hail

Definitions

  • "The dog hailed his master as he passed."
    "The dog hailed his master as he passed."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v hail praise vociferously "The critics hailed the young pianist as a new Rubinstein"
    • v hail greet enthusiastically or joyfully
    • v hail call for "hail a cab"
    • v hail be a native of "She hails from Kalamazoo"
    • v hail precipitate as small ice particles "It hailed for an hour"
    • n hail enthusiastic greeting
    • n hail many objects thrown forcefully through the air "a hail of pebbles","a hail of bullets"
    • n hail precipitation of ice pellets when there are strong rising air currents
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Grand Coulee Dam in the state of Washington in the U.S., completed in 1942, was hailed in its time as a structure more massive than the Great Pyramid of Cheops.
    • n Hail A wish of health; a salutation; a loud call. "Their puissant hail .""The angel hail bestowed."
    • interj Hail An exclamation of respectful or reverent salutation, or, occasionally, of familiar greeting. "Hail , brave friend."
    • a Hail Healthy. See Halethe preferable spelling).
    • n Hail hāl Small roundish masses of ice precipitated from the clouds, where they are formed by the congelation of vapor. The separate masses or grains are called hailstones. "Thunder mixed with hail , Hail mixed with fire, must rend the Egyptian sky."
    • Hail To call loudly to, or after; to accost; to salute; to address.
    • Hail To declare, by hailing, the port from which a vessel sails or where she is registered; hence, to sail; to come; -- used with from; as, the steamer hails from New York.
    • Hail To name; to designate; to call. "And such a son as all men hailed me happy."
    • v. i Hail To pour down particles of ice, or frozen vapors.
    • v. t Hail To pour forcibly down, as hail.
    • Hail To report as one's home or the place from whence one comes; to come; -- with from.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Hailed as a wonder drug in the late nineteenth century, cocaine was outlawed in the United States in 1914.
    • n hail Pellets of ice falling in showers. These pellets, called hailstones, frequently consist of a kernel of hard snow in the center, surrounded by alternate concentric layers of ice and snow; in other cases they have a radial structure. They assume various shapes, most commonly spheroidal, but some are pyramidal, others flat, and others irregularly oval. In size they are usually from a tenth to a quarter of an inch in diameter, but masses measuring from l2 to 15 inches in circumference and weighing over half a pound are of occasional occurrence. The fall of hail occurs chiefly in spring and summer, and most commonly precedes or accompanies a thunder-storm. The time of its continuance is always short, generally only a few minutes. The length of time requisite for the accretion of the larger hailstones is now believed to be obtained by the continued retention and repeated elevation in the atmosphere of a pellet, initially small, which is several times drawn into a current of moist air having a rapid ascensional and gyratory motion; in this way it is carried through successive regions of rain and snow. In a ship's log-book, abbreviated h.
    • hail To pour down hail.
    • hail To pour down or put forth like hail; emit in rapid succession.
    • hail See hale.
    • hail Be whole; be safe; be happy: a term of salutation now used without thought of its literal meaning, and merely as an exclamatory expression of well-wishing: used absolutely, or followed by a noun with to.
    • hail To salute; welcome; address.
    • hail To call to, as a person, or, by metonymy, a place, house, ship, etc., at a distance; cry out to in order to attract attention.
    • hail To offer or exchange greeting or tidings; report or declare one's self.
    • n hail A salutation; greeting; call; summons; challenge of attention.
    • n hail The varions responses made by naval officers at night to the sentry, by which the latter may learn the rank of the officer approaching the vessel, are as follows: Flag-officers answer “flag!” the captain gives the name of his ship; the ward-room officers answer, “Aye, aye!” the steerage and warrant officers answer, “No, no!” and petty officers and members of the crew answer, “Hello!” Yachtsmen have adopted this code with a slight modification.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Hail hāl to greet: to call to, at a distance: to address one passing
    • n Hail a call: greeting
    • interj., imper Hail (lit.)) may you be in health
    • adj Hail on hearty and intimate terms—'Hail, fellow! well met,' often used as a kind of descriptive adjective
    • n Hail hāl frozen rain or particles of ice falling from the clouds
    • v.i Hail to rain hail
    • v.t Hail to pour down in rapid succession
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Quotations

  • Archbishop Paul Marcinkus
    Archbishop Paul Marcinkus
    “You can't run the Church on Hail Marys.”
  • Gladiator's Salute
    Gladiator's Salute
    “Hail Caesar, those who are about to die salute you.”
  • Mary Elizabeth Hewitt
    Mary Elizabeth Hewitt
    “Then hail! thou noble conqueror! That, when tyranny oppressed, hewed for our fathers from the wild. A land wherein to rest.”

Idioms

Hail Mary pass - In American football, a Hail Mary pass is a long, desperate pass at the end of the game that is hoped may gain some points, so it is used for a desperate attempt to resolve a serious problem at the last minute.
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Hail-fellow-well-met - Someone whose behavior is hearty, friendly and congenial.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. hail, haȝel, AS. hægel, hagol,; akin to D., G., Dan., & Sw. hagel,; Icel. hagl,; cf. Gr. ka`chlhx pebble

Usage

In literature:

Uncle Tom hailed us, and we went on board the Dolphin to supper.
"A Yacht Voyage Round England" by W.H.G. Kingston
Why have they not answered the hail thrice given; the last time loud enough to be heard within the depths of her hold?
"The Flag of Distress" by Mayne Reid
Jack heard the derisive laughter of the pirates who had hailed him as a hero.
"Blackbeard: Buccaneer" by Ralph D. Paine
Dory discovered by this time who it was that hailed him; and he took no further notice of Pearl, who hastened to the wharf.
"All Adrift" by Oliver Optic
A hail from the boatman was answered by a man from the deck of the ship.
"Boy Scouts in the North Sea" by G. Harvey Ralphson
The answer to the night-hail by which it is known that a midshipman or warrant officer is in the boat hailed.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
They hailed him with respectful salutations.
"A Son of Hagar" by Sir Hall Caine
He winked at Dillingham, who hailed a cab and made off.
"Charles Frohman: Manager and Man" by Isaac Frederick Marcosson and Daniel Frohman
Never was a shower of hail so thick as the shot whistling about our ears.
"The Naval History of the United States" by Willis J. Abbot
He had just emerged from the trees when a gruff voice hailed him.
"The Strange Case of Mortimer Fenley" by Louis Tracy
Indeed, it was a picture of great confusion and distress, and we hailed those on her bridge three times before we got any answer.
"The Iron Pirate" by Max Pemberton
She could be hail-fellow or hard as flint, depending on circumstances.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
Without responding to his hail the two strangers rowed hastily to their sloop and went below.
"Jim Spurling, Fisherman" by Albert Walter Tolman
Hail to this Prince of Privateers!
"Famous Privateersmen and Adventurers of the Sea" by Charles H. L. Johnston
Hail to Olaf the Brave!
"Historic Boys" by Elbridge Streeter Brooks
I leaped to my feet and hailed the riders.
"Treasure Island" by Robert Louis Stevenson
Then there was a hail from the lugger.
"Hunting the Skipper" by George Manville Fenn
I hailed his appearance with a shout of joy.
"The Quadroon" by Mayne Reid
If she flirted her whip overhead, down hurtled a shower of bright yellow hail from the laden boughs.
"The Missourian" by Eugene P. (Eugene Percy) Lyle
When one of these arrives hastily with the wind, it brings but little rain, and frequently some hail or driven snow.
"The Rain Cloud or, An Account of the Nature, Properties, Dangers and Uses of Rain" by Anonymous
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In poetry:

Sleet! and hail! and thunder!
And ye winds that rave,
Till the sands there under
Tinge the sullen wave --
"The Lee Shore" by Thomas Hood
Yea, and cold and heat,
And the sun and stars and moon,
Sea with her monotonous tune,
Rain and hail and sleet,
"St. Francis and the Birds" by Katharine Tynan
Let Israel to the Prince of Peace
The loud Hosannah sing!
With Hallelujahs and with hymns,
O Zion, hail thy King!
"Hymn VII. Messiah! at thy glad approach" by John Logan
Tempest and torrent,
Thunder and hail,
Roar on their path,
Seizing the while,
As they haste onward,
One after another.
"The Godlike" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Hail to thee, the Workman's Friend,
We wreathe thy brow with roses!
While thy useful page we tend,
Weary heart reposes.
"A Parody On "The Wayside Well"" by Janet Hamilton
Hail the task, and hail the hands!
Songs of joy and triumph sing!
Joy to the victorious bands;
Triumph to the younger king.
"The Fatal Sisters: An Ode" by Thomas Gray

In news:

For years, proponents of genetically modified crops have hailed them as a critical tool for weaning farmers from reliance on toxic pesticides.
Jurors in Coleman retrial to hail from West Tennessee.
Maine's 6 Senate hopefuls all hail from away.
Most Dream Act-eligible youth hail from Mexico — and a third live in California.
Top jet skiers hail from Marysville.
Top Producers Hail From Industry's Fringe.
Hail From May 25, 2011.
Movies hail from Hollywood's last 'golden age.
Biden and Palin hail from 2 states having little in common.
Sgt Ralph Anthony hail from the Naples area and spent seven months in Iraq as part of the security of the Kirkuk base.
Asteroid impact fueled hail from hell.
Three of state's top five trap-shooters hail from New Germany.
Two 'Idol' finalists hail from Texas.
Hail from South Whitley.
Hail from South Whitley Click to enlarge.
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In science:

Haile, Max-Albert Knus, Markus Rost, and Jean-Pierre Tignol, Algebras of odd degree with involution, trace forms and dihedral extensions, Israel J.
Zero Cycles of Degree One on Principal Homogeneous Spaces
The Copenhagen interpretation is often hailed as the greatest revolution in physics, since it rules out the general applicability of the concept of ob jective physical reality. I am instead inclined to regard it as a kind of “quantum voodoo”: irrationalism in place of dynamics.
Decoherence: Basic Concepts and Their Interpretation
Soon after the discovery of the binary pulsar it was widely hailed as a new testing ground for relativistic gravitational effects.
The Confrontation between General Relativity and Experiment
Thomas D.C., Haile R.W. and Duggan D. (2005) Recent developments in genomewide association scans: a workshop summary and review.
Weighted Hypothesis Testing
Position i of C ’s output holds a hail (h) iff either i ∈ X and position i holds a head (H), or i /∈ X and position i holds a tail (T).
Remarks on "Random Sequences"
Given these definitions of teads and hails, we see that C generates (A) iff C generates (a), and C generates (B ) iff C generates (b).
Remarks on "Random Sequences"
Position i of C ’s output holds a tail (T) iff either i ∈ X and position i holds a tead (t), or i 6∈ X and position i holds a hail (h).
Remarks on "Random Sequences"
Position i of C ’s output holds a head (H) iff either i ∈ X and position i holds a hail (h), or i 6∈ X and position i holds a tead (t).
Remarks on "Random Sequences"
Someone who thinks in terms of heads/tails may well find teads/hails to be “derivative.” But someone who thinks in terms of teads/hails will make the parallel claim about heads/tails.
Remarks on "Random Sequences"
Moreover, C produces an unbiased, independent sequence of heads/tails iff C produces an unbiased, independent sequence of teads/hails. (This is easy to verify.) Therefore, the runs test applied to teads/hails is as relevant to the randomness of C as the runs test applied to heads/tails.
Remarks on "Random Sequences"
Unfortunately, applying the runs test to teads/hails leads to a reversal of our initial assessment (in terms of heads/tails).
Remarks on "Random Sequences"
To see this, just count the number of runs of teads/hails in (a) and (b), above.
Remarks on "Random Sequences"
Underlying this phenomenon is alteration of the “rejection set” in the passage from heads/tails to teads/hails.
Remarks on "Random Sequences"
C ’s randomness. A given, potential output from C might be considered extreme when the rejection set is reckoned in terms of runs of heads/tails but not teads/hails, and conversely.
Remarks on "Random Sequences"
So if you expect a head [tail] there is no harm in announcing a tead [hail].
Remarks on "Random Sequences"
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