in vitro

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj in vitro in an artificial environment outside the living organism "in vitro fertilization"
    • adv in vitro in an artificial environment outside the living organism "an egg fertilized in vitro"
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Usage

In literature:

In fact, I'm scheduled to perform an in vitro this morning for a childless couple here.
"Life Blood" by Thomas Hoover
You quicken an unfertilized egg in vitro and you get a little ball of fur and bone and skin and stem-cells.
"Makers" by Cory Doctorow
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In news:

CFD Research Corporation has been awarded a $1.3M grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop their novel in vitro tumor model.
The World Of In Vitro Meat.
Endangered Kittens Are Born Using In-Vitro Fertilization.
British developer of in-vitro fertilization wins Nobel Prize in medicine.
I Would Never Have In Vitro .
This week I am embarking on my eighth in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle.
Octuplet mom used inheritance to fund in vitro .
Somewhere near where you live, a couple will discover this week that they are infertile and that if they want biological children of their own, they are going to need in vitro fertilization (or IVF).
Study found elevated odds in children born after in vitro fertilization, but the research didn't prove cause-and-effect.
2, 2012: Proposed federal legislation would provide a tax credit to those who choose in vitro fertilization as a way to build a family.
In vitro Study Finds Digested Formula, but not Breast Milk , is Toxic to Cells.
A medical technician performs in-vitro fertilization at the Jetanin Institute in Bangkok, Thailand, in August 2006.
Parry will lead the in vitro fertilization (IVF) program in the IVF Clinic.
Whitney Anderson tells reporters Thursday that the personhood bill would criminalize her attempts at in-vitro fertilization.
But many are wondering whether or not this will stop birth control and in vitro fertilization for Oklahoma couples.
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In science:

Hence, even in in vitro and carefully controlled conditions, the experimental determination of some α value is very delicate.
Anomalous subdiffusion due to obstacles : A critical survey
Kinesins moving on a microtube: Kinesin is a single molecular motor observed in vitro to move along a linear microtubule template.
Equivalence between two-dimensional cell-sorting and one-dimensional generalized random walk -- spin representations of generating operators
Kolega, The movement of cell clusters in vitro: morphology and directionality, J.
Scaling laws in the diffusion limited aggregation of persistent random walkers
Whether Cluster Reverberation would work for biological neural systems could be put to the test by growing such modular networks in vitro, stimulating appropriately, and observing the duration of the metastable states.
Interplay between Network Topology and Dynamics in Neural Systems
As mentioned above, there are two main approaches to the (in vitro) protein folding transition.
Protein folding and heteropolymers
This model represents a mathematical confirmation that even inanimate replicating molecules are capable of adaptation, as is also demonstrated by in-vitro experiments, the oldest one of which is described in .
Biological Evolution and Statistical Physics
Thus, the statistical-mechanical analysis performed here may prove useful for understanding invivo processes, in addition to the in-vitro consequences that form the main motivation for the work.
Excluded-Volume Effects in Tethered-Particle Experiments: Bead Size Matters
Brain Res. 791, 209-214. 32. Melchiorri, D., Reiter, R.J., Chen, L.D., Sewerynek, E., Nisticó, G., 1996. Melatonin affords protection against kainate-induced in vitro lipid peroxidation in brain.
Time course of oxidative damage in different brain regions following transient cerebral ischemia in gerbils
The physical interaction between p21 and MDM2, leading to the binding of the proteins both in vitro and in vivo, has been demonstrated in experiments (Zhang et al 2004). MDM2 promotes p21 degradation by facilitating the binding of a proteasomal subunit. Thus, MDM2 overexpression gives rise to lower p21 protein levels.
The p53-MDM2 network: from oscillations to apoptosis
In the case of the expression microarrays this includes converting mRNA in the sample to cDNA, labelling the target mRNA via an in vitro transcription step, fragmenting and then hybridizing the resulting cRNA to the chip, washing and staining, and finally scanning the resulting array.
Quality assessment for short oligonucleotide microarray data
The in vivo/in vitro approach to cognition: the case of analogy.
The Case for Dynamic Models of Learners' Ontologies in Physics
Each frozen cylinder was scanned using the per ipherical quantitative tomodensitometry technique (pQCT). A specific setting was developed to adapt th is in vitro measurement to the XtremeCT (Scano Medical, spatial resolution: 4 .2 pl.mm-1, voxel size: 42 µm).
Dynamic behavior and microstructural properties of cancellous bone
In their pioneering in-vitro experiments on DDDP, Wuite et al. applied tension on a ssDNA molecule, that served as the template, by holding it with a micro pipette at one end and an optical trap on the other.
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
Only in the last few years, it has been possible to observe translation by single isolated ribosome in-vitro [124–135].
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
The limitation of this study is that in vitro tests were performed on Porcine brain tissue.
Mechanical Characterization of Brain Tissue in Compression at Dynamic Strain Rates
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