• Hemlock
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n hemlock an evergreen tree
    • n hemlock soft coarse splintery wood of a hemlock tree especially the western hemlock
    • n hemlock large branching biennial herb native to Eurasia and Africa and adventive in North America having large fernlike leaves and white flowers; usually found in damp habitats; all parts extremely poisonous
    • n hemlock poisonous drug derived from an Eurasian plant of the genus Conium "Socrates refused to flee and died by drinking hemlock"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Socrates committed suicide by drinking poison hemlock.
    • Hemlock (Bot) An evergreen tree common in North America (Abies CanadensisorTsuga Canadensis); hemlock spruce. "The murmuring pines and the hemlocks ."
    • Hemlock (Bot) The name of several poisonous umbelliferous herbs having finely cut leaves and small white flowers, as the Cicuta maculata Cicuta bulbifera, and Cicuta virosa, and the Conium maculatum. See Conium.
    • Hemlock The wood or timber of the hemlock tree.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n hemlock A poisonous plant, Conium maculatum, of the natural order Umbelliferæ. It is a tall, erect, branching biennial, with a smooth, shining, hollow stem (usually marked with purplish spots), elegant much-divided leaves, and white flowers in compound umbels of ten or more rays, surrounded by a general involucre of from three to seven leaflets. It is found throughout Europe and temperate Asia in waste places, on banks, and under walls. It is said to be fatal to cows, while horses, goats, and sheep may feed upon it without danger. The poison administered to Socrates, and in common use for the execution of criminals in ancient Athens, is supposed to have been a decoction of it, though some think that this potion was obtained from water-hemlock (Cicuta virosa). Hemlock is a powerful sedative, and is used medicinally. The extract is considered the best preparation. It is often serviceable as a substitute for or an accompaniment to opium. It has been found very useful in chronic rheumatism and in whooping-cough, and in allaying the pain of irritable sores and cancerous ulcers. The virtues of hemlock reside in an alkaline principle termed conine or conia, which is most abundant in the fruit and seeds. See conine.
    • n hemlock The hemlock-spruce.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Hemlock hem′lok a genus of umbelliferous plants, the most common species being the poisonous spotted hemlock, used in medicine.
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. hemeluc, humloc, AS. hemlic, hymlic,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. hemlic, the second syllable a weakened form of leác, a plant. Cf. Charlock, Garlic.


In literature:

Hemlock is also a well-known and ancient poison; the fruit may contain as much as 0.9 per cent.
"The Witch-cult in Western Europe" by Margaret Alice Murray
Who ever saw nettle or hemlock in a right one?
"Proserpina, Volume 1" by John Ruskin
Do you see yonder wreck, on Hemlock Bluff rocks?
"Young Captain Jack" by Horatio Alger and Arthur M. Winfield
Robins will pass the winter with us when the cover of a pine or hemlock forest can be had near a supply of red cedar berries.
"The Wit of a Duck and Other Papers" by John Burroughs
Now climbing o'er rock and o'er tree mound, up, up, by the hemlock ye swung!
"Continental Monthly , Vol. 6, No. 1, July, 1864" by Various
The woods used for this purpose are mostly spruce and hemlock.
"Checking the Waste" by Mary Huston Gregory
The hemlock beds had been swept away, and the whole place scrubbed as clean as possible.
"Madge Morton's Secret" by Amy D. V. Chalmers
The waters were piled up on every side of him, restrained from harming him, or his, by the magic belt of hemlock ashes.
"Traditions of the North American Indians, Vol. 2 (of 3)" by James Athearn Jones
Mister Jim Crow was sitting in his tall hemlock tree.
"Exciting Adventures of Mister Robert Robin" by Ben Field
Peggy went out and picked some of the hemlock and put that in a green vase on the table.
"Peggy in Her Blue Frock" by Eliza Orne White
Yet like as if cold hemlock I had drunk, It mocked me, hung down the head and sunk.
"The Works of Christopher Marlowe, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Christopher Marlowe
Deer, as he lay hidden among the branches of a fallen hemlock-tree.
"Mother West Wind "How" Stories" by Thornton W. Burgess
This he followed easily, and it brought him to an old fallen hemlock, which was partly covered with snow.
"Black Bruin" by Clarence Hawkes
He dragged with him a hemlock branch, the leavings from some Christmas tree at the grocery.
"Children of the Tenements" by Jacob A. Riis
Considerable pine and hemlock grew on all sides, but as yet they encountered no snow.
"Klondike Nuggets" by E. S. Ellis
Walnut, maple, hickory, and oak, wood, are best, chestnut or hemlock is bad, because it snaps.
"A Treatise on Domestic Economy" by Catherine Esther Beecher
Plenty of hemlock or spruce handy, whenever you choose to stretch out your hand and pluck it.
"The Boy Scouts of Lenox" by Frank V. Webster
Where the hemlocks darkened the channel of the glen, she heard the angry floods rushing down.
"Stories by American Authors (Volume 4)" by Constance Fenimore Woolson
Some little has already been done in the way of turning out hemlock.
"Old Mackinaw" by W. P. Strickland
A simpler and less durable broom was made of hemlock branches.
"Home Life in Colonial Days" by Alice Morse Earle

In poetry:

Look on the forests' ancient kings,
The hemlock's towering pride
Yon trunk had thrice a hundred rings,
And fell before it died.
"After A Lecture On Wordsworth" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
Here doth the oak rear high its form,
The spreading beech beside,
And here the hemlock meets the storm,
With branches stretching wide.
"The Maple Tree" by Thomas Frederick Young
The murmuring brook, the sighing breeze,
The pine's slow whisper, cannot tell;
Low mounds beneath the hemlock-trees
Keep the home secrets well.
"The Homestead" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Sharp in my second death I marked the hills, harvest
Of hemlock and the blades, rust
My blood upon the tempered dead, forcing
My second struggling from the grass.
"I Dreamed My Genesis" by Dylan Thomas
Perhaps a witch with single flaming eye,
Was watching from beneath the hemlock tree;
And fairies that our gaze might never see,
Laughed at us as we, hand in hand, crept by.
"Wood Magic" by Margaret Elizabeth Sangster
The lake is a forgotten streak of day
That trembles through the hemlocks’ darkling bars,
And still, my heart, still some divine delay
Upon the threshold holds the earliest stars.
"Moonrise Over Tyringham" by Edith Wharton

In news:

Hemlock Semiconductor Names Dow Corning Exec President.
21 pm Police responded to a report of an ATV being driven on Hemlock Avenue.
"Rosie" Marconi , 83, formerly of Hemlock Avenue, Kane, died early Saturday evening, May 12, 2012 at The Lutheran Home at Kane.
Fairfax Fire confirms they responded to the scene at Hemlock Overlook Regional Park and were able to get him out.
A West Virginia Department of Agriculture program launched last year to combat a pest that is slowly killing the state's hemlock trees will be expanded to additional counties this year.
Poison hemlock has been increasing locally during the past several years.
"Rosie" Marconi, 83, formerly of Hemlock Avenue, Kane, died early Saturday evening, May 12, 2012 at The Lutheran Home at Kane.
The City of Sequim holds its annual Spring Clean Up program for incorporated city residents from 8 a.m.-3:30 pm Friday, April 15, and Saturday, April 16, at the Sequim City Shop, 169 W Hemlock St.
Russell Deweese of Hemlock is celebrating his twelfth birthday on Dec 12, 2012.
HEMLOCK, MI — On Wednesday, Dec 12, two sixth graders at Hemlock Middle School will celebrate an unusual birthday.
An officer on patrol in the 100 block of Hemlock Drive Thursday morning noticed the door of a vacant home had been kicked in and an outdoor air-condition ing unit was missing, Athens-Clarke police said.
DANVILLE — Three archery hunters used bait to attract deer on a West Hemlock Township property, according to citations filed Thursday in the office of Montour County District Judge Marvin Shrawder.
Eleanor Elizabeth Chandler Bearer of Russell and Benjamin Michael Blick of Youngsville were married on June 20, 2008, at Kinzua "Resort," 997 Hemlock Rd.
Two Hemlock Middle School students celebrate 12th birthday on 12-12-12.
It happened on Green Bay Road at Hemlock Avenue.