herbarium

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n herbarium a collection of dried plants that are mounted and systematically classified for study
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Herbarium A book or case for preserving dried plants.
    • Herbarium A collection of dried specimens of plants, systematically arranged.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n herbarium A collection of dried plants systematically arranged; a hortus siccus. In the United States a standard herbarium-sheet has been adopted, and all plants are prepared to fit this. The sheets are 16½ inches long and 11½ inches wide, and the paper, which is white, smooth, and stiff, weighs about 28 pounds to the ream. For many European herbariums a smaller size was originally adopted, which it is inexpedient to change. The plants are attached to these sheets either by small gummed strips of paper or by gluing one side of the specimen. The sheets are then inclosed in thick double sheets of heavy manila paper called genus-covers. Each genus-cover contains a single genus, unless this is too large. Where the species of a genus are very numerous, they are placed in thin covers, called species-covers. The name of the genus or species is written in the left-hand lower corner of the cover. The specimens are kept in cases, which consist of a series of compartments 18 inches deep, 12 inches wide, and 5 or 6 inches high, the case having dust-tight doors.
    • n herbarium A book or other contrivance for preserving dried specimens of plants.
    • n herbarium An edifice or place in which plants are preserved for botanical purposes.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Herbarium a classified collection of preserved herbs or plants:—pl. Herbā′riums, Herbā′ria
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
LL., fr. L. herba,. See Herb, and cf. Arbor Herbary
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. herbe—L. herba, akin to Gr. phorbē, pasture—pherbein, to feed.

Usage

In literature:

Cultivated plants are but a living herbarium.
"The Beauties of Nature" by Sir John Lubbock
In herbarium specimens usually saccate but sometimes revolute.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
In arranging specimens for the herbarium, a diversity of taste and opinion exists as to the best size for the herbarium paper.
"Fungi: Their Nature and Uses" by Mordecai Cubitt Cooke
One brings home a bouquet from the woods; the other, specimens for his herbarium.
"Ways of Nature" by John Burroughs
Aunt Betsey tried her whole herbarium, but in vain: he grew rapidly worse and worse.
"The May Flower, and Miscellaneous Writings" by Harriet Beecher Stowe
One evening he set himself as usual to write labels and memoranda for his herbarium.
"The Woodlands Orchids" by Frederick Boyle
I was very angry and cross with dear little Ned because he meddled with my herbarium, which I had carelessly left lying out on my desk.
"Elsie at Viamede" by Martha Finley
Another is that no one can press them and put them in a herbarium, or shoot them and put them in a museum.
"Earth and Sky Every Child Should Know" by Julia Ellen Rogers
Figure 6 is the model of a wood-press useful in pressing flowers for an herbarium.
"St. Nicholas Magazine for Boys and Girls, Vol. 8, May 1886, No. 7." by Various
He asks how best to put plants into a herbarium.
"Harper's Round Table, May 21, 1895" by Various
***

In news:

Biology professor facilitates at Herbarium Digitization Workshop.
A digital fascimile from Emily Dickinson 's Herbarium.
Wittmann, an associate at the University of Colorado Museum of Natural History, holds a lilium philadelphicum specimen in the museum's herbarium on the Boulder campus.
For more information on CU's herbarium , go to cumuseum.colorado.edu.
Arthur Cronquist, a senior scientist at the New York Botanical Garden and creator of an important system of plant classification, died on Sunday while doing research at the Brigham Young University Herbarium in Provo, Utah.
Plant herbariums collect herbal memories all summer long.
Steven Travers shows some of the plants that have been preserved and recorded and are in storage in the herbarium at North Dakota State University.
***