hyphen

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v hyphen divide or connect with a hyphen "hyphenate these words and names"
    • n hyphen a punctuation mark (-) used between parts of a compound word or between the syllables of a word when the word is divided at the end of a line of text
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Hyphen hī"fĕn (Print) A mark or short dash, thus [-], placed at the end of a line which terminates with a syllable of a word, the remainder of which is carried to the next line; or between the parts of many a compound word; as in fine-leaved clear-headed. It is also sometimes used to separate the syllables of words.
    • v. t Hyphen To connect with, or separate by, a hyphen, as two words or the parts of a word.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • hyphen In paleography, a curve placed below the line so as to unite the parts of a compound word, and to indicate that they are not to be separated or read as distinct words: as, —that is, διόσκουροι, not Διο\ς κου%26ροι; —that is, περικλέονς, not πεπι\ κλέους —that is, antevolans, not ante volans, etc. In its use the hyphen is the exact opposite of the diastole or hypodiastole.
    • hyphen In writing and printing, a short line (-) used to connect two words or elements: namely, to connect two words which are so used as properly to form a compound word; to join syllables which are for any purpose arbitrarily separated, as in regular syllabication (as in el-e-men-tal), at the end of a line to connect the syllables of a divided word (as in the third line of this paragraph), to indicate the pronunciation (as in the respellings for the pronunciations in this dictionary), and to indicate or separate the etymological parts of a word, stem, affixes, etc., often without regard to the syllables (as in element-al, intro-duct-ion, su-spic-ious). At the end of such an etymological element it indicates a prefix, as a-, in-, pre-, etc.; before au element it indicates a suffix, as -a, -in, -ous, etc.
    • hyphen To join by a hyphen, as two words, so as to form a compound word. Also hyphenize, hyphenate.
    • n hyphen The symbol +, = plus.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Hyphen hī′fen a short stroke (-) joining two syllables or words
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., fr. Gr. "yfe`n, fr. "yf "e`n under one, into one, together, fr. under + , neut. of one. See Hypo-
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. hypo, under, hen, one.

Usage

In literature:

Hyphenation has been standardised.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
It was a war play called "The Hyphen," by Justus Miles Forman, the novelist.
"Charles Frohman: Manager and Man" by Isaac Frederick Marcosson and Daniel Frohman
It gives a rill sensation of a hyphen.
"Friendship Village" by Zona Gale
I've told Dr. Levi that I should name one of her complaints hyphenitis.
"Ladies-In-Waiting" by Kate Douglas Wiggin
Inconsistencies in the hyphenation of words preserved.
"In Eastern Seas" by J. J. Smith
As soon as a man donned the bronze shoulder badge with "Canada" on it he became a Canadian, and forgot his hyphen.
"The Red Watch" by J. A. Currie
It was to be a silent solemnisation, all reminiscence and all future; the present was to be as a hyphen between the two.
"On the Future of our Educational Institutions" by Friedrich Nietzsche
Inconsistencies in the hyphenation of words have been preserved.
"My Friends the Savages" by Giovanni Battista Cerruti
The "Melting-Pot" versus "Hyphen" in Their Relation to Americanization.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
In writing compound words, the component parts are sometimes separated by a hyphen, and sometimes not.
"Elements of Gaelic Grammar" by Alexander Stewart
Having a hyphen to her name, she's all for white surplices and organized singing.
"The Law-Breakers" by Ridgwell Cullum
They're the brightest intelligences among our hyphenates.
"The Daughter of the Storage" by William Dean Howells
New-coined words are usually hyphenated; old words are often written solid.
"The Century Handbook of Writing" by Garland Greever
Indications of immaturity are here and there perceptible, and at the very beginning there is an inexplicable mass of hyphenation.
"Writings in the United Amateur, 1915-1922" by Howard Phillips Lovecraft
I never met any one who could so clearly convey hyphens (or dispense with them) by intonation.
"The Record of Nicholas Freydon" by A. J. (Alec John) Dawson
Do not begin a line with a hyphen.
"News Writing" by M. Lyle Spencer
And the hyphens are used with a space between them, and the character of the punctuation is not exactly as I make it.
"Miss Cayley's Adventures" by Grant Allen
Hyphenate the first two words (they really stand for one idea).
"Vocal Expression" by Katherine Jewell Everts
His mother desired to call him two or three Comanche gutterals which, when hyphenated, stand for Scorpion.
"The Sunset Trail" by Alfred Henry Lewis
By its system both solidified and hyphenated words of the compound type are shown.
"The Magazine Style-Code" by Leigh H. Irvine
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In news:

No, mutual hyphenation was the ticket.
The hyphenate runs the Aaron Sims Co.
In 1968, this question hovered around "Barbarella," a movie that spans so many genres, it takes at least four hyphens to qualify it: adult-comedy-SciFi-fantasy.
Brit Marling Is A Hyphenate On 'Another Earth.
Hank's A Lot: With new tour, Henry Rollins continues his trek as one of the most hyphenated personalities in entertainment.
BLUEFIELD — The term "scholar-athlete" describes Shikhar Kapur of Bluefield State College on both sides of the hyphen.
Yes, the hyphen is decreasing in its usage, thanks to the Internet's push for all things to be one word.
So many bees in the Beyhive were stoked for the singer's turn in 'A Star Is Born,' but now the multi-hyphenate star has left the project.
Should " Chapin " and "Carpenter" be hyphenated.
"They call her 'The Golden Girl,'" came the introduction for Mexican multi-hyphenate Paulina Rubio.
Hyphenate's ubiquity, success reflects new breed of showbiz stars.
If his fortunes continue their recent upswing, Decatur multi-hyphenate Jesse Tyler may soon find himself making the transition from hidden treasure to known quantity.
There's no better city for a hyphenate.
Multi-hyphenate has won Emmys, Grammys, Oscars and Tonys.
LaRod Stephens- Howling Doesn't Mind If Fans Call Him "The Hyphen".
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In science:

We say that the string σ ∈ [k ]n contains a generalized pattern τ if σ contains a subsequence isomorphic to τ in which the entries corresponding to consecutive entries of τ not separated by a hyphen must be adjacent.
Words restricted by 3-letter generalized multipermutation patterns
Classical patterns are generalized patterns with all possible hyphens (say, 2-1-3), in other words, those that place no adjacency requirements on σ .
Words restricted by 3-letter generalized multipermutation patterns
Later, Claesson and Claesson and Mansour considered the number of permutations avoiding one or two generalized patterns with one hyphen.
Words restricted by 3-letter generalized multipermutation patterns
We also define the complement of τ , denoted c(τ ), to be the pattern obtained by substituting ℓ + 1 − τ (i) for τ (i) and leaving hyphens in the same positions (e.g., c(13-2) = 31-2).
Words restricted by 3-letter generalized multipermutation patterns
In particular, we give the g.f. for the entire distribution of the maximum number of non-overlapping occurrences of a pattern p with no hyphens (that allowed to have repetition of letters), provided we know the g.f. for the number of k-ary words that avoid p.
Partially Ordered generalized patterns and k-ary words
We call these words by n-long k-ary words. A generalized pattern τ is a word in [ℓ]m (possibly with hyphens between some letters) that contains each letter from [ℓ] (possibly with repetitions).
Partially Ordered generalized patterns and k-ary words
We say that the word σ ∈ [k ]n contains a generalized pattern τ , if σ contains a subsequence isomorphic to τ in which the entries corresponding to consecutive entries of τ , which are not separated by a hyphen, must be adjacent.
Partially Ordered generalized patterns and k-ary words
Claesson [C] and Claesson and Mansour [CM] considered the number of permutations avoiding one or two generalized patterns with one hyphen.
Partially Ordered generalized patterns and k-ary words
Kitaev [Ki1] examined the number of |Sn (P )| of permutations in Sn simultaneously avoiding any set of generalized patterns with no hyphens.
Partially Ordered generalized patterns and k-ary words
In particular, this allows us to find the g.f. for the entire distribution of the maximum number of non-overlapping occurrences of a pattern τ with no hyphens, if we only know the g.f. for the number of k-ary words that avoid τ .
Partially Ordered generalized patterns and k-ary words
Thus, in order to apply our results in what follows we need to know how many k-ary words avoid a given ordinary generalized pattern with no hyphens.
Partially Ordered generalized patterns and k-ary words
Let τ be a generalized pattern without hyphens. A word σ quasi-avoids τ if σ has exactly one occurrence of τ and this occurrence consists of the |τ | rightmost letters of σ , where |τ | denotes the number of letters in τ .
Partially Ordered generalized patterns and k-ary words
Let τ be a non-empty generalized pattern with no hyphens.
Partially Ordered generalized patterns and k-ary words
Let τ be a generalized pattern with no hyphens.
Partially Ordered generalized patterns and k-ary words
But a hyphen is required in sub-milliarcsec.
Astrometry during the past 2000 years
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