hard

Definitions

  • "He could hardly find words to welcome them."
    "He could hardly find words to welcome them."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj hard not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure "a difficult task","nesting places on the cliffs are difficult of access","difficult times","why is it so hard for you to keep a secret?"
    • adj hard characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort "worked their arduous way up the mining valley","a grueling campaign","hard labor","heavy work","heavy going","spent many laborious hours on the project","set a punishing pace"
    • adj hard dried out "hard dry rolls left over from the day before"
    • adj hard unfortunate or hard to bear "had hard luck","a tough break"
    • adj hard resisting weight or pressure
    • adj hard dispassionate; "took a hard look","a hard bargainer"
    • adj hard (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue raised toward or touching the velum "Russian distinguished between hard consonants and palatalized or soft consonants"
    • adj hard (of light) transmitted directly from a pointed light source
    • adj hard being distilled rather than fermented; having a high alcoholic content "hard liquor"
    • adj hard given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors "a hard drinker"
    • adj hard produced without vibration of the vocal cords "unvoiced consonants such as `p' and `k' and `s'"
    • adj hard very strong or vigorous "strong winds","a hard left to the chin","a knockout punch","a severe blow"
    • adv hard with effort or force or vigor "the team played hard","worked hard all day","pressed hard on the lever","hit the ball hard","slammed the door hard"
    • adv hard to the full extent possible; all the way "hard alee","the ship went hard astern","swung the wheel hard left"
    • adv hard slowly and with difficulty "prejudices die hard"
    • adv hard causing great damage or hardship "industries hit hard by the depression","she was severely affected by the bank's failure"
    • adv hard with firmness "held hard to the railing"
    • adv hard earnestly or intently "thought hard about it","stared hard at the accused"
    • adv hard with pain or distress or bitterness "he took the rejection very hard"
    • adv hard very near or close in space or time "it stands hard by the railroad tracks","they were hard on his heels","a strike followed hard upon the plant's opening"
    • adv hard into a solid condition "concrete that sets hard within a few hours"
    • adv hard indulging excessively "he drank heavily"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

We couldn't git her head hardly in the stable We couldn't git her head hardly in the stable
I see dozens of folks weepin' quite hard before some on 'em I see dozens of folks weepin' quite hard before some on 'em
"Hard Times," 1854, vol. i. ch. i "Hard Times," 1854, vol. i. ch. i
Hard wood Hard wood
OH, MUMMY! ANYTHING BUT THAT! I'D RATHER HAVE A HARD SMACK--_ANYWHERE YOU LIKE_ OH, MUMMY! ANYTHING BUT THAT! I'D RATHER HAVE A HARD SMACK--_ANYWHERE YOU LIKE_
Hard work never killed anybody Hard work never killed anybody
Sugar Maple. Hard Maple. Rock Maple Sugar Maple. Hard Maple. Rock Maple
"SOMETIMES IN HARD PLACES YOU HAVE TO THROW YOUR NOOSES AROUND THE SHAFT." "SOMETIMES IN HARD PLACES YOU HAVE TO THROW YOUR NOOSES AROUND THE SHAFT."

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Human teeth are almost as hard as rocks.
    • n Hard A ford or passage across a river or swamp.
    • Hard (Pron) Abrupt or explosive in utterance; not aspirated, sibilated, or pronounced with a gradual change of the organs from one position to another; -- said of certain consonants, as c in came, and g in go, as distinguished from the same letters in center general, etc.
    • Hard Close or near. "Whose house joined hard to the synagogue."
    • Hard Difficult to accomplish; full of obstacles; laborious; fatiguing; arduous; as, a hard task; a disease hard to cure.
    • Hard Difficult to bear or endure; not easy to put up with or consent to; hence, severe; rigorous; oppressive; distressing; unjust; grasping; as, a hard lot; hard times; hard fare; a hard winter; hard conditions or terms. "I never could drive a hard bargain."
    • Hard Difficult to please or influence; stern; unyielding; obdurate; unsympathetic; unfeeling; cruel; as, a hard master; a hard heart; hard words; a hard character.
    • Hard Difficult to resist or control; powerful. "The stag was too hard for the horse.""A power which will be always too hard for them."
    • Hard Difficult, mentally or judicially; not easily apprehended, decided, or resolved; as a hard problem. "The hard causes they brought unto Moses.""In which are some things hard to be understood."
    • Hard (Painting) Having disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in the coloring or light and shade.
    • Hard Not easily penetrated, cut, or separated into parts; not yielding to pressure; firm; solid; compact; -- applied to material bodies, and opposed to soft; as, hard wood; hard flesh; a hard apple.
    • Hard Not easy or agreeable to the taste; harsh; stiff; rigid; ungraceful; repelling; as, a hard style. "Figures harder than even the marble itself."
    • Hard (Painting) Rigid in the drawing or distribution of the figures; formal; lacking grace of composition.
    • Hard Rough; acid; sour, as liquors; as, hard cider.
    • Hard So as to raise difficulties. "The question is hard set."
    • v. t Hard härd To harden; to make hard.
    • Hard Uneasily; vexatiously; slowly.
    • Hard Wanting softness or smoothness of utterance; harsh; as, a hard tone.
    • Hard With difficulty; as, the vehicle moves hard .
    • Hard With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly. "And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince.""My father
      Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself."
    • Hard With tension or strain of the powers; violently; with force; tempestuously; vehemently; vigorously; energetically; as, to press, to blow, to rain hard ; hence, rapidly; nimbly; as, to run hard .
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: US presidents who were survived by their fathers: John F. Kennedy and Warren Harding.
    • hard Solid and firm to the touch; firm in substance and texture, so as not to be readily altered in shape, penetrated, or divided; so constituted as to resist compressing, penetrating, dividing, or abrading action: opposed to soft.
    • hard Not loose, or not easily loosened; firmly formed; tight; fast: as, a hard knot; hence, binding; obligatory: as, a hard and fast promise.
    • hard Hardy; tough; enduring; resistant; sound.
    • hard Difficult.
    • hard Difficult to overcome; strong; powerful.
    • hard Difficult of solution, comprehension, decision, etc.; difficult to master, understand, determine, etc.; perplexing: as, a hard question or problem; a hard language to study; hard words (that is, big words, difficult to pronounce).
    • hard Difficult to accomplish or effect; necessitating or involving considerable effort or labor; arduous; laborious; fatiguing: as, hard work; a hard task.
    • hard Difficult to endure or bear; oppressive; harsh; cruel: as, a hard fate; a hard blow; hard treatment; a hard case.
    • hard Carried on, executed, or accomplished with great exertion or energy: as, a hard fight; a hard struggle; hard labor or study.
    • hard Close, persevering, or unremitting in application or effort; earnest; industrious: hard student.
    • hard Strenuous; violent; vehement: as, a hard rain; a hard trot or run; hard drinking.
    • hard Intellectually sturdy; practical; not visionary.
    • hard Severe in action or effect; rigorous: as, a hard frost; a hard winter.
    • hard Harsh. Presenting a harsh, austere, or repulsive appearance: as, hard features.
    • hard Harsh in style, outline, or execution; stiff; conventional; unnatural. A picture is said to be hard when the lights and shades are too strongly marked and too close to each other.
    • hard Of a harsh nature or character; obdurate; depraved: as, a hard heart; hence, merciless; characterized by the absence of kindliness or affection; unfeeling; unfriendly; harsh in manner: as, a hard look; to cherish hard feelings toward one.
    • hard Austere; exacting; oppressive: as, to be hard upon one; a hard master.
    • hard Strict in money matters; close in dealing; grasping; avaricious.
    • hard Vexatious; galling: as, hard words or dealings; to call one hard names.
    • hard Wicked; bad; reprobate; profane: as, a hard character; a hard case.
    • hard Coarse, unpalatable, or scanty: as, hard fare.
    • hard Having a refractory quality; resistant in some use or application: said of fluids affected by or treated with lime, etc.: as, hard water. See hardness, 2 and hard water, under water.
    • hard Strong; spirituous; intoxicating; fermented: as, hard liquors; hard drinks; hard cider.
    • hard In silk-manuf., retaining the natural gum: distinguished from soft: said of silk.
    • hard In phonetics: Uttered without sonant quality; surd or breathed, as distinguished from sonant or voiced.
    • hard Having a guttural as distinguished from a sibilant sound: said of c and g as in corn and get, as distinguished from c and g as in cite and gee.
    • hard Perplexing, puzzling, knotty.
    • hard Difficult, etc. See arduous.
    • hard Severe, Harsh, etc. (see austere); insensible, callous, obdurate, inflexible.
    • n hard Something that is hard, in distinction from something similar or related that is soft; especially, the hard part of a thing that is partly soft, as the shell or rind.
    • n hard A small marble.
    • n hard A firm, solid path or way; a paved street or roadway; a gravelly passage, as over a fen or marsh.
    • n hard A kind of pier or landing-place for boats on a river.
    • n hard [capitalized] In United States history: A member of the more conservative of the two factions into which, in 1852 and the years immediately following, the Democratic party in the State of New York was divided, corresponding in general to the earlier faction called Hunkers. The extreme members were called the Adamantine Hards. Originally called Hard-shells.
    • n hard In Missouri, about 1850, one of the supporters of Senator Benton: so called from their advocacy of “hard money,” but differing from the Softs mainly in that they were opposed to secession doctrines and to the nationalization of slavery.
    • n hard plural A mixture of alum and salt used by bakers to whiten bread.
    • hard With force, effort, or energy; with urgency; forcibly; vehemently; vigorously; energetically: as, to work hard for a living; to run hard; to hold hard; it rains hard.
    • hard Securely; firmly; tightly; so as to be fast.
    • hard With difficulty.
    • hard Disagreeably; unpleasantly; grievously; vexatiously; gallingly.
    • hard So as to be difficult.
    • hard Roughly; heavily.
    • hard Close; near.
    • hard Fully; closely; to the full extent: especially in nautical use, in the commands for putting the helm hard alee, hard aport, hard up, etc.— that is, as far as it will go in the direction indicated.
    • hard So as to be hard in consistence: chiefly in composition: as, hard-burned, hard-baked, hard-boiled.
    • hard In want of money; needy; without resources: used absolutely.
    • hard Ill-provided with: followed by for: as, hard up for amusement. Nautical, pushed close up or as far as possible: said of the helm when put completely over to one side so as to turn the ship's head away from the wind.
    • hard To make hard; harden.
    • hard In vocalization, of a tone made with a rigid attitude of the vocal organs, so as to be wanting in mellowness and ympathy.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Warren G. Harding's middle name is Gamaliel.
    • Hard plentiful in Scotland, hard, breaking into cuboidal blocks
    • adj Hard härd not easily penetrated, firm, solid: difficult to understand or accomplish: violent, vehement: rigorous: close, earnest, industrious: coarse, scanty: stingy, niggardly: difficult to bear, painful: unjust: difficult to please: unfeeling: severe: stiff: constrained: intractable, resistant in some use, as water, &c.: strong, spirituous: (of silk) without having the natural gum boiled off: surd or breathed, as opposed to sonant or voiced
    • n Hard a firm beach or foreshore: hard labour
    • adv Hard with urgency, vigour, &c.: earnestly, forcibly: with difficulty: close, near, as in Hard by
    • v.i Hard to become hard or harder, either lit. or fig
    • ***

Quotations

  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “Soft words win hard hearts.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “A hard thing about business is minding your own”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “Can anybody remember when the times were not hard, and money not scarce?”
  • Marianne Moore
    Marianne Moore
    “A writer is unfair to himself when he is unable to be hard on himself.”
  • Marcel Proust
    Marcel%20Proust
    “Happiness serves hardly any other purpose than to make unhappiness possible.”
  • Theodore Roosevelt
    Theodore%20Roosevelt
    “I think there is only one quality worse than hardness of heart and that is softness of head.”

Idioms

Between a rock and a hard place - If you are caught between a rock and a hard place, you are in a position where you have to choose between unpleasant alternatives, and your choice might cause you problems; you will not be able to satisfy everyone.
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Come on hard - If you come on hard, you are aggressive in your dealing with someone.
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Grass may be greener on the other side but it's just as hard to mow - 'The grass may be greener on the other side but it's just as hard to mow' is an expression used to mean a person's desire to have that which another person has in the belief it will make their life easieris false as all situations come with their own set of problems.
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Hard act to follow - If something or something is exceptionally good, it is difficult to replace them or take their place.
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Hard as nails - A person who is as hard as nails is either physically tough or has little or no respect for other people's feelings.
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Hard by - "Hard by" means mean "close to" or "near".
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Hard cheese - (UK) Hard cheese means hard luck.
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Hard miles - If you have done the hard miles, you have done the hard difficult work and that makes you eligible to comment or participate in something.
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Hard of hearing - Someone who's hard of hearing is a bit deaf.
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Hard on someone's heels - If you are hard on someone's heels, you are close to them and trying to catch or overtake them. ('Hot on someone's heels' is also used.)
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Hard sell - If someone puts a lot of pressure on you to do or buy something, they are hard selling it.
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Hard to come by - If something is hard to come by, it is difficult to find.
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Hard up - If you are hard up, you have very little money.
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Old flames die hard - It's very difficult to forget old things, especially the first love.
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Play hard to get - If someone plays hard to get, they pretend not to be interewsted or attracted by someone, usually to make the other person increase their efforts.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. hard, heard, AS. heard,; akin to OS. & D. hard, G. hart, OHG. herti, harti, Icel. harðr, Dan. haard, Sw. hård, Goth. hardus, Gr. kraty`s strong, ka`rtos kra`tos, strength, and also to E. -ard, as in coward, drunkard, -crat, -cracy, in autocrat, democracy,; cf. Skr. kratu, strength, kṛ, to do, make. Cf. Hardy

Usage

In literature:

So I return on Monday, and hardly think that I shall come back for a long time.
"Lorimer of the Northwest" by Harold Bindloss
Something which at last made him rise from his hard seat and fetch out his saddle from within the hut.
"The Watchers of the Plains" by Ridgewell Cullum
For me, it was hard work enough to maintain my quiet; everything made it hard.
"Daisy" by Elizabeth Wetherell
He tugged hard at the heavy cable, then he stopped, straightened and screamed a warning.
"El Diablo" by Brayton Norton
She cannot be a nice person; hard, she must be hard; I never want to see her.
"The Wide, Wide World" by Susan Warner
Richard, what makes you so hard on him to-night?
"Not Like Other Girls" by Rosa N. Carey
It is hard to explain to thee, and a child should not be thinking of money.
"A Little Girl in Old Philadelphia" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
She hardly looks old enough to be his mother.
"Lover or Friend" by Rosa Nouchette Carey
He's hard, very hard.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
I find it hard to believe he could be a coward.
"Blake's Burden" by Harold Bindloss
Dick suggested that they should look for him, but on the whole the linesman hardly thought this necessary.
"Partners of the Out-Trail" by Harold Bindloss
I knew it would be a hard trip from Muna to the ruins, and so I explained.
"Tales of Fishes" by Zane Grey
We've hardly talked of anything else.
"The Prisoner" by Alice Brown
His wives lasted hardly so long as his hard-driven horses.
"In a Little Town" by Rupert Hughes
Then their laugh died out and their hard eyes grew serious.
"The Twins of Suffering Creek" by Ridgwell Cullum
Insulation between the posts and cover is provided by a hard rubber bushing, a hard rubber washer, and a soft rubber washer.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
Landlord Larry was considerably nonplused by what had been told him by Harding, and he hardly knew how to break the news to the miners.
"Buffalo Bill's Spy Trailer" by Colonel Prentiss Ingraham
It was getting hard to make talk.
"The "Genius"" by Theodore Dreiser
He still dragged the dead hares, which were now frozen almost as hard as wood, but not too hard to leave a scent.
"Northern Diamonds" by Frank Lillie Pollock
He would have Lady Dashwood and Mrs. Harding on each side of him at table, giving to Mrs. Potten, Harding and Bingham.
"The New Warden" by Mrs. David G. Ritchie
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In poetry:

I hardly know the reason why,
But women are so made;
I could not give a man a rose
To see it 'neath his tread.
"A Woman's Mood" by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward
I don't say, one bodies the other
One's spiritual truth;
But I do say it's hard to lose either,
When you have both.
"Toads" by Philip Larkin
But like an undefeated man
I mounted, slow and hard:
And round the top was a little house
With a woman in the yard.
"The Bachelor" by John Crowe Ransom
What was't to thee thy pathway
So rugged mean and hard,
Whereon when Death surprised thee
Thou gavest him no regard?
"Emily Bronte" by Robert Seymour Bridges
I read the Bible with my eyes,
But hardly with my brain;
Should this the meaning recognize,
My heart yet reads in vain.
"The Disciple" by George MacDonald
The tumults of my thought
Held me in hard suspense,
Till to thy house my feet were brought,
To learn thy justice thence.
"Psalm LXXIII: Now I'm Convinced the Lord Is Kind" by Isaac Watts

In news:

Thirty-Five Years Young: Despite a Hard-Knock Life, Annie's Hardly Showing Her Age.
) but even if you're not a total die-hard Twi-Hard, it's hard not to love Tinsel Korey.
Twink Drumz, "Work Hard, Play Hard".
Hard Rock Hotel in Las Vegas, NV Hard Rock Hotel Las Vegas, Nevada.
Get your weekend warrior on as Canyon Ranch Miami Beach launches its Work Hard, Play Hard Weekend Warrior package.
I love hard cheeses and hard-crust breads.
We can give people a hard time rather easily, but we can't seem to give to people going through hard times.
The first pitch smacked me hard in the arm--so hard I started crying.
Theresa Two Bulls, former president of the Oglala Sioux Tribes, is hopeful that the younger generation will get involved in resolving the land claim but acknowledges that "it's hard to unite people, it's hard to stay positive.".
I'm not suggesting that we don't work hard or that no matter how hard we try it will all be fun.
But when the fans pay their hard-earned money to come to a game, they want to see a team that plays hard and plays with passion … and that didn't happen for the entire game.
RASHEED WALLACE delivered a hard whack to Luis Scola, then some hard words to the referees.
WHILE many stars partied hard at Miami's Art Basel over the weekend, Yankees star Alex Rodriguez was hard at work.
It's hard really hard to lose with a ratio like that.
DES MOINES, Iowa — State officials say they think changes in where hard liquor can be sold and new flavored drinks popular with women and young people are behind a jump in hard liquor sales.
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In science:

If this source is indeed at moderate or high redshift (see Table 3), it almost certainly contains an active nucleus given its large hard X-ray luminosity and its hard X-ray spectral shape.
The Chandra Deep Survey of the Hubble Deep Field North Area. IV. An Ultradeep Image of the HDF-N
We can approach jammed hard-sphere packings by noting that states up to the jamming threshold are accessible to hard spheres.
Random Packings of Frictionless Particles
The evolution at late times is hard to predict, and probably very hard to simulate as well.
Feedback Heating with Slow Jets in Cooling Flow Clusters
Therefore, there is no easy-hard-easy pattern of hardness as for standard random 3-SAT ensemble.
Single-solution Random 3-SAT Instances
General expectations, driven by the ground state production experience , are that at small Q2 this exponent should be a small number, and one speaks usually of “soft Pomeron”, while in the presence of hard scale it should grow up to δ ∼ 1, corresponding to the “hard Pomeron”.
Production of spin-3 mesons in diffractive DIS
By this definition, soft sources such as SNRs and active stars tend to exhibit negative hardness ratios, while hard sources such as AGN and X-ray binaries tend to exhibit positive hardness ratios.
Revealing the Supernova Remnant Population of M33 with Chandra
OSLN question whether the hard-sphere system is “physical” and therefore resort to studying particle systems with soft-sphere interactions to mimic hard-particle packings.
Comment on "Jamming at zero temperature and zero applied stress: The epitome of disorder"
However, OSLN themselves clearly imply that their “jammed” soft-sphere systems and “jammed” hard-sphere packings are related, by referring to other works on hard-sphere systems.
Comment on "Jamming at zero temperature and zero applied stress: The epitome of disorder"
The model consists of N 2-dimensional hard discs of diameter σ confined between two hard walls (lines) of length L separated by a distance H = (h + 1) where lengths are given in units of σ .
Landscapes, dynamic heterogeneity and kinetic facilitation in a simple off-lattice model
In these models, hard particles are to be positioned on a lattice under geometrical packing constraints representing hard-core interactions.
Message passing for vertex covers
The quantity R(φ) de fined in Eq. (2), the ratio of hard sphere states to the total number of ideal gas states at a given φ, includes not only hard sphere states at their jamming thresholds at φ but also hard sphere states below their jamming thresholds.
Why is Random Close Packing Reproducible?
The sole exceptions are represented by semiclassical studies of 3D quantum Coulomb fluids in the high-temperature Debye-H¨uckel limit for which one has the explicit results for the density profile near a plain hard wall and for the largedistance tail of charge correlations along a plain hard wall or a conducting wall .
Wigner-Kirkwood expansion for semi-infinite quantum fluids
Using this knowledge and doing the same scaled plot as for the hard network, a good data collapse is observed, though due to our lack of knowledge about the accurate behavior of ξ the scaling function is not as precise as in the hard case.
Diffusion Processes on Small-World Networks with Distance-Dependent Random-Links
The hardness ratios of the sources separate those with soft, thermal spectra such as supernova remnants from those with hard, non-thermal spectra such as X-ray binaries and background active galactic nuclei.
Chandra ACIS Survey of M33 (ChASeM33): A First Look
Hardness Ratios Using the background-subtracted photon fluxes for the ChASeM33 sources, we created a hardness ratio diagram (Fig. 5).
Chandra ACIS Survey of M33 (ChASeM33): A First Look
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