• WordNet 3.6
    • n inula any plant of the genus Inula
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n inula A genus of plants of the natural order Compositæ, type of the tribe Inuloideæ. They are usually inert, rather coarse herbs, with moderately large heads of yellow-rayed flowers, and radical or alternate entire or serrate leaves. About 60 species are known, natives of temperate Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia. I. Helenium, the elecampane, elf-dock, horseheal, horse-elder, or scabwort, is a native of central and southern Europe, Siberia, and the Himalayas, and has been extensively naturalized in England (where it may possibly also be native) and North America. The root is an aromatic tonic and gentle stimulant, and has been supposed to possess diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, and emmenagogic properties. It was much employed by the ancients, but its use at present is confined to chronic diseases of the lungs. (See cut under elecampane.) I. Conyza, the rigid inule or plowman's spikenard, is a native of central and southern Europe; I. dysenterica. the fleabane or fleabane-mullet, has about the same distribution; I. crithmoides, the samphire-inule or golden samphire, is a native of western Europe and of all the region around the Mediterranean; I. Pulicaria, the fleabane or herb-christopher, ranges over Europe and Russian Asia; and I. salicina, the willow-leafed inule, is also widely distributed over Europe.
    • ***


In literature:

The glandular-leaved Inula (I. glandulosa), of which a good representation is here given, is a beautiful hardy perennial.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 433, April 19, 1884" by Various
Inula Helenium meinlen (Elecampane) .
"Handbook to the Severn Valley Railway Illustrative and Descriptive of Places along the Line from Worcester to Shrewsbury" by J. Randall
It may be driven away by smoke, especially by that from inula helenium, elecampane; and by that of cannabis, hemp.
"The Temple of Nature; or, the Origin of Society" by Erasmus Darwin
When freed from the accompanying inula-camphor by repeated crystallization from alcohol, helenin melts at 110 deg.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 2" by Various
Heads discoid (radiate only in Inula), the pistillate flowers mostly filiform and truncate.
"The Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States" by Asa Gray

In poetry:

Another landscape at my feet
Unfolds its nearer grace the while,
Where gorses gleam with golden smile;
Where Inula lifts a russet head
The shepherd's spikenard sweet;
And closing Centaury points her rosy red.
"A Dorset Idyl" by Francis Turner Palgrave

In news:

Inula racemosa is an herb—that grows in high mountain areas—that's often used for medicinal purposes.