graver

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n graver a tool used by an engraver
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Graver An ergraving or cutting tool; a burin.
    • Graver One who graves; an engraver or a sculptor; one whose occupation is te cut letters or figures in stone or other hard material.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n graver One who carves or engraves; one whose profession it is to cut letters or figures in metal, stone, or other hard material: formerly applied also to a sculptor.
    • n graver A tool used for engraving; a burin; also, a sculptors' chisel.
    • n graver An instrument used for turning iron after it has been roughed out by the heel-tool.—
    • n graver A shaver, a tool wherewith “bowyers use to shave bows.”
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Graver grāv′ėr an engraver: a tool for engraving on hard substances, a burin.
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Quotations

  • William Cowper
    William%20Cowper
    “Once more I would adopt the graver style -- a teacher should be sparing of his smile.”

Usage

In literature:

More than this, I soon came to realize that this question for and against England was a deeper and graver matter than I had dreamed it to be.
"In the Valley" by Harold Frederic
In reflection his features seemed to have assumed a graver and somewhat weary expression.
"The Avenger" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
He could easily solve the problems of the surveyor, but he was daily beset with graver questions, which he manfully confronted.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 10, No. 58, August, 1862" by Various
Christine, readjusting her life to new conditions, was graver, more thoughtful.
"K" by Mary Roberts Rinehart
I told him my story, and as I proceeded he grew graver and graver.
"Carmilla" by J. Sheridan LeFanu
The youth of those who resorted to her and Prometheus attracted remark from the graver members of the community.
"The Twilight of the Gods, and Other Tales" by Richard Garnett
A graver charge than frivolity was soon to be brought against the widow of the late Colonel Jere Lansdale.
"The Boss of Little Arcady" by Harry Leon Wilson
Cowardly under suffering, he was in striking contrast to Becker, who stood graver pain with hardly a flinch.
"Sketches of the East Africa Campaign" by Robert Valentine Dolbey
I come, guardian, with a far graver solicitation than any of these.
"The Bravo" by J. Fenimore Cooper
An indifferent observer would have thought her much graver and less animated than usual.
"Precaution" by James Fenimore Cooper
He now came upon a graver business than conducting me to London.
"The World's Greatest Books, Vol. I" by Various
For the segregation of the graver criminals, the management must be as scientific as it is now in insane asylums.
"The Positive School of Criminology" by Enrico Ferri
Then he looked up at his servant with a graver expression than he had yet worn.
"Three More John Silence Stories" by Algernon Blackwood
There was a deeper tone in his voice, a graver look in his eyes, than she had ever noticed before.
"Phantom Fortune, A Novel" by M. E. Braddon
The Kossuth incident was soon followed by a graver one.
"Lady John Russell"
But will not the graver male sex look for more?
"Personal Memoirs Of A Residence Of Thirty Years With The Indian Tribes On The American Frontiers" by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft
A much graver one that we may now write about was the shortage of zinc.
"What is Coming?" by H. G. Wells
Writing, like dress and the common way of life, became plainer and graver and thought stronger and deeper.
"English Literature: Modern" by G. H. Mair
Is he taller, or thinner, or graver, or darker, or what?
"Atlantic Monthly, Volume 6, No. 38, December, 1860" by Various
But there are other and graver considerations that tend in the same direction.
"A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents" by James D. Richardson
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In poetry:

And there do graver men behold
A type of errors, loved of old,
Forsaken and forgiven;
And thoughts and wishes not of earth,
Just opening in their early birth,
Like that new light in heaven.
"The New Moon" by William Cullen Bryant
From henceforth, good people, the graver throw by,
And if you've ambition to climb pretty high,
You may traverse through begging, resume limbs and eyes,
And probably up to a ballad may rise.
"The Triumvirate" by William Hutton
All-natural things! But more—Whence came
This yet remoter mystery?
How do these starry notes proclaim
A graver still divinity?
This hope, this sanctity of fear?
O innocent throat! O human ear!
"A Thrush Before Dawn" by Alice Meynell
What though the earlier grooves,
Which ran the laughing loves
Around thy base, no longer pause and press?
What though, about thy rim,
Skull-things in order grim
Grow out, in graver mood, obey the sterner stress?
"Rabbi Ben Ezra" by Robert Browning
My heart, tho' oft a captive made
To Beauty's charms, was half-afraid
To tempt too near the dangerous flame,
And oft I eye'd the graver dame,
Pallas, the power of Wisdom known,
The praise of Learning all her own.
"Love And Wisdom: A Vision" by Robert Alves
The earth is purple in the evening light,
The grass is graver green.
The gold among the meadows darker glows,
In the quieted air the blackbird sings more loud.
The sky has lost its rose — Nothing more than this candle now shines bright.
"Night And Night" by John Freeman

In news:

Tusculan Disputations 3 and 4 translated from the Latin and with commentary by Margaret Graver University of Chicago Press, 254 pp.
Graver of Dover died Thursday August 2, 2012 in Kent General Hospital.
Graver was born August 2, 1930 in Mooresville, North Carolina to the late Eldon Romaine Bell and Bessie Welch Bell.
Twitter taps Fred Graver for TV outreach.
Twitter has tapped veteran TV executive Fred Graver to lead efforts striking partnerships in the TV business.
Lehighton's Luke Graver awarded 4-H scholarship.
New Baby Groups 10 am – 11 am Little Tree House Play Cafe 10 W Gravers Ln.
Betsy Graver and Matthew William Chizever in GableStage's production of Venus in Fur.
The political fight that took the nation to the verge of defaulting on its debts last year is back, overshadowed by "fiscal cliff" disputes but with consequences far graver than looming tax hikes and steep spending cuts.
T he political fight that took the nation to the verge of defaulting on its debts last year is back, overshadowed by "fiscal cliff" disputes but with consequences far graver than looming tax hikes and steep spending cuts.
WASHINGTON (AP) The political fight that took the nation to the verge of defaulting on its debts last year is back, overshadowed by "fiscal cliff" disputes but with consequences far graver than looming tax hikes and steep spending cuts.
TERRY AHNER/TIMES NEWS Jen Graver and her father, Joseph Schock, owner of the newly opened J & J Coins at 631 Delaware Avenue in Palmerton, proudly display their impressive collection inside their shop.
Mary Graver is an E-vangelist (electronic evangelist).
For the last fifteen years of Orson Welles ' life, "…it was up to me to make his visions a reality," writes cinematographer Gary Graver in this enlightening memoir and homage to the legendary filmmaker.
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In science:

In this example the circuits do not generate the ideal IA although they do define the twisted cubic as a subscheme of P3 . (2) For the Veronese surface in P5 , the set of circuits CA equals the universal Gr¨obner basis UA , but the Graver basis GrA properly contains UA .
Equations Defining Toric Varieties
The Graver basis GrA has the following geometric interpretation.
Equations Defining Toric Varieties
This induces a bijection between the Graver basis of Λ(A) and the Graver basis of A.
Equations Defining Toric Varieties
Under this bijection we have the following geometric interpretation of the Graver basis.
Equations Defining Toric Varieties
Every binomial in the Graver basis GrA of the homogeneous ideal IA has degree at most degree(YA ) · codim(YA ).
Equations Defining Toric Varieties
By Theorem 3.9, these 16 minimal generators of IA coincide with the Graver basis GrA .
Equations Defining Toric Varieties
The degree of any element in the Graver basis GrA of a toric ideal IA is bounded above by the maximal true degree of any circuit C ∈ CA .
Equations Defining Toric Varieties
Graver was the first to introduce a finite universal test set.
Test Sets for Integer Programs with Z-Convex Objective
Since all elements in the kernel of this Lawrence lifting have the form (u, −u) and since (v , −v) ⊑ (u, −u) in Z2n if and only if v ⊑ u in Zn , this Graver basis is simply {(u, −u) : u ∈ GIP (A)}.
Test Sets for Integer Programs with Z-Convex Objective
Moreover, we should point out that s ≤ n, that is, the Graver basis that has to be computed for HCIP (A, C ) involves at most 2n variables.
Test Sets for Integer Programs with Z-Convex Objective
Since A = 0, we need to compute the Graver basis of (C |I3 ).
Test Sets for Integer Programs with Z-Convex Objective
First, we will collect some facts about Graver bases that will turn out very useful in the final proof.
Test Sets for Integer Programs with Z-Convex Objective
Then the Graver basis of B can be constructed from the Graver basis of B ′ = (cid:16) A a (cid:17) in the fol lowing way: GIP (B ) = {(u, v , w) : vw ≤ 0, (u, v − w) ∈ GIP (B ′ )} ∪ {±(0, 1, 1)}.
Test Sets for Integer Programs with Z-Convex Objective
Then the Graver basis of B can be constructed from the Graver basis of B ′ = (cid:16) A a (cid:17) in the fol lowing way: GIP (B ) = {(u, v , w) : vw ≥ 0, (u, v + w) ∈ GIP (B ′ )} ∪ {±(0, 1, −1)}.
Test Sets for Integer Programs with Z-Convex Objective
Therefore, there must exist some vector (t, u, v) in the Graver basis associated with the problem matrix of (AIP) that improves (z0 , x0 , y0 ).
Test Sets for Integer Programs with Z-Convex Objective
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