infer

Definitions

  • One of the intriguing mysteries of Jamestown is how the left leg and left half of a human pelvis came to be thrown with other refuse into a well behind the row house. The logical inference is that a rebel or criminal had been hanged, drawn, and quartered
    One of the intriguing mysteries of Jamestown is how the left leg and left half of a human pelvis came to be thrown with other refuse into a well behind the row house. The logical inference is that a rebel or criminal had been hanged, drawn, and quartered
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v infer believe to be the case "I understand you have no previous experience?"
    • v infer guess correctly; solve by guessing "He guessed the right number of beans in the jar and won the prize"
    • v infer reason by deduction; establish by deduction
    • v infer conclude by reasoning; in logic
    • v infer draw from specific cases for more general cases
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Infer To bring forward, or employ as an argument; to adduce; to allege; to offer. "Full well hath Clifford played the orator, Inferring arguments of mighty force."
    • Infer To bring on; to induce; to occasion.
    • Infer To derive by deduction or by induction; to conclude or surmise from facts or premises; to accept or derive, as a consequence, conclusion, or probability; as, I inferred his determination from his silence. "To infer is nothing but by virtue of one proposition laid down as true, to draw in another as true.""Such opportunities always infer obligations."
    • Infer To offer, as violence.
    • Infer To show; to manifest; to prove. "The first part is not the proof of the second, but rather contrariwise, the second inferreth well the first.""This doth infer the zeal I had to see him."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • infer To bring in, on, or about; lead forward or advance; adduce.
    • infer To form as an opinion or belief in consequence of something else observed or believed; derive as a fact or consequence, by reasoning of any kind; accept from evidence or premises; conclude.
    • infer To bear presumption or proof of; imply.
    • infer To conclude; reach a conclusion by reasoning.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Infer in-fėr′ to deduce, to derive, as a consequence: to prove or imply
    • v.i Infer to conclude:—pr.p. infer′ring; pa.p. inferred′
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Quotations

  • Henry David Thoreau
    Henry%20David%20Thoreau
    “We do not learn by inference and deduction and the application of mathematics to philosophy, but by direct intercourse and sympathy.”
  • Georg C. Lichtenberg
    Georg%20C.%20Lichtenberg
    “That man is the noblest creature may also be inferred from the fact that no other creature has yet contested this claim.”
  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
    Sir%20Arthur%20Conan%20Doyle
    “From a drop of water a logician could infer the possibility of an Atlantic or a Niagara without having seen or heard of one or the other.”
  • Harry Tennant
    Harry Tennant
    “Don't remember what you can infer.”
  • Georg C. Lichtenberg
    Georg%20C.%20Lichtenberg
    “Much can be inferred about a man from his mistress: in her one beholds his weaknesses and his dreams.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. inferre, to bring into, bring forward, occasion, infer; pref. in-, in + ferre, to carry, bring: cf. F. inférer,. See 1 st Bear

Usage

In literature:

What inferences do you draw from the derivation of them?
"A Handbook of the English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
I hope that I may infer that Sir John felt that his debtor had something to say for himself.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen
Darwin inferred that there must be a rocky summit within the lagoon, below the surface of the water.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
What do we infer from the fact?
"Leading Articles on Various Subjects" by Hugh Miller
It would, however, be wrong to infer that science itself has nothing to fear from dilettantism.
"Introduction to the Study of History" by Charles V. Langlois
The inference is obvious.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
The qualifications here and there demanded would not, if made, affect the inferences.
"Essays: Scientific, Political, & Speculative, Vol. I" by Herbert Spencer
The inference here follows necessarily from the premises.
"Old-Fashioned Ethics and Common-Sense Metaphysics" by William Thomas Thornton
It is not afraid of the skin itself; why should it infer that squirrels, for instance, are?
"Ways of Nature" by John Burroughs
The Lutaos could have come to these islands from the regions whence it is inferred that the others have come.
"The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898 - Volume 40 of 55" by Francisco Colin
Anything more would have permitted him to infer such things as he had permitted her to infer, an accident that must have no repetition.
"The Side Of The Angels" by Basil King
What is the logical inference?
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
If the evidence is uncontradicted, what is the inference?
"The Humourous Story of Farmer Bumpkin's Lawsuit" by Richard Harris
INFERENCE, OR REASONING IN GENERAL.
"Analysis of Mr. Mill's System of Logic" by William Stebbing
The sergeant, Ibbetson, was drowned, and the facts narrated are taken literally, or inferred, from what came out at the inquest.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
Yet neither of these inferences is unimpeachable.
"The Ethnology of the British Islands" by Robert Gordon Latham
A visitor would have inferred from her manner, that she was the permanent teacher, not a mere substitute for a passing hour.
"In the School-Room" by John S. Hart
That such was his motive, we may infer from a passage in one of his letters.
"Curiosities of Literature, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Isaac Disraeli
Such at least seems to be the inference from the expressions of 7 H. IV.
"View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Henry Hallam
I know the remorseless logic of your inferences.
"The Progressionists, and Angela." by Conrad von Bolanden
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In poetry:

It was your way, my dear,
To be gone without a word
When callers, friends, or kin
Had left, and I hastened in
To rejoin you, as I inferred.
"Without Ceremony" by Thomas Hardy
It was August the third,
And quite soft was the skies;
Which it might be inferred
That Ah Sin was likewise;
Yet he played it that day upon William
And me in a way I despise.
"Plain Language From Truthful James" by Francis Bret Harte
"As well. Just so. Not worse, not better. No,
Next morning found the Nation still divided;
Since all were slain, the inference is plain
They left the point they fought for undecided."
"How To Not Settle It" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
But there it was! And you'll infer
I had not very long to wait
Before my red-hot love for her
Turned to unutterable hate.
So, when this state of things I found,
I naturally had her drowned.
"Bluebeard" by Harry Graham
"My growth is not YOUR business, Sir!"
"No more it is, my boy!
But if it's YOURS, as I infer,
Why, Brown, I give you joy!
A man, whose business prospers so,
Is just the sort of man to know!
"Size And Tears" by Lewis Carroll
TANS. I do not intend to infer that; for I will hold of highest wisdom
him who could really say at one time the opposite of what he says at
another--never was I less gay than now; or, never was I less sad than at
present.
"The Heroic Enthusiasts - Part The First =Second Dialogue.=" by Giordano Bruno

In news:

The engineers and other experts featured in each program make many inferences about ancient building techniques.
They base their inferences on a variety of sources, including oral histories, paintings, texts, artifacts, and ruins.
New Logical Foundations of Probability and Statistical Inference.
He inferred that instances of slave murder, torture and rape were common.
In the study, Rankin and her colleagues made use of The Awareness of Social Inference Test, or TASIT, which uses videotaped subtle-as-a-sledgehammer scenarios of people lying or being sarcastic .
Semantic inference is an important component in many natural language understanding applications.
Classical approaches to semantic inference rely on complex logical representations.
Can a sincere Christian safely infer that both are acceptable.
In fact, often the answers you give are less important than the inferences that an interviewer makes from them.
Inferring local ecological processes amid species pool influences p600.
Seeing that an AP reporter is too professional to submit a story which was not based on confirmed sources (ostensibly the Obama campaign in this case), the inference s...
First, as part of the submission process, authors will complete a questionnaire that describes, in detail, the study's rationale, method , results and interpretation, helping to accurately assess the fit between inferences and methods.
Retrodict ret-ruh-DIKT (verb) To utilize present information or ideas to infer or explain (a past event or state of affairs) - www.merriam-webster.com.
That would eliminate any inference of a conflict of interest.
Omega demonstrates inference for e-pedigree—cartons to case.
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In science:

We infer that (3.9) is a linear combination of the products of the Fourier transforms of integrable functions.
Determinantal random point fields
From these relations and the universality of the β = 2 results, one can then infer the universality of the β = 1 and β = 4 results.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
Prescriptive type inference as an application of abduction.
SLDNFA-system
It was then inferred a distribution ∼ 1/r2 of non luminous matter (dark matter) which should contribute to the flatness of the rotation curves.
Quintessence-like Dark Matter in Spiral Galaxies
The (e/h)LAr ratio and the function fπ0 ,LAr (7) can be inferred from the energy dependent (e/π)LAr ratios.
Hadron Energy Reconstruction for the ATLAS Barrel Prototype Combined Calorimeter in the Framework of the Non-parametrical Method
The moments t1 and t2 are assumed to be finite to make the following inference correct.
Exactly solvable models of quantum mechanics including fluctuations in the framework of representation of the wave function by random process
More specifically, the language supports specifying primitive notions such as dynamic constraints, contexts, axioms, and inference rules.
From Syntactic Theories to Interpreters: A Specification Language and Its Compilation
The interstel lar extinction curve Before IRAS, the properties of interstellar dust were mainly inferred from the dimming of optical light of stars inside the Galaxy.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
The common wisdom that SBs are triggered by interactions and merging suggest that the inferred strong number density evolution may be interpreted as an increased probability of interaction with z.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
SX ∝ r−2 , which is typical of cool clusters), the inferred accretion rate ˙Mc ∝ h−2 .
A Moderate Cluster Cooling Flow Model
Only the gas within the central 30kpc appears to be multiphase with a spectroscopic ˙M a factor of 10 less than that inferred from the surface brightness profile.
A Moderate Cluster Cooling Flow Model
Inferring decoupling in this manner is clearly too naive.
IIA/B, Wound and Wrapped
In other words, (27) is a little peculiar: the first term is only half of the Newtonian mass inferred from the second term.
IIA/B, Wound and Wrapped
The knowledge gained in Section 4 will allow us to make some new inferences about these other descriptions.
IIA/B, Wound and Wrapped
Turning to dIIB with K = 0, we infer that IIB string theory on a five-torus has a limit (the ‘OD5’ limit) in which the basic degrees of freedom are wrapped D5-branes with strictly positive wrapping number.
IIA/B, Wound and Wrapped
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