• WordNet 3.6
    • n kale coarse curly-leafed cabbage
    • n kale a hardy cabbage with coarse curly leaves that do not form a head
    • n kale informal terms for money
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Kale (Bot) A variety of cabbage in which the leaves do not form a head, being nearly the original or wild form of the species.
    • Kale See Kail, 2.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n kale In Scotland, loosely, cabbage in general, and by extension any kind of greens; specifically, both there and elsewhere, any variety of cabbage with curled or wrinkled leaves not forming compact heads like the common cabbage, nor yielding a fleshy edible inflorescence like the cauliflower and broccoli, and usually having a long stalk; borecole.
    • n kale A broth made in Scotland in which kale or cabbage is a principal ingredient; hence, any soup, no matter of what composed, and, by a further extension, dinner: as, will you come and tak' your kale wi' me?
    • n kale Brassica oleracea, the cabbage-plant, in its wild state.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Kale kāl a cabbage with open curled leaves, cabbage generally: broth of which kale is a chief ingredient
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Scot. kale, kail, cale, colewort, Gael. cael,; akin to Ir. cal, W. cawl, Armor. kaol,. See Cole
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary


In literature:

Gay records another test with peas which is like the final trial made with kale-stalks.
"The Book of Hallowe'en" by Ruth Edna Kelley
That big scrape she got as she came over the rafe, I'm afeard, took off a bit av her kale, sorr.
"Afloat at Last" by John Conroy Hutcheson
This, when boiled, resembles the asparagus, or kale, and, uncooked, it makes an excellent salad.
"Mark Seaworth" by William H.G. Kingston
The Buda Kale somewhat resembles the Purple; but the stalk is shorter.
"The Field and Garden Vegetables of America" by Fearing Burr
And the sea-kale, Mr. Graham.
"Orley Farm" by Anthony Trollope
Adventitious buds on root of sea-kale 172 84, 85.
"Vegetable Teratology" by Maxwell T. Masters
This is sometimes made with kale, hence its name.
"The Community Cook Book" by Anonymous
All the Hindu gods and goddesses are worshipped in the hills, but the hideous goddess Kalee is the favourite object of worship.
"Life and Work in Benares and Kumaon, 1839-1877" by James Kennedy
Groping about they pull up first stalk of kale or head of cabbage.
"Games For All Occasions" by Mary E. Blain
They have alfalfa hay, turnips, rape, kale, corn, pumpkins and grain.
"The Story of Wool" by Sara Ware Bassett
Anchor off Castle Chanak Kalessia (Kale i Sultaniye).
"The Works of Lord Byron, Volume 2" by George Gordon Byron
Don't flay me, and I'll bring you kale and good cauliflower, if only you let me go!
"Children's Literature" by Charles Madison Curry
There'll be plenty of kale.
"Little Lost Sister" by Virginia Brooks
Don't flay me, and I'll bring you kale and good cauliflower if only you let me go!
"The Book of Stories for the Storyteller" by Fanny E. Coe
Sandy's got a green kale plaster fo' it.
"Rimrock Trail" by J. Allan Dunn
SEA-KALE is a highly nutritious and palatable culinary vegetable.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
Sideboard, Sea Kale, Pickles, Greens, Potatoes.
"The Lady's Own Cookery Book, and New Dinner-Table Directory;" by Charlotte Campbell Bury
They were successful except at Kum Kale where the Turks proved to have maintained a large force.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume III (of VIII)" by Various
Higham, to the southern sector of the area, where the French had held the line ever since their move from Kum Kale to the Peninsula.
"With Manchesters in the East" by Gerald B. Hurst
Kale Akte (Calacte), 216.
"Vistas in Sicily" by Arthur Stanley Riggs

In poetry:

No smoking signs, raw mustard greens,
Zucchini by the ton,
Uncooked kale and bodies frail
Are sure to make me run
"The Health-Food Diner" by Maya Angelou
There is told a wonderful tale,
How the King stripped off his mail,
Like leaves of the brown sea-kale,
As he swam beneath the main;
"Tales Of A Wayside Inn : Part 1. The Musician's Tale; The Saga of King Olaf XXI. -- King Olaf's Deat" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
"The deer rins wild on hill and dale,
The birds fly wild from tree to tree;
But there is neither bread nor kale,
To feed my men and me.
"Battle Of Otterbourne" by Anonymous British
'The deer rins wild on hill and dale,
The birds fly wild frae tree to tree;
But there is neither bread nor kale
To fend my men and me.
"The Battle Of Otterburn" by Anonymous British

In news:

Kale gets the green light.
She was born in Rainsville, Ala. To the late Kale and Viola Cooley, and was of the Baptist faith.
Alongside the juice is a Kale salad.
Consider Kale , Island Grown's Harvest of the Month.
Tuscan kale at Morning Glory Farm.
One of the first things I put in the ground was kale .
Slate's you're doing it wrong: Kale .
Roasted Sweet Potato and Crispy Kale Salad With Roquefort Dressing.
You're Doing It Wrong: Kale .
Roasted Sweet Potatoes/Bean and Kale Stew.
Eat the Kale , Then Pass the Pie.
1 bunch Tuscan kale .
How To Cook Kale Salad, Kale Chips, Kale Soup.
PATRICK RYAN Port Fonda Why kale .
Red Russian Kale Salad, Saturday, August 25.

In science:

Arora–Hazan– Kale presented a different sampling method in .
Finding structure with randomness: Probabilistic algorithms for constructing approximate matrix decompositions
In a related work [AHK06], Arora, Hazan, and Kale present another randomized scheme for computing sparse approximants with controlled Frobenius and spectral norm errors.
Error Bounds for Random Matrix Approximation Schemes
In [AHK06], Arora, Hazan, and Kale describe a random sparsification algorithm which partially quantizes its inputs and requires only one pass through the matrix.
Error Bounds for Random Matrix Approximation Schemes
We then derive a deviation inequality for the spectral approximation error using a log-Sobolev inequality from [BLM03], and use it to compare our results to those of Achlioptas and McSherry [AM07] and Arora, Hazan, and Kale [AHK06].
Error Bounds for Random Matrix Approximation Schemes
To demonstrate the applicability of our bound on the spectral norm error, we consider the sparsification and quantization schemes used by Achlioptas and McSherry [AM07], and the quantization scheme proposed by Arora, Hazan, and Kale [AHK06].
Error Bounds for Random Matrix Approximation Schemes
Arora, Hazan, and Kale establish that this scheme guarantees kA − X k ≤ O(δ) with probability at least 1 − exp(−Ω(n)), so we see that our general bound recovers a bound of the same order.
Error Bounds for Random Matrix Approximation Schemes
Sanjeev Arora, Elad Hazan, and Satyen Kale, A Fast Random Sampling Algorithm for Sparsifying Matrices, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization.
Error Bounds for Random Matrix Approximation Schemes
Two papers by Warmuth et al. [TRW05, WK06] present a scheme - called the Matrix Exponentiated Gradient Update method - that can basically be applied to problem (1). A form of this algorithm was independently discovered by Arora and Kale [AK07].
A randomized Mirror-Prox method for solving structured large-scale matrix saddle-point problems
Finally, Arora and Kale [AK07] obtain, by approximating the rows of exp(X/2), a substitute for the exact Gram matrix exp(X ), where X is some real symmetric n × n-matrix.
A randomized Mirror-Prox method for solving structured large-scale matrix saddle-point problems
Arora, S., Kale, S., A combinatorial, primal-dual approach to semidefinite programs – in: D.
Solving large scale polynomial convex problems on $\ell_1$/nuclear norm balls by randomized first-order algorithms
Unlike the algorithm in (Hazan and Kale, 2011), we do not shrink the domain size over the iterations in Algorithm 2.
Recovering Optimal Solution by Dual Random Projection
In the second part of the paper, I briefly sketch the work of Bel kale, Brosnan resp.
Notes on Feynman Integrals and Renormalization
The validity of using pairwise likelihoods to conduct inference about θ can be assessed either from the theory of unbiased estimating functions (Godambe and Kale, 1991) or the Kullback-Leibler divergence (Varin and Vidoni, 2005; Lindsay et al., 2011).
Prepivoting composite score statistics by weighted bootstrap iteration
Hazan, E., Agarwal, A., and Kale, S. (2007).
Online Multiple Kernel Learning for Structured Prediction
Boaz Barak, Kamalika Chaudhuri, Cynthia Dwork, Satyen Kale, Frank McSherry, and Kunal Talwar.
Optimal Private Halfspace Counting via Discrepancy