history

Definitions

  • A PICTURE PUZZLE FROM HISTORY
    A PICTURE PUZZLE FROM HISTORY
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n history the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings "he teaches Medieval history","history takes the long view"
    • n history all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge "the dawn of recorded history","from the beginning of history"
    • n history a record or narrative description of past events "a history of France","he gave an inaccurate account of the plot to kill the president","the story of exposure to lead"
    • n history the aggregate of past events "a critical time in the school's history"
    • n history the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future "all of human history"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

NATURAL HISTORY OF CHOBHAM NATURAL HISTORY OF CHOBHAM
Relateth the History of The Reconcilers--3-41-356 Relateth the History of The Reconcilers--3-41-356
Natural History music Natural History music
Part of Caxton's Preface to the 'Recuyell of the Histories of Troye Part of Caxton's Preface to the 'Recuyell of the Histories of Troye
THE BULLFROG IN ITS NATURAL SURROUNDINGS See Snake, Turtle and Dragonfly and notice the tongue of the frog. Habitat Group in Museum of Natural History THE BULLFROG IN ITS NATURAL SURROUNDINGS See Snake, Turtle and Dragonfly and notice the tongue of the frog. Habitat...
ROCKY MOUNTAIN GOAT This animal is really not a goat, but is more nearly related to the antelopes. Range: The higher mountains from Alaska south to California. Group in American Museum of Natural History ROCKY MOUNTAIN GOAT This animal is really not a goat, but is more nearly related to the antelopes. Range: The higher...
BROWN PELICANS IN FLORIDA The Pelicans nest in colonies, and the young feed from the parents' throats. Range: Gulf coast of U. S. and southward. Habitat Group in The American Museum of Natural History BROWN PELICANS IN FLORIDA The Pelicans nest in colonies, and the young feed from the parents' throats. Range: Gulf...
DUCK HAWKS ON THE PALISADES OF THE HUDSON The "Noble Peregrine" of falconry carrying a pigeon to its young. Range: North and South America. Habitat Group in The American Museum of Natural History DUCK HAWKS ON THE PALISADES OF THE HUDSON The "Noble Peregrine" of falconry carrying a pigeon to its young. Range:...

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The longest reign in the history of the world was that of Pepi II of the sixth Egyptian dynasty. He ruled from the age of 6 until his death at age 94.
    • History A learning or knowing by inquiry; the knowledge of facts and events, so obtained; hence, a formal statement of such information; a narrative; a description; a written record; as, the history of a patient's case; the history of a legislative bill.
    • History A systematic, written account of events, particularly of those affecting a nation, institution, science, or art, and usually connected with a philosophical explanation of their causes; a true story, as distinguished from a romance; -- distinguished also from annals, which relate simply the facts and events of each year, in strict chronological order; from biography, which is the record of an individual's life; and from memoir, which is history composed from personal experience, observation, and memory. "Histories are as perfect as the historian is wise, and is gifted with an eye and a soul.""For aught that I could ever read,
      Could ever hear by tale or history ."
      "What histories of toil could I declare!""Justly Cæsar scorns the poet's lays;
      It is to history he trusts for praise."
      "No more yet of this;
      For 't is a chronicle of day by day,
      Not a relation for a breakfast."
      "Many glorious examples in the annals of our religion."
    • v. t History To narrate or record.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The longest reigning monarch in history was Pepi II, who ruled Egypt for 90 years; 2566 to 2476 BC. The second longest was France's Louis XIV, who ruled for 72 years, 1643 to 1715.
    • n history A narrative, oral or written, of past events; a story: as, a history of England; a history of the civil war; a history of an individual.
    • n history The recorded events of the past; also, that branch of science which is occupied with ascertaining and recording the facts of the past. History may deal with the past development of human affairs as a whole, or with some special phase of human activity, as in political history, ecclesiastical history, the history of philosophy, etc.; or with the life of animals, as in natural history; or with inorganic nature, as in geological history; but with reference to the lower animals and to inanimate nature the term has often no special implication of past time (see natural history, below).
    • n history Recorded or accomplished fact; also, the aggregate of the events, recorded or unrecorded, which mark a given period of past time, as in the development of an individual or of a race, etc.: as, a checkered history.
    • n history An eventful career; a past worthy of record: as, a man with a history.
    • n history In liturgics, in medieval English uses, as in the Use of Sarum, the series of responsories to a set of lections from the historical or other books of Scripture. The history was named from the initial words of the first responsory, and these were often also used as the name of the Sunday on which the history was said, or of the period following during which the lections continued to be taken from the book then begun.
    • n history A historical play or drama.
    • history To record; relate.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The longest war between two nations in history, The Hundred Years War between England and France, really lasted for 115 years(1338-1453).
    • n History his′to-ri an account of an event: a systematic account of the origin and progress of a nation: the knowledge of facts, events, &c.: an eventful life, a past of more than common interest, as a 'woman with a history:' a drama representing historical events
    • v.t History (rare) to record
    • ***

Quotations

  • Thomas Carlyle
    Thomas%20Carlyle
    “History is the essence of innumerable biographies.”
  • Benjamin Disraeli
    Benjamin%20Disraeli
    “Read no history: nothing but biography, for that is life without theory.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “There is properly no history; only biography.”
  • Louis Fischer
    Louis Fischer
    “Biography is history seen through the prism of a person.”
  • Benito Mussolini
    Benito Mussolini
    “Blood alone moves the wheels of history.”
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower
    Dwight%20D.%20Eisenhower
    “Things have never been more like the way they are today in history.”

Idioms

Rewrite history - If you rewrite history, you change your version of past events so as to make yourself look better than you would if the truth was told.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. historia, Gr. 'istori`a history, information, inquiry, fr. 'istwr "istwr, knowing, learned, from the root of to know; akin to E. wit,. See Wit, and cf. Story

Usage

In literature:

The same ill fortune attends Manetho's history of Egypt, and Berosu's history of Chaldea.
"Curiosities of Literature, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by Isaac D'Israeli
It is rather a remarkable fact of history that Negroes were carried upon the rolls of the navy without reference to their nationality.
"History of the Negro Race in America from 1619 to 1880. Vol. 2 (of 2)" by George Washington Williams
It is all history and false history.
"Folklore as an Historical Science" by George Laurence Gomme
The principal of those which ancient writers have recorded are contained in the history of the Persian Empire.
"Historical Sketches, Volume I (of 3)" by John Henry Newman
The histories of the smuggling dogs on the frontiers of France, are well known, but these smugglers are now almost all destroyed.
"Anecdotes of the Habits and Instinct of Animals" by R. Lee
A Series of Essays on the History of Art.
"In the Forbidden Land" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
The history of the doings of the armies is their history, as in everything they took part and did their share.
"Masterpieces of Negro Eloquence" by Various
Hebrew history has been of great importance in the early history of our country.
"The Menorah Journal, Volume 1, 1915" by Various
Such, in brief, was the constitution of Sweden when first known in history.
"The Swedish Revolution Under Gustavus Vasa" by Paul Barron Watson
The members of this new body were conspicuous characters in New York's history for the next third of a century.
"A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3" by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander
The history of Roman Property Law is the history of the assimilation of Res Mancipi to Res Nec Mancipi.
"Ancient Law" by Sir Henry James Sumner Maine
Democracy and history.+ Democracy is almost equally indifferent to history, and the dogmas of democracy make history unimportant.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
History.+ History is a systematic record of past events.
"Elementary Guide to Literary Criticism" by F. V. N. Painter
They do not sway history as the personal teaching of Jesus sways history.
"A Short History of the World" by H. G. Wells
It need astonish no impartial student of our history that the Senate used it.
"The Middle Period 1817-1858" by John William Burgess
Where are these peoples now, and where their unrevealed histories?
"Peculiarities of American Cities" by Willard Glazier
His "Faust" is a history of the soul.
"The World's Best Books" by Frank Parsons
A sketch of Greek history is not possible in the sense in which a sketch of Roman history, or even of English history, is possible.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 4" by Various
So much for the contents of the treaties but what about the detailed history of their negotiation?
"The American Indian as Slaveholder and Seccessionist" by Annie Heloise Abel
The place of Plato in the history of Greek literature is as unique as his place in the history of Greek thought.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 5" by Various
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In poetry:

Where are your monuments, your battles, martyrs?
Where is your tribal memory? Sirs,
in that gray vault. The sea. The sea
has locked them up. The sea is History.
"The Sea Is History" by Derek Walcott
"I fain would guess its mystery--
For often I can trace
A fellow dreamer's history
Whene'er it haunts the face;
Your fancy's running riot
In a retrospective race!
"The Ancient Printman" by James Whitcomb Riley
These Pillars of our history,
In fame forever young,
Are known in every latitude
And named in every tongue,
And down through all the Ages
Their story shall be sung.
"The Lee Memorial Ode" by James Barron Hope
The grandest leader of the grandest war
That ever time in history gave a place,--
What were the tinsel flattery of a star
To such a breast! or what a ribbon's grace!
"Abraham Lincoln" by Alice Cary
'Young Ladies of property,
Let Lady A.'s history serve as a stopper t' ye;
Don't wed with low people beneath your degree,
And if you've a baby, don't send it to sea!
"Some Account Of A New Play" by Richard Harris Barham
While loud the Year is raising cry
At birth to know if it must bear
In history the bloody dye,
An English heart, a soldier's eye,
For the old country first will care.
"To Colonel Charles (Dying General C.B.B.)" by George Meredith

In news:

The history of ideas is often the history of their displacement.
In what goes down in history as the most expensive election in American history (at least until 2016), we breathe a sigh of relief that it's finally over.
FAIRBANKS — The University of Alaska Fairbanks' History Department has been selected to be the institutional sponsor and new office location of the Western History Association.
Lahaina Restoration Foundation recently shared Lahaina's rich history with nearly a dozen teachers representing the six West Maui schools through its "History in our Backyard" program.
"I think the (game) that I haven't seen any other improv group do is 'history out-takes,' where we redo a scene from history in a silly way after we've re-enacted the way the original scene took place," said Bronson.
Joe Fisher — a man of both sport and history — can attach his name to one of the most famous athletes in the history of sport.
John Hope Franklin is the James B Duke Professor Emeritus of History, and for seven years was Professor Legal History in the Law School at Duke University.
James Joll , a British historian of modern Europe who interwove the history of politics and the history of ideas, died on Tuesday at his home in London.
The jazz flugelhornist and composer kicks off Jazz History Month with a donation to the National Museum of American History.
I don't believe there were ever so many people with so much knowledge of the history of Saranac Lake gathered in one room together than were at the great Guggenheim Camp during Historic Saranac Lake's History Day on Sept 6.
Conditions at Colorado Springs, CO. For the first time, firefighters who battled the Waldo Canyon Fire are sharing their stories about how the flames charged into Colorado Springs and into the history books as the worst fire in state history.
Dickson died Tuesday at his beloved home on Portage Point, a treasure trove of athletic history as well as Delta County history.
Featured exhibits portray the history of Fort St Joseph , built by the French in 1691, the story of the Underground Railroad in southern Michigan, and the importance of the railroad and classification yards in Niles' history.
The history of WSB is the history of an industry.
Telegraph Group Ltd. Women's history month: 10 women making history today.
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In science:

The history of these alternative theories of gravity is long, rich and begins with the celebrated Weyl’s theory in 1918 . I do not intend to make a survey of this history.
Universality of Einstein's General Relativity
In consistent histories language, we have initial density matrix ρ = |aiha| and the single datum corresponding to the history H = {Pc} from the consistent set S = {{Pc , 1 − Pc}}, where the pro jection Pc = |cihc| is taken at time t.
Quantum Histories and Their Implications
In the language of standard quantum mechanics, U P corresponds to the space of all the quantum histories (not only the consistent histories) for a given system, whose Hilbert space and hamiltonian are fixed.
Quantum Histories and Their Implications
Any of several representations of quantum histories could be considered: the relevant part of Isham and Linden’s discussion uses the simplest representation of quantum histories, as sequences of pro jection operators.
Quantum Histories and Their Implications
All of the examples Isham and Linden consider involve inconsistent histories — these are all they require in order to investigate possible properties of decoherence functionals applied to arbitrary, not necessarily consistent, quantum histories.
Quantum Histories and Their Implications
The first of these equations holds by the definition of an ordered consistent history, but it might perhaps be hoped that the others could restrict the class of histories further.
Quantum Histories and Their Implications
One might then claim to have predicted the “emission history” of the universe from its “absorption history”.
A Global Perspective on Star Formation
Note that the throat history in ( ¯M , ¯g) is only defined with respect to a given foliation, while the throat history in (M , g ) has a coordinate invariant meaning as the tra jectory of the “minimum radius” RP2 .
Reduced phase space formalism for spherically symmetric geometry with a massive dust shell
In consistent history quantum theory, a description of the time development of a quantum system requires choosing a framework or consistent family, and then calculating probabilities for the different histories which it contains.
Choice of Consistent Family, and Quantum Incompatibility
Hence the present paper contains a detailed examination of these problems, using a systematic formulation of the consistent history approach published under the title “Consistent histories and quantum reasoning”, hereafter referred to as CHQR .
Choice of Consistent Family, and Quantum Incompatibility
The four pro jectors in (2.6) and (2.8) are the elementary histories which constitute the sample space of F1 . (They sum to Ψ0 rather than to the history space identity because we regard F1 , along with the families we shall consider later, as having a fixed initial event; see remarks towards the end of Sec.
Choice of Consistent Family, and Quantum Incompatibility
C ∗ , Ψ0 ⊙ d ⊙ D∗ , together with additional histories of zero weight. (The pro jectors at t1 and t2 in the histories in (2.15), unlike those in (2.11), do not pro ject onto pure states.
Choice of Consistent Family, and Quantum Incompatibility
Thus given any two coarse-grained histories which describe the same system (over the same time interval), there is always a finer-grained history constructed using the common refinement, and which incorporates, or implies, each of the coarser histories.
Choice of Consistent Family, and Quantum Incompatibility
Consistent with that usage, we shall say that two histories Y and Y ′ are incompatible if there is no (single) consistent family which contains both of them, and a framework F and a history Y ′ are incompatible if there is no consistent family G which contains Y ′ along with all the histories in F .
Choice of Consistent Family, and Quantum Incompatibility
As in each realization of the experiment the particle is detected by C or D , this confirms the usual consistent history interpretation of the two histories in (4.7) as mutually exclusive alternatives, one or the other of which must occur in any particular case.
Choice of Consistent Family, and Quantum Incompatibility
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