graining

Definitions

  • Woman Grinding Grain
    Woman Grinding Grain
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n graining a texture like that of wood
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Slash-Grain and Comb-Grain Flooring Slash-Grain and Comb-Grain Flooring
GRAIN-AND-FLOUR MERCHANT OF PATNA GRAIN-AND-FLOUR MERCHANT OF PATNA

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Ticks can be as small as a grain of rice and grow to be as big as a marble
    • Graining A process in dressing leather, by which the skin is softened and the grain raised.
    • n Graining (Zoöl) A small European fresh-water fish (Leuciscus vulgaris); -- called also dobule, and dace.
    • Graining Indentation; roughening; milling, as on edges of coins.
    • Graining Painting or staining, in imitation of the grain of wood, stone, etc.
    • Graining (Soap Making) The process of separating soap from spent lye, as with salt.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: A one kilogram packet of sugar will have about 5 million grains of sugar
    • n graining The act or process of producing a grain or a grained or fibrous appearance on the surface of a material; the appearance so produced. Specifically— The milling of a coin.
    • n graining In painting, the act or process of producing an imitation of the color and arrangement of the grain or fibers of wood; the appearance so produced
    • n graining The act of grinding lithographic stones together with fine sand to give a certain mat or grain to the surface
    • n graining In leathermaking, the artificial markings on the surface of a skin to imitate morocco and other varieties of leather
    • n graining In bookbinding, the making of a rough or fine pebbled surface, or a wrinkled or striated surface, on leather used for binding books.
    • n graining In watch-making, a similar process applied to the surface of movements, etc.
    • n graining The fork of a tree.
    • n graining The method or practice of taking fish with grains. See grain.
    • n graining A cyprinoid fish, Leuciscus lancastriensis, found in England, especially in the Mersey and its tributaries.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: On average, every American consumes 109 pounds of beef a year. It takes eight pounds of grain to produce one pound of beef.
    • Graining painting so as to imitate the grain of wood: a process in tanning in which the grain of the leather is raised
    • n Graining grān′ing a kind of dace found in the Mersey and in Swiss lakes: a small fish of the same genus, resembling the dace.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Bill Vaughan
    Bill Vaughan
    “If a farmer fills his barn with grain, he gets mice. If he leaves it empty, he gets actors.”
  • Robert W. Service
    Robert W. Service
    “It isn't the mountain ahead that wears you out; it's the grain of sand in your shoe.”
  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “Rebuke should have a grain more of salt than of sugar.”
  • Hitopadesa
    Hitopadesa
    “A store of grain, Oh king is the best of treasures. A gem put in your mouth will not support life.”
  • Michel Eyquem De Montaigne
    Michel%20Eyquem%20De%20Montaigne
    “There never was in the world two opinions alike, no more than two hairs or two grains. The most universal quality is diversity.”
  • Saadi
    Saadi
    “A little and a little, collected together, becomes a great deal; the heap in the barn consists of single grains, and drop and drop make the inundation.”

Idioms

Against the grain - If doing something goes against the grain, you're unwilling to do it because it contradicts what you believe in, but you have no real choice.
***
Go against the grain - A person who does things in an unconventional manner, especially if their methods are not generally approved of, is said to go against the grain. Such an individual can be called a maverick.
***
Grain of salt - If you should take something with a grain of salt, you shouldn't necessarily believe it all. ('pinch of salt' is an alternative)
***

Usage

In literature:

In Osceola there was a grist mill that cracked the grain.
"Old Rail Fence Corners" by Various
He had found in a wet, marshy place some wild rice-plants loaded with ripened grain.
"An American Robinson Crusoe" by Samuel. B. Allison
Finally, the chaff was removed by throwing the grain into the air while the breeze was flowing.
"The Fair Play Settlers of the West Branch Valley, 1769-1784" by George D. Wolf
Horn of good quality is fine grained and tough, while bad horn is coarse grained and either mellow and friable or hard and brittle.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
The peoples of all lands came to Joseph in Egypt to buy grain, for everywhere the famine was severe.
"The Children's Bible" by Henry A. Sherman
It should fit into crop-rotations, adding fertility for grain crops.
"Crops and Methods for Soil Improvement" by Alva Agee
The grain is oblong, pale, brown and obtuse at both ends, embryo about 1/3 of the grain.
"A Handbook of Some South Indian Grasses" by Rai Bahadur K. Ranga Achariyar
After taking eighteen grains, the urine began to increase.
"An Account of the Foxglove and some of its Medical Uses" by William Withering
As we dragged out the heavy shields, the soldier pointed to a group of donkeys laden with bags of something like grain.
"Pharaoh's Broker" by Ellsworth Douglass
The grain has starch instead of sugar.
"Child's Health Primer For Primary Classes" by Jane Andrews
Or give thirty grains of powdered ipecac stirred in a wineglass of water.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume I (of VI)" by Various
Wood firm, close-grained and hard to split.
"Trees of the Northern United States" by Austin C. Apgar
There is trade in grain and flour.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 4" by Various
But the demand for grain was always urgent in Rome, and the grain ships were always rushed on as fast as possible.
"The Bible Story" by Rev. Newton Marshall Hall
A large extent of ground is under forests and vineyards, and the soil is admirable for grain, pulse, and hemp.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3" by Various
More lye should then be run into the kettle to grain the soap well, the grain not being too small.
"Soap-Making Manual" by E. G. Thomssen
The matrix is a fine-grained, whitish sandstone, with a cement of carbonate of lime.
"A Manual of Elementary Geology" by Charles Lyell
Its dark wood is harder and finer grained than that produced by the native tree.
"Wayside and Woodland Trees" by Edward Step
This flour makes it pasty, and holds the grains together.
"The Century Cook Book" by Mary Ronald
It had a reel to gather the grain to the cutter, and the grain platform was tilted to drop the gavel.
"The Progress of Invention in the Nineteenth Century." by Edward W. Byrn
***

In poetry:

Go work in my vineyard, said the Lord,
And gather the bruised grain;
But the reapers had left the stubble bare,
And I trod the soil in pain.
"Go Work in My Vineyard" by Frances Ellen Watkins Harper
There is a Reaper whose name is Death,
And, with his sickle keen,
He reaps the bearded grain at a breath,
And the flowers that grow between.
"Voices Of The Night : The Reaper And The Flowers" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
We plough'd the ground, we sow'd the seed,
But Thou didst send the rain
In grateful show'rs, in time of need,
And now we've reap'd the grain.
"Thanksgiving Day" by Thomas Frederick Young
Gather wouldst thou the perfect grains,
And Jesus fully understand?
Thou must obey him with huge pains,
And to God's will be as Christ's hand.
"After Thomas Kempis" by George MacDonald
And o'er, at last, my spirit steals
A weary peace ; peace that conceals
Within its inner depths the grain
Of hopes that yet shall flower again.
"A March Day in London" by Amy Levy
Next to mine own beloved so long!
I have not spent my heart in vain.
I watched the blade; I see the grain;
A woman's soul, most soft, yet strong.
"To G.A.G." by Charles Kingsley

In news:

Arborists in the Boston area are stumped by the theft of burls, those giant knots on the trunks of most tree species prized by woodworkers for their intricate grain.
Just ask them if they are ready for the big bear hunt with a big 2400 grain bullet.
These high-fiber oatcakes are made with 100% whole grains and no butter.
Perhaps if it's a cookie formulated with innovative ingredients including whole-grain flours, new sweetener alternatives, or healthier fats.
Whole-Grain Apple and Ham Breakfast Casserole.
Developing drought remains a concern with respect to rain-fed winter grains in the Northwest.
Artist planted different grains in Canarsie.
Whole grains have been known to fight the belly fat associated with heart disease and diabetes, whereas refined grains like those in white bread and pasta offer none of those benefits.
Bradbury says he's not afraid to go against the grain in Idaho State Senate.
Sand sculpting competitions no longer go against grain.
Here's food for thought: According to the USDA MyPlate healthy eating recommendations, it's a good idea to "Make at Least Half Your Grains Whole," and a great way to do so is with 100 percent whole-grain, U.S.-grown brown and wild rice.
It pays to be picky about grain direction, even if it means wasting some plywood.
The indemnity fund creates an insurance policy that protects grain farmers in the case of elevator or other grain buyer failure.
The Texas Grain Producers Indemnity Board is holding a referendum on the statewide establishment of a grain indemnity fund.
In 1999, Kevin McNew founded and now serves as the president of Cash Grain Bids Inc, a data and market intelligence service for grain merchandisers and producers.
***

In science:

The fine-grained histories are paths in spacetime, the coarse-grainings were partitions of these, and the measure of interference was constructed by spacetime path integrals.
Generalizing Quantum Mechanics for Quantum Spacetime
Reduction of the state vector (3.2) also follows from the path integral construction when histories are coarse-grained by intervals of position at various times. 8The usual 3+1 formulation is also restricted to coarse-grained histories specified by alternatives at definite moments of time.
Generalizing Quantum Mechanics for Quantum Spacetime
Coarse-grainings: The allowed coarse-grainings are partitions of the metrics and matter fields into four-dimensional diffeomorphism invariant classes {cα}.
Generalizing Quantum Mechanics for Quantum Spacetime
Suppose we have a coarse-graining that distinguishes between fine-grained geometries only by their behavior on scales well above the Planck scale.
Generalizing Quantum Mechanics for Quantum Spacetime
The coarse-grained descriptions constructed from the fine-grained ones.
Generalizing Quantum Mechanics for Quantum Spacetime
Suppose we have a quantum theory defined by certain sets of fine-grained histories, coarse-grainings, and a decoherence functional.
Generalizing Quantum Mechanics for Quantum Spacetime
Every fine-grained history of the effective theory is a coarse-grained history of the fundamental theory.
Generalizing Quantum Mechanics for Quantum Spacetime
Generalized quantum theory built on the pillars of fine-grained histories, coarse-graining, and decoherence provides a framework for investigating such generalizations.
Generalizing Quantum Mechanics for Quantum Spacetime
The transport of grains from midplane to the heated surface regions means that desorption from grains can potentially provide a source of molecules, atoms and ions in the upper regions of the disk.
Turbulence driven diffusion in protoplanetary disks - chemical effects in the outer disk
We therefore assume that He is not affected by collision with grains and any He+ that collides with a grain is neutralized and returned to the gas.
Turbulence driven diffusion in protoplanetary disks - chemical effects in the outer disk
Sx is the sticking coefficient (assumed to be 0.3 for all species), a is the grain radius, ng is the number density of the grains, vx is the gas phase velocity of species x and nx is the number density of x.
Turbulence driven diffusion in protoplanetary disks - chemical effects in the outer disk
Boltzmann constant. (We do not explicitly track the grain charge, but instead following Umebayashi & Nakano (1980) assume that the grains on average have a negative charge).
Turbulence driven diffusion in protoplanetary disks - chemical effects in the outer disk
In this language, an event in A is therefore a coarse grained history defined by a coarse graining according to properties local to A.
A Bell Inequality Analog in Quantum Measure Theory
Definition 3.2 is defined for dL (x) ≤ a) The coarse graining scheme S1 = S1,L,k0 = (sx )x∈VL for such an x, the coarse graining is done by r (L) by sx = δVk0 r(L) ∩VL , i.e. choosing the exit distribution from Vk0 r(L) (x) ∩ VL .
Multiscale analysis of exit distributions for random walks in random environments
In this case, each term is smoothed at scale L from the right, and its variational norm is bounded by o((log L)−3 )O((log L)−9 ). A-priori estimates on the coarse-grained simple random walk yield that the sum over the coarse grained Green function ˆg is O((log L)−6 ).
Multiscale analysis of exit distributions for random walks in random environments
***