granite

Definitions

  • the Granite Sarcophagus of Mykerinos
    the Granite Sarcophagus of Mykerinos
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n granite something having the quality of granite (unyielding firmness) "a man of granite"
    • n granite plutonic igneous rock having visibly crystalline texture; generally composed of feldspar and mica and quartz
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Statue in Rose-coloured Granite of the Pharaoh AnÛ, in the GÎzeh Museum Statue in Rose-coloured Granite of the Pharaoh AnÛ, in the GÎzeh Museum

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: El Capitan in Yosemite National Park is the largest visible granite rock in the world. It's twice the size of the Rock of Gibraltar.
    • n Granite grăn"ĭt (Geol) A crystalline, granular rock, consisting of quartz, feldspar, and mica, and usually of a whitish, grayish, or flesh-red color. It differs from gneiss in not having the mica in planes, and therefore in being destitute of a schistose structure.☞ Varieties containing hornblende are common. See also the Note under Mica.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n granite A rock composed of orthoclase-feldspar, mica, and quartz, and having a thoroughly crystalline-granular texture. While orthoclase is an essential constituent of true granite, triclinic feldspars are often present in smaller quantity. The mica is sometimes white or silvery (muscovite), and sometimes dark-brown or even black (biotite). Both varieties are occasionally present together, and some lithologists call only that variety true granite in which both are present. While granite is a thoroughly crystalline rock, distinctly formed crystals of the component minerals are rarely seen in it, except ou the walls of cavities. The color of granite is somewhat varied, although in much the larger number of cases the predominating tint is a light gray; some varieties, however, are almost as white as white marble; others are of a lightred or a pink color, which tint is due to the predominance of a rose-colored feldspar. Some varieties of granite are very massive and homogeneous in texture; hence this rock can often be quarried in blocks of large size. Granite is much used for building purposes where massiveness and durability are the chief requisites. It resists very poorly, however, the action of fire, fiaking off and crumbling under the influence of heat. Many varieties take a fine polish, and are used for interior decoration and for monumental work. Its hardness and coarseness of texture make it unfit for statuary. The theory of the origin of granite, and its relations to the distinctly eruptive lavas on the one hand and the distinctly stratified rocks on the other, have long been subjects of discussion among geologists. Granite has often been called a “Plutonic” rock, to express the idea generally held by geologists that it has become consolidated at considerable depth below the surface, not having been poured out of a volcanic orifice like lava. Among the rocks ordinarily designated as granite by quarrymen and others there are many varieties, with a correspondingly varied scientific nomenclature. Of these varieties and names the following are the more important: pegmatite, which includes the granites in which the component materials are present in crystalline masses of large dimensions; porphyritic granite, a variety with distinct crystals of feldspar scattered through a fine-grained material; graphic, granite, in which the quartz has assumed forms somewhat resembling Hebrew characters; syenite, syenitic granite, hornblende, granite, or amphibole granite, a rock in which hornblende occurs in addition to the other normal constituents of granite, the most famous locality of which variety is Syene, in upper Egypt, from which the name is derived (see syenite for the more modern application of this name); granitite, a granite in which only a dark-colored variety of mica occurs; granulite, a fine-grained granite with red garnets; and greisen, a granitic rock nearly or quite destitute of feldspar, interesting from its frequent association with valuable minerals and metalliferous ores, especially those of tin. See granitite, granulite, pegmatite, and greisen for fuller definitions of these words.”
    • n granite A kind of rough-grained water-ice or sherbet. Also called rock-punch and rock ice-cream. See the extract.
    • n granite Same as granite-ware
    • n granite In the quantitative system of classification (1902), it is proposed to apply the term granite for field purposes to all phanerocrystalline rocks composed of quartz and feldspar of any kind, with mica, hornblende, or other ferromagnesian mineral, if present in subordinate amounts. See rock.
    • n granite A granite containing two micas: the granite proper of some authors.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Granite gran′it an igneous crystalline rock, composed of grains of quartz, feldspar, and mica, and of a whitish, grayish, or reddish colour
    • ***

Quotations

  • Thomas Carlyle
    Thomas%20Carlyle
    “The block of granite which was an obstacle in the pathway of the weak becomes a stepping-stone in the pathway of the strong.”
  • Heywood Broun
    Heywood%20Broun
    “Hell is paved with great granite blocks hewn from the hearts of those who said, I can do no other.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
It. granito, granite, adj., grainy, p. p. of granire, to make grainy, fr. L. granum, grain; cf. F. granit,. See Grain
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
It. granito, granite, lit. grained—L. granum, grain.

Usage

In literature:

The old castle is a cheese-like structure of granite, and was considered, even when it stood alone, of great strength.
"A Yacht Voyage Round England" by W.H.G. Kingston
Granite has in its own nature no claim to originality, for it is found to vary greatly in its composition.
"The World's Greatest Books - Volume 15 - Science" by Various
Searching aimlessly for him, he had drifted down to Stonington and had gone to work in the granite quarries.
"Jim Spurling, Fisherman" by Albert Walter Tolman
Traces of the old fortifications remain, and also many pillars and arches of marble, basalt, and granite.
"Celebrated Travels and Travellers" by Jules Verne
Granite and china-clay, fire-bricks and fish are exported here, and the fishing done is fairly extensive.
"The Cornwall Coast" by Arthur L. Salmon
These walls are of granite laid up without mortar, the corner stones being of unusual size.
"The Critic in the Orient" by George Hamlin Fitch
Seven years and not a crack in the granite!
"The Pagan Madonna" by Harold MacGrath
Minerals; some limestone, and granite bowlders scattered over the surface.
"A New Guide for Emigrants to the West" by J. M. Peck
Red granite is the chief building material of the houses.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 2" by Various
The granite national parks are Yosemite, Sequoia, including the proposed Roosevelt Park, General Grant, Rocky Mountain, and Mount McKinley.
"The Book of the National Parks" by Robert Sterling Yard
The base is of granite; but the upper portion is built of a fine white stone, very closely resembling marble.
"Foot-prints of Travel" by Maturin M. Ballou
Graphic granite, it may be mentioned, generally occurs, not in masses, but in veins and layers.
"The Cruise of the Betsey" by Hugh Miller
The most direct route to the Quirt took him down Juniper Ridge and across Granite Creek near the Thurman ranch.
"Sawtooth Ranch" by B. M. Bower
A snow-slide had swept down and struck a granite cliff.
"Wild Life on the Rockies" by Enos A. Mills
The men behind Wilson answered, but their bullets only flattened against the granite surface of the structure.
"The Web of the Golden Spider" by Frederick Orin Bartlett
They are built of hard grey granite.
"Portuguese Architecture" by Walter Crum Watson
The gallery, leading thereto, was filled with snow and lumps of ice, to which the cold of the next night gave the consistency of granite.
"The Voyages and Adventures of Captain Hatteras" by Jules Verne
The demand for Guernsey granite has invaded these too.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
It came from away behind the granite kopjes.
"The Triumph of Hilary Blachland" by Bertram Mitford
We went down a sloping passage till we came to a large block of granite.
"What We Saw in Egypt" by Anonymous
***

In poetry:

I didn’t win light in a windfall,
nor by deed of a father’s will.
I hewed my light from granite.
I quarried my heart.
"I Didn’t Win Light In A Windfall" by Hayyim Nahman Bialik
In her bower sat Eliza;
Rent the air with shriek and groan;
All which heard the good Sir Aager,
Underneath the granite stone.
"Aager And Eliza (From The Old Danish)" by George Borrow
It is his will that he look forth
Across the world he won —
The granite of the ancient North —
Great spaces washed with sun.
"The Burial" by Rudyard Kipling
There was no iron then -- no brass --
No silver and no gold;
The wealth of the world was in its woods,
And its granite mountains old.
"The Fossil Elephant" by Mary Botham Howitt
The west builds high a sepulcher
Of cloudy granite and of gold,
Where twilight's priestly hours inter
The Day like some great king of old.
"The Dead Day" by Madison Julius Cawein
Never any more, O poplar tree!
Shall dawn awaken your song for me;
For a wind came down from the granite bill,
And you, the friend of my heart, lie still.
"The Fallen Polar" by Mary Webb

In news:

2109 Saint Clair Ave, Granite City, IL 62040.
The blue Bahia granite counters are particularly engaging.
5 staffers at Granite City school district in trouble.
(AP) — There's plenty of misbehavior at schools in the small southern Illinois community of Granite City, but it's the staff — not the students — who keep getting into trouble.
Granite Falls Turkey Shoot fun, competitive.
Rockport granite sculptor listens to his rocks.
Gwen Ifill spoke with some still-undecided Granite State voters.
Castillo Wulff, a Germanic turreted granite castle set on a rocky point, has become a symbol of the city.
Granite Transformations has launched a new iPad application, iGRANITE, to help users visualize their ideal kitchen or bath.
Wind Power Takes A New Turn In The Granite State.
I spotted a figure sitting on the steps of a square granite box with four urns at its corners and a truncated pyramid in its center.
José Luis Villegas jvillegas@sacbee.com Granite Bay offensive lineman Kevin Blank holds the Northern California championship trophy Friday after the Grizzlies beat St Ignatius.
Granite Peak Ski Area logo.
Granite Peak Manager Vicki B.
Granite Peak Ski Area is making snow and lot's of it.
***

In science:

The majority of the plots satisfying these criteria were located on soils derived from coarsegrained granites, so selection was further restricted to the 16 plots with this soil parent material. This selection included (see Appendix) Experiments 591, 612, 613 (Plots 1& 3), 615, 616 and 619 (Plot 1).
Effects of Selection Logging on Rainforest Productivity
Geological types are Alluvial (AL), Acid Volcanic (AC), Basic Volcanic (BV), Coarse-grained Granite (CG), Sedimentary and Metamorphic (SM) and Tully fine-grained Granite (TG).
Effects of Selection Logging on Rainforest Productivity
The chosen geology is uniform granite highly suited to modern tunneling methods.
ILC Reference Design Report Volume 1 - Executive Summary
The Asian site (granite) requires rock bolts and a 5 cm ‘shotcrete’ lining.
ILC Reference Design Report Volume 1 - Executive Summary
The large dimensions of the granite tower holding the optical components were actually dictated by the necessity of enclosing a 4 m high, 5 ton cryostat, and not by an optimal optics design.
Polarization measurements and their perspectives: PVLAS Phase II
Brace W, Walsh J, Frangos W. Permeability of Granite under High Pressure.
Evaluation of a permeability-porosity relationship in a low permeability creeping material using a single transient test
The effective pressure law for permeability in Chelmsford granite and Barre granite.
Evaluation of a permeability-porosity relationship in a low permeability creeping material using a single transient test
In the present case, we consider a solid containing iron -samples of granite rocks- and the pressure waves in the medium are provoked by particularly brittle fracture events in compression.
Piezonuclear neutrons from fracturing of inert solids
The Granit effect: the quantization of the energy levels was proved by observing a threshold in the neutron transmission through a thin horizontal slit .
Summary of a non-uniqueness problem of the covariant Dirac theory and of two solutions of it
Rapid Rocks – Granites… they didn’t need millions of years of cooling.
Gamma radiation measurements and dose rates in commercially-used natural tiling rocks (granites)
The cavities will be arranged in a Michelson-Morley configuration and continuously rotated with a rotation period between 10s and 100s for more than one year using a custom-made highprecision low noise turntable system made of granite.
Towards an ultra-stable optical sapphire cavity system for testing Lorentz invariance
***