iconoclast

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n iconoclast someone who attacks cherished ideas or traditional institutions
    • n iconoclast a destroyer of images used in religious worship
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Iconoclast A breaker or destroyer of images or idols; a determined enemy of idol worship.
    • Iconoclast One who exposes or destroys impositions or shams; one who attacks cherished beliefs; a radical.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n iconoclast A breaker or destroyer of images; a person conspicuously hostile to the use of images in Christian worship. Specifically — [capitalized] One of a sect or party in the Eastern Empire in the eighth and ninth centuries which opposed all use and honor or worship of icons or images, and destroyed them when in power. The party of Iconoclasts was originated by the emperor Leo the Isaurian, and afterward continued or revived by Constantine Copronymus and other emperors, especially Leo the Armenian and Theophilus. The emperors named treated those who honored icons with great cruelty, and after the death of the last of them the party of Iconoclasts soon became extinct. See iconoclastic.
    • n iconoclast One of those Protestants of the Netherlands who, during the reign of Philip II., riotously destroyed the images in many of the Roman Catholic churches.
    • n iconoclast Hence Any destroyer, denouncer, or exposer of errors or impostures; one who systematically attacks cherished beliefs.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Iconoclast a breaker of images, one opposed to idol-worship, esp. those at the commencement in the Eastern Church, who from the 8th century downwards opposed the use of sacred images, or at least the paying of religious honour to such: any hot antagonist of the beliefs of others
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. e'ikw`n image + to break: cf. F. iconoclaste,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. eikōn, an image, klastēs, a breaker—klan, to break.

Usage

In literature:

The image and symbol of earthly greatness, in the person of Louis XIV., had been shattered under the touch of iconoclast death.
"Classic French Course in English" by William Cleaver Wilkinson
Think that over, you easy-going young man; and turn back, lest you too should not be an iconoclast!
"On the Future of our Educational Institutions" by Friedrich Nietzsche
The saint is celebrated in ecclesiastical history for her opposition to the iconoclastic policy of Leo the Isaurian.
"Byzantine Churches in Constantinople" by Alexander Van Millingen
It is enough to make the rugged Iconoclast turn in his grave.
"Flowers of Freethought" by George W. Foote
The democracy of the French Revolution was iconoclastic, not creative.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
Up to this point there was complete agreement between the iconoclasts.
"In the Heart of a Fool" by William Allen White
Clery, violence of the iconoclasts at, ii.
"History of the Rise of the Huguenots" by Henry Baird
A council was held at Rome, which anathematized the Iconoclasts.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume I (of 2)" by John William Draper
We have seen that the general trend of Oriental archaeology has been reconstructive rather than iconoclastic.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
But now, who, comparatively, reads the Iconoclastes?
"Coelebs In Search of a Wife" by Hannah More
What a task some iconoclast of the future will have among our war heroes of the late armed conflict!
"Belford's Magazine, Vol 2, December 1888" by Various
The Iconoclastic controversy was far from being extinguished with the fall (in the person of Irene) of the house of Leo the Isaurian.
"Women of Early Christianity" by Alfred Brittain
The subsequent outrages of the iconoclasts made her comprehend she was on the verge of a precipice.
"History of the Reign of Philip the Second, King of Spain." by William H. Prescott
A pronouncement of Carlstadt's against pictures and images, supported by the town, also led to iconoclastic excesses.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
It is on an iconoclastic eagerness of one kind or another that nearly all hoaxing and practical joking is based.
"The Book of This and That" by Robert Lynd
This one might be deemed revolutionary or iconoclastic.
"A Top-Floor Idyl" by George van Schaick
Now and again some iconoclastic soul sought to stigmatize the whole rumor as a fable.
"The Raid of The Guerilla and Other Stories" by Charles Egbert Craddock
Hymnody in the Reformed Church had been seriously retarded by the iconoclastic views of Calvin and Zwingli.
"The Story of Our Hymns" by Ernest Edwin Ryden
Constantine Copronymus, his iconoclastic policy, i.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume II (of 2)" by John William Draper
The result was that Ch'an gradually lost its iconoclastic character.
"The Zen Experience" by Thomas Hoover
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In poetry:

O my little Tamerlane,
Infantile Iconoclast,
Is your small barbaric brain
Not o’erawed by the amassed
Wit and Wisdom of the Past?
"Tamerlane" by Victor James Daley
Her heavenly forehead bears no line
Of Time's iconoclastic fingers,
But o'er her form the grace divine
Of deathless youth and wisdom lingers.
"Centennial" by John Hay
Since Stanley felt the icy blast
Jack leads the Opposition.
A mild, scholastic man to cast
For such a tough position.
Fit for some rude iconoclast
Or thick-skinned politician.
"'Jack'" by C J Dennis
Race hatred,--born of groundless fears
And narrow prejudice of caste--,
Now greets the cultured black with sneers
And, barring him from high careers,
Breaks, like a mad iconoclast,
The nation's idols of the past.
"Fallen" by John Lawson Stoddard
"Oh! spare dual idols of the past,
Whose lips are dumb, whose eyes are dim;
Truth's diadem is not for him
Who comes, the fierce Iconoclast:
Who wakes the battle's stormy blast,
Hears not the angel's choral hymn" THE IMAGE-BREAKER
"Science, the Iconoclast" by Kate Seymour Maclean

In news:

Jean Paul Gaultier is celebrating his 60th birthday with a luxe retrospective -- but the king of the French fashion establishment has never shied from his iconoclastic ways.
Benjamin Lees , an iconoclastic American composer who spurned modern musical trends in favor of work that was lyrical, tonal and widely described as approachable, died on May 31 in Glen Cove, on Long Island.
Judd Apatow And Lena Dunham Talk About Comedy On 'Iconoclasts'.
Partch, one of the great American iconoclasts, worked outside the standard forms and beyond standard instrumentation.
' QED ': Iconoclastic Physicist for All Occasions.
A peek inside the world of iconoclastic California vintner Manfred Krankl.
Mad magazine's irreverent parodies of movies and television shows, takedowns of political figures and gross, stupid humor nurtured a generation of budding iconoclasts.
This posthumous collection of Zinn's passionate, iconoclastic, and wryly humorous articles from the Progressive magazine spans 30 years—from 1980 to 2010—though most are of 21st-century vintage.
Cambridge University economics scholar Ha-Joon Chang's 23 Things They Don't Tell You About Capitalism, now in paperback, organizes his iconoclastic ideas into neat parcels.
Gwendolyn investigates a $5 thrift store find and unearths a little-known artistic side of musical iconoclast Frank Zappa.
It seems as if every time Neil Young visits Philadelphia, his fans boo the iconoclast or someone close to him.
Radar Pictures, MJZ, O'Salvation, Iconoclast.
KRIT relentless, Roots party, Bird inventive, Young iconoclastic.
Along with the awful, the just plain weird and the iconoclastic also appear to have bitten the dust.
The iconoclastic Spaniard is due to receive tributes at Thursday's event from colleagues and admirers, including fashion designer Jean-Paul Gaultier, screenwriter Peter Morgan and fellow directors Stephen Frears and Sally Potter.
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In science:

In part I, a brief talk that opened and attempted to set the atmosphere for the first ‘Glafka–2004: Iconoclastic Approaches to Quantum Gravity’ international theoretical physics conference is presented in paper form.
`Iconoclastic', Categorical Quantum Gravity
In Part I the introductory talk to the 1st Glafka–2004: Iconoclastic Approaches to Quantum Gravity international theoretical physics conference, held in Athens (Greece, summer 2004) is given.
`Iconoclastic', Categorical Quantum Gravity
In view of some challenges presented by Quantum Gravity (QG), we may have to further revolutionize Einstein’s ideas and thus further ‘dissect the iconoclast’.
`Iconoclastic', Categorical Quantum Gravity
In retrospect, I think I personally would have taken sides with the iconolatres instead of the iconoclasts after having visited the beautiful Byzantine Period section of the Benaki National Heritage museum last night. 2See the prologue and epilogue of part II.
`Iconoclastic', Categorical Quantum Gravity
Iconoclasts gather together to tear down each other’s icons—their theories and general ‘Weltaufbau und Weltanschaung’, like we have gathered here today.
`Iconoclastic', Categorical Quantum Gravity
Again, see the prologue and epilogue of part II. 6 In analogy to the logical oxymoron: ‘Who shaves the barber?’. 7 In Greek, an ‘iconoclast’ (:‘ǫικoν oκλ ´αστ ης ’) is (s)he who ‘cuts icons’ (:‘κλ ´αζ ǫι ǫικ´oν ǫς ’).
`Iconoclastic', Categorical Quantum Gravity
The ‘icon’ (or perhaps better, the ‘idol’) that Isham’s iconoclastic words ought to cut out of physics once and for all is the background geometrical spacetime manifold and not the invaluable differential geometric machinery which CDG has so far misled us into thinking that is inextricably tied to the base manifold.
`Iconoclastic', Categorical Quantum Gravity
We have to be innovative, adventurous and unconventional, perhaps even iconoclastic,60 not only about our technical-mathematical machinery, but also about the conceptual and philosophical underpinnings of our fundamental theories of Nature—with QG in particular, since it is arguably the deepest of them all.
`Iconoclastic', Categorical Quantum Gravity
Raptis J. (2006). “Iconoclastic” Categorical Quantum Gravity, Internat. J.
Non-Commutative Geometry, Categories and Quantum Physics
I thank the program and organizing committees of the SIAM Conference on Sparse Matrices at Salishan Lodge in May 1989 for choosing an iconoclastic abstract for the keynote address.
Operator Coefficient Methods for Linear Equations
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