• WordNet 3.6
    • n hessian (19th century) a man's high tasseled boot
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Hessian A mercenary or venal person.
    • Hessian A native or inhabitant of Hesse.
    • a Hessian Of or relating to Hesse, in Germany, or to the Hessians.
    • Hessian See Hessian boots and cloth, under Hessian a.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • Hessian Relating or pertaining to Hesse in Germany, or to the Hessians.
    • n Hessian A native or an inhabitant of Hesse in Germany. The Hessians as a race are the representatives of the ancient Teutonic people the Catti (Chatti); they formed various minor states in Germany, of which the chief have been Hesse-Cassel (annexed to Prussia in 1866) and the grand duchy of Hesse, called Hesse-Darmstadt previous to 1866.
    • n Hessian In the United States, as a term of reproach, a mercenary; a military or political hireling: from the employment of Hessian troops as mercenaries by the British government in the American revolution.
    • n Hessian plural A kind of long boots originally worn by Hessian soldiers; Hessian boots.
    • n Hessian plural A kind of coarse cloth, made of hemp, or, in modern times, of a mixture of hemp and jute, and used principally for bagging.
    • n Hessian In mathematics, a functional determinant whose constituents are the second differential coefficients of a quantic, arranged in regular order. The name was given by Sylvester in 1853, after Dr. Otto Hesse of Königsberg, who showed the importance of this determinant. It is the Jacobian to the diiferential coefficients of a homogeneous function of any number of variables.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Hessian hesh′i-an of or pertaining to Hesse
    • n Hessian a native of Hesse:
    • n Hessian (pl.) short for Hessian boots, a kind of long boots first worn by Hessian troops
    • ***


In literature:

He opposed Government on all occasions, especially in bringing over Hessian troops, and in carrying on a German war.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
Do they not teach the children that we conquered them with hired Hessians?
"Uncle Daniel's Story Of "Tom" Anderson And Twenty Great Battles" by John McElroy
Her riding Hessians had been replaced with a pair of diminutive sandals which made a clicking little patter as she walked.
"The Song of the Wolf" by Frank Mayer
They believed, or hoped, that that village was still in possession of the Hessians whom York had left there.
"Tourcoing" by Hilaire Belloc
Washington successfully surprises the Hessians at Trenton, December 26th.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 14" by Various
The gentleman had a frilled shirt and wore Hessian boots.
"Christopher Crayon's Recollections The Life and Times of the late James Ewing Ritchie as told by himself" by J. Ewing Ritchie
Caesar, a Hessian wine-glass for Mr.
"The Red City" by S. Weir Mitchell
Two brigades of Hessians, under Lieutenant-general De Heister, were transferred from the camp on Staten Island on the 25th.
"The Student's Life of Washington; Condensed from the Larger Work of Washington Irving" by Washington Irving
He was a Hessian by birth, named Reuter, but had changed his name to Caballero.
"Edelweiss" by Berthold Auerbach
In 1735 a Hessian who had come to America eight years before, the Rev.
"Legends of the Skyline Drive and the Great Valley of Virginia" by Carrie Hunter Willis

In poetry:

Ho! Hessians, hirelings at meat
While praying patriots hunger so!
Then, bang ! Boom ! Bang ! Death and defeat !
And blood ? Ay, blood upon the snow !
Yet not the blood of patriot feet,
But heart's blood of the foe !
"Washington" by Cincinnatus Hiner Miller Miller

In news:

The " Hessians ," as they were collectively called, served with the British forces under contract to King George III.
Several Hessians settled here and in Great Barrington after the war.
This would be the time of year for a school reunion up at Hessian Hills, if the old school had been that kind of place.
Ask for a room in the Stone Lodges with views of Hessian Lake.
Still, the speed with which the Bronx Hessians have returned to the edge of the postseason pool has been fairly stunning.

In science:

When α = 0 (Gaussian case), the hessian is strictly positive.
Boson peak in an harmonic scalar model
Therefore the density controls the appearence of a mechanical instability in this model: there is a phase-transition from a region where the short time dynamics is ruled by a positive hessian (high ρ) to the one where an extensive number of negative eigenvalues is found (low ρ).
Boson peak in an harmonic scalar model
When α = 0 (Gaussian case), the Hessian is strictly positive.
Vibrations in glasses and Euclidean Random Matrix theory
As a consequence, there is a transition from a region where the short time dynamics is ruled by a positive Hessian (high density) to one where an extensive number of negative eigenvalues is found (low density).
Vibrations in glasses and Euclidean Random Matrix theory
Hessian H (g ) is positive definite by assumption.
Another Simple Proof of a Theorem of Chandler Davis