• WordNet 3.6
    • n hornbeam any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Carpinus
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Hornbeam. Ironwood Hornbeam. Ironwood

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Hornbeam (Bot) A tree of the genus Carpinus Carpinus Americana), having a smooth gray bark and a ridged trunk, the wood being white and very hard. It is common along the banks of streams in the United States, and is also called ironwood. The English hornbeam is Carpinus Betulus. The American is called also blue beech and water beech.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n hornbeam A small tree belonging to the genus Carpinus, of the natural order Cupuliferæ. The American hornbeam, also called blue beech, water-beech and ironwood, is C. Caroliniana or Americana. It is a shrub or small tree, 10 to 20 feet high, with very heavy, hard, close-grained wood, which is sometimes used in making carpenter’ tools, handles, etc. The European hornbeam, C. Betulus, is also a small tree much planted in England. The wood makes a fine elastic tip for a fishing-rod, and is also used for agricultural implements, mallets, cogs of wheels, etc. Also called yoke-elm, hardbeam, and horn-beech. See cut under Carpinus.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Hornbeam a tree of Europe and America, the hard white wood of which is used by joiners, &c
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See Beam
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. horn; Scand. and Ger. horn, Gael. and W. corn, L. cornu, Gr. keras.


In literature:

In the black shadow of the hornbeam Mr. Ellery stood still.
"Keziah Coffin" by Joseph C. Lincoln
One old hornbeam-tree is pointed out as the only tree that escaped destruction.
"St. Nicholas, Vol. 5, No. 5, March, 1878" by Various
Received it August 2, 1751, and sowed it directly; next year (1752) the hornbeam came up, which was the original of all in England.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 421, January 26, 1884" by Various
There were miles of hedges; not yew, hornbeam had been chosen for this green, tranquil country.
"Great Possessions" by Mrs. Wilfrid Ward
The great tangle of vine and lace work mixed with snow is young hop hornbeam, supporting honeysuckle.
"Some Winter Days in Iowa" by Frederick John Lazell
One afternoon one of the pair flew up into a hornbeam which stood beside the garden not twenty yards at farthest.
"Nature Near London" by Richard Jefferies
Tufted spleenwort, primroses, and broom tangle the hedges under boughs of hornbeam and sweet-chestnut.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Vol III." by John Symonds
Tufted spleenwort, primroses, and broom tangle the hedges under boughs of hornbeam and sweet-chestnut.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Complete" by John Symonds
Ash and hornbeam were his most precious woods.
"Confessions of Boyhood" by John Albee
Any ladies that please may have their own effigies in Myrtle, or their husbands in Hornbeam.
"The plant-lore and garden-craft of Shakespeare" by Henry Nicholson Ellacombe
I hastened down the garden and ran to the hornbeam.
"The Three Eyes" by Maurice Leblanc
The oak, pine, beech, hornbeam and birch are the chief varieties of trees.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 5" by Various
I went quickly to the hornbeam picket, for my heart told me that I should find Hania there.
"Hania" by Henryk Sienkiewicz
The hornbeams grow very slowly and their wood is close-grained, heavy, and hard.
"Trees Worth Knowing" by Julia Ellen Rogers
Is it not from the hornbeam that groweth within the garden of old husbands?
"The Legend of Ulenspiegel" by Charles de Coster
The prevailing types of trees are the oak, maple, hornbeam, beech, ash and elm.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 1" by Various
Hornbeam, 224, 233, 242.
"Disease in Plants" by H. Marshall Ward
The hornbeam thrives well on stiff, clayey, moist soils, into which its roots penetrate deeply; on chalk or gravel it does not flourish.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 6" by Various
Its venerable elms, hornbeams, beeches, cedars, and hawthorns are a very noble possession.
"Birds in London" by W. H. Hudson
Picturesquely considered, the Hornbeam is very nearly allied to the beech.
"Woodland Gleanings" by Charles Tilt

In news:

Later, downstream below a hornbeam.