hawk

Definitions

  • The hawk flies away with the lamp
    The hawk flies away with the lamp
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v hawk clear mucus or food from one's throat "he cleared his throat before he started to speak"
    • v hawk hunt with hawks "the tribes like to hawk in the desert"
    • v hawk sell or offer for sale from place to place
    • n hawk diurnal bird of prey typically having short rounded wings and a long tail
    • n hawk a square board with a handle underneath; used by masons to hold or carry mortar
    • n hawk an advocate of an aggressive policy on foreign relations
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Additional illustrations & photos:

The fish-hawk will sometimes build near the ground The fish-hawk will sometimes build near the ground
DUCK HAWKS ON THE PALISADES OF THE HUDSON The "Noble Peregrine" of falconry carrying a pigeon to its young. Range: North and South America. Habitat Group in The American Museum of Natural History DUCK HAWKS ON THE PALISADES OF THE HUDSON The "Noble Peregrine" of falconry carrying a pigeon to its young. Range:...
sparrow hawk on branch sparrow hawk on branch
A farmer holding a captured hawk A farmer holding a captured hawk
THE HAWK AND THE FARMER THE HAWK AND THE FARMER
THE HAWK AND THE NIGHTINGALE THE HAWK AND THE NIGHTINGALE

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The American Kestrel hawk weighs only four ounces
    • n Hawk (Masonry) A small board, with a handle on the under side, to hold mortar.
    • n Hawk An effort to force up phlegm from the throat, accompanied with noise.
    • n Hawk (Zoöl) One of numerous species and genera of rapacious birds of the family Falconidæ. They differ from the true falcons in lacking the prominent tooth and notch of the bill, and in having shorter and less pointed wings. Many are of large size and grade into the eagles. Some, as the goshawk, were formerly trained like falcons. In a more general sense the word is not infrequently applied, also, to true falcons, as the sparrow hawk, pigeon hawk, duck hawk, and prairie hawk.☞ Among the common American species are the red-tailed hawk (Buteo borealis); the red-shouldered (Buteo lineatus); the broad-winged (Buteo Pennsylvanicus); the rough-legged (Archibuteo lagopus); the sharp-shinned (Accipiter fuscus). See Fishhawk Goshawk Marsh hawk, under Marsh Night hawk, under Night.
    • Hawk To catch, or attempt to catch, birds by means of hawks trained for the purpose, and let loose on the prey; to practice falconry. "A falconer Henry is, when Emma hawks ."
    • v. i Hawk To clear the throat with an audible sound by forcing an expiratory current of air through the narrow passage between the depressed soft palate and the root of the tongue, thus aiding in the removal of foreign substances.
    • Hawk To make an attack while on the wing; to soar and strike like a hawk; -- generally with at; as, to hawk at flies. "A falcon, towering in her pride of place,
      Was by a mousing owl hawked at and killed."
    • v. t Hawk To offer for sale by outcry in the street; to carry (merchandise) about from place to place for sale; to peddle; as, to hawk goods or pamphlets. "His works were hawked in every street."
    • v. t Hawk To raise by hawking, as phlegm.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Blue Jays can imitate the calls of hawks
    • n hawk A diurnal bird of prey which does not habitually feed upon carrion: contrasted with owl and with vulture. In a strict technical sense, any species of the subfamily Accipitrinæ or either of the genera Accipiter and Astur, having rounded wings which extend, when folded, about two thirds the length of the tail; the tail long and square or little rounded; the shank comparatively long and naked or little feathered; and the beak not toothed. Such are the sparrow-hawk, Accipiter nisus of Europe, the European goshawk, Astur palumbarius, and many others, found in all parts of the world. They are of medium and small size, the goshawks being among the largest, and prey for the most part on humble quarry, which they capture by chasing or raking after it, not by pouncing upon it. In this sense hawk is contrasted with falcon, eagle, kite, buzzard, etc. See Accipitrinæ, and cut under Astur.
    • n hawk With a specifying term, some bird that hawks for its prey on the wing. Thus, in the United States, the goatsuckers of the genus Chordeiles are commonly called night-hawks. The night-jar, Caprimulgus europæus, is locally called dor-, gnat-, moth-, night-, and screech-hawk; and the swift is sometimes called hawk-swallow. See cut under goatsucker.
    • n hawk Synonyms Hawk, Falcon. Hawk is the most general and indefinite name of a bird of prey. It seems to have at first distinguished the birds so designated from carrion-feeding kinds and from those that prey by night (vultures and owls), and then to have been applied to those which could be trained—that is, used in the sport of hawking or falconry. Its nearest synonym is falcon; and since all hawks were formerly placed in one genus, Falco, hawk and falcon became interchangeable book-names for most members of the family Falconidæ. But, again, the hawks used in falconry were of two series, respectively designated noble and ignoble, corresponding to two technical subfamilies of Falconidæ. The name falcon became, therefore, technically restricted to the former of these series, the subfamily Falconinæ, while hawk was coincidently applied to the other, Accipitrinæ, alone.
    • hawk To hunt birds or small animals by means of hawks or falcons trained for the purpose; practise hawking; engage in falconry.
    • hawk To fly in the manner of the hawk; soar; take prey in the air.
    • hawk To offer for sale by outcry in a street or other public place, or from door to door; convey through town or country for sale: as, to hawk brooms or ballads.
    • hawk To make an effort to raise phlegm from the throat.
    • hawk To raise by hawking: as, to hawk up phlegm.
    • n hawk An effort to raise phlegm from the throat.
    • n hawk In building, a small quadrangular board with a handle underneath, used by plasterers to hold the mortar.
    • n hawk A double-hooked instrument for drawing or moving about the cloth in the dyeing-liquor of a hawking-machine.
    • hawk To draw or to pull with a hawk, as cloth through the dye-vat of a hawking-machine.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Stephen Hawking was born exactly 300 years after Galileo died.
    • n Hawk hawk the name of several birds of prey allied to the falcons: a rapacious person
    • v.i Hawk to hunt birds with hawks trained for the purpose: to attack on the wing
    • v.i Hawk hawk to force up matter from the throat
    • n Hawk the effort to do this
    • n Hawk hawk a plasterer's tool.
    • v.t Hawk to carry about for sale: to cry for sale
    • ***

Idioms

Know a hawk from a handsaw - If someone knows a hawk from a handsaw, they are able to distinguish things and assess them.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. hauk,prob. fr. Icel.), havek, AS. hafoc, heafoc,; akin to D. havik, OHG. habuh, G. habicht, Icel. haukr, Sw. hök, Dan. hög, prob. from the root of E. heave,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Cf. Low Ger. and Ger. höker, Dut. heuker.

Usage

In literature:

The hawk's eye of Turpin ranged over the whole assemblage.
"Rookwood" by William Harrison Ainsworth
This species, as all the world knows, looks like a hawk and flies like a hawk.
"Birds of the Indian Hills" by Douglas Dewar
There he goes with his long tail, flying something like a hawk.
"Country Walks of a Naturalist with His Children" by W. Houghton
Old Two-Hawk laughed at that when his son Joe interpreted it in Sioux.
"Land of the Burnt Thigh" by Edith Eudora Kohl
Spark, earlier Sparhawk, is the sparrow-hawk.
"The Romance of Names" by Ernest Weekley
He sot dar en look mighty lonesome, he did, but he keep one eye on Mr. Hawk.
"Nights With Uncle Remus" by Joel Chandler Harris
And he kept a sharp eye cocked upwards at the sky, lest Henry Hawk should surprise him.
"The Tale of Master Meadow Mouse" by Arthur Scott Bailey
He often wished that Solomon Owl and Henry Hawk would leave the neighborhood and never return.
"The Tale of Grumpy Weasel" by Arthur Scott Bailey
Waupee was pleased with this idea and chose the feather of a white hawk.
"Thirty Indian Legends" by Margaret Bemister
But as they cannot agree, the hawk, and the cat, and the crow do as they like.
"Wood Magic" by Richard Jefferies
THE TWO COCKS AND THE HAWK.
"The Fables of Phædrus" by Phaedrus
As he straightened up and glanced around he saw a large marsh-hawk winnowing low across the river.
"The Watchers of the Trails" by Charles G. D. Roberts
I guess you lived at Hawk Island a good while, and you can do it again.
"The Opened Shutters" by Clara Louise Burnham
It is very slow on the wing, flies very low, and in a manner different from all others of the hawk family.
"Birds Illustrated by Color Photography [May, 1897]" by Various
Hawking, by which birds are captured by trained falcons, is of the highest antiquity.
"Practical Taxidermy" by Montagu Browne
Most country boys, I fancy, know the marsh hawk.
"Bird Stories from Burroughs" by John Burroughs
There are several sight records of the Red-tailed Hawk.
"Birds from Coahuila, Mexico" by Emil K. Urban
The hawk was the principal sacred bird, and was identified with Horus and Ra, the sun-god.
"The Religion of Ancient Egypt" by W. M. Flinders Petrie
So the Hawk dropped low, and chose a course through the screening walls of the jungle.
"The Bluff of the Hawk" by Anthony Gilmore
All the while Peter was turning over in his fingers the placard bearing the strange message to "Mike" McGuire from the mysterious "Hawk.
"The Vagrant Duke" by George Gibbs
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In poetry:

My God, a verse is not a crown;
No point of honor, or gay suit;
No hawk, or banquet, or renown,
Nor a good sword, nor yet a lute:
"The Quidditie" by George Herbert
"And wee'll have hawkes and wee'll have houndes
To cover our intent;
And wee'll away to the greene forest,
As wee a hunting went."
"The Marriage of Sir Gawaine" by Anonymous British
So sang a youth of glorious blood.
Below, the wind-hawk shook her wings,
And lower, in its kingdom, stood
A tower of ancient kings.
"The Young Man's Song" by Sydney Thompson Dobell
Then some tooke up their hawkes in haste,
And some took up their houndes,
And sayd they wolde not marry her
For cities, nor for townes.
"The Marriage of Sir Gawaine" by Anonymous British
For crime was virtue: Gown and Sword
And Law their threefold sanction gave,
And to the quarry of the slave
Went hawking with our symbol-bird.
"Astræa at the Capitol" by John Greenleaf Whittier
“Once was I in thy father’s garth,
With hound and hawk and all;
And with many mocks he said me nay,
In such wise did our meeting fall.”
"Hafbur And Signy" by William Morris

In news:

Brent Doeden, has been hawking cold drinks at Coors Field since the stadium opened in 1995.
The Hawks scored two second-half touchdowns and defeated Southern Wayne 31-24 on Friday night.
The concession stand was assisted with grant money from the Black Hawk County Gaming Association and the Grundy County Foundation.
Martha Stewart and Emeril Lagasse are being sued for hawking knock-off knives on the Home Shopping Network.
WCHS allows 237 yards rushing in district loss to Go-Hawks.
The Tigers defeat the Hawks by a score of 33-14 Friday night in High School football.
Summit Entertainment Ethan Hawke in a scene from "Sinister.".
A true-crime author stumbles onto something beyond his beat in Scott Derrickson's "Sinister," which follows Ethan Hawke's Ellison Oswalt as he grows increasingly obsessed with a missing-girl case he hopes will lead to a bestselling book.
Along the beachfront Malecon in Puerto Vallarta, the pinwheel man hawked his shiny wares.
Hawk fans want their championship.
LONDON (AP) — Famed theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking finds no room for heaven in his vision of the cosmos.
Falco F8L Hawk Designer Stelio Frati Dies.
It was a young red-tailed hawk, a quarry he had been seeking for months.
A hawk flies near Stormstown.
Hawks fall a goal short.
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In science:

Identifying the Hawking temperature with the finite temperature of the field theory one can compute the entropy.
AdS/CFT Correspondence and Type 0 String Theory
We find an expression for the generalized gravitational entropy of Hawking in terms of Noether charge.
Generalized entropy and Noether charge
Thus, though Hawking’s generalized entropy is no longer simply event horizon area, it is Noether charge.
Generalized entropy and Noether charge
This is the Hawking term, representing (2D) radiation at the Hawking temperature.
Black Holes Must Die
The problem is connected with Hawking radiation.
The Utility of Quantum Field Theory
It is the x1 component of connection that can be regarded as Hawking temperature.
A New Interpretation of Compensate Effect
This extremal brane has zero Hawking temperature and is quantum mechanically stable.
Bosonic M Theory
R[g ] is the scalar curvature of the metric g and SGH is the standard GibbonsHawking boundary term (Gibbons, and Hawking (1977)) .
Generalized de Sitter solution in multidimensional cosmology with static internal spaces
This is the family of ALE gravitational instantons, studied in detail by Gibbons and Hawking, cf. and references therein, in connection with Hawking’s Euclidean quantum gravity program.
Cheeger-Gromov Theory and Applications to General Relativity
Hawking, Classification of gravitational instanton symmetries, Comm.
Cheeger-Gromov Theory and Applications to General Relativity
Hawking, ”Quantum cosmology and time asymmetry”, in J. J.
The cosmological origin of time-asymmetry
This is physically interpreted as indicating that the two horizons are not in thermal equilibrium and that, for example, they both emit Hawking radiation at the corresponding temperatures.
de Sitter Black Holes with Either of the Two Horizons as a Boundary
Since the scale of the hole determines the temperature of the Hawking radiation, one would expect them to radiate stronger than their larger archetypes in space.
Quantum Physics of Simple Optical Instruments
Here we discuss an optical Gedankenexperiment, not a realistic proposal, to show how Hawking radiation emerges in principle.
Quantum Physics of Simple Optical Instruments
Consequently, the Hawking temperature (7.29) is the same for the entire spectrum, which is highly non-trivial.
Quantum Physics of Simple Optical Instruments
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