instrumental conditioning


  • WordNet 3.6
    • n instrumental conditioning operant conditioning that pairs a response with a reinforcement in discrete trials; reinforcement occurs only after the response is given
    • ***


In literature:

It is evident that an Army in this condition, looked at as an instrument, is weakened!
"On War" by Carl von Clausewitz
Two conditions are requisite to render this instrument serviceable and effective.
"The Origins of Contemporary France, Volume 2 (of 6)" by Hippolyte A. Taine
I had my instruments in condition yesterday, so we're all right this time.
"Cap'n Eri" by Joseph Crosby Lincoln
Some way must now be discovered to procure the surgical instruments and the remedies which the condition of the wounded man demanded.
"The Honor of the Name" by Emile Gaboriau
The instrument went into detail in respect to this supreme condition.
"Brewster's Millions" by George Barr McCutcheon
But the method was better, for the instruments of this readjustment of conditions were the owners and not the players.
"Spalding's Official Baseball Guide - 1913"
The instrument can be calibrated for set conditions of use.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 601, July 9, 1887" by Various
Let them bring their compasses, or some other instrument for measuring the angles, sines and cosines of human conditions.
"A Walk from London to John O'Groat's" by Elihu Burritt
My books and instruments arrived in beautiful condition.
"Alfred Russel Wallace: Letters and Reminiscences, Vol. 1 (of 2)" by James Marchant
If he was so conditionally pardoned, it must then be, by a particular instrument.
"The Lives of the Poets of Great Britain and Ireland (1753)" by Theophilus Cibber
Let me, at least, ascertain thy condition, and be the instrument in repairing the wrongs which thou hast inflicted.
"Arthur Mervyn" by Charles Brockden Brown
Under such conditions, the duration of the vibrations remains exactly constant, as does also the vibratory intensity of the entire instrument.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 365, December 30, 1882" by Various
Leave all your instruments with me, and I will have them in perfect condition by the time we meet again.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 20, No. 117, July, 1867." by Various
While the church of Holland was in this deplorable condition, God raised up a few men to be the instruments of new life.
"History of Rationalism Embracing a Survey of the Present State of Protestant Theology" by John F. Hurst
These instruments serve to illustrate the condition of the art of Viol-making in Italy at that period.
"The Violin" by George Hart
If such brokenness as this is the condition of God's power upon us, what of the danger of making much of the instruments that He uses?
"Parables of the Christ-life" by I. Lilias Trotter
They had an instrument resembling a thermometer which gave the exact condition of the atmosphere.
"Mizora: A Prophecy" by Mary E. Bradley
Even the finest instruments fail when observational conditions are unfavourable!
"To Mars via The Moon" by Mark Wicks
The thriving condition of the ship-building industry in the colonies was instrumental in attracting and developing skilled wood-carvers.
"The Colonial Architecture of Philadelphia" by Frank Cousins
To the later assailant the conditions of the time made the pen the most effective instrument.
"Voltaire" by John Morley

In news:

Process conditions and high impedance signals from pH sensors mean maintaining measurement accuracy has been a headache for instrumentation engineers - until now.
A South Carolina hospital said it has notified 11 brain surgery patients that they could have been exposed to a rare brain disease through surgical instruments used on a patient who was later diagnosed with the fatal condition.
The pilot's continued visual flight into instrument meteorological conditions, which resulted in spatial disorientation .
Conditions at Colorado Springs, CO. An engineering instrument containing a small amount of radioactive material was stolen in the Denver Area last week.
W ith advancements in digital electronics and reduced component costs in recent years, monitoring instruments for use in condition-based maintenance programs have become more cost-effective and dependable.
IF A GENIE OFFERED YOU AN ALL-VINTAGE COLLECTION OF ELECTRIC PIANOS, synths, and even a very special grand piano on the condition that you never boot up a software instrument ever again, would you take the deal.
A Fleischmanns junkyard owner has pleaded guilty to charges of fifth-degree insurance fraud and second-degree offering a false instrument for filing and was fined and given a conditional discharge.
Under instrument meteorological conditions this scenario could be nerve wracking.

In science:

The continuing desire to upgrade to specialized instrumentation must be balanced against the impact that that upgrade would have on the flexibility of the queue to respond to different observing conditions and configurations.
Ten Year Review of Queue Scheduling of the Hobby-Eberly Telescope
I 0 of propagation of protons and helium through the ATIC instrument by the FLUKA code , with simulation of the conditions of charge selection (see previous section).
Relative abundances of cosmic ray nuclei B-C-N-O in the energy region from 10 GeV/n to 300 GeV/n. Results from ATIC-2 (the science flight of ATIC)
With such an instrument, we could map out the physical conditions of gas on scales ranging from galactic disks to IGM large scale structures.
OVI Absorption in the Milky Way Disk, and Future Prospects for Studying Absorption at the Galaxy-IGM Interface
It is proposed as a high spatial resolution wide-field telescope with an optical design that is matched to the atmospheric conditions and a suite of instruments operating at wavelengths from the visible to the mid-infrared and beyond (Saunders et al. 2008a,b).
The Science Case for PILOT I: Summary and Overview
To satisfy these disparate demands on observing conditions will require a real-time nested scheduling strategy, where both instruments and science pro jects are prioritised and attributed to appropriate observing conditions.
The Science Case for PILOT I: Summary and Overview
Instruments are dynamically selected based on the atmospheric characteristics (water vapour, sky background, and turbulence conditions), and science ob jectives.
The Science Case for PILOT I: Summary and Overview
So, in nominal conditions, the instrument will generate just PType 5 data from all of its 44 detectors and short chunks of PType 1 data from a single detector in turn.
A systematic approach to the Planck LFI end-to-end test and its application to the DPC Level 1 pipeline
The reason is the need to test the software in the most realistic conditions, by performing real instrument operations that allow testing of various operative aspects of the pipeline design.
A systematic approach to the Planck LFI end-to-end test and its application to the DPC Level 1 pipeline
The tests have been designed to recreate the most realistic operational conditions, using telemetry directly generated by the instrument, whenever possible.
A systematic approach to the Planck LFI end-to-end test and its application to the DPC Level 1 pipeline
To correct these measurements for the effects introduced by atmospheric fluctuations, the Observatory contains a group of monitoring instruments to record atmospheric conditions across the detector site, an area exceeding 3,000 km2 .
A Study of the Effect of Molecular and Aerosol Conditions in the Atmosphere on Air Fluorescence Measurements at the Pierre Auger Observatory
But the observing wavelength and coverage matter too, and the seeing conditions for the observation, and the quality of the AO system, and, although not very much discussed in here, the performance of instruments and of the analysis techniques is very important to rely upon the results.
Size matters
For example in case of nested loops; instrumenting nested loops needs us to keep track of each loop (inner and outer), each branch, and each condition more precisely.
A Factorial Experiment on Scalability of Search Based Software Testing
The existence of this path implies that conditional on t, Z acts as an instrumental variable with respect to the pair (X, Y ).
Confounding Equivalence in Causal Inference
The instrument resolution can be adapted to different seeing conditions placing different camera optics in front of the detector.
Design of the wavefront sensor unit of ARGOS, the LBT laser guide star system
A few years later, the OSSE instrument aboard the Compton GRO detected the 122 keV line from the decay of 57Co , and probed further the physical conditions in the innermost exploding layers of the supernova .
Astrophysical constraints from gamma-ray spectroscopy