irradiate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v irradiate expose to radiation "irradiate food"
    • v irradiate cast rays of light upon
    • v irradiate give spiritual insight to; in religion
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Colored diamonds are caused by impurities such as nitrogen (yellow), boron (blue). With red diamonds being due to deformities in the structure of the stone, and green ones being the result of irradiation.
    • a irradiate Illuminated; irradiated.
    • Irradiate To animate by heat or light.
    • v. i irradiate To emit rays; to shine.
    • Irradiate To enlighten intellectually; to illuminate; as, to irradiate the mind.
    • Irradiate To expose to radiation of any kind, especially ionizing radiation; as, to sterilize food by irradiating it with gamma rays; one can cause mutations in bacteria by irradiating them with ultraviolet light.
    • Irradiate To radiate, shed, or diffuse. "A splendid façade, . . . irradiating hospitality."
    • Irradiate To throw rays of light upon; to illuminate; to brighten; to adorn with luster. "Thy smile irradiates yon blue fields."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • irradiate To illuminate or shed light upon or into; make luminous or clear; light up; enlighten.
    • irradiate To make splendid or glorious; confer honor or dignity upon; exalt; adorn.
    • irradiate To radiate into; penetrate by radiation.
    • irradiate To emit rays; shine.
    • irradiate Illuminated; made brilliant or splendid.
    • irradiate To subject to the therapeutic action of the Röntgen or other rays.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Irradiate ir-rā′di-āt to dart rays of light upon or into: to adorn with lustre: to decorate with shining ornaments: to animate with light or heat: to illuminate the understanding
    • v.i Irradiate to emit rays: to shine
    • adj Irradiate adorned with rays of light or with lustre
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. irradiatus, p. p. of irradiate. See In- in, and Radiate

Usage

In literature:

Beyond them spreads the misty moon-irradiated plain of Umbria.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Second Series" by John Addington Symonds
Such a gleam of hope irradiated Bluebell's face; she had never thought of that.
"Bluebell" by Mrs. George Croft Huddleston
A smile of supreme joy spread over and irradiated her face.
"Quincy Adams Sawyer and Mason's Corner Folks" by Charles Felton Pidgin
The earth and rocks irradiated heat that danced in the air before him.
"The Furnace of Gold" by Philip Verrill Mighels
For the first time a smile irradiated Monsieur Wachner's long face.
"The Chink in the Armour" by Marie Belloc Lowndes
Hombourg and Baden are irradiated with the glory of their whiskers.
"Guy Livingstone;" by George A. Lawrence
The sunshine of pure content irradiated Bessie's face.
"The Vicissitudes of Bessie Fairfax" by Harriet Parr
The light raised by her breath had been very fitful, and a momentary irradiation of flesh was all that it had disclosed of her face.
"The Return of the Native" by Thomas Hardy
A great joy irradiated the child.
"By the Light of the Soul" by Mary E. Wilkins Freeman
His dark brown eyes glowed from within, the unconscious smile of a child irradiated and transformed his face.
"The Best Ghost Stories" by Various
No smile ever irradiated his gaunt face and remorseless eyes.
"Boy Woodburn" by Alfred Ollivant
The tears were in her eyes, but her face was shining as if some inner light were irradiating it.
"Medoline Selwyn's Work" by Mrs. J. J. Colter
The nuclear blast would send Rip and Santos spinning into outer space, perhaps crippled, burned, or completely irradiated.
"Rip Foster in Ride the Gray Planet" by Harold Leland Goodwin
At such times human nature is irradiated with a divine fire, and art fulfils its purpose.
"Shadows of the Stage" by William Winter
Her eyes irradiant with the dawn divine!
"The New York Times Current History: the European War, February, 1915" by Various
Form and colour have disappeared in light-irradiated vapour of an opal hue.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Complete" by John Symonds
As she did so, her face was irradiated.
"The Bastonnais" by John Lesperance
The sparkling of a bright irradiation, Ayrs.
"An Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language" by John Jamieson
Suddenly thin yellow beams of sunshine began to penetrate and irradiate the thick white blanket of mist.
"The Angel" by Cyril Arthur Edward Ranger Gull
But also he saw, last of all, the shining white figure moving beside Mother Earth, irradiating the night and the smoke.
"The Quest" by Frederik van Eeden
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In poetry:

What's Female Beauty, but an Art divine,
Through which the Mind's all gentle Graces shine?
They like the Sun irradiate all between;
The Body charms, because the Mind is seen.
"Female Beauty" by Mark Akenside
He said: "Awake my soul, and with the sun," . . .
And paused upon the bridge, his eyes due east,
Where was emerging like a full-robed priest
The irradiate globe that vouched the dark as done.
"Barthelemon At Vauxhall" by Thomas Hardy
But all my anger, all my pain and woe,
Are vain to daunt her gladness; all the while
She goes rejoicing, and I do not know,
Catching the soft irradiance of her smile,
If I am most her lover or her foe.
"Gulf-Stream" by Susan Coolidge
So soon he fell, the world will never know
What possibilities within him lay,
What hopes irradiated his young life,
With high ambition and with ardor rife;
But ah! the speedy summons came, and so
He passed away.
"The Student Gone" by Hattie Howard
Their bags of Spanish gold bribed our juries,
Bought dignified officials of the Crown;
Money and wine were ours for the asking;
The Orient flamed out in shawl and gown,
Until a sudden and unholy splendor
Irradiated all the quiet town.
"The Pirates" by DuBose Heyward
O splendid, spacious day, irradiate
With flaming dawns, when earth shows yet more fair
Her ardent beauty, proud, without alloy;
And wakening life breathes out her perfume rare
So potently, that, all intoxicate,
Our ravished being rushes upon joy!
"Joy" by Emile Verhaeren

In news:

While some scientists and public health officials are frustrated by the slow pace with which irradiated ground beef is penetrating the US market, I question whether that frustration is warranted.
In addition, the organization reports, the number of supermarkets that offer irradiated meat has jumped from 84 in June of 2000 to 7,000 stores in 50 retail chains today.
And "Is irradiated ground beef safe".
There is nowhere in it that says the ground beef is irradiated .
The refrigerated shelf-life of vacuum-packaged beef sirloin cuts irradiated to 2 kGy more than doubled, from about four weeks for non- irradiated product stored at 0°C to 10 weeks for irradiated product stored at 4°C (Niemand et al.
Electron-Beam Irradiation Reduces Produce Risk.
This standard currently mandates that constant irradiance by maintained by controlling and monitoring the voltage supply to the furnace.
Irradiated by the pulsar 's intense X-rays, the star's outer layers puff up to make it about 20 percent larger than a star of its mass and age should be.
And wouldn't you also feel the urge to let off a little choral steam, having just sung your soul out to produce a spiritually indispensable new recording of music by Henryk Górecki, the wrenching yet sonically irradiating Polish composer.
The Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) approved rules that increase the maximum allowable dosage of irradiation in meat and poultry products.
That and a little irradiated smoked turkey, courtesy of NASA.
Why do I bring up irradiated food.
Simple—we waste too much food, and the wisest thing to do with too much food is to irradiate it.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved rules that increase the maximum allowable dosage of irradiation in meat and poultry products.
While Von Hipple, Mr Sokolski, or Dr Lyman differ on how significant the threat from Bushehr is, all say that the reactor 's first year to 18 months – when the first load of nuclear fuel is being irradiated – will be telling.
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In science:

During the irradiation steps, the transistor terminals are kept grounded.
A Sensor with Analog and Digital Pixels in 0.15 micron SOI Technology
The measurements were performed on the same test transistor soon after each irradiation step.
A Sensor with Analog and Digital Pixels in 0.15 micron SOI Technology
Figure 4 shows the first light of the lens when the X–ray polychromatic beam irradiates all the lens crystals.
Focusing of gamma-rays with Laue lenses: first results
EPIC camera to irradiation by X-ray photons of given energy.
The evolution of planetary nebulae. V. The diffuse X-ray emission
We, then, irradiated UV photons from a newly developed solid scintillator, LaF3 (Nd), to the detector and successfully detected single photoelectron.
Development of a large area gas photomultiplier with GEM/$\mu$PIC
More massive clouds (≈ 105M⊙ or above) irradiated by CRs might be detected up to the distance of the Galactic centre or beyond.
Gamma Ray Astronomy and the Origin of Galactic Cosmic Rays
During the irradiation steps, the transistor terminals were kept grounded.
Monolithic Pixel Sensors in Deep-Submicron SOI Technology with Analog and Digital Pixels
The detector is still functional after irradiation but we observe an increase of noise, which varies from +25 %, for Vd = 5 V, to +52 %, for Vd = 20 V, at room temperature (see Figure 7).
Monolithic Pixel Sensors in Deep-Submicron SOI Technology with Analog and Digital Pixels
The pixel noise of the irradiated chip has therefore been measured, for Vd = 10 V, as a function of the operational temperature, T , in the range -5 ◦C < T < +20 ◦C.
Monolithic Pixel Sensors in Deep-Submicron SOI Technology with Analog and Digital Pixels
At temperatures below +5 ◦C, the noise level measured before irradiation is recovered.
Monolithic Pixel Sensors in Deep-Submicron SOI Technology with Analog and Digital Pixels
The behavior of the MicroMegas prototypes under high energy particle irradiation was studied during two test beam periods at CERN.
Development of MicroMegas for a Digital Hadronic Calorimeter
Fig. 4. Light versus heat discrimination plot in the 46 g BGO detector under a 252Cf neutron irradiation.
Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop "Radiopure Scintillators for EURECA" (RPScint'2008)
Fig. 5: Temperature dependence of the decay time constants for irradiation with 60Co g quanta.
Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop "Radiopure Scintillators for EURECA" (RPScint'2008)
The crystal was irradiated by g quanta of 137Cs source.
Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop "Radiopure Scintillators for EURECA" (RPScint'2008)
The effect of ionising radiation was preliminarly assessed on single test transistors, irradiated with 30 MeV protons at the BASE Facility of the LBNL 88-inch Cyclotron .
Monolithic Pixel Sensors in Deep-Submicron SOI Technology
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