junta

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n junta a group of military officers who rule a country after seizing power
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Junta A council; a convention; a tribunal; an assembly; esp., the grand council of state in Spain.
    • Junta A junto.
    • Junta A small committee or group self-appointed to serve as the government of a country, usually just after a coup d'etat or revolution, and often composed primarily of military men. The term is used mostly in Latin American countries.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n junta A meeting; a council. See junto.
    • n junta Specifically In Spain, a consultative or legislative assembly, either for the whole country or for one of its separate parts. The most celebrated juntas in history were that convened by Napoleon in 1808 and the later revolutionary juntas.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Junta jun′ta a meeting, council: a Spanish grand council of state.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Sp., fr. L. junctus, joined, p. p., of jungere, to join. See Join, and cf. Junto
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Sp.,—L. jungĕre, to join.

Usage

In literature:

But the local juntas were opposed to the movement.
"Louis Philippe" by John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott
My mission to the junta was speedily and successfully accomplished.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 58, Number 360, October 1845" by Various
You know what Junta was before she came?
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Vol. 26, October, 1880" by Various
The Junta thinks they're great fighters, and it's sent them down here to work the machine guns.
"The Boy Scout and Other Stories for Boys" by Richard Harding Davis
Then comes a circular from the "Real Junta Gubernativa del Reino de Navarra," in session at Vera.
"Romantic Spain" by John Augustus O'Shea
The junta resigned and took refuge on board the Peruvian squadron in the harbor.
"The United States and Latin America" by John Holladay Latané
Indeed, I have heard it said that you should go back to America, and put more intensity into the Junta.
"The Bright Shawl" by Joseph Hergesheimer
This is the room in which the municipal body hold their juntas.
"The Pictureque Antiquities of Spain;" by Nathaniel Armstrong Wells
Awful rumours began to circulate of the existence of a secret junta.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 62, No. 383, September 1847" by Various
It might rather be said that the Junta was solicitous to avoid so far as possible danger of complications between the United States and Spain.
"The History of Cuba, vol. 4" by Willis Fletcher Johnson
A Carlist officer and three members of the rebel junta were the other prisoners.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 58, No. 362, December 1845" by Various
One of the forms of overprint reads HALILITADO POR LA JUNTA REVOLUCIONARIA.
"The Postage Stamp in War" by Fred. J. Melville
Yet there were some in the junta with whom the proposed ordinance found no favour.
"History of The Reign of Philip The Second King of Spain" by William H. Prescott
Those times dated back to when the junta of right-wing colonels had seized power in Greece.
"Project Cyclops" by Thomas Hoover
The "Persian junta" was not loved.
"The Moghul" by Thomas Hoover
But this was only matter of derision to the junta.
"The History of Painting in Italy, Vol. 2 (of 6)" by Luigi Antonio Lanzi
He turned out afterward to have been a General Dosbosco of the Haytien Junta.
"McAllister and His Double" by Arthur Train
The Congress of Deputies is returned by the electoral Juntas, one deputy being elected for every 50,000 souls.
"Spain" by Wentworth Webster
Awful rumours began to circulate of the existence of a secret junta.
"Tales from Blackwood" by Various
He was then called by his countrymen to take the presidency of the central junta.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 5" by Various
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In news:

What Burma's Junta Must Fear.
But closer to home, the junta 's Asian neighbors and trading partners.
Blood for Oil and the Cheney-Bush Junta .
Of Bush, the Harris Rumor and James Baker's Junta .
Orlando Ramon Agosti, a member of the military junta that overthrew the Government of Isabel Peron in 1976, opening one of the most violent periods in Argentina's history, died on Monday.
Reagan's Junta from the January 29, 1987 issue.
The La Junta High School football team was dealt its first loss of the season Friday as it was defeated by Manitou Springs 19-7 at Richardson Stadium in Manitou Springs.
2.4 million homeless and hungry are denied aid by the Burmese junta.
But it seems fairly certain that Egypt's ruling junta is backing away from the prosecution of NGO workers that led to the worst US-Egypt diplomatic crisis in decades.
NORTHEAST OF LA JUNTA, Colo.
But closer to home, the junta's Asian neighbors and trading partners.
Critics say India's economic engagement will help prop up Burma's military junta.
President Clinton moved to defuse anti-American sentiment in Greece today by suggesting that Washington had erred in supporting the military junta that suppressed democracy here from 1967 to 1974.
City Attorney Phil Malouff approached the Utilities Board with the idea that Swink will soon be asking to connect with the La Junta Water Department.
The La Junta High School softball team had a rough outing in its game against Pueblo County Tuesday at Tippy Martinez Park.
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In science:

This class of functions, first introduced by Shannon, includes symmetric functions, juntas, and many other functions as well.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
In turn, to prove this result we had to revisit the junta testing problem.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
We provide a new proof of correctness of the nearly-optimal junta tester.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
They also showed that every k-junta, that is every function which depends on at most k of the input variables, is isomorphism testable with poly(k) queries.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
In particular, these results imply that juntas on a constant number of variables are isomorphism testable with a constant number of queries.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
In particular, they showed that testing isomorphism to any k-junta that is far from being a (k − 1)-junta requires Ω(log log k) queries.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
As seen above, the only functions which we know are isomorphism testable with a constant number of queries are fully symmetric functions and juntas.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
While symmetric functions and juntas may seem unrelated, there is in fact a strong connection.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
The proof of our first main theorem follows the general outline of the proof that isomorphism testing to juntas can be done in a constant number of queries.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
The observation which allows us to make this connection is the fact that partially symmetric functions can be viewed as junta-like functions.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
The proof for testing isomorphism of juntas has two main components.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
The first is an efficient junta testing algorithm.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
This enables us to reject functions that are far from being juntas.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
The second is a query efficient sampler of the “core” of the input function given that the function is close to a junta.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
The sampler can then be used in order to verify if the two juntas are indeed isomorphic.
Partially Symmetric Functions are Efficiently Isomorphism-Testable
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