• Back cover, showing a waterfall; a house; a small boat at sea; decorative initials
    Back cover, showing a waterfall; a house; a small boat at sea; decorative initials
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n initiation an act that sets in motion some course of events
    • n initiation the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new "she looked forward to her initiation as an adult","the foundation of a new scientific society"
    • n initiation wisdom as evidenced by the possession of knowledge "his knowledgeability impressed me","his dullness was due to lack of initiation"
    • n initiation a formal entry into an organization or position or office "his initiation into the club","he was ordered to report for induction into the army","he gave a speech as part of his installation into the hall of fame"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

An assortment of glass bottle seals in the Jamestown collection. Some of the wealthy planters had their initials (or other ornamental device) stamped on the shoulders of the wine bottles which they ordered from England An assortment of glass bottle seals in the Jamestown collection. Some of the wealthy planters had their initials (or...
Early Chiswick Press Initials Early Chiswick Press Initials

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Xerox company was initially called the Haloid Company
    • Initiation The act of initiating, or the process of being initiated or introduced; as, initiation into a society, into business, literature, etc. "The initiation of courses of events."
    • Initiation The form or ceremony by which a person is introduced into any society; mode of entrance into an organized body; especially, the rite of admission into a secret society or order. "Silence is the first thing that is taught us at our initiation into sacred mysteries."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The sport Lacrosse was initially played by Native American Indians. They played the sport to prepare for war
    • n initiation The act of initiating or setting on foot; a beginning or starting: as, the initiation of a new enterprise.
    • n initiation Introduction by preliminary instruction or ceremony; initial guidance or admission, especially in some set or formal way, as into knowledge of or participation in anything, membership in an association, or the like.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first translation of the English Bible was initiated by John Wycliffe and completed by John Purvey in 1388.
    • n Initiation act or process of initiating: act of admitting to any society, by instructing in its rules and ceremonies
    • ***


  • Victor Hugo
    “Initiative is doing the right thing without being told.”
  • Chris Evert Lloyd
    Chris Evert Lloyd
    “You've got to take the initiative and play your game. In a decisive set, confidence is the difference.”
  • Eddie Murphy
    Eddie Murphy
    “I've always had confidence. It came because I have lots of initiative. I wanted to make something of myself.”
  • George Holbrook Jackson
    George Holbrook Jackson
    “Genius is initiative on fire.”
  • Malcolm S. Forbes
    “If you don't know what to do with many of the papers piled on your desk, stick a dozen colleagues initials on them and pass them along. When in doubt, route.”
  • William B. Given
    William B. Given
    “Details often kill initiative, but there have been few successful men who weren't good at details. Don't ignore details. Lick them.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. initiatio,: cf. F. initiation,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. initialisinitium, a beginning, inīre, inītumin, into, īre, ītum, to go.


In literature:

The capital initials are capricious, but tasteful.
"A Bibliographical, Antiquarian and Picturesque Tour in France and Germany, Volume Three" by Thomas Frognall Dibdin
Hence it is that all geographers have agreed to place initial meridians, when possible, in the oceans.
"International Conference Held at Washington for the Purpose of Fixing a Prime Meridian and a Universal Day. October, 1884." by Various
As charter members, they would initiate four other girls, as soon as proper rites could be thought of.
"Grace Harlowe's Junior Year at High School" by Jessie Graham Flower
But he was afraid of the kind of initiative which might come from America.
"Before the War" by Viscount Richard Burton Haldane
The patriots, not initiated in this treachery, had opposed thy perfidious advice.
"History of the Girondists, Volume I" by Alphonse de Lamartine
The letters on the stone and the initials of the words for which they stand, viz.
"The Mysteries of Free Masonry" by William Morgan
Tom rested his chin in his hands, studying the initials on the turtle's shell.
"Tom Slade on Mystery Trail" by Percy Keese Fitzhugh
For and against the initiative and referendum for New York state.
"Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh Debate Index" by Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
Our finiteness is illustrated by our initiation into organized being.
"The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser in Plain English" by R. V. Pierce
They must take the initiative away from the Germans.
"My Second Year of the War" by Frederick Palmer
If you don't mind, I 'll initiate it now, without waiting for Christmas day.
"The Mayor of Warwick" by Herbert M. Hopkins
On the base ring or line, the initials of the foundry, the register number, and the weight of gun in pounds.
"Ordnance Instructions for the United States Navy." by Bureau of Ordnance, USN
The practical reforms which he initiated in law, in commerce, in agriculture, are too numerous to mention.
"Victorian Worthies" by George Henry Blore
The initials print black on a white ground.
"A Short History of English Printing, 1476-1898" by Henry R. Plomer
There had been rumors in the school of late, that several initiations had been held into a newly-formed society.
"Baseball Joe on the School Nine" by Lester Chadwick
The relapse is ushered in with the same striking abruptness as the initial attack.
"A System of Practical Medicine by American Authors, Vol. I" by Various
Herzl's health had been failing and he did not long survive the initiation of the somewhat embittered "territorial" controversy.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 4" by Various
It is probable, however, that the initiative did not come from Washington.
"And the Kaiser abdicates" by S. Miles Bouton
Hand it around and we'll all put our initials on it, and you can hang it in your room.
"The Rival Pitchers" by Lester Chadwick
With each tribe indicate the most important places by their initial letters.
"The Rand-McNally Bible Atlas" by Jesse L. Hurlbut

In poetry:

Attaining the truth of "nonattainment,"
you receive the highest initiation.
Perceiving the void of high and low,
you reach the sublime stage.
"Response To A Logician" by Jetsun Milarepa
"Coming from a gloomy court,
Place of Israelite resort,
This old lamp I've brought with me.
Madam, on its panes you'll see
The initials K and E."
"Mrs. Katherine’s Lantern" by William Makepeace Thackeray
Then think of a queen who boldly addressed
(Uncalled) a king on his throne,
And let her initial be joined with the rest,
Th' Enigma to make known.
"Enigma XXXIV." by Elizabeth Hitchener
Was it not you who bore my soul aloft
Upon the inspiration of your sacred verse,
Who flamed before me like a holy vision,
Initiating me into life's beauty?
"To A Familiar Genius Flying" by Vasily Andreyevich Zhukovsky
A peer of popular applause,
Who doth our violated laws,
And grievances proclaim.
Th' initials show a vanquish'd town,
That adds fresh glory and renown
To old Britannia's fame.
"A Rebus" by Phillis Wheatley
Initialed with King Francis' name,
With Gallic lilies sculptured o'er,
Above the vent the metal bore
A Salamander crowned, in flame;
The massive breech could even claim
A sheath of lotos bloom.
"The Armada Gun" by John Douglas Sutherland Campbell

In news:

Support of Robert Wood Johnson Foundation " Aligning Forces for Quality" Initiative.
The former California governor is refiling more generous court papers and blaming his high-profile divorce attorney for his much-criticized initial response, reported yesterday.
Some DC Victims, Detectives Question ' All Hands on Deck' Crime Initiative.
The inaugural event, an initiative of the Housing Opportunity Foundation (HOF) of the Charlotte Regional Realtor Association, was held April 24.
The manufacturer of ActiveGuard mattress liners is sponsoring a new bed bug research program at The Ohio State University through an initial $100,000+ grant provided by the company.
SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment — owners of Busch Gardens and Water Country USA — has rolled out a new initiative aimed at making the in-park dining experience better for visitors who have food allergies .
Initiative would OK gambling in 4 counties.
In November, Arkansas residents will vote on a ballot initiative that would allow gambling in four counties, including Franklin.
One of the doctors who helped treat the amputees , said the Islamists initially came to the hospital and asked the medics to carry out the amputations .
Initial investment Total you currently have invested that should be included in this analysis .
The researchers can only speculate about why their protocol - which initially gave antivirals and interferon together - was effective.
WARRANT, MILVERTON ROAD: Police initiated a traffic stop for failure to stop and expired plates at 2:49 am Nov 14.
Public sector unions in Wisconsin, Ohio and Indiana are their initial target.
APA Presidential Initiative on Caregivers.
After reporting modest gains in the first quarter, the company will implement several customer-centric initiatives to drive traffic.

In science:

We start with an initial block S (the initial system) and E (the initial environment).
The Density Matrix Renormalization Group for Strongly Correlated Electron Systems: A Generic Implementation
As the initial ob ject of i∆+ is sent to the initial ω -category then Ψ is faithful on morphisms with domains of dimension -1 (minus one) as their domain is the initial ob ject.
On the duality between trees and disks
In practice, the variation of ˙y at the starting time corresponds to that of initial eccentricity when all the parameters and the other initial conditions are fixed. ˙y = 0.44721 means the initial eccentricity e = 0, which just corresponds to a quasicircular orbit of Newtonian two-body problems.
Resurvey of order and chaos in spinning compact binaries
Unlocked initialization : Shared variables can be initialized, e.g., by function mal loc or resetting to an initial value, without obtaining a lock.
Efficient Deterministic Replay Using Complete Race Detection
These estimates are derived from (1) the exact GP initial state (solid curve), (2) LVM–approximate initial state (dashed curve) and (3) Thomas–Fermi approximate initial state (dotted curve).
Prototyping method for Bragg-type atom interferometers
Three different cases of initial states will be considered: (i) product initial state, (ii) entangled initial state with only two nonzero Schmidt coefficients and (iii) entangled initial state with all N nonzero Schmidt coefficients.
Subsystem dynamics under random Hamiltonian evolution
In the local measures, this frame is defined by the specification of initial conditions for the semi-classical histories surrounding the worldline γ (including the orientation of the initial tangent of γ with respect to those initial conditions).
Bubble collisions and measures of the multiverse
Extending this definition for the case that automata G and S have the initial sets X0G and X0S , the initial set of the composed system will be X0cl = Υ(X0G , X0S ) ⊆ X0G ×X0S , where the relation Υ describes the initial states in G and S that are coupled to synchronously generate a string in the composed system.
Hybrid 3-D Formation Control for Unmanned Helicopters
An initial partition into K clusters is built by allocating each variable to the cluster with the closest initial center: the similarity between a variable and an initial center is calculated using the function mixedVarSim.
ClustOfVar: An R Package for the Clustering of Variables
This iterative procedure kmeansvar provides a partition PK into K clusters which maximizes H but this optimum is local and depends on the initial partition. A solution to overcome this problem and to avoid the influence of the choice of an arbitrary initial partition is to consider multiple random initializations.
ClustOfVar: An R Package for the Clustering of Variables
The set G0 of initial global states We assume that associated with γ b there is a set Initi of possible initial states for each process i ∈ P.
Causality, Knowledge and Coordination in Distributed Systems
Mean deflation time distributions of the Toda algorithm for initial data described in Figure 9. (a) Wigner class initial data and (b) JUE and UDSJ initial data.
How long does it take to compute the eigenvalues of a random symmetric matrix?
We can define a stochastic process X = (Xt )t≥0 on M in the following way: Given an initial state i ∈ S and an initial value ξ ∈ M , Xt follows the tra jectory generated by the vector field ui and initial condition ξ for an exponentially distributed random time with parameter λi > 0.
Invariant densities for dynamical systems with random switching
Lambek’s Lemma ensures that the carrier of the initial algebra of F is its least fixed point µF , and initiality ensures that, given any F -algebra h : F A → A, there is a unique F -algebra homomorphism, denoted f old h, from the initial algebra in : F (µF ) → µF to that algebra.
Generic Fibrational Induction
Since Φ is a left adjoint it preserves initial ob jects, so applying Φ to the initial F -algebra in : F (µF ) → µF gives the initial ˆF -algebra.
Generic Fibrational Induction