instance

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v instance clarify by giving an example of
    • n instance an item of information that is typical of a class or group "this patient provides a typical example of the syndrome","there is an example on page 10"
    • n instance an occurrence of something "it was a case of bad judgment","another instance occurred yesterday","but there is always the famous example of the Smiths"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first time there was an instance where they had a separate toilet for women and men was in 1739 at a ball in Paris
    • Instance A token; a sign; a symptom or indication.
    • Instance Occasion; order of occurrence. "These seem as if, in the time of Edward I., they were drawn up into the form of a law, in the first instance ."
    • Instance That which is instant or urgent; motive. "The instances that second marriage move
      Are base respects of thrift, but none of love."
    • Instance That which offers itself or is offered as an illustrative case; something cited in proof or exemplification; a case occurring; an example; as, we could find no instance of poisoning in the town within the past year. "Most remarkable instances of suffering."
    • Instance The act or quality of being instant or pressing; urgency; solicitation; application; suggestion; motion. "Undertook at her instance to restore them."
    • v. i Instance To give an example. "This story doth not only instance in kingdoms, but in families too."
    • v. t Instance To mention as a case or example; to refer to; to cite; as, to instance a fact. "I shall not instance an abstruse author."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In the 1940s, the FCC assigned television's Channel 1 to mobile Services(two-way radios in taxicabs, for instance) but did not re-number theotherchannel assignments. That is why your TV set has channels 2 and up, butnochannel 1.
    • n instance Presence; present time.
    • n instance A happening or occurring; occurrence; occasion: as, it was correct in the first instance; a court of first instance (that is, of primary jurisdiction).
    • n instance A case occurring; a case offered as an exemplification or a precedent; an example; originally, a case offered to disprove a universal assertion: as, this has happened in three instances.
    • n instance Hence Evidence; proof; token.
    • n instance An impelling motive; influence; cause.
    • n instance The process of a suit.
    • n instance In Scots law, that which may be insisted on at one diet or course of probation.
    • n instance The act or state of being instant or urgent; insistence; solicitation; urgency.
    • instance To cite as an instance; adduce in illustration or confirmation; mention as an example.
    • instance To furnish an instance or example of; exemplify; manifest.
    • instance To take or receive example or examples; give or find illustration: followed by in.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Puritans had such an obsessive fear of masturbation that almost any means were used to curtail the practice. For instance, some doctors recommended covering the penis with plaster of Paris.
    • n Instance in′stans quality of being urgent: solicitation: occurrence: occasion: example:
    • v.t Instance to mention as an example
    • n Instance in′stans (Shak.) evidence, proof
    • ***

Quotations

  • John Ruskin
    John%20Ruskin
    “Remember that the most beautiful things in the world are the most useless; peacocks and lilies, for instance.”
  • Franklin P. Jones
    Franklin%20P.%20Jones
    “You can learn many things from children. How much patience you have, for instance.”
  • Christian Nevell Bovee
    Christian%20Nevell%20Bovee
    “What we call conscience in many instances, is only a wholesome fear of the law.”
  • Saul Bellow
    Saul Bellow
    “There are evils that have the ability to survive identification and go on for ever... money, for instance, or war.”
  • George Washington
    George%20Washington
    “Lenience will operate with greater force, in some instances than rigor. It is therefore my first wish to have all of my conduct distinguished by it.”
  • Mark Twain
    Mark%20Twain
    “You perceive I generalize with intrepidity from single instances. It is the tourist's custom.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. instance, L. instantia, fr. instans,. See Instant
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr.,—L. instantiainstans.

Usage

In literature:

Finally, in a few instances, it retains some measure of its probably original function of air-breathing.
"Man And His Ancestor" by Charles Morris
At midnight, for instance, the position of the sun is definite, viz.
"Pioneers of Science" by Oliver Lodge
As to the inheritance of vigour and endurance, the English race-horse offers an excellent instance.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2)" by Charles Darwin
We have said that the sheep-farmer had gone down, in this instance, under adverse circumstances of very extensive bearing.
"Leading Articles on Various Subjects" by Hugh Miller
Medicines, special foods, better air, might in like manner be instanced as producing multipled results.
"Essays: Scientific, Political, & Speculative, Vol. I" by Herbert Spencer
Instances in the Laocoon and Theseus.
"Modern Painters Volume II (of V)" by John Ruskin
Indeed, it may be said that such appeal has resulted in uncertainty, and in many instances in confusion.
"The Truth About Woman" by C. Gasquoine Hartley
This is only one of a thousand instances in which, despite all restrictions, they do as they please.
"Our Moslem Sisters" by Annie Van Sommer
For instance, whether it is better to give it in whole days, or by half-days, or to spread it over the ordinary days of work.
"The Claims of Labour an essay on the duties of the employers to the employed" by Arthur Helps
What do you mean by 'unsettled hurries,' for instance?
"Shirley" by Charlotte Brontë
Give another instance of the sympathy between these membranes.
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
For instance, it may be used in a narrow sense to indicate the character and quality of the civil relations.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
Another instance of descent in the female line among the Jews is met in Nehemiah 7, 63.
"Woman under socialism" by August Bebel
What a capital instance of dream-celerity, thought he!
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
I brought her into Plymouth; and here another instance of luck.
"The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of Jane Austen" by Jane Austen
For instance, let us suppose that we have a certain quantity of charcoal; this is nearly pure carbon.
"The Elements of Agriculture" by George E. Waring
It is one of the many instances in which the ritual has survived the religion.
"The New Gulliver and Other Stories" by Barry Pain
In Jane Austen's books, for instance, we have grown up in familiarity with the characters and we cannot associate them with others.
"Springtime and Other Essays" by Francis Darwin
A striking instance of the audacity of the ape, in attacking the human species, is related by M. Mollien, in his Travels in Africa.
"Illustrative Anecdotes of the Animal Kingdom" by Samuel Griswold Goodrich
I think, however, the instance chosen is typical, so that the conclusion reached may be generalized.
"Creative Intelligence" by John Dewey, Addison W. Moore, Harold Chapman Brown, George H. Mead, Boyd H. Bode, Henry Waldgrave, Stuart James, Hayden Tufts, Horace M. Kallen
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In poetry:

Oh, "rorty" was a mid-Victorian word
Which meant "fine, splendid, jolly,"
And often to me it has reoccurred
In moments melancholy.
For instance, children, I think it rorty
To be with people over forty.
"You Can Be A Republican, I'm A Genocrat" by Ogden Nash
"Let's see!"—The boy gave it.—"'Tis really not bad;
And yet, it is far from complete, I must add.
The feathers, for, instance, how short! 'Tis absurd!"
So he set to work straightway to pluck the poor bird.
"The Dilettante And The Critic" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
What is this alien thing, so near, so far,
Close to my life always, but blending never?
Hemmed in by walls whose crystal gates unbar
Not at the instance of my strong endeavor
To pierce the stronghold where their secrets are?
"Gulf-Stream" by Susan Coolidge
Then I remember something--like a sudden burst of light--
That don't exactly tell it, but I couldn't tell it right--
A something clinging to me with its arms around my neck--
A little girl, for instance--or an angel, I expect--
"George Mullen's Confession" by James Whitcomb Riley
But accidents will happen by land and by sea,
Therefore, to save ourselves from accidents, we needn't try to flee,
For whatsoever God has ordained will come to pass;
For instance, ye may be killed by a stone or a piece of glass.
"The Clepington Catastrophe" by William Topaz McGonagall
Sometimes she rests long minutes in the grass forest
Like a fairytale hero, only a marvel can help her.
She cannot fathom the mystery of this forest
In which, for instance, this giant watches -
The giant who knows she cannot be helped in any way.
"A Cranefly In September" by Ted Hughes

In news:

Landscape architect Kate Orff marries urbanism and environmentalism, creating instances of nature among skyscrapers and concrete.
For instance, they add such a great texture to an otherwise dull lawn.
The artists getting some much deserved love in this instance are Walter Sickert, Krystilyn.
A sitting area, for instance, becomes defined by an area rug and furniture.
Take North Texan Janine Turner, for instance.
Medicaid regulations authorize reimbursements only for teeth cleanings performed every six months, except in instances of medical necessity.
Take all of us on-air jocks, for instance.
For instance, here's a pop quiz: When is a montepulciano not a Montepulciano.
In certain instances, pension plans may pay benefits to a surviving spouse.
In many instances, lots of people possess mis-sold policies and so they fall into a new bad monetary condition.
For instance, when was the last time you read a story, outside the New York papers, about the New York governor's race.
Erik Highsmith's reported plagiarism for a communications class is only the latest in a string of instances of alleged academic fraud involving football players at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Separately, the committee also found three other articles with "clear instances" of plagiarism by Shakrani, all published in 2008 to 2009 in an MSU publication called "New Educator.
In the (Zenth Studios) reproduction instance you get all of the performer's nuances except for actually watching the performer who is long dead.
The introduction of Amazon's Reserved Instance Marketplace comes as cloud pricing is gaining increasing attention.
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In science:

I of qsat2 it holds that I is a yes-instance of qsat2 iff S (I ) is a yes-instance of nmp.
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
T such that for every instance I of nmp it holds that I is a yesinstance of nmp iff T (I ) is a yes-instance of qsat2 .
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
S mapping instances I of qsat2 (the evaluation problem of QBFs having quantifier order ∃ ∀) into instances S (I ) of the considered nonmonotonic reasoning task, nmp, such that I is a yes-instance of qsat2 iff S (I ) is a yes-instance of nmp.
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
These results cover the instances of small left–to–right maxima; therefore we investigate here the instance of large left–to–right maxima.
Combinatorics of geometrically distributed random variables: Value and position of large left-to-right maxima
We say that the last left–to–right maximum is the instance r = 1, the previous left–to–right maximum is the instance r = 2, and so on.
Combinatorics of geometrically distributed random variables: Value and position of large left-to-right maxima
Note also that for p < 1 the fraction of SAT instances for γ < γc (p) is finite and less than 1 even in the thermodynamical limit, implying a mixed phase of SAT and UNSAT instances.
Phase coexistence and finite-size scaling in random combinatorial problems
It is important to realize that if we want to talk about perhaps more interesting statistical properties (e.g. scaling of the running time, phase transition etc.) one has to specify an ensemble of 3-SAT instances, that is defining a measure, i.e. a probability do draw some instance.
Single-solution Random 3-SAT Instances
In addition, such single-solution instances also seem to be much harder than 3-SAT instances from random 3-SAT phase transition region.
Single-solution Random 3-SAT Instances
Hard instances in the underconstrained region can be generated by embedding a smaller unsatisfiable subproblem into a larger instance.
Single-solution Random 3-SAT Instances
In addition to the curve for random instances with r = 1 we also plot one for random 3-SAT ensemble (arbitrary r) and for random instances with r ≥ 1 solutions.
Single-solution Random 3-SAT Instances
In Figure 6 for DPLL algorithm one can see that the running time for single-solution instances increases faster than for random instances from the phase transition point.
Single-solution Random 3-SAT Instances
For stochastic search methods we average again over 1000 instances and for each instance over 100 runs of the algorithm.
Single-solution Random 3-SAT Instances
What is the explanation for the difficulty of single-solution random 3-SAT instances with small m/n? We will give some heuristic arguments why it might not be so unexpected that such 3-SAT instances are hard to solve.
Single-solution Random 3-SAT Instances
For single-solution instances studied in the present paper, the highest probability to find them among random 3-SAT instances occurs at the transition point and decays fast away from it.
Single-solution Random 3-SAT Instances
The PGM approach has been recently applied to a few instances of the HSP also [BCD05b, BCD05a, MR05], showing that it maximises the probability of identifying the hidden subgroup for those instances.
Random measurement bases, quantum state distinction and applications to the hidden subgroup problem
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