institution

Definitions

  • Woodworking Bench used at Pratt Institute, Showing Self-Adjusting Upright Vise
    Woodworking Bench used at Pratt Institute, Showing Self-Adjusting Upright Vise
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n institution the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new "she looked forward to her initiation as an adult","the foundation of a new scientific society"
    • n institution an establishment consisting of a building or complex of buildings where an organization for the promotion of some cause is situated
    • n institution a hospital for mentally incompetent or unbalanced person
    • n institution a custom that for a long time has been an important feature of some group or society "the institution of marriage","the institution of slavery","he had become an institution in the theater"
    • n institution an organization founded and united for a specific purpose
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Additional illustrations & photos:

COOPER INSTITUTE, NEW YORK CITY COOPER INSTITUTE, NEW YORK CITY

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: According to the American Institute of Stress, job stress approximately costs the U.S. industry over $300 billion dollars per year
    • Institution An established or organized society or corporation; an establishment, especially of a public character, or affecting a community; a foundation; as, a literary institution; a charitable institution ; also, a building or the buildings occupied or used by such organization; as, the Smithsonian Institution .
    • Institution Anything forming a characteristic and persistent feature in social or national life or habits.
    • Institution Established order, method, or custom; enactment; ordinance; permanent form of law or polity.
    • Institution Instruction; education.
    • Institution That which instituted or established
    • Institution That which institutes or instructs; a textbook; a system of elements or rules; an institute. "There is another manuscript, of above three hundred years old, . . . being an institution of physic."
    • Institution The act or ceremony of investing a clergyman with the spiritual part of a benefice, by which the care of souls is committed to his charge.
    • Institution The act or process of instituting; as: Establishment; foundation; enactment; as, the institution of a school. "The institution of God's law is described as being established by solemn injunction."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: As artists and traders in medieval cities began to form organizations, they instituted tough initiation ceremonies. For example, journeymen in Bergen, Norway, were shoved down a chimney, thrown three times into the sea, and soundly whipped.
    • n institution The act of instituting or setting up; establishment; effective ordination: as, the institution of laws or government; the institution of an inquiry.
    • n institution Establishment in office; in ecclesiastical use, instatement in a spiritual charge; investment with the cure of souls. See installation.
    • n institution Establishment in learning; instruction.
    • n institution Established rule or order; a principle of procedure in any relation; custom; more specifically, an established habit of action, or body of related facts, regulating human conduct in the attainment of a social end, and constituting an element in the social organization or civilization of a community: as, government, the family, a language, is an institution.
    • n institution An established custom or usage, or a characteristic.
    • n institution An establishment for the promotion of some object; an organized society or body of persons, usually with a fixed place of assemblage and operation, devoted to a special pursuit or purpose: as, an educational institution; a charitable institution; the Smithsonian Institution at Washington.
    • n institution A system of the elements or rules of any art or science; a treatise or text-book.
    • n institution Eccles.: The origination of the eucharist, and enactment of its observance, by Christ.
    • n institution The words used by Christ in instituting the eucharist, in the various forms as recorded in Scripture (Mat. xxvi. 26–28; Mark xiv. 22–24; Luke xxii. 19, 20; 1 Cor. xi. 23–25), or transmitted by tradition; in liturgics, the part of the prayer of consecration of the eucharistic elements in which these words are repeated. Also called more fully the commemoration, recital, or words of institution. In its fullest form, as exemplified in Oriental liturgies, in the Scotch communion office of 1764, and in the American Prayer-book, the prayer of consecration consists of three principal parts, the institution, oblation, and epiclesis or invocation. In nearly all the older liturgies (except the Roman) the institution seems principally conceived in the character of a recital of Christ's words and actions at the last supper, the great oblation and epiclesis consummating the observance commanded by him; while in the Western liturgies, including the Roman and that of the Church of England, but not the Mozarabic in its original form, nor the Scotch and American offices, the institution, with the manual acts, is regarded as the full and complete act of consecration, and there is no invocation.
    • n institution The act by which a bishop commits the cure of souls under himself in a parish within his diocese to a priest as rector or vicar. In the Church of England the presentee must previously have made the declaration of assent, taken the oaths of allegiance and canonical obedience, and made the declaration against simony. Institution is given by the bishop or his commissary reading an instrument, the seal of which the clergyman being instituted holds, kneeling before him. When the bishop is patron of the benefice, the same act becomes collation instead of institution. After institution induction admits to temporal possession of the goods and income attached to the cure of souls. In the American Episcopal Church induction is not separate from institution, and there is a public office of institution, set forth in 1804 as the office of induction and revised in 1808 and 1886. The bishop, if satisfied that a clergymau is a qualified miuister and duly elected, may act as institutor himself or appoint a presbyter to act in his stead. The office consists in reading the letter of institution, presentation by the senior warden or other vestryman of the keys of the church to the new incumbent, his reception within the altar-rails by the institutor, who presents him with the Bible, Prayer-book, and books of canons, and in the use of proper psalms, lessons, anthem, and prayers, after which the instituted minister offers special prayers, and, after a sermon, celebrates the holy communion.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Brigham Young invented the department store. Zion's Cooperative Mercantile Institution (ZCMI as it's known to those in Utah) is still in operation in Salt Lake City.
    • n Institution the act of instituting or establishing: that which is instituted or established: foundation: established order: enactment: a society established for some object: that which institutes or instructs: a system of principles or rules: the origination of the Eucharist and the formula of institution: the act by which a bishop commits a cure of souls to a priest
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Quotations

  • Gloria Steinem
    Gloria%20Steinem
    “The authority of any governing institution must stop at its citizen's skin.”
  • Harold Wilson
    Harold Wilson
    “He who rejects change is the architect of decay. The only human institution which rejects progress is the cemetery.”
  • Samuel Johnson
    Samuel%20Johnson
    “Criticism, as it was first instituted by Aristotle, was meant as a standard of judging well.”
  • Paul Johnson
    Paul Johnson
    “The most socially subversive institution of our time is the one-parent family.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “An institution is the lengthened shadow of one man.”
  • James Graham
    James Graham
    “Love is blind and marriage is the institution for the blind.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. institutio,: cf. F. institution,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. instituĕre, -ūtumin, in, statuĕre, to cause to stand—stāre, to stand.

Usage

In literature:

The mores and institutions.+ Institutions and laws are produced out of mores.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
That instituted was equally alien from established usage.
"The History of Tasmania, Volume I (of 2)" by John West
For several years Lott Cary was a student in this institution.
"The Journal of Negro History, Volume 7, 1922" by Various
A Chamber of Justice was next instituted to inquire into the malversations of the loan-contractors and the farmers of the revenues.
"Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds" by Charles Mackay
Its interests, its institutions, its property, are all in great and common peril.
"A Report of the Debates and Proceedings in the Secret Sessions of the Conference Convention" by Lucius Eugene Chittenden
Even St. Dominic and St. Francis had great difficulty in getting their orders instituted.
"A Modern History, From the Time of Luther to the Fall of Napoleon" by John Lord
But this moral enthusiasm broke helpless against the institution wherever a strong property interest was involved with it.
"The Negro and the Nation" by George S. Merriam
It was not a new institution to him, as it had been to his companion in iniquity.
"In School and Out" by Oliver Optic
THE DAWN OF NAVIGATION, Thomas G. Ford, U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Vol.
"A History of Sea Power" by William Oliver Stevens and Allan Westcott
This history must include not merely such facts as spontaneously offer themselves, but all experiments instituted for the sake of discovery.
"The World's Greatest Books--Volume 14--Philosophy and Economics" by Various
All invited to join in it are required to have regard to all the institutions of religion.
"The Ordinance of Covenanting" by John Cunningham
The Reformation also gave fresh impulses to all the schools and institutions of learning.
"Colleges in America" by John Marshall Barker
A dictionary was published by the Institute of Sciences in Tirana in 1954, and it indicated that the spelling of some words varied.
"Area Handbook for Albania" by Eugene K. Keefe
Hence, in its practical operation, it sets aside other divine institutions and laws.
"Three Prize Essays on American Slavery" by R. B. Thurston
As a teacher of legislation he inquires of all institutions whether their utility justifies their existence.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 6" by Various
From past ages we have received many valuable institutions, that have grown out of the transient wants or the permanent nature of man.
"Speeches, Addresses, and Occasional Sermons, Volume 2 (of 3)" by Theodore Parker
In the mean time each founded institutions after its kind; in the Northern States, democratic institutions; in the Southern, aristocratic.
"Speeches, Addresses, and Occasional Sermons, Volume 3 (of 3)" by Theodore Parker
But for many reasons the practice could not be instituted, and would break down quickly if instituted.
"The Value of Money" by Benjamin M. Anderson, Jr.
The first scientific institution to open its doors to women was the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
"Woman in Science" by John Augustine Zahm
The influence of a spirit like that at the head of an institution of learning in a great state is incalculable.
"Makers and Romance of Alabama History" by B. F. Riley
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In poetry:

In scholarship he's stood the test,
In the institute's at home;
And 'cross the sea—without a jest,
His eloquence is known.
"Ajax at the Centennial. 1897" by Frank Barbour Coffin
Then comes a day when institutions turn
And carve the men, or cast them into moulds;
One Era trembles while volcanoes burn,
Another Age beholds
"Arms And The Man - The War Horse draws The Plough" by James Barron Hope
There is a time when men shape for their Land
Its institutions 'mid some tempests' roar,
Just as the waves that thunder on the strand
Shape out and round the shore.
"Arms And The Man - The War Horse draws The Plough" by James Barron Hope
Himself feeling happy, he knew by my looks,
A case full of sadness and deep destitution
Was present in person, not read of in books,
Appealing in pity for an alms institution.
"Merdle The Banker" by Horatio Alger Jr
There’s a dance to-night at the Institute.
For the young men there I don’t care a hoot;
They look like pups with their silly tails tied
With old tin cans. Not one can I bide.
"The Daughter Of Gypsy Nan" by Dorothy Una Ratcliffe
If thou wouldst, nightly, leave the pole,
To enjoy a regular ablution
In the North Sea, or Symmes's hole,
Our 'Patriarchal Institution,'
From which thou findest many a ransom,
Would, doubtless, give thee something handsome.
"Slaveholder's Address To The North Star" by John Pierpont

In news:

Go behind the scenes at the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute during a special program held from 5 to 9 pm on Friday, Sept 14.
In the Gray Area: A Marine Advisor Team at War by Lt Col. Folsom, Naval Institute Press, 228 pages, $34.95.
Augusta was once king of the MetroMonitor, a quarterly economic analysis by the Brookings Institution.
A new national survey released Monday by the US Chamber Institute for Legal Reform (ILR) finds that Louisiana's lawsuit climate is perceived as the second worst in the country at number 49.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) provided $200,000 to support ATA 's work in the developing standards and best practice guidelines for remote medical services.
Weizmann Institute of Science to Honor.
Mel Powell, a composer who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1990 and was the founding dean of the school of music at the California Institute of the Arts, died on Friday at his home in Sherman Oaks, Calif He was 75.
Politics, history help explain groundswell of apology for 'peculiar institution.
The new building for the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge is a place for workaholics who don't much care what architecture looks like.
Mainly Mozart chamber musicians Steven Copes, Peter Wiley and Anna Polonsky performed last year in the auditorium formerly offered for free to the community by the Neurosciences Institute.
Financial institutions face a daunting challenge.
Goldwater Institute attorney co- authoring immigration book with Jeb Bush.
"The Most Authoritarian Institution in America".
American Family Physician (AFP) and Family Practice Management (FPM) offer a range of prices for institutional site licenses, according to a 5-tiered system based on the size and category or type of institution/organization.
Yang graduated from the Maryland Institute College of Art in 2008 and after attended a collaborative printmaking program at the Tamarid Institute in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
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In science:

The Submillimeter Array is a joint project between the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics and is funded by the Smithsonian Institution and the Academia Sinica.
Sub-arcsecond SMA observations of the prototype Class 0 object VLA1623 at 1.3 mm: A single protostar with a structured outflow cavity ?
Acknowledgment: Most of this research was conducted while at the Erwin Schr¨odinger Institute during the program on Bialgebras in Free Probability; the authors would like to thank the Institute and the organizers of the program.
Tail algebras of quantum exchangeable random variables
These investigations were stimulated by my May-June 2010 visit to the Institute for Advanced Study, thanks to an invitation from Nima Arkani-Hamed, and I am most grateful for generous support from that institution. A second visit in May 2011 allowed further highly stimulating discussions.
A simple formula for gravitational MHV amplitudes
Abderezak OULD HOUCINE, Mathematisches Institut und Institut f¨ur Mathematische Logik und Grundlagenforschung, Fachbereich Mathematik und Informatik, Universit¨at M¨unster, Einsteinstrasse 62, 48149 M¨unster, Germany.
A remark on the definability of the Fitting subgroup and the soluble radical
Walker5 1State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics and Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China (KITPC), Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R.
Testing No-Scale F-SU(5): A 125 GeV Higgs Boson and SUSY at the 8 TeV LHC
This work has made use of services produced by the NASA Exoplanet Science Institute at the California Institute of Technology.
Fundamental properties of the Population II fiducial stars HD 122563 and Gmb 1830 from CHARA interferometric observations
Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan 2 Theoretical Institute for Advanced Research in Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O.
Launching and Quenching of Black Hole Relativistic Jets at Low Accretion Rate
Partially supported by NSF grant DMS 1007068 and the Institute for Advanced Study. †Partially supported by the Institute for Advanced Study.
Random graph products of finite groups are rational duality groups
Newman for suggesting the idea to extend the results of to positive temperature. A. A. thanks the Courant Institute for hospitality during visits while some of this work was done. M. D. thanks the Courant Institute and C.
The scaling relation chi = 2 xi - 1 for directed polymers in a random environment
In the case of jointly owned IP, the lead or best placed institution for that work or the results of a particular Work Package (e.g. the Work Package Leader) will seek assignment of the IP initially so that exploitation of the Foreground IP can be carried out and managed effectively by one institution.
FuturICT
The Robo-AO system is supported by collaborating partner institutions, the California Institute of Technology and the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, by the National Science Foundation under Grant Nos.
Bringing the Visible Universe into Focus with Robo-AO
This research was supported in parts by the Isaac Newton Institute, Cambridge (England), and the Center of Geometry and Physics at the Pennsylvania State University. I thank these institutions and the Banach Center in Warsaw for their hospitality.
The Group of Large Diffeomorphisms in General Relativity
This work was supported in part by the NSF through the grants NSF DMR97-14198 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, NSF PHY94-07194 at the Institute for Theoretical Physics of the University of California at Santa Barbara, and by (CM) the Swiss Nationalfonds.
Does quasi-long-range order in the two-dimensional XY model really survive weak random phase fluctuations?
Theoretische Physik III, Elektronische Korrelationen und Magnetismus, Institut f¨ur Physik, Universit¨at Augsburg, 86135 Augsburg, Germany 2Lorentz Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Leiden, P.O.
Disorder and Impurities in Hubbard-Antiferromagnets
Heiko Rieger(∗) and Ferenc Igl´oi(∗∗) (∗) HLRZ, Forschungszentrum J¨ulich, 52425 J¨ulich, Germany Institut f¨ur Theoretische Physik, Universit¨at zu K¨oln, 50923 K¨oln, Germany (∗∗) Research Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, H-1525 Budapest, P.O.
Average persistence in random walks
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