harass

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v harass exhaust by attacking repeatedly "harass the enemy"
    • v harass annoy continually or chronically "He is known to harry his staff when he is overworked","This man harasses his female co-workers"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The trainees are thrown into a pool with their hands and feet tied wearing snorkeling masks. They are then harassed by their instructors who knock their masks off, spin their bodies, and pull them under in an effort to disorient the student.
    • Harass Devastation; waste.
    • v. t Harass To fatigue; to tire with repeated and exhausting efforts; esp., to weary by importunity, teasing, or fretting; to cause to endure excessive burdens or anxieties; -- sometimes followed by out. "Troops harassed with a long and wearisome march.""Nature oppressed and harass'd out with care.""Vext with lawyers and harass'd with debt."
    • Harass Worry; harassment.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • harass To fatigue or tire out, as with annoying labor, care, importunity, enforced watchfulness, misfortune, etc.; distress by perplexity; wear out, as with toil.
    • harass Milit.: To annoy by repeated attacks; keep constantly on the defensive.
    • harass To lay waste or desolate; raid.
    • harass To rub or scrape.
    • harass Synonyms Distress, etc. (see afflict); to jade, disturb, exhaust, fag. See trouble.
    • n harass Harassment.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Harass har′as to fatigue: to annoy or torment
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Quotations

  • Denis Diderot
    Denis%20Diderot
    “There is no kind of harassment that a man may not inflict on a woman with impunity in civilized societies.”
  • Johann Friedrich Von Schiller
    Johann%20Friedrich%20Von%20Schiller
    “The greater part of humanity is too much harassed and fatigued by the struggle with want, to rally itself for a new and sterner struggle with error.”
  • Horace
    Horace
    “Why harass with eternal purposes a mind to weak to grasp them?”
  • Mao Zedong
    Mao%20Zedong
    “The enemy advances, we retreat; the enemy camps, we harass; the enemy tires, we attack; the enemy retreats, we pursue.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. harasser,; cf. OF. harace, a basket made of cords, harace, harasse,a very heavy and large shield; or harer, to set (a dog) on
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. harasser; prob. from harer, to incite a dog.

Usage

In literature:

Keith accompanied the king on his harassing march.
"With Frederick the Great" by G. A. Henty
The Latins were harassed by the incursions of the AEqui.
"The History of Rome, Books 01 to 08" by Titus Livius
It induced a long, dark train of harassing recollections.
"Henrietta Temple A Love Story" by Benjamin Disraeli
Abe Lockwood had to encounter many troubles arising from a variety of causes but that which seemed to harass him most was poverty.
"Little Abe" by F. Jewell
This harassing warfare had a crisis in July.
"The Story of the 2/4th Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry" by G. K. Rose
And a thousand unprecedented things to do were pressing upon the harassed officials.
"The White Invaders" by Raymond King Cummings
They were harassed, however, on their return to camp.
"Through Three Campaigns" by G. A. Henty
He had a harassed week.
"The Life of William Ewart Gladstone, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by John Morley
No wild animals harassed them; no savages menaced them.
"The Girl in the Golden Atom" by Raymond King Cummings
Besides this, other matters also harassed him.
"Benjamin Franklin" by John Torrey Morse, Jr.
During all this time they were harassed by uncertainty as to the nature of the rock on which they were cast.
"Shifting Winds" by R.M. Ballantyne
Tracking, as it is called, is dreadfully harassing work.
"Hudson Bay" by R.M. Ballantyne
Hadria, fighting against a multitude of harassing little difficulties, struggled to turn the long winter months to some use.
"The Daughters of Danaus" by Mona Caird
It took Ivan an entire week to come to the simple and obvious decision of a middle course, so harassed and over-excited had his brain become.
"The Genius" by Margaret Horton Potter
They work under great handicaps and frequently are harassed by enemy detachments.
"The Brighton Boys in the Radio Service" by James R. Driscoll
They ought to harass them night and day, and prevent them obtaining supplies of any sort.
"At Aboukir and Acre" by George Alfred Henty
Our batteries fired harassing crashes all through the night, and were warned to be ready to move first thing in the morning.
"Pushed and the Return Push" by George Herbert Fosdike Nichols, (AKA Quex)
The practice of impressment continued to harass each succeeding administration.
"Union and Democracy" by Allen Johnson
After twenty days of such repose as could be found in this war harassed camp, De Soto resumed his march.
"Ferdinand De Soto, The Discoverer of the Mississippi" by John S. C. Abbott
In the mean time do not harass yourself about that or anything else.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science Volume 15, No. 89, May, 1875" by Various
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In poetry:

Less harassed than at other times
I saw the scene was fair,
And spoke and laughed to those around,
As if I knew no care.
"The Bluebell" by Anne Bronte

O harass not a driven leaf,
Nor stubble dry in wrath pursue;
A life so brief load not with grief,
Nor with thine arrow pierce me through.
""Wilt Thou Harass A Driven Leaf?"" by Joseph Horatio Chant
He lay awake, with a harassed air,
And she, in her cloud of loose lank hair,
Seemed trouble-tried
As the dawn drew in on their faces there.
"A Conversation At Dawn" by Thomas Hardy
O doubts, dull passions, and base fears,
That harassed and oppressed the day,
Ye poor remorses and vain tears,
That shook this house of clay:
"With The Night" by Archibald Lampman
"To fit thy soul for endless rest,
I harass now the driven leaf,
But though sore pressed and grief distressed,
The life of sorrow will be brief.
""Wilt Thou Harass A Driven Leaf?"" by Joseph Horatio Chant
O! this right and this wrong , it can ne'er be ideal,
Nor fancy, nor priestcraft, as sceptics would say;
Yet whatever the case, sure the tortures are real,
Which harass the wretch who finds doubt on the way.
"The Doubt" by Charlotte Dacre

In news:

Broadwell sent harassing notes to mystery woman.
Tammany Parish teenagers have begun harassing teachers, other adults and fellow classmates with information gleaned from online searches of legal documents, according to parish Clerk of Court Malise Prieto.
In one, the Asian-American proprietor of Chan's Restaurant in Spring Lake was harassed with racist comments on the phone as well as in person at the restaurant.
Jordan Kushner, legal observer harassed during anti-Israel protest at Wolves game, speaks out.
Cain has decried the media firestorm surrounding claims he sexually harassed former employees.
Sexual harassment deserves a place among 'the real issues.
The communist officials in Warsaw promised the Jews something other than harassment, pogroms and fear.
The police commission chairman in a Connecticut town where officers are accused of harassing Latinos is calling for the dismissal of the police chief.
FW Detective Alleges Sexual Harassment, Chief York Responds.
Veteran Fort Wayne police detective files federal sex harassment suit.
Is Licking a Popsicle Sexual Harassment.
Al Goldstein, the outspoken pornographer , brought to a close yesterday his rancorous 20-month legal saga, in which he was accused of harassing a former employee over her decision to resign.
Can You Be A Sexual Harasser and Still Be President of the United States .
The person who complained about Broadwell's purported harassing messages was not a family member nor a government official.
Man claims hostile environment, quid pro quo harassment.
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In science:

Moore et al. (1996) propose a modified form of this interaction called ‘harassment’ whereby just close encounters of galaxy pairs is enough to initiate morphological transmutation.
At the Vigintennial of the Butcher-Oemler Effect
Two principal evolutionary sequences are galaxy harassment (Moore et al. 1996; Conselice et al. 2003a) and SNdriven galactic winds (Dekel & Silk 1986; Arimoto & Yoshii 1987), resulting in morphologically and kinematically similar stellar systems but with distinct chemical properties.
The puzzlingly large Ca II triplet absorption in dwarf elliptical galaxies
This ‘galaxy harassment’ process (Moore et al. 1996) induces a dramatic morphological evolution on a time-span of about 3 Gyr.
Evidence for a warm ISM in Fornax dEs - II. FCC032, FCC206 and FCCB729
This seems unlikely, especially considering the fact that bigger galaxies tend to inhabit denser region of the large scale structure where the effects of environment (harassment, gas-gas interactions) should be more significant.
Active Galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey II: galaxy and activity evolution
By contrast, the simulations of Dav ´e e t al. (2010) suggest turbulent motion in massive disk-like galaxies is driven by harassment by smaller satellites and the infall of gas.
Integral Field Spectroscopy of 2.0
Given that the fuel source for AGN is in the gas phase, any physical mechanism that has the potential to disturb the morphology of a galaxy such as harassment (Moore et al. 1996) may also produce an enhancement of AGN activity – i.e. not simply mergers.
The drivers of AGN activity in galaxy clusters: AGN fraction as a function of mass and environment
However, several successive high-speed encounters between galaxies (galaxy harassment) may lead to gas inflow and strong star formation activity (Fujita 1998).
Near-infrared adaptive optics observations of galaxy clusters: Abell 262 at z=0.0157, J1836.3CR at z=0.414, and PKS 0743-006 at z=0.994
In particular it would allow us to study in detail the influence of galaxy harassment.
Near-infrared adaptive optics observations of galaxy clusters: Abell 262 at z=0.0157, J1836.3CR at z=0.414, and PKS 0743-006 at z=0.994
These differences include: high speed collisions, galaxy ’harassment,’, ram pressure stripping, ’strangulation,’ and induced slow collisions (see Figure 8).
Galaxy Collisions - Dawn of a New Era
The cumulative effect of many weak (highspeed or distant) galaxy-galaxy interactions in clusters, as well as perturbations from the cluster potential, and possibly from intermediate scale sub-structure is called ’harassment’ (see Moore et al. 1996, Moore et al. 1999).
Galaxy Collisions - Dawn of a New Era
Harassment : Galaxy harassment is a process that is not usually included in semi-analytic models of galaxy formation.
How `heredity' and `environment' shape galaxy properties
For this reason, it is believed that harassment might have an important role in the formation of dwarf ellipticals or in the destruction of low-surface brightness galaxies in clusters, but it is less able to explain the evolution of luminous cluster galaxies.
How `heredity' and `environment' shape galaxy properties
E existent : vents galactiques, pression dynamique d´epouillant, harassment gravitationnel.
Formation and Evolution of Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies
E’s exist: galactic winds, ram pressure stripping, gravitaional harassment.
Formation and Evolution of Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies
Another scenario, which can not be completely excluded is a gravitational harassment due to numerous encounters with other cluster members.
Formation and Evolution of Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies
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