hostility

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n hostility violent action that is hostile and usually unprovoked
    • n hostility a hostile (very unfriendly) disposition "he could not conceal his hostility"
    • n hostility the feeling of a hostile person "he could no longer contain his hostility"
    • n hostility a state of deep-seated ill-will
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The British once went to war over a sailor’s ear. It happened in 1739, when Britain launched hostilities against Spain because a Spanish officer had supposedly sliced off the ear of a ship’s captain named Robert Jenkins.
    • Hostility An act of an open enemy; a hostile deed; especially in the plural, acts of warfare; attacks of an enemy. See hostilities "He who proceeds to wanton hostility , often provokes an enemy where he might have a friend."
    • Hostility State of being hostile; public or private enemy; unfriendliness; animosity. "Hostility being thus suspended with France."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n hostility The state of being hostile; inimical feeling; antagonism.
    • n hostility Hostile action; open opposition by war or other means; especially, in the plural, acts of warfare.
    • n hostility A hostile act which follows a declaration of war.
    • n hostility Synonyms Animosity, Ill-will, Enmity (see animosity); unfriendliness, opposition, violence, aggression.
    • n hostility War, fighting.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Hostility enmity:—pl. Hostil′ities, acts of warfare
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Quotations

  • Thomas Carlyle
    Thomas%20Carlyle
    “Our life is not really a mutual helpfulness; but rather, it's fair competition cloaked under due laws of war; it's a mutual hostility.”
  • Elizabeth Bowen
    Elizabeth%20Bowen
    “Some people are molded by their admirations, others by their hostilities.”
  • Norman Mailer
    Norman%20Mailer
    “I'm hostile to men, I'm hostile to women, I'm hostile to cats, to poor cockroaches, I'm afraid of horses.”
  • John Berger
    John%20Berger
    “One can say of language that it is potentially the only human home, the only dwelling place that cannot be hostile to man.”
  • Seneca
    Seneca
    “He who dreads hostility too much is unfit to rule.”
  • George Washington
    George%20Washington
    “Over grown military establishments are under any form of government inauspicious to liberty, and are to be regarded as particularly hostile to republican liberty.”

Idioms

Hostile takeover - If a company is bought out when it does not want to be, it is known as a hostile takeover.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. hostilitas,: cf. F. hostilité,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. hostilishostis.

Usage

In literature:

But an event occurred that caused him to look upon Hereward with more hostile eyes.
"Historical Tales, Vol. 4 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
Scarcely a week passed without its dangerous excursions against the Pawnees, Comanches and other hostile tribes of Indians.
"The Victim" by Thomas Dixon
He stared at the hostile faces of the surgeon and Balch.
"Brigands of the Moon" by Ray Cummings
Thus if (just for illustration) a blimp spies a hostile submarine, the news is instantly transmitted to the Navy Department.
"Kelly Miller's History of the World War for Human Rights" by Kelly Miller
Any hostile army could lick Homeburg by aiming lorgnettes at it.
"Homeburg Memories" by George Helgesen Fitch
Hostilities were renewed on the eighth day of August, and prosecuted with uncommon ardour and animosity.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.II. From William and Mary to George II." by Tobias Smollett
But news came that hostile troops were landing on the coast, and the Kalevide mounted his war-horse.
"The Hero of Esthonia and Other Studies in the Romantic Literature of That Country" by William Forsell Kirby
Among individuals a conspicuous representative of this hostility was the poet Percival.
"James Fenimore Cooper" by Thomas R. Lounsbury
In either case groups are placed between our main body and the actual or supposed position of the hostile troops.
"The Plattsburg Manual" by O.O. Ellis and E.B. Garey
Drake dared not go on to unknown, hostile seas with a mutiny, or the chance of a mutiny brewing.
"Vikings of the Pacific" by Agnes C. Laut
Our reserves and our day positions were behind the escarpment, where was excellent cover from hostile shelling.
"With the British Army in The Holy Land" by Henry Osmond Lock
I am sure I feel no hostility toward you, Senators from the North.
"The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government, Vol. 1 (of 2)" by Jefferson Davis
The relation of comradeship and peace in the we-group and that of hostility and war toward others-groups are correlative to each other.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
The thought in the first member is: every touch of them bears a hostile character.
"Christology of the Old Testament: And a Commentary on the Messianic Predictions, v. 1" by Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg
She was not quite sure what ailed her, but she was conscious of an access of great anger, of passionate hostility.
"Finn The Wolfhound" by A. J. Dawson
Individuals that early in the year have frequented the same spot daily and have even shown every sign of friendship, become openly hostile.
"Territory in Bird Life" by H. Eliot Howard
It was but natural for the settlers to mistake this armed cavalcade, red with paint and chanting war-songs, for hostiles.
"The Story of the Trapper" by A. C. Laut
The ally he had reckoned on seemed to wear an uncommonly hostile look.
"A Veldt Official" by Bertram Mitford
The opening hostilities of the Mexican War had occurred on the Rio Grande.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 1" by Various
Received immediately with heavy artillery and infantry fire, he threw himself on the hostile ranks.
"The Franco-German War of 1870-71" by Count Helmuth, von Moltke
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In poetry:

Like Winkelried, he took
Into his manly breast
The sheaf of hostile spears, and broke
A path for the oppressed.
"Charles Sumner. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The Fourth)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
No cherishing you give,
I'm hostile in your eyes.
As pedler's wares for which none cares,
My virtues you despise.
"The Plaint Of A Rejected Wife" by Confucius
Near it she draws, but entrance there
A swelling sea denies;
For hostile to her callow care,
The cruel waters rise.
"The Halcyon" by William Hayley
"For YORK , a warrior known to fame,
Uplifts the hostile spear,
EDWIN the blooming hero's name,
To ALBERT'S bosom dear.
"Edwin and Eltruda, a Legendary Tale" by Helen Maria Williams
He rush'd against the Austrian hand,
In desperate career,
And with his body, breast, and hand,
Bore down each hostile spear.
"The Battle of Sempach" by Sir Walter Scott
Once over the ocean in distant lands,
In an age long past, were two hostile bands—
Two armies of men, both brave, both strong,
And their hearts beat high as they marched along
To fight the battle of right and wrong.
"The Two Armies" by Ella Wheeler Wilcox

In news:

The Hostile Takeover of Anheuser-Busch.
Activist investor Carl Icahn, who holds an almost 10 percent stake in Netflix (NFLX), said on Thursday he has considered a hostile takeover bid for Netflix, but it was uncertain he stood a chance of acquiring the Internet streaming service.
The year of the hostile takeover .
Martin Marietta Bets on Efficiencies in Hostile Takeover Bid for Vulcan.
Martin Marietta proposes hostile takeover of Vulcan Materials.
Acxiom Vows to Fight Possible Hostile Takeover Bid.
USA Truck, which just two weeks ago reported a record quarterly loss, has announced a board shakeup and other efforts designed to stem the Van Buren company's financial bleeding and prevent a hostile takeover .
Israel-Gaza hostilities remind us of our stake in Middle East.
The Youth Justice Council rallied outside the LA County Men's Jail at 10 am on 10/10, the day set by the Pelican Bay Prison Short Corridor Collective for the beginning of the end of racial hostilities .
Religious strictures, hostilities linked to Arab Spring.
Agreement to end hostilities .
California prisoners make historic call to end hostilities between racial groups in California prisons and jails.
RNC festivities inside, hostilities outside.
As Iraq Hostilities End, Fate Of Combatant Unclear.
A break from customary hostilities .
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In science:

The existence of these clusters was somewhat unexpected; one would think that the strong tidal shear produced by the central black hole, the high velocity dispersion, and the strong magnetic field would make this a hostile environment for forming young massive clusters.
The Formation of Star Clusters
Finally, the sensor nodes may be deployed in adversarial environments such as battle fields, hostile territories or hazardous domains t hat make their management, control and security very difficult.
Threshold-Controlled Global Cascading in Wireless Sensor Networks
Two versions of the directed merging model, friend ly and hostile merging, give rise to two distinct network types.
Models and average properties of scale-free directed networks
We present two such local rules which we term friend ly and hostile merging.
Models and average properties of scale-free directed networks
By comparing Fig. 6 with Fig. 4, we find that model B catches the overal l features of the hostile merging networks.
Models and average properties of scale-free directed networks
However, there are also differences: the out-degree for the yeast-network is broad but not very scale-free and the percentages of degrees in Fig. 4(d) on the one hand are significantly different as compared to hostile merging and model B on the other hand.
Models and average properties of scale-free directed networks
However, the yeast transcriptional network resembled model B and hostile merging networks.
Models and average properties of scale-free directed networks
This led us to suggest that friendly- and hostile merging networks represent two distinct classes of directed networks.
Models and average properties of scale-free directed networks
In case of friendly and hostile merging we suggest that the distinction between A and B might reflect a difference in economical strategy.
Models and average properties of scale-free directed networks
We present and characterize two directed networktypes emerging from two different local time-evolutions called friendly and hostile merging.
Models and average properties of scale-free directed networks
This is the basic idea underlying the concepts of GHZ (Gonzalez et al. 2001) and of the Rare Earth (Brownlee and Ward 2002): complex life in the Universe may be rare, not for intrinsic reasons (i.e. improbability of development of life on a planet), but for extrinsic ones, related to the hostile cosmic environment.
On the "Galactic Habitable Zone"
It should be noted that these measurements need to be done “in the field”, which in the case of millimeter radio telescopes generally means the hostile environment of a high mountain site.
Near-Field Radio Holography of Large Reflector Antennas
The implementation is not created in an hostile environment and any implementation error is only an unintended bug such as use of poor pseudo-random generators.
Statistical Analysis of Privacy and Anonymity Guarantees in Randomized Security Protocol Implementations
If the implementation is hostile, it can contain bugs which can not be easily detected by random sampling.
Statistical Analysis of Privacy and Anonymity Guarantees in Randomized Security Protocol Implementations
In fact, it is not clear if any type of planet could form under such hostile conditions in which strong disk heating is induced by perturbations from the stellar companion.
Second generation planets
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