hinge

Definitions

  • Hinges
    Hinges
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v hinge attach with a hinge
    • n hinge a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other
    • n hinge a circumstance upon which subsequent events depend "his absence is the hinge of our plan"
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Three Positions of Hinges Three Positions of Hinges
A few 17th-century handwrought hinges in the Jamestown collection A few 17th-century handwrought hinges in the Jamestown collection
An Asbestos-lined Kiln Door of the Hinge Type An Asbestos-lined Kiln Door of the Hinge Type

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Many hundreds of years ago when the well-known style of Irish dancing began in the country side of Ireland, most houses of the poor - and that means most houses - only had a dirt floor which was not a lot of use for dancing on if you were holding a ceildh (pronounced kay-lee and meaning party - more or less). So in order to make the dancing easier the owners of the house which was holding the party would take the doors off their hinges and lay them on the floor. There was just enough room on each door for two people to dance, providing they did not fling their arms about - hence the original name for Irish dancing - Door Dancing.
    • Hinge One of the four cardinal points, east, west, north, or south. "When the moon is in the hinge at East.""Nor slept the winds . . . but rushed abroad."
    • Hinge That on which anything turns or depends; a governing principle; a cardinal point or rule; as, this argument was the hinge on which the question turned.
    • Hinge The hook with its eye, or the joint, on which a door, gate, lid, etc., turns or swings; a flexible piece, as a strip of leather, which serves as a joint to turn on. "The gate self-opened wide,
      On golden hinges turning."
    • Hinge To attach by, or furnish with, hinges.
    • Hinge To bend. "As men may warm wax with handes plie ."
    • v. i Hinge To stand, depend, hang, or turn, as on a hinge; to depend chiefly for a result or decision or for force and validity; -- usually with on or upon; as, the argument hinges on this point.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n hinge An artificial movable joint; a device for joining two pieces in such a manner that one may be turned upon the other; the articulation of a door, gate, shutter, lid, etc., to its support, or of two equally movable parts, as of a fire-screen, to each other. A metallic hinge for a door or the like consists of the two leaves or straps, the knuckle or rounded and perforated projection in alternate parts at their inner ends, by which they are joined, and the pin or pintle which passes through the knuckle and on which the hinge turns.
    • n hinge A natural movable joint; an anatomical articulation turning in a single plane, as that of the knee or of a bivalve shell. See hinge-joint, and cut under bivalve.
    • n hinge Figuratively, that on which anything depends or turns; a cardinal or controlling principle, rule, or point.
    • n hinge One of the cardinal points, north, south, east, or west.
    • n hinge In entomology, the cardo or basal part of the maxilla. See cut under Insecta.
    • hinge To furnish with hinges; join by means of hinges, literally or figuratively.
    • hinge To bend the hinge or hinges of.
    • hinge Figuratively, to cause to depend: as, to hinge one's acceptance upon some future event.
    • hinge To stand, depend, or turn on or as if on a hinge: chiefly figurative.
    • n hinge In botany, the flexible lamella of the guard-cells of a stoma which renders them mobile.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Hinge hinj the hook or joint on which a door or lid hangs: that on which anything depends or turns
    • v.t Hinge to furnish with hinges: to bend
    • v.i Hinge to hang or turn as on a hinge: to depend on:—pr.p. hing′ing; pa.p. hinged
    • ***

Quotations

  • B. R. Hayden
    B. R. Hayden
    “Love and death are the two great hinges on which all human sympathies turn.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. henge, heeng,; akin to D. heng, LG. henge, Prov. E. hingle, a small hinge; connected with hang, v., and Icel. hengja, to hang. See Hang

Usage

In literature:

The door was close to giving in now, the hinges starting to pull loose.
"Smugglers' Reef" by John Blaine
Put small iron hinges on it and screw it to the sill, so that it can hang down against the under wall when desirable.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
A heavy shoulder struck the door hard, and the screaming wooden hinges covered the sound of the entering footfall.
"A Breath of Prairie and other stories" by Will Lillibridge
The direction-rods for horizontal movement were out-hinged.
"The Bluff of the Hawk" by Anthony Gilmore
The other hinge still held, but it was bending with each mighty blow.
"The Affair of the Brains" by Anthony Gilmore
A hinge gave out a resentful groan.
"The Gods of Mars" by Edgar Rice Burroughs
The gate swung open slowly, creaking on its warped hinges.
"Olive in Italy" by Moray Dalton
Sol wrestled for a few seconds with the back door and finally tore it completely from its hinges.
"The Spoilers of the Valley" by Robert Watson
Every joint and hinge in the boat seemed to be cracking, the engine roared and groaned, the steam howled and hissed.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine -- Volume 57, No. 351, January 1845" by Various
There is a god Door, a goddess Hinge, a god Threshold.
"History of Religion" by Allan Menzies
And yet, upon that hinged his stay in Simiti.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
The larger chest looked very ancient and rotten: its hinges might be loose.
"The Bright Face of Danger" by Robert Neilson Stephens
Its stout oaken panels were soon dashed in, and the door driven from its hinges.
"Maria Antoinette" by John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott
The window now appeared as though swung from hinges at the top.
"The Wilderness Trail" by Frank Williams
To make the front door open well, outward, the hinge line of the door (KK) should be half cut through on the inside.
"What Shall We Do Now?: Five Hundred Games and Pastimes" by Dorothy Canfield Fisher
Despair gave him the strength of a giant; he burst the door off its hinges.
"Weird Tales. Vol. I" by E. T. A. Hoffmann
To their anxious ears it seemed impossible that the noise of its rusty hinges could not be heard on the topmost battlement.
"Trusia" by Davis Brinton
The front door hung loosely on its hinges.
"Madge Morton's Trust" by Amy D. V. Chalmers
Take any kind of an old barrel made of hard wood (a salt barrel makes a good one), and fix a board on one side of the top with a hinge.
"Deadfalls and Snares" by A. R. (Arthur Robert) Harding
The terrace steps were lost in darkness, and the wooden outer door creaked on its hinges.
"The Undying Past" by Hermann Sudermann
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In poetry:

Dinna ye ken
'At ye hing ower men
Wha haena a sang or a penny to spen?
Hertless laverock!
"The Laverock" by George MacDonald
A rosy brier hings ower the spat,
An' there the mavis bigs her nest:
Ye'll hear her sing at e'en an' morn,
An' see her bonny speckl'd breast.
"The Aul' Kirkyard" by Janet Hamilton
I ken wha it is that pu's the rape
That never yet has been seen,
An' I ken wha is ringin' the bell, though nane
Hings the auld bare wa's atween.
"The Weary Weird" by Alexander Anderson
A dark fir-wud hings ower the burn,
That wannerin' jinks roun' monny a turn,
Far doon oot through the lanely dell,
By whilk ance leev't my Cousin Bell.
"Cousin Bell: An Incident In Real Life" by Janet Hamilton
The stars are all watching;
God's angel is catching
At thy skirts in the darkness deep!
Gold hinges grating,
The mighty dead waiting,
Why dost thou sleep?
"Awake!" by George MacDonald
Those Graces were that seemed grim Fates;
With nearer love the sky leaned o'er me;
The long-sought Secret's golden gates
On musical hinges swung before me.
"Hebe" by James Russell Lowell

In news:

Climate Treaty Hinges on Obama Making Case, Ex- Aides Say.
This is a nicely molded full-detailed kit with a complete chassis and a beautiful four-cylinder engine under the hinged hood.
The arrival of Shoptiques isn't a Cinderella story, but both tales do hinge on a pair of shoes.
When you come in the gallery you'll notice she has a display of three small pictures, with an arrow pointing at a hinged box on the table.
But this evidence hinges upon whether scholars can verify the authenticity of the artifact .
When it all hinges on one person, mistakes will happen.
Senate balance of power hinges on weird, 'nasty.
'Obscenity' hinges on 'community standards'.
His success will hinge on the ability to move and react without playing tentatively.
450,000 Bethel airport improvement project hinges on federal funds.
Solving one of the nation's most hotly debated issues – comprehensive immigration legislation – may hinge on a little-understood procedural rule that's played an increasingly crucial role in Congress.
MENTOR, Ohio — Presidential elections have hinged on Ohio for decades.
Artist Michael Adkins of Roanoke designed this hinged-lidded dog house to appeal to "a biker princess" pup.
Suburbanite's police brutality lawsuit hinges on Detroit officer who broke code of silence.
Tuesday night's vote counting ended with some Republican Party strategists coming to a single conclusion: The GOP's viability hinges on it turning to a grown-up leader who can preach a gospel of inclusiveness.
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In science:

In his original paper, Purcell proposed a simple example of non-reciprocal body deformation, a two-hinged body composed of three rigid links rotating out-of-phase with each other, now refereed to as Purcell’s swimmer .
The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms
Their resolutions hinge on the true nature of singularities.
Singularity Resolution in Loop Quantum Cosmology: A Brief Overview
Their suggestion hinges on the presence of a substantial blue continuum and Balmer lines with variable PCygni profiles.
The Origin and Shaping of Planetary Nebulae: Putting the Binary Hypothesis to the Test
Our model hinges on two novel components: a statistical noise model a hierarchical inference over language families.
A Bayesian Model for Discovering Typological Implications
The simplest consequence of having a dense medium is the energy-loss of the propagating parton, that is, “jet-quenc hing ”.
Jet Quenching in Evolving QGP Medium
Hence, while the type of nonlinearity between Yi and Xi plays a crucial role for power properties, the properties also significantly hinge on how Zi is related to Yi .
Testing conditional independence via Rosenblatt transforms
Our ability to detect statistical anisotropy hinges on the assumption of a sufficiently short period of inflation, which again may find some justification in the string theory landscape.
Anisotropic Kantowski-Sachs Universe from Gravitational Tunneling and its Observational Signatures
Consequently, the quality and reliability of a reaction rate evaluation hinges directly on the transparency and reproducibility of the input data.
Charged-Particle Thermonuclear Reaction Rates: III. Nuclear Physics Input
The possibility of extracting and interpreting universal, long-distance functions through global fits to experiments hinges on QCD factorization theorems.
Spin Physics: Session Summary
Further progress on the determination of the light quark masses hinges on an improved understanding of the e.m. effects.
Review of lattice results concerning low energy particle physics
Our constructions hinge on subtle conditions, including “compatibility conditions,” on elements of certain dual spaces.
Logarithmic tensor category theory, IV: Constructions of tensor product bifunctors and the compatibility conditions
However, since we know the other mixing angles are non-zero, observation of CP-violation in neutrino oscillations hinges on a non-zero value of θ13 .
The Last Neutrino Mixing angle theta13
Our prior results hinge on proving that B2 holds.
Optimal detection of sparse principal components in high dimension
The result is a mathematical coincidence, hinged on the normal assumption.” M.
Comments on "Confidence distribution, the frequentist distribution estimator of a parameter --- a review" by Min-ge Xie and Kesar Singh
Remarks: Effectively the proof hinges on the fact that nonsingular Mmatrices are closed under Schur complementation (Horn and Johnson, 1991, p. 128, problem 15), a property that they share with the class of positive definite matrices.
NP-hardness of polytope M-matrix testing and related problems
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