independent

Definitions

  • JEFFERSON DICTATING THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
    JEFFERSON DICTATING THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj independent free from external control and constraint "an independent mind","a series of independent judgments","fiercely independent individualism"
    • adj independent (of a clause) capable of standing syntactically alone as a complete sentence "the main (or independent) clause in a complex sentence has at least a subject and a verb"
    • adj independent not controlled by a party or interest group
    • adj independent (of political bodies) not controlled by outside forces "an autonomous judiciary","a sovereign state"
    • n independent a writer or artist who sells services to different employers without a long-term contract with any of them
    • n independent a neutral or uncommitted person (especially in politics)
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Free and Independent Elector Free and Independent Elector
OLD INDEPENDENCE HALL, PHILADELPHIA OLD INDEPENDENCE HALL, PHILADELPHIA
Independence Hall, Philadelphia Independence Hall, Philadelphia
THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Mt. Athos, in northern Greece, likes to call itself an independent country. It has a population of about 4,000 men. No females of any kind, including animals, are allowed. There are twenty monasteries within a space of twenty miles.
    • Independent Affording a comfortable livelihood; as, an independent property.
    • Independent (Eccl) Belonging or pertaining to, or holding to the doctrines or methods of, the Independents.
    • Independent Expressing or indicating the feeling of independence; free; easy; bold; unconstrained; as, an independent air or manner.
    • Independent (U. S. Politics) Not bound by party; exercising a free choice in voting with either or any party.
    • Independent (Math) Not dependent upon another quantity in respect to value or rate of variation; -- said of quantities or functions.
    • Independent Not dependent; free; not subject to control by others; not relying on others; not subordinate; as, few men are wholly independent . "A dry, but independent crust."
    • Independent Not subject to bias or influence; not obsequious; self-directing; as, a man of an independent mind.
    • Independent (Eccl) One who believes that an organized Christian church is complete in itself, competent to self-government, and independent of all ecclesiastical authority.
    • Independent (Politics) One who does not acknowledge an obligation to support a party's candidate under all circumstances; one who exercises liberty in voting.
    • Independent Separate from; exclusive; irrespective. "That obligation in general, under which we conceive ourselves bound to obey a law, independent of those resources which the law provides for its own enforcement."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Pamela Lee-Anderson was the first to be born in Canada on the centennial anniversary of Canada's independence (7/1/1967).
    • independent Not dependent; not requiring the support or not subject to the control or controlling influence of others; not relying on others for direction or guidance; not subordinate; of things, not standing in a relation of dependence to something else: used absolutely or followed by of, formerly sometimes by on: as, a person's fortunes in life are quite independent of the configuration of the planets at his nativity.
    • independent Not due to or connected with dependence; pertaining to or permitting freedom of action; free of control or restraint: as, an independent income, estate, or position; independent action.
    • independent Not subject to bias or influence; self-directing.
    • independent Proceeding from or expressive of a spirit of independence; free; easy; self-confident; bold; unconstrained: as, an independent air or manner.
    • independent Irrespective; exclusive; without taking note or notice: followed by of.
    • independent [capitalized] Of or pertaining to the Independents or Congregationalists; belonging to the Independents.
    • independent In mathematics, not depending upon another for its value: said of a quantity or function.
    • independent Having a competency; able to live well without labor; well-to-do.
    • n independent One who acts with independence; one who acts in accordance with his own will, judgment, or conscience.
    • n independent [capitalized] Eccles., one who maintains the principles of independency, or the freedom of the local church from external control; specifically, in England, a name given to a Congregationalist. The Independents of England differ from the Congregationalists of the United States in laying less stress upon and making less provision for the fellowship of the local churches. The name Congregationalists is assumed by both the English and American bodies; the use of the name Independent as a denominational title is almost exclusively confined to Great Britain. The English Independents attained great political power at the time of the Long Parliament and the Commonwealth.
    • n independent [cap. or lowercase] In politics: One who acts independently of any organized party; one who opposes or supports measures or men on independent grounds.
    • n independent One of an organized party assuming the name “Independent”; specifically, in United States politics, a member of the party otherwise called the Greenback party.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Declaration of Independence was written on hemp (a variety of the marijuana plant) paper
    • adj Independent in-de-pend′ent (with of) not dependent or relying on others: not subordinate: not subject to bias: affording a comfortable livelihood: belonging to the Independents:
    • n Independent one who in ecclesiastical affairs holds that every congregation should be independent of every other and subject to no superior authority—a Congregationalist:
    • adj Independent in-de-pend′ent (gram.) of some parts of speech (noun, pronoun, verb), capable of forming sentences without the others
    • n Independent (math.) not depending on another for its value, said of a quantity or function
    • ***

Quotations

  • Kwame Nkrumah
    Kwame Nkrumah
    “The best way of learning to be an independent sovereign state is to be an independent sovereign state.”
  • Stephen R. Covey
    Stephen%20R.%20Covey
    “Interdependency follows independence.”
  • William Cobbett
    William Cobbett
    “It is not the greatness of a man's means that makes him independent, so much as the smallness of his wants.”
  • Voltaire
    Voltaire
    “The true character of liberty is independence, maintained by force.”
  • Charles Churchill
    Charles Churchill
    “Genius is independent of situation.”
  • Sebastien-Roch Nicolas De Chamfort
    Sebastien-Roch%20Nicolas%20De%20Chamfort
    “Nature never said to me: Do not be poor; still less did she say: Be rich; her cry to me was always: Be independent.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Pref. in-, not + dependent,: cf. F. indépendant,

Usage

In literature:

Wallenstein seems to have contemplated making himself king of an independent Bohemian kingdom.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 11" by Various
Lucilla did not need her as much, and was of a vigorous, independent nature, that would stand alone to the utmost.
"Hopes and Fears scenes from the life of a spinster" by Charlotte M. Yonge
The Tories liked him because of his aristocratic display and his position in regard to the Declaration of Independence.
"The Loyalist" by James Francis Barrett
Soon after the declaration of independence was issued, Dr. Franklin was sent as ambassador to France, to solicit aid for the infant republic.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 4 of 8" by Various
He is now advocating the independence of the colonies!
"True to His Home" by Hezekiah Butterworth
On July 9, the independence of Argentine was proclaimed.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
No independence to be acknowledged without their being taken care of.
"The Critical Period of American History" by John Fiske
His aim was not only to preserve the country's independence, but to safeguard its prosperity.
"Belgium" by Emile Cammaerts
Independent movement is effected by special motile organs, the cilia or flagella.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 2" by Various
The inhabitants of this district have always been very independent and stubbornly resisted the Afghan and Sikh predecessors of the British.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
If England consented to the existence of the independence of the Republics, she would be done for.
"The Peace Negotiations" by J. D. Kestell
But the growing independence and the arrogant pretensions of the Tribune exasperated the Pope.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 07" by Various
I like the Congregational way best, next to that the Independent.
"Familiar Letters of John Adams and His Wife Abigail Adams During the Revolution" by John Adams
One result of the war of 1873-74 was that several states dependent on Ashanti declared themselves independent, and sought British protection.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 7" by Various
Not that he loved money, he assures us, but because he wished independence and leisure to do his chosen work.
"Socialism and Democracy in Europe" by Samuel P. Orth
The small independent river, the Var, drains that portion of the Alps which fringes the Mediterranean.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 7" by Various
Augustus now sent Drusus, with a large army, to the Rhine, instructing him to undertake a campaign against the independent German tribes.
"A History of Germany" by Bayard Taylor
Two days later, on June 18th, Aguinaldo issued his first formal Declaration of Independence.
"The American Occupation of the Philippines 1898-1912" by James H. Blount
Nominally independent from 1609, their complete independence was acknowledged in 1648.
"The Colonization of North America" by Herbert Eugene Bolton
The ideas have no proper and independent content.
"A History of Philosophy in Epitome" by Albert Schwegler
***

In poetry:

We love our Queen--we love our laws;
We feel that we are free--
As independently we sit,
Each 'neath his maple tree.
"Lines Of Annexation" by Nora Pembroke
The sire replied, with graceful bend,
"No not my servant, he!
A noble independent friend,
He deigns to live with me!"
"The Hermit's Dog" by William Hayley
And presently her agate eyes
Take a soft large milky haze,
And her independent casual glance
Becomes a stiff, hard gaze.
"Milk For The Cat" by Harold Monro
The man who by his labour gets
His bread in independent state,
Who never begs, and seldom eats,
Himself can fix or change his fate.
"The Old Gentry" by Matthew Prior
Long as, on Freedom's natal morn,
Shall ring the Independence bells,
Give to thy dwellers yet unborn
The lesson which his image tells.
"One Of The Signers" by John Greenleaf Whittier
We are not independent creatures;
Our brothers' keepers are we all,
Bearing the likeness and the features
Of God, our Maker, great and small;
"The Future Of America, In The Unity Of The Races" by James Madison Bell

In news:

The role of the Orange County Republican Party should be obvious: elect Republicans, not Democrats or independents, to public office.
It has been said that Bavaria is the Texas of Germany: big, likes to lord it over other states that it was once an independent country, has citizens who have a penchant for wearing silly hats to show state pride.
The Untapped Power of Independents was published in January 2012 by St Martin's Press.
Shoreline Publishing Group, a Santa Barbara-based book packager that has produced more than 350 books over the past 11 years, is stepping into the publishing business with Beach Ball Books, a separate, independent operation.
New Muslim Brotherhood leader will likely chart a path independent of U.S. Egypt's New President Likely to Befriend Iran.
Independent, September 23rd, 2008 1:30PM.
Embassy Attacked in Protest Over Kosovo Independence.
Record Store Day returns to preserve independent shops.
In North Bennington , Plan For Independent School Is On Hold.
The plan was to form a new, independent school that would open this fall in the same building.
Independent Tribune staff Independent Tribune Published: November 02, 2012.
Gloucester resident Clarence Bowser , running as an Independent, is challenging Sheriff Darrell Warren in Tuesday's election.
Donald Luskin is chief investment officer of Trend Macrolytics LLC, an independent economics and investment-research firm.
Brothers Bran take over tennis program at St George's Independent School.
At 2 in the morning of Independence Day, as the final, fugitive firecracker reports of the night crackled across a sleeping Dallas, the 65-year-old physicist was wide awake.
***

In science:

D1 , eD2 are independent with the same distribution as D , the height of the leaf LN ,ε constructed above, and independent of G (D{1,2} ).
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
For each i ≥ 1 consider also homogeneous Poisson processes (ξi,j , j ≥ 1) with intensity θi per unit length, and suppose these processes are independent, and independent of the first Poisson process.
Weak convergence of random p-mappings and the exploration process of inhomogeneous continuum random trees
Instead of global independency we only need a fraction f of low energy levels to be statistically independent in order to derive the BCP-Theorem.
Number partitioning as random energy model
Mathematical ob jects have an independent, a priori existence independent of an observers knowledge of them( 14,15 ) .
Towards a Coherent Theory of Physics and Mathematics: The Theory-Experiment Connection
AB p(A|Λ, a)p(B |Λ, b)p(Λ|a, b)dΛ, in which the assumptions required to derive equations (C.3) and (C.4) correspond to Jarrett’s “completeness” and “locality” respectively (or “outcome independence” and “parameter independence” in Shimony’s terminology ).
Bell inequalities for random fields
This means that Iγ should be independent of the choice of a triangulation of Σ, which means independence of the dual one-complex Γ.
Flat Spacetime Vacuum in Loop Quantum Gravity
The data consists of independent samples from the distribution of (X , F) = (cos(F)Q + sin(F)P, F), where F is chosen independently of (Q, P), and uniformly in the interval [0, p].
An invitation to quantum tomography (II)
Considering only these times, the particle constantly changes from an independent symmetric random walk in vertical direction (R1) to a horizontal symmetric and independent random walk (Rd−1) .
Level Crossing Probabilities II: Polygonal Recurrence of Multidimensional Random Walks
Let (Zi )i∈N be independent identical ly distributed geometrical random variables with parameter 1/2 defined on a probability space (Ω, F , P) and let ǫ be a Bernoul li random variable with parameter 1/2 defined on Ω and independent of the Zi ’s.
Limit law of the standard right factor of a random Lyndon word
Let X ′ be an independent subset of X of rank r(X ); then X ′ ∪ y is an independent set of rank r(X ) + 1.
Semimatroids and their Tutte polynomials
If in addition the initial amplitudes are independent variables they will remain independent in a coarse-grained sense, i.e. when considered in small subsets which are much less than the total set of modes.
Probability densities and preservation of randomness in wave turbulence
One can see that, with accuracy ǫ2 , the Fourier modes will remain independent of each other in any pair over the nonlinear time if they were independent in every triplet at t = 0.
Probability densities and preservation of randomness in wave turbulence
Similarly, one can show that the modes will remain independent over the nonlinear time in any subset of M < N modes with accuracy M /N (and ǫ2 ) if they were initially independent in every subset of size M + 1.
Probability densities and preservation of randomness in wave turbulence
We see that the accuracy with which the modes remain independent in a subset is worse for larger subsets and that the independence property is completely lost for subsets approaching in size the entire set, M ∼ N .
Probability densities and preservation of randomness in wave turbulence
We investigate the algebra and geometry of the independence conditions on discrete random variables in which we fix some random variables and study the complete independence of some subcollections.
Random Variables with Completely Independent Subcollections
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