the W ’s for which the edges are repeated an even number of times.
Random incidence matrices: moments of the spectral density
Again, we observe that the results for large N with fixed p are found by keeping the last diagonal of Table 2 and Table 3, corresponding to the large α limit.
Random incidence matrices: moments of the spectral density
One can get similar scaling limit for the system with N Dp-branes (p ≤ 3) which keeps SYM degrees of freedom only.
U-duality Between NCOS Theory and Matrix Theory
The latter had a long development phase (almost like a space pro ject!), partly because of the difficulty to keep the microphonic noise within acceptable limits.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
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