infection

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n infection (international law) illegality that taints or contaminates a ship or cargo rendering it liable to seizure
    • n infection moral corruption or contamination "ambitious men are led astray by an infection that is almost unavoidable"
    • n infection the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people "a contagion of mirth","the infection of his enthusiasm for poetry"
    • n infection an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted
    • n infection (medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease
    • n infection (phonetics) the alteration of a speech sound under the influence of a neighboring sound
    • n infection the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A person infected with the SARS virus, has a 95-98% chance of recovery
    • Infection A localized area of tissue which is inflamed by growth of microorganisms; as, he has an infection in his finger.
    • Infection (Law) Contamination by illegality, as in cases of contraband goods; implication.
    • Infection Sympathetic communication of like qualities or emotions; influence. "Through all her train the soft infection ran.""Mankind are gay or serious by infection ."
    • Infection That which infects, or causes the communicated disease; any effluvium, miasm, or pestilential matter by which an infectious disease is caused. "And that which was still worse, they that did thus break out spread the infection further by their wandering about with the distemper upon them."
    • Infection That which taints or corrupts morally; as, the infection of vicious principles. "It was her chance to light
      Amidst the gross infections of those times."
    • Infection The act or process of infecting. "There was a strict order against coming to those pits, and that was only to prevent infection ."
    • Infection The state of being infected; the condition of suffering from an infectious disease; contamination by morbific particles; the result of infecting influence; a prevailing disease; epidemic. "The danger was really very great, the infection being so very violent in London."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: There is a substance in the skin of the African clawed frog that helps in fighting infection
    • n infection The act of infecting. Communication of some quality, property, or state, whether good or bad, by contact, diffusive or emanative influence, example, etc.; more especially, the communication of some taint, or noxious or pernicious quality or element, etc.; contamination; taint.
    • n infection The communication of disease or of disease-germs, whether by contact with a diseased person or with morbid or noxious matter, contaminated clothing, etc., or by poisonous exhalations from any source. Compare contagion, 1.
    • n infection Contamination by illegality, as in possessing contraband goods, etc.
    • n infection That which infects, or by which some quality or state is communicated.
    • n infection That which taints, poisons, or corrupts by communication from one to another; contaminating influence: as, the infection of error, or of an evil example.
    • n infection That by which disease is or may be communicated; an infecting agency; morbific emanation or influence; virus.
    • n infection In grammar, a modification of a vowel-sound by another following, whereby the first takes on the sound of the second: applied to such modification in Celtic speech. Windisch, Irish Gram. (trans.).
    • n infection In biology, the hypothetical influence upon the tissues of the mother animal by the sperm of a male, such that subsequent offspring of the mother by other sires are infected with the characteristics of the first sire: a hypothesis invented to account for telegony. See telegony.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1997, Fourteen percent of the one million citizens of Nairobi, Kenya carry the AIDS virus. Some 20% of the Kenyan military is infected.
    • n Infection act of infecting: that which infects or taints
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Quotations

  • E. M. Cioran
    E. M. Cioran
    “A decadent civilization compromises with its disease, cherishes the virus infecting it, loses its self-respect.”
  • Socrates
    Socrates
    “False words are not only evil in themselves, but they infect the soul with evil.”
  • Alexander Cockburn
    Alexander Cockburn
    “A childish soul not inoculated with compulsory prayer is a soul open to any religious infection.”
  • Jacob Bronowski
    Jacob%20Bronowski
    “No science is immune to the infection of politics and the corruption of power.”
  • Wallace Stevens
    Wallace%20Stevens
    “Thought is an infection. In the case of certain thoughts, it becomes an epidemic.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. infection, L. infectio, a dyeing
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. inficĕre, infectumin, into facĕre, to make.

Usage

In literature:

It is true that my own life will be endangered; but my danger will be proportioned to the duration of my stay in this seat of infection.
"Arthur Mervyn" by Charles Brockden Brown
Lest they fall to evil, be not negligent But chastise them before they be sore infect.
"The Growth of English Drama" by Arnold Wynne
Our own infected States have been treating it for a third of a century, and to-day it exists over a wider area than ever before.
"Scientific American, Volume 40, No. 13, March 29, 1879" by Various
Did any o' you find the stumps of them infected trees?
"The Boy With the U. S. Foresters" by Francis Rolt-Wheeler
Those of you who have informed yourselves on this matter know that the serious period of infection on the Pacific Coast is in the spring.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the" by Various
All woollen, cotton, and silk materials, which were specially liable to carry infection, were carefully cleansed.
"The Red Book of Heroes" by Leonora Blanche Lang
He lay out through the long night on the rich infected soil.
"Golden Lads" by Arthur Gleason and Helen Hayes Gleason
He has had several gonorrhoeal infections, and has an active luetic infection at the present time.
"Studies in Forensic Psychiatry" by Bernard Glueck
The government was infected with the same panic.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.II. From William and Mary to George II." by Tobias Smollett
The corruptness of their lives infects the air.
"The Life of Joan of Arc, Vol. 1 and 2 (of 2)" by Anatole France
An infection of the respiratory tract by the pneumococcus.
"The Necessity of Atheism" by Dr. D.M. Brooks
Then again, the person becomes infected by eating raw or rare flesh of cattle infected with the larva stage of Measly Beef.
"The Veterinarian" by Chas. J. Korinek
I had to know definitely how to identify Mekstrom's Disease, or at least the infected flesh.
"Highways in Hiding" by George Oliver Smith
Jack Harman, however, seemed to have infected Pat with a good deal of his hopefulness.
"Luck at the Diamond Fields" by Dalrymple J. Belgrave
You know the natives have no idea about infection and that sort of thing.
"Carlyon Sahib" by Gilbert Murray
The infected one began to smile involuntarily.
"The Open Question" by Elizabeth Robins
A single sheep infected with it is sufficient to infect a whole flock.
"The American Reformed Cattle Doctor" by George Dadd
Further, this limits the possible infection to the interior of the window tent, which is obviously an advantage.
"Nurses' Papers on Tuberculosis :" by Various
Heretics were still concealed there, and the whole city was infected.
"A History of The Inquisition of The Middle Ages; volume II" by Henry Charles Lea
Where the predisposition exists the chances of infection are still, even under the conditions of present-day sanitation, very great.
"Being Well-Born" by Michael F. Guyer
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In poetry:

And my soul once more would be wrapped entire
In the pure peace and blessing of those years.
Before the fierce infection of Desire
Had ravaged all the flesh. Through starting tears
"The Need To Love" by Alan Seeger
Tho' thou'rt condemn'd thro' ancient Adam's fault
Who poison'd and infected all his race;
Believe in Christ — and thou shalt yet be brought
To heav'n, in spite of Adam's foul disgrace.
"Advice To A Sinner, To Come To Christ" by Rees Prichard
My God, Man caanot praise thy name:
Thou art all brightnesse, perfect puritie:
The sunne holds down his head for shame,
Dead with eclipses, when we speak of thee.
How shall infection
Presume on thy perfection?
"Miserie" by George Herbert
For a Distemper of this Kind,
(Blackmore and Hans are of my Mind)
If once it youthful Blood infects,
And chiefly of the Female Sex;
Is scarce remov'd by Pill or Potion;
What—e'er might be our Doctor's Notion.
"Paulo Purganti And His Wife: An Honest, But A Simple Pair" by Matthew Prior
But now the Old World's lust for lands
Infects thee too; the dread disease
Hath left its plague-spots on thy hands;
Thy monster area still expands;
For, blind to history's Nemesis,
Thou too wouldst alien races seize.
"Fallen" by John Lawson Stoddard
But we may yet much greater ills declare
for much impiety infects its air
The blessed Gospell courtiers can believe
A sett of fables minted to deceive
That canopys of state where monarchs reign
Are Heav'ns on earth & Heav'n a Fairy scene
"Satyr XI. The Court" by Thomas Parnell

In news:

Sometimes it's hard to tell the difference between danger and sex appeal, at least for rats infected with a parasite that twists ancient rat instincts to its own advantage.
Rhinovirus infections cause exacerbations of asthma.
Sandoz has launched a generic antibiotic for pneumonia and acute sinus infections, the generics arm of Swiss drug maker Novartis said Tuesday.
The infection-causing bacteria known as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, or "mer-sa" for short) has been a nemesis of infection control professionals (ICP) and healthcare laundry managers for decades.
If you have One Direction infection SHARE this with your friends.
Recently, cooling tower s have become recognized as a major source of Legionella infection.
Simple acts of covering your nose and mouth when sneezing with a Kleenex or your hand can prevent the spread of many airborne infections.
Biopharmaceutical company boosted sales of prized Cubicin antibiotic, which treats serious skin and bloodstream infections.
The world's frog populations are going extinct because of fungal infections, Peyton said.
ISPs Would Also Have To Inform Users That Their Machines Are Infected.
The larval stage of the pork tapeworm ( Taenia solium ) infects the human nervous system, causing neurocysticercosis.
Infections in early childhood may prevent allergies in later life.
Nosocomial infections thrive in intensive care units (ICUs).
Exeter Hospital is under investigation by the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services because of deficiencies in its infection control procedures.
WASHINGTON — The Infection Prevention Leadership Summit provides hope that healthcare teams will continue striving for new solutions to combat healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), according to a press release.
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In science:

Healthy cells are depicted in white, infected cells in black.
A Mathematical Framework for Agent Based Models of Complex Biological Networks
The systems evolves according to the following rules: A cell acquires a healthy state, if its four neighbors are healthy, otherwise infected.
A Mathematical Framework for Agent Based Models of Complex Biological Networks
Figure 2(b) shows a randomly infected grid and its state after one iteration.
A Mathematical Framework for Agent Based Models of Complex Biological Networks
One easily sees that fx = 0, i.e., infected, unless all four neighbors are healthy (1).
A Mathematical Framework for Agent Based Models of Complex Biological Networks
It is easily seen that the infection model has loop number 2.
A Mathematical Framework for Agent Based Models of Complex Biological Networks
It is interesting and counterintuitive that there is a limit cycle of length 2 with only half the cells infected.
A Mathematical Framework for Agent Based Models of Complex Biological Networks
There are two obvious steady states, given by all cells healthy or all cells infected.
A Mathematical Framework for Agent Based Models of Complex Biological Networks
This is reasonable today that attackers use botnets, and control a huge number of infected hosts for a short period of time, so that they do not even need to use spoo fing.
Optimal Source-Based Filtering of Malicious Traffic
In the context of virus infection, a corollary of our results is that static and dynamically moving agents are infected at about the same speed.
Infectious Random Walks
The dynamics of multiple random walks moving in a common domain provides an attractive combinatorial framework for studying diffusion processes such as rumor spreading and virus infection.
Infectious Random Walks
In the context of virus infection, a corollary of our results is that static agents placed at random locations and dynamic agents moving as independent random walks are infected at about the same speed.
Infectious Random Walks
In , the authors provide a general bound on the average infection time when m agents (one of them initially affected by the virus) move in an n-node graph.
Infectious Random Walks
Observe that the O (t∗ log m) bound specializes to O (n log n log m) for the n-node grid by applying the known bound on t∗ of . A tight bound of Θ (n log n log m/m) on the infection time on the grid is claimed in , based on a rather informal argument where some unwarranted independence assumptions are made.
Infectious Random Walks
Krishnamachari, Infection spread in wireless networks with random and adversarial node mobilities, in Proc.
Infectious Random Walks
This transition occurs e.g. in stochastic lattice models for epidemic spreading, where infected sites either recover or infect a randomly selected nearest neighbor.
Equal-time correlation function for directed percolation
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