justification

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n justification the act of defending or explaining or making excuses for by reasoning "the justification of barbarous means by holy ends"- H.J.Muller"
    • n justification something (such as a fact or circumstance) that shows an action to be reasonable or necessary "he considered misrule a justification for revolution"
    • n justification a statement in explanation of some action or belief
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Justification (Print) Adjustment of type (in printing), or of the final spacing of printed text, by spacing it so as to make it exactly fill a line, or line up at one edge of the allotted portion of the printed page; adjustment of a cut so as to hold it in the right place; also, the leads, quads, etc., used for making such adjustment; as, left justification is the most common format for simple letters, but left and right justification is typically used in books.
    • Justification The act of justifying or the state of being justified; a showing or proving to be just or conformable to law, justice, right, or duty; defense; vindication; support; as, arguments in justification of the prisoner's conduct; his disobedience admits justification. "I hope, for my brother's justification , he wrote this but as an essay or taste of my virtue."
    • Justification (Theol) The act of justifying, or the state of being justified, in respect to God's requirements. "Who was delivered for our offenses, and was raised again for our justification .""In such righteousness
      To them by faith imputed, they may find Justification toward God, and peace
      Of conscience."
    • Justification (Law) The showing in court of a sufficient lawful reason why a party charged or accused did that for which he is called to answer.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n justification The act of justifying, or of showing something to be just or right; proof of fairness, propriety, or right intention; vindication; exculpation; upholding.
    • n justification Specifically In law: The showing of a sufficient reason in court why a defendant did what he is called to answer: as, a plea in justification.
    • n justification Proof by a surety offered for a party of whom security is required in legal proceedings that he is of adequate pecuniary ability.
    • n justification In theology, the act by which the soul is reconciled to God. According to Roman Catholic authority, justification is an act by which God imparts his own character to the believer, making him truly just or righteous. According to the common Protestant doctrine, it is a forensic act by which, on certain conditions, God treats as just or righteous one who is not personally worthy of such treatment. In this sense it is nearly equivalent to the forgiveness of sins.
    • n justification The act of adjusting or making exact; the act of fitting together, as the parts of anything: as, the justification of lines or types, in printing.
    • n justification Synonyms and Exculpation, exoneration.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Justification vindication: absolution: a plea of sufficient reason for
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Quotations

  • Guillaume Apollinaire
    Guillaume Apollinaire
    “A structure becomes architectural, and not sculptural, when its elements no longer have their justification in nature.”
  • Joseph Conrad
    Joseph%20Conrad
    “Any work that aspires, however humbly, to the condition of art should carry its justification in every line.”
  • Albert Einstein
    Albert%20Einstein
    “On the other hand, the concept owes its meaning and its justification exclusively to the totality of the sense impressions which we associate with it.”
  • Freda Adler
    Freda Adler
    “There is another side to chivalry. If it dispenses leniency, it may with equal justification invoke control.”
  • Mario Vargas Llosa
    Mario Vargas Llosa
    “Eroticism has its own moral justification because it says that pleasure is enough for me; it is a statement of the individual's sovereignty.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “The major justification for a life is the happiness and reward it brings to other lives.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. justificatio,: cf. F. justification,. See Justify
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. justificārejustus, just, facĕre, to make.

Usage

In literature:

Like all other emotions, that of religion finds for itself a logic and a justification.
"Human Traits and their Social Significance" by Irwin Edman
We hear, moreover, the note of personal justification.
"Erasmus and the Age of Reformation" by Johan Huizinga
And is here not a real justification in the processes of the New-Birth for such a parallel?
"Natural Law in the Spiritual World" by Henry Drummond
The justification is found in the farm ledger.
"Crops and Methods for Soil Improvement" by Alva Agee
He did it by superior force which was its own supreme justification.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
Faith is like a hand, appropriating personally the merits of Christ, who is our justification.
"Loss and Gain" by John Henry Newman
That sort of justification can keep on until the end of time.
"The Night of the Long Knives" by Fritz Reuter Leiber
The Justification of Faith 423 Sect.
"The Approach to Philosophy" by Ralph Barton Perry
Justification by emotion has only been attempted when other means of securing conviction has failed.
"Theism or Atheism" by Chapman Cohen
It may readily be admitted that in days before the State had been democratized this hostile attitude was not without justification.
"Freedom In Service" by Fossey John Cobb Hearnshaw
To his extreme opponents the same theory afforded the justification of the revolution.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume II (of 3)" by Leslie Stephen
You mix up justification and sanctification, as though they were but one.
"It Might Have Been" by Emily Sarah Holt
Justification by Faith alone.
"Autobiography of Frank G. Allen, Minister of the Gospel" by Frank G. Allen
Mrs. Peachey's traditional belief in the power of sex had proved its own justification.
"Virginia" by Ellen Glasgow
He declares this is the kernel of the whole argument and the justification for the German policy.
"New York Times Current History; The European War, Vol 2, No. 4, July, 1915" by Various
This accomplished, Pepin proceeded to obtain justification for his acts from the Pope.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 1 of 8" by Various
Does not this signify all that can possibly be comprehended in justification?
"Sanctification" by J. W. Byers
It is beyond all question the tendency of modern society to regard marriage as the great end and justification of a woman's life.
"Modern Women and What is Said of Them" by Anonymous
Coupled with that was the need of a whet-rock, and behind it all the justification of his position.
"The Bondboy" by George W. (George Washington) Ogden
It embraces every article of belief and justification.
"Epistle Sermons, Vol. III" by Martin Luther
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In poetry:

The Believer's Principles, Concerning
I. Creation and Redemption. II. Law and Gospel. III. Justification and Sanctification.
IV. Faith and Sense.
V. Heaven and Earth.
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. I." by Ralph Erskine

In news:

Justification and ROI of Safety Programs and Machine Safety Investment.
It added that arguments centering on "necessity and self-defense could provide justifications that would eliminate any criminal liability" later.
Nikki Finke's Justification for Publishing Dark Knight Rises Box Office.
Ask a question and, most often, you receive a bunch of different answers with a lot of varying justifications.
When politicians say that taxpayers have to spend an outrageous sum of money, their justification is usually pretty outrageous too.
An op-ed in the Wall Street Journal this month looked at recent data on "steadily increasing" priestly ordinations in the United States, and concluded, with some justification, that "renewal is coming.".
No legal justification after all for lawsuits against farmers.
You hear about it every day from the world around you: performance, efficiency, justification, ROI, etc.
Using tradition as justification for denying a basic human right is as antiquated as this style of text.
Theoretical Justification of Popular Link Prediction Heuristics.
But the former Foreign Service official who I spoke with didn't see this as justification.
"There needs to be a justification for every dime and dollar we spend," Lee County School Board member Tom Scott said.
The purported justification for reallocating TV spectrum for broadband is predicated in large part on anticipated growth in wireless data traffic.
President Barack Obama's re-election campaign says Ohio's elections chief has no justification for appealing a federal court's ruling in a dispute over three final days of early voting in the battleground state.
COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) — President Barack Obama's re-election campaign says Ohio's elections chief has no justification for appealing a federal court's ruling in a dispute over three final days of early voting in the battleground state.
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In science:

To justif y this rigorously, one would have to show that the specific distribution of step sizes in the Euclidean embedding does not affect the diffusion exponent.
Anomalous diffusion on random graphs
It is often necessary to follow up an evaluation with a justification of the approach taken.
Quantitative Measurements of the Influence of Participant Roles during Peer Review Meetings
This is another justif ication for the terminology.
Poisson Manifolds, Lie Algebroids, Modular Classes: a Survey
We focus on the type of justification each student offers for his math arguments: 1. S1: what’s the problem? 2.
Analyzing Problem Solving Using Math in Physics: Epistemological Framing via Warrants
This justif ies the symmetry conditions introduced previously.
Notes on TQFT Wire Models and Coherence Equations for SU(3) Triangular Cells
Statistical procedures and the justification of knowledge in psychological science.
Caveats for using statistical significance tests in research assessments
National Research Council Neutrino Facilities Assessment Committee: A second NRC committee was charged in 2002 to examine the physics justification for IceCube and NUSEL.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
In summary, the value of ultra-long lived autonomous observatories on the Moon (or elsewhere in space) is not self-evident, and will require strategic scientific justification not yet advanced.
Does the Lunar Surface Still Offer Value As a Site for Astronomical Observatories?
The justification of these conclusions is given below.
Surprises from the search for quark-gluon plasma? When was quark-gluon plasma seen?
Justifications of this sort are routine and often required in all other major design disciplines. Today design decisions in practical software production are based mostly on pattern precedent traditions.
Ten Incredibly Dangerous Software Ideas
This is controversial - other writers encourage the use of multiple sheets, with little justification (e.g. [Mather, 1999]).
New Guidelines For Spreadsheets
If the Galactic bulge is spherically symmetric, then the adopted value for β (the radius of the bulge) in the previous analysis is justifed. A possible complication can be seen in Fig. 3, since bulge planetary nebulae appear to lie primarily below b = 0◦ .
Characteristics of the Galaxy according to Cepheids
Moreover, it should be noted that the case of variable yield coefficients has been studied recently (see [46,47]) and has been proposed for the justification of experimental results.
New Results in Trajectory-Based Small-Gain with Application to the Stabilization of a Chemostat
The justification for this was the locality premise.
Correlation between measured and unmeasured quantities in quantum mechanics, locality, and the legitimacy of counterfactual reasoning
Arguably, the most interesting scientific justification for the technique comes from Serendipity.
A Novel Technique to Observe Rapidly Pulsating Objects Using Spectral Wave-Interaction Effects
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