introit

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n introit a composition of vocal music that is appropriate for opening church services
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Introit A going in.
    • Introit (R. C. Ch) A part of a psalm or other portion of Scripture read by the priest at Mass immediately after ascending to the altar.
    • Introit (R. C. Ch) A psalm sung or chanted immediately before the collect, epistle, and gospel, and while the priest is entering within the rails of the altar.
    • Introit (R. C. Ch) An anthem or psalm sung before the Communion service.
    • Introit Any composition of vocal music appropriate to the opening of church services.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n introit In liturgics, an antiphon sung by the priest and choir as the priest approaches the altar to celebrate the mass or communion. The name introit (introitus, literally ‘entrance’) is an abridgment of antiphon at the introit (antiphona ad introitum), and has been explained as referring to the entrance of the people into church rather than that of the priest into the sanctuary. The introit seems to have originated in the psalms sung at the beginning of the Jewish liturgy. The name antiphon has been given by preëminence to the introit, as in the Greek Church, where it is threefold, answering to the Western introibo, introit, and Gloria in Excelsis. The Greek antiphons consist of verses from the Psalms with a constant response, or of the psalms called Typica and the Beatitudes. In the liturgies of St. Mark and St. James the hymn “Only-begotten Son” is the introit, in the Armenian liturgy this followed by a psalm and hymn. The “Only-begotten Son” is also subjoined to the Greek second antiphon. The Roman introit (see invitatory) consists of a verse (the introit in the narrower sense), followed by a verse of a psalm, the Gloria Patri, and the repetition of the first verse. In the Ambrosian rite the introit is called the ingressa. An ancient Gallican name for it was the prælegere. In the Mozarabic liturgy, in certain monastic rites, and in Norman and English missals, it is called the officium or office. Psalms as special introits are appointed in the Prayerbook of 1549 and in the Nonjuror's communion office of 1718. In the Anglican Church at the present day a psalm or anthem is sung as the introit. The name is sometimes less properly used for a hymn or any musical composition sung or played at the beginning of the communion office.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Introit in-trō′it an anthem sung at the beginning of the mass, immediately after the Confiteor, and when the priest has ascended to the altar.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. introitus, fr. introire, to go into, to enter; intro, within + ire, to go: cf. F. introit,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. introitusintroīreintro, within, īre, itum, to go.

Usage

In literature:

Each Sunday and Festival Day has its own Gospel and Epistle lesson, as well as its own Introit and Collect.
"An Explanation of Luther's Small Catechism" by Joseph Stump
Each Sunday and Festival Day has its own Gospel and Epistle lesson, as well as its own Introit and Collect.
"An Explanation of Luther's Small Catechism" by Joseph Stump
When the Mass began the choir broke forth, singing the Introit.
"Evelyn Innes" by George Moore
Incense is used, as is customary at high masses, before the introit, at the Gospel, after the offertory and during the elevation.
"The Ceremonies of the Holy-Week at Rome" by Charles Michael Baggs
The whole is like some marvellous introit for St. Mark's day, in which the name of Mary has passed by.
"Florence and Northern Tuscany with Genoa" by Edward Hutton
Tollite hostias, et introite in atria ejus.
"The St. Gregory Hymnal and Catholic Choir Book" by Various
Ascending the altar, the priest passed at once to the right hand side where lay the Mass-Book, from which he read the Introit.
"The Loyalist" by James Francis Barrett
Il la quitte au 'Confiteor,' et la reprend apres 'l'Introite.
"Notes and Queries, Number 193, July 9, 1853" by Various
The Introit over, the service is interrupted for the feast.
"La Sorcière: The Witch of the Middle Ages" by Jules Michelet
In the oldest Feasts there are Psalm-graduals, but Introits taken from other books of the Bible.
"St. Gregory and the Gregorian Music" by E. G. P. Wyatt
The York rubric directed him to do it immediately alter the first saying of the Introit, which in England was thrice said.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 3" by Various
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In news:

There was little pretense of a church service beyond a choral introit and a couple of congregational hymns.
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