inulin

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n inulin used to manufacture fructose and in assessing kidney function
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Inulin (Chem) A substance of very wide occurrence. It is found dissolved in the sap of the roots and rhizomes of many composite and other plants, as Inula Helianthus Campanula, etc., and is extracted by solution as a tasteless, white, semicrystalline substance, resembling starch, with which it is isomeric, having fructose units in place of most of the glucose units. It is intermediate in nature between starch and sugar, and replaces starch as the reserve food in Compositae. Called also dahlin helenin alantin alant starch, etc.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n inulin A vegetable principle (C6H10O5) which is spontaneously deposited from a decoction of the roots of Inula Helenium and certain other plants. It is a white powder soluble in hot water, is colored yellow by iodine, and in its chemical properties appears to be intermediate between those of sugar and starch. Also called dahlin and alantin.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Inulin in′ū-lin a starch-like product used in medicine, obtained principally from the roots of the plant Inula or Elecampane.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
From NL. Inula, Helenium, the elecampane: cf. F. inuline,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Prob. Gr. helenion.

Usage

In literature:

Laevulose, inulin, and cane sugar give yields varying from 22 to 8.5 per cent.
"Researches on Cellulose" by C. F. Cross
Inulin is a white, tasteless, semi-crystalline powder, which is soluble in hot water, from which it may be precipitated by alcohol or by freezing.
"The Chemistry of Plant Life" by Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
The tubers are rich in the carbohydrate inulin and in sugar.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 6" by Various
In addition the juice contains taraxacerin (derived from the former), asparagin, inulin, resins and salts.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 9" by Various
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In news:

Inulin, a soluble dietary fiber: NovaGreen.
Look for these most common isolated fibers in the ingredient list: Inulin or chichory root, maltodextrin, pectin, polydextrose, oat fiber , resistant starch (resistant corn starch).
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