hyacinth

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n hyacinth any of numerous bulbous perennial herbs
    • n hyacinth a red transparent variety of zircon used as a gemstone
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Hyacinth (Bot) A bulbous plant of the genus Hyacinthus, bearing beautiful spikes of fragrant flowers. Hyacinthus orientalis is a common variety.
    • Hyacinth (Bot) A plant of the genus Camassia Camassia Farseri), called also Eastern camass; wild hyacinth.
    • Hyacinth (Min) A red variety of zircon, sometimes used as a gem. See Zircon.
    • Hyacinth (Bot) The name also given to Scilla Peruviana, a Mediterranean plant, one variety of which produces white, and another blue, flowers; -- called also, from a mistake as to its origin, Hyacinth of Peru.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n hyacinth An ornamental bulbous plant of the genus Hyacinthus (H. orientalis), natural order Liliaceæ. It is a native of the Levant, and grows in abundance about Aleppo and Bagdad. The root is a tunicated bulb; the leaves are broad and green; the scape is erect, bearing numerous often drooping bell-shaped flowers of almost all colors, and both single- and double-flowered. The hyacinth appears first to have been cultivated as a garden-flower by the Dutch about the beginning of the sixteenth century. It was introduced into England about the end of that century, and is now one of the most popular of cultivated bulbous plants. [The so-called yellow sickness of the hyacinth is produced by a parasitic bacterium which occurs as yellow slimy masses in the vessels. “In the resting bulb the bacteria are confined to the vascular bundles of the bulb-scales; at flowering time they are found also in the leaves, and not in the vessels only, but in the parenchyma also, where they fill the intercellular spaces, [and] destroy the cells.” (De Bary, Comp. Morph. and Biol., p. 482.)]
    • n hyacinth By transfer, a plant of some other genus. The California hyacinth is a plant of the liliaceous genus Brodiæa; the Cape hyacinth, Scilla corymbosa and S. brachyphylla; the fair-haired hyacinth, Muscari comosum; the grape-hyacinth, or globe-hyacinth, the genus Muscari; the lily-hyacinth, Scilla Lilio-Hyacinthus; the Missouri hyacinth, a plant of either of the genera Hesperanthus and Brodiæa; the hyacinth of Peru, Scilla Peruviana; the star-hyacinth, Scilla amœna; the starch-hyacinth, Muscari racemosum; the tassel-hyacinth, Muscari comosum; the wild hyacinth, Camassia (Scilla) Fraseri.
    • n hyacinth Among the ancients, a gem of bluish-violet color, supposed to be the sapphire.
    • n hyacinth In modern usage, a gem of a reddish-orange color which is a variety of the mineral zircon. Some varieties of garnet and topaz also receive this name.
    • n hyacinth In heraldry, the tincture tenney or tawny when blazoning is done by colors of precious stones. See blazon.
    • n hyacinth In ornithology, a purple gallinule, as of the genus Ionornis or Porphyrio; a sultan.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Hyacinth hī′a-sinth a bulbous-rooted flower of a great variety of colours:
    • n Hyacinth hī′a-sinth (myth.) a flower which sprang from the blood of Hyacinthus, a youth killed by Apollo with a quoit: a precious stone, the jacinth
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Quotations

  • Hector Hugh Munro
    Hector%20Hugh%20Munro
    “Children with Hyacinth's temperament don't know better as they grow older; they merely know more.”
  • Carl Sandburg
    Carl%20Sandburg
    “Poetry is the achievement of the synthesis of hyacinths and biscuits.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. hyacinthus, a kind of flower, prob. the iris, gladiolus, or larkspur, also a kind of gem, perh. the sapphire; as, a proper name, Hyacinthus, a beautiful Laconian youth, beloved by Apollo, fr. Gr. , : cf. F. hyacinthe,. Cf. Jacinth. The hyacinth was fabled to have sprung from the blood of Hyacinthus, who was accidentally slain by Apollo
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Doublet of jacinth.

Usage

In literature:

She held up to show him some wonderful mauve and blue hyacinths that she carried, and then passed on.
"The Twelfth Hour" by Ada Leverson
Eighteen more times the King of Barodia took Hyacinth in his stride.
"Once on a Time" by A. A. Milne
The hyacinths stood witnesses of it.
"Daisy" by Elizabeth Wetherell
How the blue hyacinths blow, And how the daffodil lights its golden glow.
"Sprays of Shamrock" by Clinton Scollard
The red zircon, or true hyacinth, is rare.
"A Text-Book of Precious Stones for Jewelers and the Gem-Loving Public" by Frank Bertram Wade
You, Mussy, will bring your big motor and kindly see to the luggage with Hyacinthe, my man.
"The Confessions of Arsène Lupin" by Maurice Leblanc
It was Hyacinth Pilorge, my secretary.
"Memoirs To Illustrate The History Of My Time" by François Pierre Guillaume Guizot
Hyacinth changed to a flower.
"The Metamorphoses of Publius Ovidus Naso in English blank verse Vols. I & II" by Ovid
The flower-sellers' baskets in the town were full of dark-red wallflowers and lovely hyacinths.
"Our Bessie" by Rosa Nouchette Carey
GERARDE, on varieties of the hyacinth, i.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2)" by Charles Darwin
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In poetry:

Touch my cheeks with your fingers, blue hyacinth.
Did God use a whiter silk
Weaving the veil for your fevered roses,
Or spinning the moon that lies across your face?
"Comparisons" by Edward Powys Mathers
Then, tenderly ringing old Winter's knell,
The hyacinth swung its soundless bell,
And over and under and through and through
The copses there shimmered a sea of blue.
"The Passing Of Spring" by Alfred Austin
"Who has reft the robin's hidden treasure,--
All the speckled spheres he loved so well?
And the buds which danced in merry measure
To the chiming of the hyacinth's bell?
"April" by Susan Coolidge
The hyacinths, with fragrant heads,
Have overflowed their sandy beds,
And fill the earth with faint perfume,
The breath that Spring around her sheds.
And now the tulips break in bloom!
"Flood-Tide of Flowers" by Henry Van Dyke
I would have all things fair, and sweet, and tender,—
The daisy's pearl, the cowslip's shield of snow,
And fragrant hyacinths in purple splendour,
About my darling's grassy couch to grow.
"Written in a Cemetary" by Kate Seymour Maclean
By fair Rosehall, through greenwood glades,
Thou glid'st through rose and hawthorn shades,
By hyacinth banks, where Monkland's maids
Unbind their dark or golden braids
And lave their snowy feet.
"Calder--A Memory" by Janet Hamilton

In news:

Hyacinths in bloom at the Wintergardens in Auckland Domain.
Water hyacinth covers large swaths of Lake Victoria .
'The Hyacinth Macaw' has too much lyrical lunacy .
Hyacinth macaws are one of the parrots the USFWS is considering adding to the Endangered Species Act.
'The Hyacinth Macaw ' has too much lyrical lunacy.
The parishioners of Blessed Mary Angela parish in Dunkirk (formerly Saints Hyacinth and Hedwig) were treated to a special presentation on the life of the parish patroness , Blessed Mary Angela Truszkowska.
Hyacinth bean makes beautiful, showy vine.
"If I had two loaves of bread, I would sell one and buy hyacinths, for they would feed my soul.".
On the final day, Hite returned to the same fallen logs, hyacinths and stumps.
Hyacinth is played by Patricia Routledge.
Rick Carter, Reclamation District 1601 superintendent, stands above some water hyacinth on Twitchell Island Friday.
I have hyacinths and daffodils poking their little heads up in my garden once again, a bit early this year.
The Briarwood Organ was built by the Casavant Frères Company of St Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada.
LASALLE — The Joliet Polka Masster multi-piece band will perform a Polka Mass at 4 pm Saturday at St Hyacinth Church in LaSalle.
Judging from the hyacinths on my windowsill—fragrant and fresh not so long ago, but now defeated and dying—I am the very opposite of a green.
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