hydrocarbon

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n hydrocarbon an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Hydrocarbon (Chem) A compound containing only hydrogen and carbon, as methane, benzene, etc.; also, by extension, any of their derivatives.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n hydrocarbon A compound of hydrogen and carbon; the general name of any compound consisting of hydrogen and carbon alone. The hydrocarbons are an exceedingly large and important group of compounds, and with their derivatives form the subject-matter of organic chemistry.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Hydrocarbon hī-dro-kär′bon a compound of hydrogen and carbon
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Hydro-, 2 + carbon,

Usage

In literature:

When distilled alone, various hydrocarbons, resin oil and resin pitch, are obtained.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 711, August 17, 1889" by Various
Here goes: marsh gas, or methane as it is sometimes called, is the first of the group of hydrocarbons known as paraffins.
"The Riddle of the Frozen Flame" by Mary E. Hanshew
These three bands reveal the existence of hydrocarbon in comets.
"The Story of the Heavens" by Robert Stawell Ball
And smoke has unsaturated hydrocarbon gases.
"The Hate Disease" by William Fitzgerald Jenkins
This increases the range of hydrocarbon fuels the engine can utilize.
"The First Airplane Diesel Engine: Packard Model DR-980 of 1928" by Robert B. Meyer
Let us now consider hydrocarbons containing 2 atoms of carbon.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
The heaviest hydrocarbons are sometimes twice subjected to the operation of washing.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 5" by Various
From such processes the so-called hydrocarbons, rock oil and natural gas, have accumulated.
"Earth and Sky Every Child Should Know" by Julia Ellen Rogers
Such condensations were especially studied by M. P. E. Berthelot, and shown to be very fruitful in forming hydrocarbons.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 5" by Various
The solution is diluted with water, and the hydrocarbons are thereby precipitated and separated.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
As some of the hydrocarbons are readily volatile at 100 degs.
"Soap-Making Manual" by E. G. Thomssen
Being an unsaturated hydrocarbon, it is capable of forming addition products, e.g.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 8" by Various
They form a connected hydrocarbon series, analogous to the coal series.
"North America" by Israel C. Russell
The light-giving power of coal gas is undoubtedly entirely due to the hydrocarbons.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 4" by Various
He should take little hydrocarbons and sugars, and be moderate in fats.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 3" by Various
Alcohol, again, is a hydrocarbon.
"Marvels of Scientific Invention" by Thomas W. Corbin
Waxes are also dissolved in volatile hydrocarbons and sprayed on.
"The Tomato" by Paul Work
Burners and generators for hydrocarbons, E. G. Furber, New York city.
"Scientific American, Vol. XLIII.--No. 1. [New Series.], July 3, 1880" by Various
Voit admits the possibility of the hydrocarbons serving as a third source, although this possibility is unnecessary in most cases.
"A System of Practical Medicine by American Authors, Vol. I" by Various
The use of spirit or some very volatile hydrocarbon in the place of water.
"The Theory and Practice of Model Aeroplaning" by V. E. Johnson
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In news:

The design uses the difference in specific gravity and surface tension between oil and water to pick up oil, grease and other hydrocarbon liquids as the belt passes through the wash water.
Hydrocarbon Habitat of Volcanic Rifted Passive Margins.
Applying multiphase meters to hydrocarbon flow measurements.
"They have been able to push the hydrocarbons, or the oil, down with the mud," Coast Guard Adm.
"They have been able to push the hydrocarbons, or the oil, down with the mud," Coast Guard Adm .
The effort to dump hydrocarbon contaminated drilling waste near town ought to make us all ready to take action, but it appears that only money prevents it from happening.
Calgary, said it retains confidence in shale prospects in the southern Georgina basin in Australia after its Owen-3H well failed to recover hydrocarbons.
The Tecumseh TA series compressor is optimized for hydrocarbon refrigerants.
The most commercially accepted method of in situ extraction of hydrocarbon from oil tar sand and oil shale is the steam flood process.
So the two critical imperatives driving the operators right now are increased focus on unconventional hydrocarbons primarily by IOCs and increased focus on increasing net recoveries by everybody.
RISING labour costs will impact the viability of US petrochemicals projects as a result of the surge in overall hydrocarbons construction activity, an industry source told the blog.
Concerns arise over the potential migration of mineral oil hydrocarbons into food from recycled paperboard packaging.
D235 Standard Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent).
Plugged and abandoned the Ger Chuluu-D1 well in the Ger Chuluu subbasin at 600 m without finding hydrocarbon shows.
Non-methane hydrocarbons found in air near drilling sites.
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In science:

In addition the 14C content of methane should be significantly lower than that of petroleum or more complex hydrocarbon gases.
Review of the Technical Issues Associated with the Construction of a Solar Neutrino TPC
Even if the Borexino experiment measured the true content of 14C, it did so only for the complex hydrocarbons(molecules with more that one carbon atom) that exist in their liquid scintillator.
Review of the Technical Issues Associated with the Construction of a Solar Neutrino TPC
From the viewpoint of wire aging, even minor traces of S i-pollutants in the gas have a much higher tendency to create deposits, than similar amounts of hydrocarbon molecules.
Summary and Outlook of the International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors (DESY, Hamburg, October, 2001)
This observation indicates that CH4 itself polymerizes in the avalanche plasma due to the hydrogen deficiency of radicals and their ability to make bonds with hydrocarbon molecules , , and similarly for all hydrocarbon gases.
Summary and Outlook of the International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors (DESY, Hamburg, October, 2001)
However, noble gas/hydrocarbon mixtures are not trustworthy for long-term, high-rate experiments.
Summary and Outlook of the International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors (DESY, Hamburg, October, 2001)
In order to suppress polymerization of hydrocarbons, oxygen-containing molecules can be added to the mixture.
Summary and Outlook of the International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors (DESY, Hamburg, October, 2001)
The aging rate in DME tends to be lower than the polymerization rate of ordinary hydrocarbons and several groups reported the absence of aging effects in wire chambers up to large values of accumulated charge , , , .
Summary and Outlook of the International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors (DESY, Hamburg, October, 2001)
Chadwick, “Radiation aging studies of CO2 /hydrocarbon mixtures for the SLD drift chamber,” IEEE Trans.
Summary and Outlook of the International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors (DESY, Hamburg, October, 2001)
Williams, “Hydrocarbon polymerization on drift chamber wires,” Nucl.
Summary and Outlook of the International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors (DESY, Hamburg, October, 2001)
Coyle, “Study of photosensitive mixtures of TMAE and helium, hydrocarbon of C F4 -based carrier gases,” Nucl.
Summary and Outlook of the International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors (DESY, Hamburg, October, 2001)
Rehak, “Proportional chambers for very high counting rates based on gas mixtures of C F4 with hydrocarbons,” Nucl.
Summary and Outlook of the International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors (DESY, Hamburg, October, 2001)
On the other hand, in the case of material injected into the solar wind during the approach phase, i.e., at larger heliocentric distances, one can expect to observe some molecules (mainly water and hydrocarbon dissociation products) and the probability of survival of PUIs in the singly charged state is higher.
Are the sungrazing comets the inner source of pickup ions and energetic neutral atoms?
The detector is a 12 m diameter sphere filled with mineral oil (hydrocarbon chain).
The MiniBooNE Experiment
Interestingly enough, there is little information on residual hydrogen from pyrolysis of hydrocarbons, possibly because detection methods for hydrogen contents of the order of 100 ppm or below were not readily available and such quantities were of little relevance for applications as moderators in reactors.
Induced Magnetic Order by Ion Irradiation of Carbon-Based Structures
Here, the low mass of the proton and the orientation the hydrocarbon bond sticking out of the surface plays a crucial role in emitting protons sufficiently fast so that re-neutralization on the way out or reconstruction of a bond becomes unlikely.
Collisions of Slow Highly Charged Ions with Surfaces
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