herd

Definitions

  • Habogi and Helga ride through the herd of horses
    Habogi and Helga ride through the herd of horses
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v herd move together, like a herd
    • v herd cause to herd, drive, or crowd together "We herded the children into a spare classroom"
    • v herd keep, move, or drive animals "Who will be herding the cattle when the cowboy dies?"
    • n herd a group of cattle or sheep or other domestic mammals all of the same kind that are herded by humans
    • n herd a group of wild mammals of one species that remain together: antelope or elephants or seals or whales or zebra
    • n herd a crowd especially of ordinary or undistinguished persons or things "his brilliance raised him above the ruck","the children resembled a fairy herd"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The herd questions the father about his daughter The herd questions the father about his daughter
GUARDING THE FLOCKS AND HERDS GUARDING THE FLOCKS AND HERDS
Herd of sheep following a shepherd Herd of sheep following a shepherd

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Dutch engineers have developed a computerized machine that allows a cow to milk itself. Each cow in the herd has a computer chip in its collar. If the computer senses that the cow has not been milked in a given period of time, the milk-laden animal is allowed to enter the stall. The robot sensors locate the teats, apply the vacuum devices, and the cow is milked. The machine costs a mere $250,000 and is said to boost milk production by 15%.
    • Herd A crowd of low people; a rabble. "But far more numerous was the herd of such
      Who think too little and who talk too much."
      "You can never interest the common herd in the abstract question."
    • Herd A number of beasts assembled together; as, a herd of horses, oxen, cattle, camels, elephants, deer, or swine; a particular stock or family of cattle. "The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea."
    • a Herd hẽrd Haired.
    • n Herd One who herds or assembles domestic animals; a herdsman; -- much used in composition; as, a shepherd; a goatherd, and the like.
    • Herd To act as a herdsman or a shepherd.
    • Herd To associate; to ally one's self with, or place one's self among, a group or company. "I'll herd among his friends, and seem
      One of the number."
    • v. t Herd To form or put into a herd.
    • Herd To unite or associate in a herd; to feed or run together, or in company; as, sheep herd on many hills.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n herd A number of animals feeding or driven together; a drove; a flock: commonly used of the larger animals, such as cows, oxen, horses, asses (cattle), deer, camels, elephants, whales, etc., and sometimes of small cattle, as sheep, hogs, etc., and in falconry and fowling of birds, as swans, cranes, and curlews.
    • n herd In a disparaging sense, a company of men or people; a rabble; a mob: as, the vulgar herd.
    • herd To go in a herd; congregate as beasts; feed or run in droves.
    • herd To associate; unite in troops or companies; become one of any faction, party, or set: used in a more or less derogatory or sinister sense.
    • herd To form into or as if into a herd.
    • n herd A herdsman; a keeper of cattle; a shepherd; hence, a keeper of any domestic animals: now rare in the simple form (except in Scotland), but common in composition, as in cowherd, goatherd, gooseherd, shepherd, swineherd.
    • herd To take care of or tend, as cattle.
    • herd To act as a herd or shepherd; tend cattle or take care of a flock.
    • herd An obsolete spelling of heard, preterit and past participle of hear.
    • herd An obsolete form of haired.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Herd hėrd a number of beasts feeding together, and watched or tended: any collection of beasts, as distinguished from a flock: a company of people, the rabble
    • v.i Herd to run in herds
    • v.t Herd to tend, as a herdsman
    • ns Herd one who tends a herd
    • ***

Quotations

  • Aaron Hill
    Aaron Hill
    “Courage is poorly housed that dwells in numbers; the lion never counts the herd that are about him, nor weighs how many flocks he has to scatter.”
  • Henry Miller
    Henry%20Miller
    “It is the American vice, the democratic disease which expresses its tyranny by reducing everything unique to the level of the herd.”
  • Archibald Macleish
    Archibald%20Macleish
    “The dissenter is every human being at those moments of his life when he resigns momentarily from the herd and thinks for himself.”
  • Ezra Pound
    Ezra%20Pound
    “Real education must ultimately be limited to men who insist on knowing. The rest is mere sheep-herding.”
  • Napoleon Bonaparte
    Napoleon%20Bonaparte
    “The herd seek out the great, not for their sake but for their influence; and the great welcome them out of vanity or need.”
  • George S. Patton
    George%20S.%20Patton
    “We herd sheep, we drive cattle, we lead people. Lead me, follow me, or get out of my way.”

Idioms

Herding cats - If you have to try to co-ordinate a very difficult situation, where people want to do very different things, you are herding cats.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. hirde, herde, heorde, AS. hirde, hyrde, heorde,; akin to G. hirt, hirte, OHG. hirti, Icel. hir,ir, Sw. herde, Dan. hyrde, Goth. haírdeis,. See 2d Herd
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. hirde, hierde; Ger. heerde, Sw. hjord.

Usage

In literature:

That's the second bunch cut out of that herd, ain't it, Mike?
"The Free Range" by Francis William Sullivan
Frank caught the signal, grinned, and began to herd the two students toward the door.
"Eight Keys to Eden" by Mark Irvin Clifton
I would see this herd, and soon.
"Oedipus King of Thebes" by Sophocles
On reaching the shore, and a few yards from the bank, he encountered a herd of buffaloes, cows and young calves, on their way to the river.
"The Giraffe Hunters" by Mayne Reid
The distance of the herd from the place where we first heard them could not have been less than twenty miles.
"Delineations of the Ox Tribe" by George Vasey
But I ought to do all I can; and I would like herding best.
"The Orphans of Glen Elder" by Margaret Murray Robertson
Buffaloes move in two kinds of herds, the giant herds, and the little ones.
"The Great Sioux Trail" by Joseph Altsheler
Numerous herds of deer were seen, pasturing in the plains, or feeding on the young willows of the river.
"Travels in North America, From Modern Writers" by William Bingley
They were the leader and his two sentinels, and behind them came the herd.
"The Cave Twins" by Lucy Fitch Perkins
Again, not only will the individual be responsive to impulses coming from the herd but he will treat the herd as his normal environment.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
Far off through the stillness the great moose, lying with the rest of the herd in their shadowy covert, caught the ominous sound.
"Kings in Exile" by Sir Charles George Douglas Roberts
Then the sheep-men will be bringin' in their herds soon's frost comes and pa 'lows to get a job herdin'.
"Letters on an Elk Hunt" by Elinore Pruitt Stewart
We have found many bearing our brand among his herds.
"With Hoops of Steel" by Florence Finch Kelly
One of my duties, and one that I dreaded, was pumping water for our herd.
"A Son of the Middle Border" by Hamlin Garland
A deep bellow proclaimed that the herd had become aware of the presence of their enemies.
"Captain Bayley's Heir:" by G. A. Henty
These were the migrant herds of the Dinoceras, just arrived at their new pasturage.
"In the Morning of Time" by Charles G. D. Roberts
If he rode herd on the range lands, the timber sections, there were those who rode herd on him.
"Tharon of Lost Valley" by Vingie E. Roe
Pete's first care was to work around behind the herd till this danger should be quite eliminated.
"The Backwoodsmen" by Charles G. D. Roberts
Proofs enough remain to show that the size of the herds simply could not be exaggerated.
"The Story of the Trapper" by A. C. Laut
Found in large herds in the plains.
"Sporting Scenes amongst the Kaffirs of South Africa" by Alfred W. Drayson
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In poetry:

The portere rose anon sertan,
As sone as he herd John calle;
Litul Johne was redy with a swerd,
And bare hym to the walle.
"Robin Hood And The Monk" by Andrew Lang
And gayer than the buds of spring,
More musical than summer birds,
The songs a happy wife would sing
'Mid lowing of the herds.
"The Ruined Home" by Annie Adams Fields
It keeps the bright-eyed creatures
That play about its walls,
Though long ago its milking herds
Were banished from their stalls.
"The Deserted Pasture" by Bliss William Carman
The lowing herd, the prancing steed
Receiv'd we from Thy hand,
And we, this day, return our meed
Of praise, throughout the land.
"Thanksgiving Day" by Thomas Frederick Young
Armies he's seen--the herds of war,
But never such swarms of men
As now in the Nineveh of the North--
How mad the Rebellion then!
"The Released Rebel Prisoner" by Herman Melville
Which herded, with the horse and cow,
And merchandise of every name,
All men who wear the sable brow,
Regardless of their rank or fame.
"The Black Man's Wrongs" by James Madison Bell

In news:

They're strange and contradictory—and they don't like to be herded.
The singer takes viewers through the art of training a dog to herd , mixing in quips that only he could think of along the way.
It will cause bat populations to crater and deer herds to double.
Or stated in more politically correct terminology, the elephant (or elephants plural) have left the herd.
In a way, Marshall University football coach Doc Holliday's appearance at his press conference Tuesday summed up the Thundering Herd football team this season -- stitched up and bruised, but determined.
A hefty hippo chased away from his herd at a South African game reserve has found a refreshing place to relax: the lodge's swimming pool.
Wentzel said the 4-year-old hippo 's mother gave birth recently, and more dominant males forced him from the herd.
But according to Lewis, media coverage can help save hippos in the future by raising attention to the importance of managing young bulls in herds.
Herd has long row to hoe .
The Herd should have shown both more common sense and football sense than this MU should have played with more of a sense of urgency than this.
The three Vreba- Hoff dairies are now operating under one roof with a vastly reduced herd size down to about 2,450 cows.
The dilemma leading up to the primaries last spring was a tough one for the liberals, progressives, union loyalists and other cats the Democratic Party tries to herd.
Maybe herd mentality isn't a bad way to decide.
Globe Staff Photo / Tom Herde.
IN "Fuerzabruta" - the latest extravaganza from creators of the hit "De La Guarda" - the audience is not only forced to stand, but is also periodically herded through the playing.
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In science:

In this paper, we introduce a herding variant of this algorithm, called herded Gibbs, that is entirely deterministic.
Herded Gibbs Sampling
We prove consistency of herded Gibbs for models with independent random variables.
Herded Gibbs Sampling
Herded Gibbs is shown to outperform Gibbs in the tasks of image denoising with MRFs and named entity recognition with CRFs.
Herded Gibbs Sampling
However, the convergence for herded Gibbs for sparsely connected probabilistic graphical models is still an open problem.
Herded Gibbs Sampling
To do this, herded Gibbs defines a set of auxiliary weights {wi,xN (i) } for any value of Xi = xi and XN (i) = xN (i) .
Herded Gibbs Sampling
Herded Gibbs can be trivially generalized to the multivariate setting by employing weight vectors in R|X | instead of scalars.
Herded Gibbs Sampling
The memory complexity of herded Gibbs is exponential in the maximum node degree.
Herded Gibbs Sampling
As herded Gibbs sampling is a deterministic algorithm, there is no stationary probability distribution of states.
Herded Gibbs Sampling
Figure 1: Herding dynamics for a single variable.
Herded Gibbs Sampling
In an empty graph, all the variables are independent of each other and herded Gibbs reduces to running N one-variable chains in parallel.
Herded Gibbs Sampling
In fact, herded Gibbs converges to the target joint distribution at a rate of O(1/T ) with a O(log(T )) burn-in period.
Herded Gibbs Sampling
The proof proceeds by first bounding the discrepancy between the chain of empirical estimates of the joint obtained by averaging over T herded Gibbs samples, {P (s) T }, s ≥ τ , and a Gibbs chain initialized at P (τ ) T .
Herded Gibbs Sampling
The Gibbs chain has geometric convergence to π and the distance between the Gibbs and herded Gibbs chains is bounded by O(1/T ).
Herded Gibbs Sampling
The geometric convergence rate to π dominates the discrepancy of herded Gibbs and thus we infer that P (τ ) converges to π geometrically.
Herded Gibbs Sampling
However, for a generic graph we have no mathematical guarantees on the convergence rate of herded Gibbs.
Herded Gibbs Sampling
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