• Back cover, showing a waterfall; a house; a small boat at sea; decorative initials
    Back cover, showing a waterfall; a house; a small boat at sea; decorative initials
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v initiate set in motion, start an event or prepare the way for "Hitler's attack on Poland led up to World War II"
    • v initiate bring up a topic for discussion
    • v initiate bring into being "He initiated a new program","Start a foundation"
    • v initiate take the lead or initiative in; participate in the development of "This South African surgeon pioneered heart transplants"
    • v initiate accept people into an exclusive society or group, usually with some rite "African men are initiated when they reach puberty"
    • n initiate people who have been introduced to the mysteries of some field or activity "it is very familiar to the initiate"
    • n initiate someone who has been admitted to membership in a scholarly field
    • n initiate someone new to a field or activity
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

An assortment of glass bottle seals in the Jamestown collection. Some of the wealthy planters had their initials (or other ornamental device) stamped on the shoulders of the wine bottles which they ordered from England An assortment of glass bottle seals in the Jamestown collection. Some of the wealthy planters had their initials (or...
Early Chiswick Press Initials Early Chiswick Press Initials

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Coca-Cola used to contain cocaine when it was initially introduced
    • Initiate Begun; commenced; introduced to, or instructed in, the rudiments; newly admitted. "To rise in science as in bliss, Initiate in the secrets of the skies."
    • n Initiate One who is, or is to be, initiated.
    • Initiate To acquaint with the beginnings; to instruct in the rudiments or principles; to introduce. "Providence would only initiate mankind into the useful knowledge of her treasures, leaving the rest to employ our industry.""To initiate his pupil into any part of learning, an ordinary skill in the governor is enough."
    • v. i Initiate To do the first act; to perform the first rite; to take the initiative.
    • Initiate To introduce by a first act; to make a beginning with; to set afoot; to originate; to commence; to begin or enter upon. "How are changes of this sort to be initiated ?"
    • Initiate To introduce into a society or organization; to confer membership on; especially, to admit to a secret order with mysterious rites or ceremonies. "The Athenians believed that he who was initiated and instructed in the mysteries would obtain celestial honor after death.""He was initiated into half a dozen clubs before he was one and twenty."
    • Initiate Unpracticed; untried; new. "The initiate fear that wants hard use."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The Xerox company was initially called the Haloid Company
    • initiate To begin or enter upon; make a beginning of; introduce; set going or on foot.
    • initiate To introduce by preliminary instruction or forms; guide primarily; admit formally; induct: as, to initiate a person into an art, or into a society.
    • initiate To do the first act; perform the first rite; take the initiative.
    • initiate Pertaining or incident to the beginning or introduction; initial or initiatory.
    • initiate Initiated; commencing; introduced to knowledge; prepared for instruction.
    • n initiate One who is initiated; specifically, one who has been admitted to a knowledge of or participation in secret doctrines, mystic rites, or the like.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Initially golf balls were made out of wood. After that they were made out of leather which was stuffed with feathers
    • v.t Initiate to make a beginning: to instruct in principles: to acquaint with: to introduce into a new state or society
    • ***


  • Victor Hugo
    “Initiative is doing the right thing without being told.”
  • Edward Vernon Rickenbacker
    Edward Vernon Rickenbacker
    “The four cornerstones of character on which the structure of this nation was built are: initiative, imagination, individuality, and independence.”
  • Olga Korbut
    Olga Korbut
    “Don't be afraid if things seem difficult in the beginning. That's only the initial impression. The important thing is not to retreat; you have to master yourself.”
  • Betty Bender
    Betty Bender
    “Anything I've ever done that ultimately was worthwhile... initially scared me to death.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Prolonged idleness paralyzes initiative.”
  • Mack R. Douglas
    Mack R. Douglas
    “The mind must see visual achievement of the purpose before action is initiated.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. initiatus, p. p. of initiare, to begin, fr. initium, beginning. See Initial
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. initialisinitium, a beginning, inīre, inītumin, into, īre, ītum, to go.


In literature:

Although not strictly a secret society, the Albigenses were divided after the secret society system into initiates and semi-initiates.
"Secret Societies And Subversive Movements" by Nesta H. Webster
He evidenced no initiative in feeding himself, but swallowed food when it was placed in his mouth.
"Studies in Forensic Psychiatry" by Bernard Glueck
A great counter-attack was initiated by the French and Americans along the Marne-Aisne front July 18, 1918.
"Kelly Miller's History of the World War for Human Rights" by Kelly Miller
Rationalism was very adroit in its initial steps.
"History of Rationalism Embracing a Survey of the Present State of Protestant Theology" by John F. Hurst
She read to me, smiled for me, and initiated every sally that I made into public.
"The Fifth Wheel" by Olive Higgins Prouty
The reason of this is plain to the initiated.
"Lights and Shadows of New York Life" by James D. McCabe
The illuminated initial letters are unfinished.
"Three Centuries of a City Library an Historical and Descriptive Account of the Norwich Public Library Established in 1608 and the present Public Library opened in 1857" by George A. Stephen
In all things an early initiation must be of advantage.
"Tancred" by Benjamin Disraeli
The President initiates a treaty and the Senate confirms it.
"Ethics in Service" by William Howard Taft
But the marriage bond was not indissoluble, and the initiative in the separation was taken by the woman.
"Welsh Folk-Lore a Collection of the Folk-Tales and Legends of North Wales" by Elias Owen
What they initiate, others imitate.
"A Preface to Politics" by Walter Lippmann
He lacks the initiative that starts things moving.
"The Knack of Managing" by Lewis K. Urquhart and Herbert Watson
His types are much smaller than those used in the early Augsburg books, and his initials less heavy and massive.
"Early Illustrated Books" by Alfred W. Pollard
He knew it from personal initiation, and a deeper and vaster view of the universe.
"The Way of Initiation" by Rudolf Steiner
On the upper edge a crowned Tudor rose with the initials E. R., and on the lower a portcullis with the same initials.
"Royal English Bookbindings" by Cyril Davenport
The initial trial of a locomotive in the United States had served to prove its worth.
"The Modern Railroad" by Edward Hungerford
You had originally a splendid initiative, an impatient desire for action.
"The Rest Hollow Mystery" by Rebecca N. Porter
The initial P on the previous page, and also the initials in pages vii.
"Lessons in the Art of Illuminating" by W. J. Loftie
But even the best of teachers can effect but little unless he finds a mind ready of itself to take the initiative.
"A Century of Science and Other Essays" by John Fiske
Here the solemn rights of initiation were performed with perfect seriousness.
"Whither Thou Goest" by William Le Queux

In poetry:

Define its laws and origin
In terms judicial,
Repeat the names it glories in,
And the initials.
"In everything I seek to grasp..." by Boris Pasternak
Attaining the truth of "nonattainment,"
you receive the highest initiation.
Perceiving the void of high and low,
you reach the sublime stage.
"Response To A Logician" by Jetsun Milarepa
Then think of a queen who boldly addressed
(Uncalled) a king on his throne,
And let her initial be joined with the rest,
Th' Enigma to make known.
"Enigma XXXIV." by Elizabeth Hitchener
Was it not you who bore my soul aloft
Upon the inspiration of your sacred verse,
Who flamed before me like a holy vision,
Initiating me into life's beauty?
"To A Familiar Genius Flying" by Vasily Andreyevich Zhukovsky
Through all the mysteries of May,
Initiate, I take my way--
Sure as the blithest lark or linnet
To touch the pulsing soul within it--
Yet with no art to reach Her heart,
Nor skill to teach me how to win it!
"The Secret" by Isabel Ecclestone Mackay
Let loose -new laws, new beings, new conditions;-
Dire chaos; see ! these new-fledged wings
Fail in its vagueness and initiations.
Only my circle saves me from the hate
Of all these monsters dead yet animate.
"The Ladder" by Aleister Crowley

In news:

Thanks to the NFL's breast cancer awareness initiative, there was plenty of pink on the field and sidelines at FedEx Field on Sunday.
So club officials initially thought he had the flu.
Independent analysts generally agree the Iraqi death toll was well below initial post-war estimates.
Of the 15 initial applicants , only two – or 13 percent – are minorities.
Helene York is the director of strategic initiatives for Bon-Appetit Management Company, a national onsite restaurant company based in Palo Alto, CA.
Date Initiated: 10-10-2012 Technical Contact: Michael Gent.
Initial climb rate 750 fpm.
The initial idea was to create an overview of jazz (and jazz-related) records from 1900 to 2001.
Through a series of carefully planned steps, a parent is able to distance itself from a related-party transaction and structure an initial public offering that takes advantage of key tax benefits.
In one traditional form of pornography, from the Victorian "A Man With a Maid" to the more recent "Fifty Shades of Grey," a young woman is initiated — sometimes.
When the National Governors Association holds its winter meeting in Washington starting Feb 26, I expect to see some initial steps in the 2012 presidential campaign.
Broder was in Birmingham as part of a lecture series and forum agreement that the Post just initiated with Samford University.
Initiative to move city money gains new life.
A new video initiative brings the bears directly to your computer or smartphone.
2,500 (plus an initiation fee of $5,000).

In science:

The shadow-vertex simplex method first chooses an initial objective function z0 optimized by the initial vertex x0 .
Beyond Hirsch Conjecture: walks on random polytopes and smoothed complexity of the simplex method
In the shadow-vertex simplex method, we assume that phase-I provides us with an initial ob jective vector z0 and the initial facet(z0 ).
Beyond Hirsch Conjecture: walks on random polytopes and smoothed complexity of the simplex method
An initial automaton has a distinguished initial state.
On a series of finite automata defining free transformation groups
Aleshin considered these automata as initial, with initial state b.
On a series of finite automata defining free transformation groups
Although their simulations did not include the effects of cosmological expansion and used only 5000 particles, they were able to demonstate that a wide range of initial conditions leads to an apparently universal state provided that the initial state is far from equilibrium.
On Universal Halos and the Radial Orbit Instability
Let ri be the initial radius of a particle and v⊥,i be its initial transverse velocity.
On Universal Halos and the Radial Orbit Instability
FIG. 9: Numerical real-space RG for an initial block distribution, i.e., initial hoppings uniformly distributed between d and 1 + d.
Transverse Meissner Physics of Planar Superconductors with Columnar Pins
The cascade window is enclosed by two different types of boundaries. (a) the cascade window when the size of the initial seed is one. (b) the cascade window when the size of the initial seed is three.
Threshold-Controlled Global Cascading in Wireless Sensor Networks
Cross section of cascade window from Fig. 1, at ϕ = 0.15, with one initial seed node (solid circles) and with three initial seed nodes (open circles).
Threshold-Controlled Global Cascading in Wireless Sensor Networks
Then, x(t), y (t) solutions of (1), (2) in a time moment t = τ + t′ for initial conditions (3), (4), can be presented by x(t′ ), y (t′) solution of (1), (2) where t′ represents new (translated) time variable for new initial conditions x(t′ = 0) = x(τ ) and y (t′ = 0) = y (τ ).
A Simple Solution of the Lotka-Volterra Equations
While these are a poor approximation of the Euler equations at the smallest scales, they did provide a global picture that an anti-parallel initial condition might predispose a calculation towards singular behavior in a manner that smooth initial conditions might not (Pumir & Siggia (1987)).
Computational Euler History
What are the differences in the structure? The second frame at t = 9 shows that the vorticity that develops from initial condition Fig. 8 is not significantly different than the initial flattening from Kerr (1993), except it is remaining flat longer.
Computational Euler History
Figure 12 shows a three-dimensional isosurface plot of the vorticity squared at t = 12 for the unfiltered initial condition and Fig. 13 an isosurface for the filtered initial condition at t = 12.
Computational Euler History
That is: the same initial core profile, the same initial perturbation, and the same high-wavenumber filtering.
Computational Euler History
There is an initial transient, in which the flow adjusts to the initial spin up on a time-scale t ∼ 6, just like in the classical (viscous) spin-up problem (Greenspan 1968).
Transitions between turbulent and laminar superfluid vorticity states in the outer core of a neutron star