intransitive

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj intransitive designating a verb that does not require or cannot take a direct object
    • n intransitive a verb (or verb construction) that does not take an object
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Intransitive Not passing farther; kept; detained. "And then it is for the image's sake and so far is intransitive ; but whatever is paid more to the image is transitive and passes further."
    • Intransitive (Gram) Not transitive; not passing over to an object; expressing an action or state that is limited to the agent or subject, or, in other words, an action which does not require an object to complete the sense; as, an intransitive verb, e. g., the bird flies; the dog runs .
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • intransitive In grammar, not expressing an action that passes immediately over to an object; not taking a direct object: said of verbs that require a preposition before their object, or take one only indirectly, or in the manner of a dative: as, to stand on the ground; to swim in the water; to run away. But the distinction of transitive and intransitive is not a very sharp one in English. Every transitive verb is capable of being used also intransitively, or without an expressed object; and, on the other hand, many intransitives may be used transitively (the verb being usually causal), taking a direct object, as in to run a horse, or merely a cognate object, as in to run a race; or are used factitively with a more general object, as in to breathe a prayer, to look love, or with an objective predicate. as in to sing one's self hoarse, to stare one out of countenance, and so on. Owing, also, to the non-distinction of dative and accusative in modern English, a construction often seems transitive which is historically intransitive: as, to forgive us, where us is historically dative, the direct object being understood, or expressed as in “forgive us our debts.” Abbreviated intransitive
    • intransitive Not transitive, in the logical or mathematical sense.
    • n intransitive In grammar, a verb which does not properly take after it an object, as sit, fall, run, lie.
    • intransitive In grammar: Noting the case which expresses the subject of the intransitive verb or the object of the transitive verb.
    • intransitive In Eskimo gram., noting the thing possessed. Also called objective.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Intransitive in-tran′si-tiv not passing over or indicating passing over:
    • adj Intransitive in-tran′si-tiv (gram.) representing action confined to the agent
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. intransitivus,: cf. F. intransitif,. See In- not, and Transitive

Usage

In literature:

Milton uses the verb intransitively in Reason of Church Government, ii.
"The Lady of the Lake" by Sir Walter Scott
Hate was the only passion which survived, and that was but a deaf intransitive emotion coiled in his nature's depths.
"The Valley of Decision" by Edith Wharton
The suffix "-igx-" is used to form intransitive verbs of an "inchoative" nature.
"A Complete Grammar of Esperanto" by Ivy Kellerman Reed
The intransitive or static subjects may or may not be identical with the object of the transitive verb.
"Language" by Edward Sapir
Intransitive verbs, 131. made transitive, 131.
"An English Grammar" by W. M. Baskervill and J. W. Sewell
If you reflect upon these examples for a few moments, you will have a clear conception of the nature of transitive and intransitive verbs.
"English Grammar in Familiar Lectures" by Samuel Kirkham
Denominatives of the First Conjugation are mostly transitive; those of the Second exclusively intransitive.
"New Latin Grammar" by Charles E. Bennett
Learn the following list of intransitive verbs with their meanings.
"Latin for Beginners" by Benjamin Leonard D'Ooge
Here used intransitively = awake.
"Milton's Comus" by John Milton
TRANSITIVE AND INTRANSITIVE VERBS.
"Practical Grammar and Composition" by Thomas Wood
Transitive verbs derived from intransitives by a change of the vowel of the root.
"A Handbook of the English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
Verbs neuter and intransitive are never made passive.
"The Comic Latin Grammar" by Percival Leigh
Cahoon, I am told, only sweats in the old-fashioned intransitive sense of the word.
"The Red Hand of Ulster" by George A. Birmingham
Be it known, that =abound= is strictly an intransitive verb!
"Writings in the United Amateur, 1915-1922" by Howard Phillips Lovecraft
Verb intransitive V. irr.
"Abbreviations and Signs" by Frederick W. Hamilton
Transitive verbs derived from intransitives by a change of the vowel of the root.
"The English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
Where we use transitive =cut= they put intransitive =cut eye=.
"Jamaican Song and Story" by Walter Jekyll
The second is into transitive, intransitive, and merely non-transitive relations, which are defined as follows.
"Our Knowledge of the External World as a Field for Scientific Method in Philosophy" by Bertrand Russell
The use of the intransitive verb as a means of expressing ideas which in European tongues, e.g., would be carried by adjectives.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 4" by Various
The third conjugation consists of the remaining intransitive verbs.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 6" by Various
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In news:

The distinction between transitive and intransitive verbs isn't usually the stuff of polite luncheon conversation.
The theory of intransitive preferences explains both our seemingly irrational delay of desired long-term goals in preference for an immediate reward as well as our regret later.
Essentially, what she argues is that our preferences can be intransitive.
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In science:

It is fairly easy to show that if A is a transitive subgroup of Sym X, then the even part of the base subgroup of an inner wreath product bf : A wr Sl c is intransitive and the set of its orbits equals to Is ~f .
Second maximal subgroups of the finite alternating and symmetric groups
Consider the totally intransitive groupoid with morphisms G× L and ob jects G, the source and target maps being given by (g , l) 7→ g , and identity as g 7→ (g , 1L ).
The fundamental Gray 3-groupoid of a smooth manifold and local 3-dimensional holonomy based on a 2-crossed module
Multivariance of the vectors equality leads to intransitivity of the equality relation.
Monistic conception of geometry
Since there is a unique intransitive such maximal subgroup, the result will follow by Lemma 7.3.
Simple groups admit Beauville structures
Intransitive indifference with unequal indifference intervals.
Counting Self-Dual Interval Orders
Similarly, most tagsets do not distinguish transitive and intransitive verbs, since taggers which use a context of only two or three words will generally not be able to make the right predictions.
Tagset Design and Inflected Languages
Some of which (like the ones predicated on “SV ”) may just be peculiarities of the annotation style: the subject verb order changes frequently between transitive and intransitive usages in many languages, and the annotation reflects just one.
A Bayesian Model for Discovering Typological Implications
Controlled declassification based on intransitive noninterference.
Epistemic Temporal Logic for Information Flow Security
In sections 3 and 4 a classification of all possible Lie algebra structures along with (local) coordinate expressions for the metric and homothetic vectors, are given for the cases H4 (acting multiply transitively on three-dimensional orbits, in keeping with our assumption of intransitive action) and H3 respectively.
Homothetic perfect fluid space-times
In the intransitive case, the G3 must act multiply transitively on two-dimensional surfaces of maximal symmetry S2 , which are then of constant (positive, zero or negative) curvature and admit orthogonal surfaces .
Homothetic perfect fluid space-times
We investigate properties of finite transitive permutation groups (G, Ω) in which all proper subgroups of G act intransitively on Ω.
On solvable minimally transitive permutation groups
A finite permutation group (G, Ω) is minimal ly transitive if G is transitive on Ω while all proper subgroups of G are intransitive on Ω.
On solvable minimally transitive permutation groups
Then G is minimal ly transitive on Ω if every proper subgroup of G is intransitive on Ω.
On solvable minimally transitive permutation groups
Thus G acts minimal ly transitively on G : A if and only if every subgroup H with KG:A ⊆ H ⊂ G acts intransitively on G : A.
On solvable minimally transitive permutation groups
We now proceed to show that the smallest intransitive permutation representation of H must consist entirely of codimension 1 subgroups.
The Minimal Degree for a Class of Finite Complex Reflection Groups
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