ism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n ism a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Ism A doctrine or theory; especially, a wild or visionary theory. "The world grew light-headed, and forth came a spawn of isms which no man can number."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n ism A doctrine, theory, system, or practice having a distinctive character or relation: chiefly used in disparagement: as, this is the age of isms; to set up an ism.
    • n ism A suffix implying the practice, system, doctrine, theory, principle, or abstract idea of that which is signified or implied by the word to which it is subjoined: as, dogmatism, spiritualism, socialism, Atticism, Americanism, Gallicism, terrorism, vandalism, republicanism, Mormonism, being especially common in nouns so formed from names of persons and designating theories, as Benthamism, Comtism, Darwinism, etc., or theories associated with practice, especially in words of temporary use, as Cæsarism, Jacksonism, Grantism, etc., such temporary words being formed as occasion requires, in unlimited numbers. Such words are usually accompanied by a noun of the agent in -ist, and an adj. in -istic, and often by a verb in -ize. See these suffixes.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Ism izm any distinctive doctrine, theory, or practice—usually in disparagement
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See ism, above
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
From the suffix -ism.

Usage

In literature:

Art, recent "isms" in, 278, 279.
"The Last Harvest" by John Burroughs
Moreover, since I. W. W.'ism will not give up its position, Socialism in America has adopted the industrial unionism creed.
"The Red Conspiracy" by Joseph J. Mereto
Now for the barbarous part of it, the -ism.
"History of Rationalism Embracing a Survey of the Present State of Protestant Theology" by John F. Hurst
Theories, arguments and studying too deeply on bootless systems, codes, beliefs, cults, isms, or doctrines, is a waste of time.
"Evening Round Up" by William Crosbie Hunter
After wearying the readers on this and numerous other 'isms,' it was discontinued.
"Hidden Treasures" by Harry A. Lewis
Pharisee ism, ii, 196.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great - Volume 14" by Elbert Hubbard
There were no high up "isms" or "ologies" for girls in those days.
"A Little Girl in Old Salem" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
And the other day you said Prist-by-te-ri-an-ism!
"The Little Gold Miners of the Sierras and Other Stories" by Various
Is there such a word as plague-ism?
"Priscilla's Spies" by George A. Birmingham
It is a much more intellectual 'ism.
"Obiter Dicta Second Series" by Augustine Birrell
Five minutes' drive and we were in the true Jena with the real flavor of mediaeval-ism about us.
"A History of Science, Volume 5(of 5)" by Henry Smith Williams
No "ism" ever made a great cause.
"Henry VIII and His Court" by Herbert Tree
BAB'ISM, the doctrines of a Mohammedan sect whose head-quarters is Persia, founded by Seyd Ali Mohammed in 1844.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3" by Various
In the democracy that is soon to come may all 'isms' founder and lose themselves!
"Literature in the Making" by Various
Was this feminine affectation, provincial Rosa-Matilda-ism?
"The Doctor's Wife" by M. E. Braddon
This he did because of his attachment to ShA-aEuro~ism.
"A Literary History of the Arabs" by Reynold Nicholson
In A.D. 1108 Tancred captured the city and massacred the Ism'aileh defenders.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 8" by Various
Whilst I was in the Ijo country I carefully studied their Ju-Ju, as I had been told they were great believers in, and practisers of Ju-Ju-ism.
"West African studies" by Mary Henrietta Kingsley
But the true initiated in the Ism-Allah do not seek these visions.
"Thalaba the Destroyer" by Robert Southey
Would I have my tongue or my pen tied in any way by policy, or interest, or clique-ism?
"Ruth Hall" by Fanny Fern
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In news:

Whenever the words "Age of" or "Era of ", or a particular "ism" are attached to a period, one can naturally exhibit some reactionary tendencies.
L — Isme 2 rush (Alfaro kick), 7:53.
Stock Futures Drift Ahead of ISM-led Data Deluge .
ISM October non-manufacturing report is nearly identical to September, still growing.
ISM exists to lead and serve the supply management profession.
ISM 's December 2012 Semiannual Economic Forecast posts positive numbers.
His unique set of skills will be utilized by ISM International Inc to further develop its technical projects and assist in ISM 's future growth plans with its brand "MyGirl".
ISM Manufacturing Indices National Association of Manufactures Share Manufacturing activity was more mixed depending on the source.
Service sector growth slips in Oct: ISM .
ISM 's CAREER CENTER.
ISM 2012 Services Conference.
The PMI, the index on which the ISM 's Manufacturing Report on Business is based on, increased 0.2 percent to 51.7 in October, marking the second consecutive month it has had been above 50, following three straight months of declines.
ISM 's manufacturing index, released Thursday, showed slightly stronger growth, but that sector has not performed as well as the service sector in recent months.
ISM 's employment index for the sector was up 3.8 points to 54.9, indicating growth in hiring for the third straight month.
Service sector slows in latest ISM report.
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In science:

Table 1 summarizes IR tracers of the various ISM components.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
In principle some of dim GC sources can also be Georotators accreting warm ISM (aka MAGACs, see Rutledge 2001).
Evolution of isolated neutron stars in globular clusters: number of Accretors
The values of β appropriate for the silicates in the temperature range appropriate for ISM dust grains (10–50 K) are still clustered around 2 without a very strong temperature trend.
The SCUBA Local Universe Galaxy Survey II. 450 micron data - evidence for cold dust in bright IRAS Galaxies
From these studies, it is difficult to justify a universal value of β for different regions in the ISM, since composition, size and possibly temperature could have an effect.
The SCUBA Local Universe Galaxy Survey II. 450 micron data - evidence for cold dust in bright IRAS Galaxies
Since the submm fluxes are on the Rayleigh-Jeans side of the Planck function the temperature dependence is not very steep, roughly ∝ T . A constant value for the ratio therefore implies a small range of real β and Tc in the ISM of galaxies.
The SCUBA Local Universe Galaxy Survey II. 450 micron data - evidence for cold dust in bright IRAS Galaxies
ISM particles are multiply scattered, in a “collisionless” way, by the CBs’ turbulent magnetic fields.
Optical and X-ray Afterglows in the Cannonball Model of GRBs
The emitted energy rate, in a CB’s rest system, is equal to the rate at which the ISM electrons bring energy into the CB1 .
Optical and X-ray Afterglows in the Cannonball Model of GRBs
The kinetic energy of a CB is mainly lost to the ISM protons it scatters; only a fraction ∼ me /mp is re-emitted by electrons, as the AG.
Optical and X-ray Afterglows in the Cannonball Model of GRBs
The dashed line indicates the emission from an uniform ISM with n = 1cm−3 .
Observational tests of the Electro-Magnetic Black Hole Theory in Gamma-Ray Bursts
In this context, the role of the thermal instability in the overall dynamics of the ISM is still uncertain.
The nonlinear development of the thermal instability in the atomic ISM and its interaction with random fluctuations
Thus, velocity fluctuations strong enough that they dominate η are linearly stable at η > 1 (small scales) but unstable at η < 1 (large scales) in the atomic ISM.
The nonlinear development of the thermal instability in the atomic ISM and its interaction with random fluctuations
The latter result is similar to that of the more recent study by Hennebelle & P´erault (1999) in the context of the ISM, even though these authors did not explicitly solve for the chemical rates.
The nonlinear development of the thermal instability in the atomic ISM and its interaction with random fluctuations
Now let us specifically consider recent studies of TI in the context of the ISM.
The nonlinear development of the thermal instability in the atomic ISM and its interaction with random fluctuations
First, as mentioned above, the studies of Hennebelle & P´erault (1999) and Koyama & Inutsuka (2000) were again concerned with the triggering of TI in the stable phases of the ISM by means of strong shocks or compressions.
The nonlinear development of the thermal instability in the atomic ISM and its interaction with random fluctuations
Since transonic velocity fluctuations of scales up to several parsecs in the warm diffuse ISM have η & 1, this medium should respond nearly adiabatically to them, and the flow regime should then be only weakly compressible.
The nonlinear development of the thermal instability in the atomic ISM and its interaction with random fluctuations
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