icon

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n icon a conventional religious painting in oil on a small wooden panel; venerated in the Eastern Church
    • n icon a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or abstraction) produced on a surface "they showed us the pictures of their wedding","a movie is a series of images projected so rapidly that the eye integrates them"
    • n icon (computer science) a graphic symbol (usually a simple picture) that denotes a program or a command or a data file or a concept in a graphical user interface
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The "save" icon in Microsoft Office programs shows a floppy disk with the shutter on backwards.
    • icon (Computers) a graphical symbol for a data object whose form suggests the nature or function of the object; especially, such a symbol as viewed on the computer screen.
    • icon (Gr. Ch) A sacred picture representing the Virgin Mary, Christ, a saint, or a martyr, and having the same function as an image of such a person in the Latin Church. The term is used especially for a highly stylized and conventionalized representation of a holy person, rich in symbolism and used in devotional services in many of the eastern Orthodox churches, especially the Greek and Russian Orthodox Churches.
    • icon a symbol, especially a symbol whose form suggests its meaning or the object it represents.
    • icon An image or representation; a portrait or pretended portrait. "Netherlands whose names and icons are published."
    • icon an outstanding example of something which has come to represent the class of things to which it belongs; a paragon; used of persons as well as objects.
    • icon any object of uncritical devotion. "The former congresswoman and Vice-Presidential candidate Geraldine Ferraro is still an icon to many party members."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n icon An image or representation; a portrait.
    • n icon In the Greek or Orthodox Eastern Church, a representation of Christ, an angel, or a saint, in painting, relief, mosaic. etc. There are always two at least in a Greek church, one of Christ at the right of the holy doors, as one faces toward the bema, and one of the Theotocos on the left. In accordance with the decision of the seventh ecumenical council (the second of Nicæa, a. d. 787), icons are honored with a relative worship or adoration (προσκύνησ, σ1ις), manifested by kissing, offerings of incense and lights, etc., but not with latria, or the supreme worship due to God alone. They are regarded as sacred, and many are believed to be miraculous. A small icon, of the kind generally carried by the Russian peasantry, is a triptych, diptych, or similar folding tablet, of wood or metal, decorated in enamel or niello with representations of sacred subjects. Also eikon, ikon.
    • n icon In logic, a sign or representation which stands for its object by virtue of a resemblance or analogy to it.
    • n icon In scientific books, specifically, a plate, an engraving, or other printed representation.
    • n icon An abbreviation of iconographic; of iconography.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Icon ī′kon a figure, esp. in the Greek Church, representing Christ, or a saint, in painting, mosaic, &c
    • ***

Quotations

  • Princess of Wales Diana
    Princess%20of%20Wales%20Diana
    “Don't call me an icon. I'm just a mother trying to help.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., fr. Gr. e'ikw`n
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—Gr. eikōn, an image.

Usage

In literature:

He makes the icons and religious pictures for many of our monasteries and great churches.
"The Valley of the Kings" by Marmaduke Pickthall
It takes the camera to fix you, so that you are an iconic invariant in the Mantram.
"The Gallery" by Roger Phillips Graham
She went to the table by the window, where the small icon stood between two candles in tall brass candlesticks.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
They passed through three joined rooms, each heavily furnished in Seventeenth Century style, each thick with icons.
"Combat" by Dallas McCord Reynolds
Corda, A. I. C. Icones Fungorum.
"The North American Slime-Moulds" by Thomas H. (Thomas Huston) MacBride
Other forms of folk arts were woodcarving, highly colored embroidery, rug weaving, and icon painting.
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
Icon painting formed an important bridge between folk art and the fine arts in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
"Area Handbook for Romania" by Eugene K. Keefe, Donald W. Bernier, Lyle E. Brenneman, William Giloane, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
In one corner, a lamp burned before an icon in a gold frame.
"Peasant Tales of Russia" by V.I. Nemirovitch-Dantchenko
BASIL'ICON, a name of several ointments, the chief ingredients of which are wax, pitch, resin, and olive-oil.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3" by Various
John Bauden, bishop, and author of "Icon Basilike," has a monument.
"Cathedral Cities of England" by George Gilbert
He clicked on the print icon.
"Syndrome" by Thomas Hoover
They worship their own organs like no other race, but they generally honor their law against icons.
"The Moghul" by Thomas Hoover
Behind the iconastasis the priest and the Patrol-officer took their stand, surrounded by gilded icons and consecrated candles.
"'Midst the Wild Carpathians" by Mór Jókai
It was the Verum icon, or true impression of our Saviour's face, taken at the very moment of his most mortal agony for us.
"The Cloister and the Hearth" by Charles Reade
At present the Icon was lying at the bottom of a box wrapped up in paper.
"Roumanian Stories" by Various
They spurned to take the icon as a part of their plunder, and in mockery of its vaunted power hacked it to pieces.
"Constantinople painted by Warwick Goble" by Alexander Van Millingen
The iconic age everywhere succeeded to an era in which the objects of worship were aniconic, e.g.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 3" by Various
He regarded it with something of the veneration which the religious Russian peasant regards his Icon.
"The Crime and the Criminal" by Richard Marsh
Each person as he enters a dining-room, faces the icon which hangs in the corner, and bows and crosses himself.
"In Search of a Siberian Klondike" by Homer B. Hulbert
In the city priests bearing the sacred icons went through the streets.
"Constantinople" by William Holden Hutton
***

In poetry:

Slowly climbing the dark skies
Is the dead star's icon:
Invisible when it did exist,
Today, we see an illusion.
"To The Star (version one)" by Mihai Eminescu
The icon, gently soaring high,
Of that star, now long since dead:
Could never spot it while alive,
Now gone - we see it yet.
"To The Star (Version 4)" by Mihai Eminescu
The icon of this now dead star
slow in the sky it rises.
She was, while we could not her see.
Now that we see, she's vanished.
"To The Star (version two)" by Mihai Eminescu
This dead star’s icon ‘cross the sky
Doth slowly venture for a spot:
‘twas there when didn’t meet the eye,
We see it now, and there ‘tis not.
"Up To The Star (version three)" by Mihai Eminescu
Above the capital’s madness
I raised my face,
stern as the faces of ancient icons.
Sorrow-rent,
on your body as on a death-bed, its days
my heart ended.
"To All and Everything" by Vladimir Mayakovsky
And I swear to you by the garden of the angels,
I swear by the miracle-working icon,
And by the fire and smoke of our nights:
I will never come back to you.
"You Thought I Was That Type" by Anna Akhmatova

In news:

An iconic landmark that towered over the British Empire .
Icon of journalistic integrity, fairness, tenacity.
Everything you need to channel the '70s cultural icon's look with today's fashions.
Zippo manufactures the iconic lighter in Bradford, Pennsylvania.
A New Take on an Early Rock Icon.
Iconic art on a home in Veracruz, Mexico.
A longtime business icon on Fort Myers Beach has called it quits in the Realty trade.
The spa has a view of the city's iconic skyline and Victoria Harbour.
Hostess Brands, the maker of the iconic Twinkies snack cakes, may find a buyer when it heads to bankruptcy court on Monday to liquidate the 82-year-old company, the company's CEO says.
Hillside cable car s are an iconic part of the Chilean port city of Valparaiso.
An iconic salad can't stop reinventing itself.
Tony-award winning play by Terrence McNally more than a simple biography of the opera icon.
Uruguayan musician Juan Campodónico has produced albums by Jorge Drexler and created the Bajofondo project alongside iconic producer (and two-time Academy Award winner) Gustavo Santaolalla.
These movies made Michael J Fox into a Hollywood icon, and made 'Marty McFly' a house hold name.
As the public mourns the potential loss of an iconic snack, people are still hesitant to take a final bite.
***

In science:

The study made a Graphical User Interface (GUI) named Eye GUIDE Messenger for the selection of icons pertaining to the type of action involved.
Eye-GUIDE (Eye-Gaze User Interface Design) Messaging for Physically-Impaired People
Inasmuch as the device is evaluated through the time response, which is acquired from recording the time it takes for the respondent to click the icon, the size of icon to be clicked is one factor for this and the distance of the respondent to the computer screen.
Eye-GUIDE (Eye-Gaze User Interface Design) Messaging for Physically-Impaired People
It is easier to click a small icon than a large icon but large icons are easier to focus.
Eye-GUIDE (Eye-Gaze User Interface Design) Messaging for Physically-Impaired People
The delimiters of the container are each themselves iconic for the process of making a distinction.
Biologic
It is useful to use the iconic symbol >< for the extainer, and to choose another iconic symbol ≍ for the identity operator in the algebra.
Biologic
The energy-momentum correlation function hTab (x)Tcd (y )icon has been computed in some cases.
Linear Response and the Validity of the Semi-Classical Approximation in Gravity
Although technical problems such as renormalization and coordinate invariance complicate matters, this body of previous work suggests that the correlation function hTab(x)Tcd (y )icon should play an important role in determining the validity of the semiclassical approximation.
Linear Response and the Validity of the Semi-Classical Approximation in Gravity
We can represent them iconically by the symbols shown below.
From tangle fractions to DNA
Of course, the idea is to pick up each other’s pieces and synthesize the QG icon.
`Iconoclastic', Categorical Quantum Gravity
The ‘icon’ (or perhaps better, the ‘idol’) that Isham’s iconoclastic words ought to cut out of physics once and for all is the background geometrical spacetime manifold and not the invaluable differential geometric machinery which CDG has so far misled us into thinking that is inextricably tied to the base manifold.
`Iconoclastic', Categorical Quantum Gravity
What’s most characteristic of these icons is their richness of detail and their quantitative precision.
Enlightenment, Knowledge, Ignorance, Temptation
Loss of precision: I don’t see any realistic prospect that anthropic or statistical selection arguments – applied to a single sampling! – will ever lead to anything comparable in intellectual depth and numerical precision to what these icons represent.
Enlightenment, Knowledge, Ignorance, Temptation
Each experimental talk made reference to the same iconic figure of the h ¯q qi condensate versus temperature and density, and stated that this somehow explained the fall in meson mass with increasing density, without a critical discussion of the physics issues.
Meson2006 Summary: Theory
Illustrations showing these constraints, particularly those produced by the CKMfitter and UTfit collaborations shown in Fig. 3, have become icons of the field.
What We've Learned from Heavy Flavour Experiments Since CKM2010
An arc of precedence to off sheet cells displays an uninformative "off the sheet" icon, so the reader cannot visually see how cells are related.
New Guidelines For Spreadsheets
***