indium

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n indium a rare soft silvery metallic element; occurs in small quantities in sphalerite
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Indium (Chem) A rare metallic element, of atomic number 49, discovered in certain ores of zinc, by means of its characteristic spectrum of two indigo blue lines; hence, its name. In appearance it resembles zinc, being white or lead gray, soft, malleable and easily fusible, but in its chemical relation it resembles aluminium or gallium (valence +3). Symbol In. Atomic weight, 114.82.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n indium Chemical symbol, In; atomic weight, 113.7. A rare metallic element found in the zinc-blende of Freiberg, Saxony, and some other localities, and discovered by means of the spectroscope: so called from its giving a blue line in the spectrum. It is a very soft lead-colored metal, with metallic luster, and much resembles lead in its physical qualities. Its compounds impart a violet tint to flame.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Indium in′di-um a soft malleable silver-white metallic element.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL. See Indigo

Usage

In literature:

INDIUM, a metallic elementary body of rare occurrence, and first discovered in zinc-blende in 1863.
"The Nuttall Encyclopaedia" by Edited by Rev. James Wood
I believe it's indium.
"A Trip to Venus" by John Munro
INDIUM (Plate XIII, 3).
"Occult Chemistry" by Annie Besant and Charles W. Leadbeater
Of other metals first detected by the spectroscope mention is to be made of indium, determined by F. Reich and H.T.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
The elements gallium and indium were discovered in blende.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 1" by Various
Indium is a soft malleable metal, melting at 155 deg.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 4" by Various
Thallium discovered by Crookes, and Indium by Reich and Richter.
"The Progress of Invention in the Nineteenth Century." by Edward W. Byrn
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In news:

Unlike traditional transistors , which consist of silicon and germanium, the Illinois transistors use indium phosphide and indium gallium arsenide.
So far Teledyne engineers have developed 44-GHz transmit sub- arrays , and demonstrated a millimeter wave tiled array by inventing a way to integrate silicon digital beam-forming with compound indium phosphide power amplifier MMICs.
The basic structure of the latest triple-junction compound solar cell uses proprietary Sharp technology that enables efficient stacking of the three photo-absorption layers, with InGaAs (indium gallium arsenide) as the bottom layer.
Today¿s most powerful lasers are based on compounds such as gallium arsenide and indium phosphide.
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In science:

This seems to be the case the for aging experiments in indium-oxides , where a logarithmic behaviour is observed only for times shorter than tw , and a crossover to faster relaxation is observed around tw .
A Simple Model for Simple Aging in Glassy Yttrium-Hydrides
The integrated J/Ψ suppression in Indium-Indium has been extracted.
Experimental Summary of Rencontres du Moriond 2004 on QCD and High Energy Interactions
Indium islands are visible on the back side of the membrane.
Electron Thermal Microscopy
Signal-to-noise enhancement in optical spectroscopy of single indium ions using amplitude modulation and synchronous detection.
Single barium ion spectroscopy: light shifts, hyperfine structure, and progress on an optical frequency standard and atomic parity violation
Towards an indium single-ion optical frequency standard.
Single barium ion spectroscopy: light shifts, hyperfine structure, and progress on an optical frequency standard and atomic parity violation
Progress on indium and barium single ion optical frequency standards.
Single barium ion spectroscopy: light shifts, hyperfine structure, and progress on an optical frequency standard and atomic parity violation
The carriers are first attached to copper pads on the PCB using indium solder.
Antenna-coupled TES bolometer arrays for CMB polarimetry
We find this indium isotope only when we precipitate indium from the cadmium solution in a time less than two days after irradiation.
Discovery of the Cadmium Isotopes
The anode is made of Indium and the cathode of Platinum.
Extensive testing of Schottky CdTe detectors for the ECLAIRs X-Gamma-ray Camera on board the SVOM mission
The thermal gradient measured thus includes the thermal resistance across the indium o-ring vacuum seal (superconductivity quenched by 4 T field) and along the length of the dissociator.
Bose-Einstein Condensation of Atomic Hydrogen
For the near IR region, a liquid nitrogen cooled indium-antimonide detector was used whereas silicon photodiodes were used to record spectra below 1000 nm.
Accurate transition rates for the 5p - 5s transitions in Kr I
Mainly two different technologies are used to build sensor modules in large scales: Solder (PbSn) bump bonding [?] with reflow and Indium bump bonding [?] with optional reflow [?] and thermal compression.
2D Detectors for Particle Physics and for Imaging Applications
Fig. 3. (a) solder (PbSn, Photo IZM, Berlin) (b) Indium (Photo AMS, Rome), and (c) Indium with reflow (Photo PSI, Villingen) bump rows with 50µm pitch.
2D Detectors for Particle Physics and for Imaging Applications
After a few years of active controversy, there is finally consensus that the value of energy gap of bulk indium nitride is about 0.7 eV[1, 2].
Photoluminescence from localized states in disordered indium nitride
In the present case, we have a smoothly varying potential energy landscape where the variations are caused by root mean squared fluctuations in the screened coulombic potential of the ionized dopant atoms[8; 22], as well as other compositional (indium oxide) and topological disorder (nitrogen vacancies) in the sample.
Photoluminescence from localized states in disordered indium nitride
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