grammar

Definitions

  • Giggles-wick Grammar School
    Giggles-wick Grammar School
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n grammar the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1850, Michigan's state constitution included the following line: "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, unless for the punishment of crime, shall ever be tolerated in this state." This inadvertently legalized slavery as an appropriate punishment for crime. It wasn't until 1963 that the grammar was fixed to outlaw slavery. The change required shifting the comma following "servitude" to the position after "slavery."
    • Grammar A treatise on the principles of language; a book containing the principles and rules for correctness in speaking or writing.
    • Grammar The art of speaking or writing with correctness or according to established usage; speech considered with regard to the rules of a grammar. "The original bad grammar and bad spelling."
    • Grammar The science which treats of the principles of language; the study of forms of speech, and their relations to one another; the art concerned with the right use and application of the rules of a language, in speaking or writing.
    • v. i Grammar To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar.
    • Grammar treatise on the elements or principles of any science; as, a grammar of geography. "When any town shall increase to the number of a hundred
      families or householders, they shall set up a grammar school, the master thereof being able to instruct youth so far as they may be fitted for the University."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n grammar A systematic account of the usages of a language, as regards especially the parts of speech it distinguishes, the forms and uses of inflected words, and the combinations of words into sentences; hence, also, a similar account of a group of languages, or of all languages or language in general, so far as these admit a common treatment. The formerly current classification of the subjects of grammar as fivefold, namely, orthography, orthoëpy, etymology, syntax, and prosody, is heterogeneous and obsolescent. The first and last do not belong really to grammar, though often for convenience included in the text-books of grammar; orthoëpy is properly phonology or phonetics, an account of the system of sounds used by a language and of their combinations; and etymology is improperly used for an account of the parts of speech and their inflections. See these words. Abbreviated grammar
    • n grammar Grammatical statements viewed as the rules of a language to which speakers or writers must conform; propriety of linguistic usage; accepted or correct mode of speech or writing.
    • n grammar A treatise on grammar.
    • n grammar An account of the elements of any branch of knowledge, prepared for teaching or learning: an outline or sketch of the principles of a subject: as, a grammar of geography; a grammar of art.
    • n grammar The formal principles of any science; a system of rules to be observed in the putting together of any kind of elements.
    • grammar To discourse according to the rules of grammar.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Grammar gram′ar the science of the right use of language: a book which teaches grammar: any elementary work
    • v.i Grammar to act the grammarian
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Quotations

  • Octavio Paz
    Octavio%20Paz
    “Social criticism begins with grammar and the re-establishing of meanings.”
  • Friedrich Nietzsche
    Friedrich%20Nietzsche
    “I fear we are not getting rid of God because we still believe in grammar.”
  • Joan Didion
    Joan%20Didion
    “Grammar is a piano I play by ear. All I know about grammar is its power.”
  • Elbert Hubbard
    Elbert%20Hubbard
    “Grammar is the grave of letters.”
  • Moliere
    Moliere
    “Grammar, which can govern even Kings.”
  • Carl Sandburg
    Carl%20Sandburg
    “I never made a mistake in grammar but one in my life and as soon as I done it I seen it.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. gramere, OF. gramaire, F. grammaire, Prob. fr. L. gramatica, Gr , fem. of skilled in grammar, fr. letter. See Gramme Graphic, and cf. Grammatical Gramarye

Usage

In literature:

We might as well call the horse unhappy because it does not learn grammar or eat cakes.
"Erasmus and the Age of Reformation" by Johan Huizinga
Bring your exercise book with the grammar and history.
"Red Rose and Tiger Lily" by L. T. Meade
But, in general, our practice has been not to alter the text, in order to make the grammar conform to the fixed rules of modern English.
"The Works of William Shakespeare [Cambridge Edition] [9 vols.]" by William Shakespeare
By John Angell, Senior Science Master, Grammar School, Manchester.
"The Education of American Girls" by Anna Callender Brackett
Only a very limited number of them in later years, remained at Oak Hill to complete the Grammar course.
"The Choctaw Freedmen" by Robert Elliott Flickinger
Spelling, punctuation, and grammar he corrected and modernised.
"A Life of William Shakespeare with portraits and facsimiles" by Sidney Lee
He himself was one of the first class that graduated from the old Fairhaven Grammar School.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Volume 11 (of 14)" by Elbert Hubbard
Herbert Spencer never studied grammar until he had learned to write.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great Philosophers, Volume 8" by Elbert Hubbard
So many girls leave school when their grammar school course is finished.
"Marjorie Dean High School Freshman" by Pauline Lester
He had likewise thumbed over his Greek grammar, and gone through the gospel of John.
"Ups and Downs in the Life of a Distressed Gentleman" by William L. Stone
My brother is in the Grammar School, and he has Examinations.
"Emmy Lou" by George Madden Martin
The Hutchins' grammar-school was erected as an appropriate memorial of his worth.
"The History of Tasmania, Volume I (of 2)" by John West
Before leaving England I had possessed myself of a Hindustanee Grammar, and in Calcutta of a Hindustanee Dictionary.
"Life and Work in Benares and Kumaon, 1839-1877" by James Kennedy
The grammar of the Veda (to turn from the contents to the structure of the work) is important in many respects.
"Chips From A German Workshop - Volume I" by Friedrich Max Müller
Indeed, that portion of his history which relates to grammar seems to us by far the most unsatisfactory of all.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 14, No. 85, November, 1864" by Various
But according to orthodox standards Miss Cross's grammar was faulty.
"Working With the Working Woman" by Cornelia Stratton Parker
He received the early part of his education at the grammar schools of Nuneaton and Sutton Coldfield.
"English Book Collectors" by William Younger Fletcher
I can only allow you till twelve o'clock for it, and then you must begin the grammar.
"The Nicest Girl in the School" by Angela Brazil
In both, lectures are given in grammar, philosophy, and theology.
"The Philippine Islands, 1493–1898, Volume XXXVI, 1649–1666" by Various
He was the son of a respectable tradesman in the town, and had been educated at the Grammar School.
"A History of Horncastle from the earliest period to the present time" by James Conway Walter
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In poetry:

Primer where the angels all
God's grammar spell in small,
Nor spell
The highest too well.
"Any Saint" by Francis Thompson
The giant with the stammer
was the landlady’s son,
grumbling on the stairs
over an old grammar.
"A Summer’s Dream" by Elizabeth Bishop
Y was a young Yellowhammer,
Who raised a ridiculous clamor;
And he chattered until
An owl said, "Keep still!
I'm trying to study my grammar."
"An Alphabet Zoo" by Carolyn Wells
Ye critics wha do grammar ken,
If ye do think that ye can men'
These sapless lines that I have pen'd,
The leaf ye'll turn,
For Nature's fire near the end
Did cease to burn.
"The Miser's Glundie Wife" by Susannah Hawkins
Take of these elements any you care about,
Put 'em in Texas, the Bowery, or thereabout;
Put in the powder and leave out the grammar,
And the certain result is a swell melodrammer.
"Melodrama" by Franklin Pierce Adams
She had an edication, an' that was good for her;
But when she twitted me on mine, 'twas carryin' things too far;
An' I told her once, 'fore company (an' it almost made her sick),
That I never swallowed a grammar, or 'et a 'rithmetic.
"Over The Hill To The Poor-House" by William McKendree Carleton

In news:

Readers sound off on Jerry Sandusky's sentence, voter registration, support group, prayer at games and proper grammar .
Ain't no excuses for bad grammar .
I will grudgingly admit to being somewhat persnickety about grammar and usage in both written and spoken English.
Getting after bad grammar .
Your editorial "Texting interferes with student's recognition of proper grammar " points out the negative effects of texting.
St Mary's teacher leaves legacy — and grammar book — for students.
Does grammar still matter in an age of texting and tweeting.
Grammar , again: Dems proclaim Romney 'too extreme for woman.
Texting creates poor grammar habits.
Fundraising, Grammar Among Todd Akin's Issues After His 'Legitimate Rape' Remark.
"Good grammar makes good business sense – and not just when it comes to hiring writers.".
Without command of grammar , one can't even truly read, much less write.
Texting Teens Don't Have GR8 Grammar .
A new study has found that texting teens have worse grammar skills.
But his inflexibility on the rules of grammar was an occasional aggravation.
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In science:

Constraint-based grammars can, in principle, serve as the ma jor linguistic knowledge source for both parsing and generation.
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
Surface generation starts from input semantics representations that may vary across grammars.
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
Such grammars can be used for both parsing and generation and are called reversible.
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
Semantic monotonicity is very strict and could be relaxed in shdg: It was shown that semantically non-monotonic grammars can be processed by shdg.
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
Moreover, we present the specific solution for the grammar in hand.
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
The kind of problem investigated in this paper relates to the fundamental question of how to organize a modular system consisting of linguistic knowledge (a grammar) and control knowledge (parser or generator).
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
Without loosing generality we assume that the grammar has a semantics layer and that a generator input expression is an element of the semantic representation language encoded by the grammar.
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
The System Setup This section introduces the generator/grammar pair used for the present study.
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
Alshawi, 1992) that are defined through the grammar and represented with help of feature structures (Nerbonne, 1992).
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
The modularity of the grammar and the generator are preserved.
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
On the other hand, designers of generation (or parsing) algorithms want to create generic tools that can be used for large classes of grammars.
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
It is very important to notice that its definition does not modify the grammar, rather a new module is added to it.
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
Interfaces between constraint-based grammars and generation systems ultimaltely are defined in a very specialized way.
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
Grammars developed independently of a specific generator can be adapted quickly without changing them.
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
It uses the same representational means that serve for the implementation of the grammar.
Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms
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