# grounds

## Definitions

• GROUNDS OF THE SMILEY BROTHERS ON THE 'CONVERTED MOUNTAIN
• WordNet 3.6
• n grounds the enclosed land around a house or other building "it was a small house with almost no yard"
• n grounds your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief "the evidence that smoking causes lung cancer is very compelling"
• n grounds a justification for something existing or happening "he had no cause to complain","they had good reason to rejoice"
• n grounds a tract of land cleared for some special purposes (recreation or burial etc.)
• n grounds dregs consisting of solid particles (especially of coffee) that form a residue "it is a Middle Eastern custom to read your future in your coffee grounds"
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GROUND PLAN OF A ROMAN HOUSE
GROUND PLAN OF THE SUBURBAN VILLA OF DIOMEDES
In the Grounds, Waverley Abbey
Banking Grounds
THE BEARSKIN SLIPPED TO THE GROUND
St. Nicholas' Burying Ground
WE HAD TO PLUNGE THROUGH MARSHY GROUND
The king's ship is grounded on a rock; a mermaid is nearby

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: The Leaning Tower of Pisa is 58.36 metres above the ground
• grounds the farm, grounds, etc., adjacent to the residence of the owner.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: A drink used to be made by the Aztecs for the gods which had the ingredients of ground cocoa mixed in with spices and corn
• n.pl Grounds dregs of drink: sediment at the bottom of liquors (explained by Skeat as Celtic—Gael. grunndas, lees, grunnd, bottom, Ir. gruntas, grunnt, bottom)
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## Quotations

“Flying is learning how to throw yourself at the ground and miss.”
• Eric Hoffer
“We used to think that revolutions are the cause of change. Actually it is the other way around: change prepares the ground for revolution.”
• John Milton
“Nothing profits more than self-esteem, grounded on what is just and right.”
• Oscar Wilde
“Where there is sorrow there is holy ground.”
“People see his pleasure-ground; him no one sees at all.”
• Casey Kasem
“Keep your feet on the ground and keep reaching for the stars.”

## Idioms

Break ground - If you break ground, or break new ground, you make progress, taking things into a new area or going further than anyone has gone before.'Ground-breaking' is used an adjective.
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Fall on stony ground - If an idea or plan falls on stony ground, it is received negatively by people in positions of power or fails to take off.
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Feet on the ground - A practical and realistic person has their feet on the ground.
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Get in on the ground floor - If you get in on the ground floor, you enter a project or venture at the start before people know how successful it might be.
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Get off the ground - If a project or plan gets off the ground, it starts to be put into operation.
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Hit the ground running - If someone hits the ground running, they start a new job or position in a very dynamic manner.
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Keep your ear to the ground - If you keep your ear to the ground, you try to keep informed about something, especially if there are rumours or uncertainties.
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Moral high ground - If people have/take/claim/seize, etc, the moral high ground, they claim that their arguments, beliefs, etc, are morally superior to those being put forward by other people.
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On the ground - Events on the ground are where things are actually happening, not at a distance.
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Run something into the ground - If people run something into the ground, they treat or manage it so badly that they ruin it.
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Run to ground - If you run someone or something to ground, you pursue until you capture or find them or it.
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## Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. grund; most prob. grund-en, pa.p. of grindan, and orig. meaning 'earth ground small;' cog. with Ger. grund, Ice. grunnr.

## Usage

### In literature:

We had hardly finished with the carpenter and the mason when we saw our wagons turning into the grounds.
"The Fat of the Land" by John Williams Streeter
They decided that such open mutiny could not be excused on the grounds of religious scruples, and ordered the regiment to be disbanded.
"Forty-one years in India" by Frederick Sleigh Roberts
Brother Kline, in part, passed over very nearly the same ground on this journey that Washington had passed over on his.
"Life and Labors of Elder John Kline, the Martyr Missionary" by John Kline
Indeed, it appeared to me, that his conjectures as to the others were on loose grounds.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
The ground was covered with snow and they could not find very much.
"Bunny Rabbit's Diary" by Mary Frances Blaisdell
Ground, selection for trapping, 225, GROUND SNARES, 44.
"Camp Life in the Woods and the Tricks of Trapping and Trap Making" by William Hamilton Gibson
The wood of the old vines was not injured, but the one year old wood of young plants was killed to the ground.
"Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916" by Various
Shyuote rose from the ground.
"The Delight Makers" by Adolf Bandelier
It was a brightly-polished metal body, raised some ten feet off the ground on outrageously large wheels.
"Operation: Outer Space" by William Fitzgerald Jenkins
McDonald, the thrifty Scotch-Irishman, from the old world, had built it of bricks he had ground and burnt on his own place.
"The Southerner" by Thomas Dixon
The entrance to the grounds was on Broadway.
"Lights and Shadows of New York Life" by James D. McCabe
The ground was very hard.
"The Great War As I Saw It" by Frederick George Scott
When clover seed is sown on ground honeycombed with frost, no covering is necessary.
"Clovers and How to Grow Them" by Thomas Shaw
Presenting a packet, he sank down on the ground with fatigue.
"On the Banks of the Amazon" by W.H.G. Kingston
One day we were walking along, Mr Hooker being in advance, when I saw him suddenly sink into the ground.
"In the Eastern Seas" by W.H.G. Kingston
They spend much time on the ground, and I often found the bills of those shot quite muddy.
"Argentine Ornithology, Volume II (of 2)" by P. L. Sclater
Faint with weakness, moaning with pain, he sank to the ground.
"Samba" by Herbert Strang
They left the castle grounds for the quiet beach, and in the meantime Mabel Hilliard and Marston leaned against the rails on the pier.
"Wyndham's Pal" by Harold Bindloss
You have seen a patch of ground early in the spring on which nothing was growing.
"Young Folks' Bible in Words of Easy Reading" by Josephine Pollard
It should be placed on a timber the size of the base of the anvil set three feet in the ground.
"Farm Mechanics" by Herbert A. Shearer
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### In poetry:

Home sat she that owned him master;
Like the flower bent to ground
Rain-surcharged and sun-forsaken;
Heedless of her hair unbound.
"A Preaching From A Spanish Ballad" by George Meredith
Quick on the ground her eyes were cast,
And now as quickly rais'd:--
Just then her father haply past,
On whom she trembling gaz'd.
"Sir Eldred Of The Bower : A Legendary Tale: In Two Parts" by Hannah More
In its duties, peace-bestowing,
In its beauties, overflowing
All the dewy ground,
In its mute religion, glowing
Everywhere around:
"Country Life" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
Thou art the arena of the wise,
The noiseless battle-ground of fame;
The sky where halos may be wreathed
Around the humblest name.
"To A Blank Sheet Of Paper" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
The lees of life you scornful brought,
Scornful she poured upon the ground:
The honoured doom in shame you sought,
You never found.
"Off Mesolongi" by Alfred Austin
I shall sleep--but I shall dream
In my home beneath the ground,
And my slumbering heart shall teem
With its visions deep, profound.
"A Distant Spring" by Charles Hanson Towne

### In news:

The Oregon Air National Guard unveiled a Battle Ground emblem on one of its F-15 Eagle jets during a ceremony Thursday morning in Portland.
Flight from jail grounded in air duct.
In June 1948, Stalin cut off all ground traffic into West Berlin.
After floating it's Zeppelin over the Bay Area for four years, Airship Ventures announced Thursday that it has grounded the airship and is issuing refunds to passengers.
Big 12's talent shifts from air to ground.
The Pomona (Calif.) Police Department gives a tour of their MD-500E, a four-passenger helicopter used to assist ground patrol units.
Fortbrand Services, founded in 1983, was originally established to serve the ground support equipment (GSE) side of the aviation industry.
FAA failing to keep airport terminal safety incidents grounded, GAO reports.
Ground ginger adds a somewhat spicy and bright citrus note to baked goods as well.
It's tough, it stands up to heat and drought, it's pretty, it smells good, and it covers ground at a surprising rate.
Members of the Mary Blount DAR and Elizabeth Paxton Houston Society Children of the American Revolution were joined by other DAR and SAR members on Sept 21 on the grounds of the Blount County Court House.
The October Sky Festival runs from Friday through Sunday on the grounds of the Beckley Exhibition Coal Mine.
Pants on the ground, pants on the ground lookin' like a fool with my pants on the ground.
Battle Ground — An Oct 18 groundbreaking ceremony will mark the beginning of a $4.8 million road extension project in Battle Ground. Justin Scott, director of grounds for the Milwaukee Brewers, tamps in some sod he and his grounds crew were replacing at Miller Park. *** ### In science: Euclid’s IR plus Ground-Based Observations For comparison, we now show what is expected to be obtainable with the use of ground-based telescopes plus the IR bands from Euclid. How Future Space-Based Weak Lensing Surveys Might Obtain Photometric Redshifts Independently For the excitation energy ∆E we proved that there exist no switching protocols of ﬁnite duration capable to bring a system from a noninteracting ground-state to the ground state of a LL. On the thermalization of a Luttinger liquid after a sequence of sudden interaction quenches Domain walls, droplets, and rigid clusters Consider a given ground state conﬁguration of a particular realization J of the ±J model. A relative domain wall loop is the boundary of a simply connected region where all the spins are ﬂipped relative to the given ground state conﬁguration. Zero and low temperature behavior of the two-dimensional$\pm J\$ Ising spin glass
TABLE I: Ground state quantum numbers for single-species systems, comparing the percentage of ground states of a given J for conﬁguration-interaction simulations (fCI ) against the percentage computed using the simple random-matrix model (fRM ) described in the text.
Random matrices, symmetries, and many-body states
We select 56.3% of realizations where the ground state quantum numbers are Jgs = 0 and Tgs = 0, the ground state of the QQ Hamiltonian has the same spin and isospin.
Quadrupole collectivity in random two-body ensembles
The above construction of the Neumann ground state for the period L now shows that (ii) and (iii) must hold for the Neumann ground state to coincide with the periodic ground state.
Understanding the Random Displacement Model: From Ground-State Properties to Localization
L to produce ground states in the RM universality class, while we took (cid:96) (cid:28) L, for ground states in the RP universality class.
Maximum relative height of elastic interfaces in random media
Top panel: FeII column densities for the ground level (open circle), ﬁne structure levels of the ground state (ﬁlled circles), ﬁrst metastable (open square) and second metastable (open triangle) transitions for component I in the spectrum of GRB 081008.
VLT/UVES and FORS2 spectroscopy of the GRB 081008 afterglow
The outermost circular region is connected to a common ground, onto which the ground mesh is attached.
A Prototype Detector for Directional Measurement of the Cosmogenic Neutron Flux
But at least this time one lands on solid ground, which is the only ground that serves as a good jumping-off point for further speculation.
Survey of mathematical foundations of QFT and perturbative string theory
The operator H = −∆ + V is self-adjoint, hence for every system size N and for every realization of the random potential there exists a ground state vector ΨN realizing the ground state energy.
Ground State Energy of the One-Dimensional Discrete Random Schr\"{o}dinger Operator with Bernoulli Potential
If the ground state does localize to the largest island (or one of them), then the ground state energy calculation simpliﬁes greatly since, in the notation of section 4, kf k ≈ 1 − o(1) can be substituted and it can be shown that s ≈ 1 − 1√ℓN .
Ground State Energy of the One-Dimensional Discrete Random Schr\"{o}dinger Operator with Bernoulli Potential
We see an important improvement that the ground state energy decreases when increasing Dcut and is strictly above the exact energy, unlike the simple GTERG approach, which can overestimate the ground state energy for small Dcut .
Efficient simulation of Grassmann Tensor Product States
If the coupling to the ﬁeld is sufﬁciently infrared-regular so that the coupled system admits a ground state, then this invariant state necessarily corresponds to the ground state.
Approach to ground state and time-independent photon bound for massless spin-boson models
This implies that in this range of the parameter, although the system does not reach the real ground state in any realisation of the network (or initial conﬁguration), such that ǫ 6= 0 in each case, the system has a tendency to approach the the actual ground state monotonically with p for p < 0.5 (Fig. 3).
Effect of the nature of randomness on quenching dynamics of Ising model on complex networks
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