• WordNet 3.6
    • n gudgeon small slender European freshwater fish often used as bait by anglers
    • n gudgeon small spiny-finned fish of coastal or brackish waters having a large head and elongated tapering body having the ventral fins modified as a sucker
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Gudgeon (Naut) A metal eye or socket attached to the sternpost to receive the pintle of the rudder.
    • Gudgeon A person easily duped or cheated.
    • Gudgeon (Zoöl) A small European freshwater fish (Gobio fluviatilis), allied to the carp. It is easily caught and often used for food and for bait. In America the killifishes or minnows are often called gudgeons.
    • Gudgeon (Mach) The pin of iron fastened in the end of a wooden shaft or axle, on which it turns; formerly, any journal, or pivot, or bearing, as the pintle and eye of a hinge, but esp. the end journal of a horizontal.
    • v. t Gudgeon To deprive fraudulently; to cheat; to dupe; to impose upon. "To be gudgeoned of the opportunities which had been given you."
    • Gudgeon What may be got without skill or merit. "Fish not, with this melancholy bait,
      For this fool gudgeon , this opinion."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n gudgeon A small European fresh-water fish, Gobio fluviatilis, of the family Cyprinidœ. It is easily caught, and is used for bait. See cut under Gobio.
    • n gudgeon Hence A person easily cheated or insnared.
    • n gudgeon A bait; an allurement; something used to deceive or entrap a person; a cheat; a lie.
    • gudgeon Resembling a gudgeon; foolish; stupid.
    • gudgeon To insnare; cheat; impose on.
    • n gudgeon The large pivot of the axis of a wheel.
    • n gudgeon In machinery, that part of a horizontal shaft or axle which turns in the collar. The word formerly denoted the part revolving in immediate contact with the bearings. It is now applied only when that part is separate from and independent of the body of the shaft. The form of the gudgeon and the mode of its insertion depend upon the form and material of the shaft.
    • n gudgeon In ship-building: One of several clamps, of iron or other metal, bolted to the stern-post of a ship or boat for the rudder to hang on. There is a hole in each of them to receive a corresponding pintle bolted on the back of the rudder, which thus turns as upon hinges. There are generally 4, 5, or 6 gudgeons on a ship's stern-post, according to her size.
    • n gudgeon One of the notches in the carrick-bits for receiving the metal bushes in which the spindle of a windlass traverses.
    • n gudgeon A metallic pin used for securing together two blocks or slabs, as of stone or marble.
    • n gudgeon A piece of wood used for roofing.
    • n gudgeon Eleotris coxii, a gobioid fish of New South Wales.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Gudgeon guj′un a genus of small, carp-like fishes common in the fresh waters of Europe—easily caught: a person easily cheated
    • adj Gudgeon foolish
    • v.t Gudgeon to impose on, cheat
    • n Gudgeon guj′un the bearing of a shaft, esp. when made of a separate piece: a metallic journal-piece let into the end of a wooden shaft: a pin.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. gojon, F. goujon, from L. gobio, or gobius, Gr. kwbio`s Cf. 1st Goby.
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. goujon, the pin of a pulley.


In literature:

He's charmed, or I am a gudgeon.
"Snarley-yow" by Frederick Marryat
How like gudgeons we all snapped at the bait of EUGENE SUE!
"The Knickerbocker, or New-York Monthly Magazine, May 1844" by Various
It would not be difficult to call up best-day memories of gudgeon, of bleak, and even minnows; of tench, and carp, and bream.
"Lines in Pleasant Places" by William Senior
Then that hungry gudgeon credulity will bite at anything.
"The Comedies of William Congreve Volume 1 [of 2]" by William Congreve
He explains Gudgeon as a corruption of Goodison.
"The Romance of Names" by Ernest Weekley
We used to ketch the gudgeons like hooroar down in the sharp water below the mill up at home.
"The Golden Magnet" by George Manville Fenn
Thou thyself shalt see how the old gudgeon will swallow the hook.
"Faustus his Life, Death, and Doom" by Friedrich Maximilian von Klinger
Here we paused to catch a few of the perch and gudgeons, which Leonora had attracted by carefully wearing white stockings.
"HE" by Andrew Lang
Those secured to a ship are termed braces; gudgeon is more applicable to boats or small vessels.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
The gudgeons swallowed it whole!
"The Clansman" by Thomas Dixon
Don't you see, my dear fellow, that if you ever hooked a gudgeon, you have as certainly caught the republisher?
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 62, Number 385. November, 1847." by Various
But with crooked pins fish thou, as babes do that want reason: Gudgeons only can be caught with such poor tricks of treason.
"Lyrics from the Song-Books of the Elizabethan Age" by Various
A large upright post is placed on a gudgeon, with shafts extending horizontally 15 or 20 feet.
"A New Guide for Emigrants to the West" by J. M. Peck
The hook is nicely baited; where are all The gudgeons it should lure?
"The Woman Who Dared" by Epes Sargent
Is made with flounders, whitings, gudgeons, or eels.
"The Cook's Oracle; and Housekeeper's Manual" by William Kitchiner
This socket has two gudgeons, upon which it, and the lever which it contains, can turn.
"Practical Education, Volume II" by Maria Edgeworth
In the stern-post are two eyes called gudgeons.
"Boys' Book of Model Boats" by Raymond Francis Yates
The gudgeons generally run in suitable bush-bearings, which should be well lubricated.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 3" by Various
The gudgeons held off, and did not rise to the bait offered.
"Black Diamonds" by Mór Jókai
I'd like something to drink; gudgeons make you thirsty in a minute.
"The Bashful Lover (Novels of Paul de Kock Volume XIX)" by Charles Paul de Kock

In poetry:

And still as they hooked the prize,
They cried with a keen delight,
And held up the spoil to their eyes:
"The gudgeons! they bite! they bite!"
"The Fishermen" by Ernest Jones