graft

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v graft place the organ of a donor into the body of a recipient
    • v graft cause to grow together parts from different plants "graft the cherry tree branch onto the plum tree"
    • n graft the act of grafting something onto something else
    • n graft the practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage
    • n graft (surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient; in some cases the patient can be both donor and recipient
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Back in 1919, the Russian transplant pioneer Serge Voronoff made headlines by grafting monkey testicles onto human males.
    • n Graft (Surg) A small shoot or scion of a tree inserted in another tree, the stock of which is to support and nourish it. The two unite and become one tree, but the graft determines the kind of fruit.
    • Graft A “soft thing” or “easy thing;” a “snap.”
    • Graft Acquisition of money, position, etc., by dishonest or unjust means, as by actual theft or by taking advantage of a public office or any position of trust or employment to obtain fees, perquisites, profits on contracts, legislation, pay for work not done or service not performed, etc.; illegal or unfair practice for profit or personal advantage; also, anything thus gained.
    • Graft (Naut) To cover, as a ring bolt, block strap, splicing, etc., with a weaving of small cord or rope-yarns.
    • Graft (Surg) To implant a portion of (living flesh or akin) in a lesion so as to form an organic union.
    • Graft To insert (a graft) in a branch or stem of another tree; to propagate by insertion in another stock; also, to insert a graft upon.
    • v. i Graft To insert scions from one tree, or kind of tree, etc., into another; to practice grafting.
    • Graft To join (one thing) to another as if by grafting, so as to bring about a close union. "And graft my love immortal on thy fame !"
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Coral (pro osteon) has molecular architecture and chemistry similar to human bone and so it can be used to replace bone grafts, helping bones heal faster. 150-200 pounds of it can sustain hundreds of graphs
    • n graft Same as graff, 2.
    • n graft A small shoot or scion of a tree inserted in another tree as the stock which is to support and nourish it. The graft and stock unite and become one tree, but the graft determines the kind of fruit. See grafting
    • n graft Figuratively, something inserted in or incorporated with another thing to which it did not originally belong; an extraneous addition.
    • n graft Specifically In surgery, a portion of living tissue, as a minute bit of skin, cut from some part of an animal or person and implanted to grow upon some other individual or some other part of the same individual.
    • graft To insert, as a scion or graft, or a scion or graft of, into a different stock, for joint growth: as, to graft a slip from one tree into another; to graft the pear upon the quince. See grafting
    • graft To fix a graft or grafts upon; treat by the operation of grafting.
    • graft Hence To insert into or incorporate with something else; fix upon something as a basis or support: as, to graft a pagan custom upon Christian institutions.
    • graft In surgery, to implant for growth in a different place, as a piece of skin.
    • graft Nautical, to weave over with fine lines in an ornamental manner, as a block-strap, ring-bolt, etc.
    • graft To insert scions from one tree, or kind of tree, into another.
    • n graft l. The depth of a spade in digging; the amount of earth turned up in one turn of the spade.
    • n graft A narrow crescent-shaped spade, used in cutting drains.
    • n graft Work; labor.
    • n graft A job or a trade.
    • graft To work.
    • n graft Dishonest gain acquired by private or secret practices or corrupt agreement or connivance, especially in positions of trust, as by offering or accepting bribes (directly or in the veiled form of commissions, fees, gifts, or philanthropic contributions), or by promising or using, directly or indirectly, one's official influence or power to assist or protect wrongdoing, or by levying blackmail—all in a private way and often disguised so as to seem the customary and proper course of business. The word graft, with its derivates, came suddenly into extensive use in the political and journalistic language of the United States about 1901, as a new term more convenient in some respects than the equivalent terms bribery, corruption, dishonesty, blackmail, ‘boodling,’ all of which it connotes, and of which it is a succinct synonym.
    • n graft A business, process, place of concourse, or office, in or at which dishonest gain, by corruption or direct thieving, may be acquired.
    • graft To engage in graft; live by graft. See graft, n., and compare quotation from Farmer under graft, intransitive verb
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Graft graft to make an incision in a tree or plant, and insert in it a small branch of another, so as to make a union of the two: to insert in something anything not belonging to it: to incorporate one thing with another: to transplant, as a piece of tissue, from one part to another
    • v.i Graft to insert cuttings into a tree
    • n Graft a small branch used in grafting
    • ***

Quotations

  • George Santayana
    George%20Santayana
    “The passions grafted on wounded pride are the most inveterate; they are green and vigorous in old age.”
  • Emma Goldman
    Emma%20Goldman
    “It is essential that we realize once and for all that man is much more of a sex creature than a moral creature. The former is inherent, the other is grafted on.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. graff, F. greffe, originally the same word as OF. grafe, pencil, L. graphium, Gr. , , fr. to write; prob. akin to E. carve,. So named from the resemblance of a scion or shoot to a pointed pencil. Cf. Graphic Grammar.

Usage

In literature:

She said as much to Michael when he came back in September, 1917, to make some further investigations into bone grafting.
"Mrs. Warren's Daughter" by Sir Harry Johnston
There'd be more open graft, he thought.
"The Real Adventure" by Henry Kitchell Webster
Wanted, four square inches of cuticle for skin grafting in W. How's that?
"Love Stories" by Mary Roberts Rinehart
The orange-trees are all grafted, and sinking under the weight of as fine fruit as any in India.
"Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official" by William Sleeman
Then, when I've got the drink out, you've to graft something on to me.
"Captivity" by M. Leonora Eyles
It was a wild stock of pride, on which the tenderest of all hearts had grafted the milder virtues.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. V. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
You will allow, I suppose, that the capacity of grafting has not been directly acquired through Natural Selection.
"Alfred Russel Wallace: Letters and Reminiscences, Vol. 1 (of 2)" by James Marchant
And in this graft, of course, the church has its share.
"The Profits of Religion, Fifth Edition" by Upton Sinclair
But you won't get one as long as you stay here and we graft off of you.
"Class of '29" by Orrie Lashin and Milo Hastings
On this fact the practice of skin grafting is based (p. 11).
"Manual of Surgery" by Alexis Thomson and Alexander Miles
However, all of the grafted black walnut trees ultimately died with the exception of one grafted Stabler.
"Growing Nuts in the North" by Carl Weschcke
In grafting we started about April 10th; the first grafting was almost an utter failure.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the" by Various
Stab the man to death, and the cells of his body still live and will continue to live if grafted upon another live man.
"The Breath of Life" by John Burroughs
The only way to abide in that vine is by being grafted in.
"Quiet Talks on Following the Christ" by S. D. Gordon
QUESTION: Would it be possible to produce grafted trees?
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the" by Various
By 1919 the Department of Agriculture had seven acres in grafted and budded cacao.
"Cocoa and Chocolate" by Arthur W. Knapp
Convinced that these would lead him into the unknown territory, Ross's desire to explore overcame the grafted superstitions of his briefing.
"The Time Traders" by Andre Norton
One feels instinctively that there is no graft bound up with the digging of the Martian canals.
"The Patient Observer" by Simeon Strunsky
Graft must be stamped out of the city administration, and a high order of men elected to the bench.
"A Woman for Mayor" by Helen M. Winslow
I am going to try bark grafting, and whip grafting in the body of the tree which has been cut off.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Second Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
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In poetry:

The Golden Rose can never die,
'Tis grafted on Eternity;
In hearts that Love doth glorify,
The Golden Rose can never die,--
May it be yours to find it!
"The Golden Rose" by John Oxenham
What are you doing now, Paddy Magee?
Grafting, or spelling now, Paddy Magee?
Breaking, or branding?
Or overlanding,
Out on the sand ridges, Paddy Magee?
"Paddy McGee" by Harry Breaker Morant
One afternoon, after a long weary tramp,
And hard grafting, to which he’s no stranger,
He found, that a letter, had come to the camp,
To warn him, his peg was in danger;
"To A Hatpeg" by Barcroft Henry Boake
The photograph is married to the eye,
Grafts on its bride one-sided skins of truth;
The dream has sucked the sleeper of his faith
That shrouded men might marrow as they fly.
"Our Eunuch Dreams" by Dylan Thomas
Graft within our heart of hearts
Love undying for Thy Name;
Bid us ere the day departs
Spread afar our Maker’s fame;
Young and old together bless,
Clothe our souls with righteousness.
"Lord of Power, Lord of Might" by Godfrey Thring
But what can sin now mean to me,
And death, and hell, and sulphur burning,
When, like a graft onto a tree,
I have-for everyone to see-
Grown into being part of Thee
In my immeasurable yearning?
"Mary Magdalene I" by Boris Pasternak

In news:

Grafts are used on wounds that aren't healing properly.
Robin Roberts leaves hospital after bone-marrow graft.
Greece has scored the worst ranking of all 27 European Union nations in a global league table of perceived official corruption, falling below ex-communist Bulgaria as public anger about graft soars during the country's crisis.
Rousseff Battles Brazil 's Graft Machine.
Nigeria's anti-graft agency says two former employees have been jailed over a $600 bribe .
LAGOS, Nigeria—Nigeria's anti-graft agency says two former employees have been jailed over a $600 bribe .
Nigeria jails anti-graft officers for bribe -taking.
A woman who suffered third-degree burns and required skin grafts has filed a lawsuit against the Dallas Cowboys and owner Jerry Jones.
Aimee Copeland to undergo skin graft.
Former Premier of Croatia Is Sentenced for Graft.
Philippine justice denies graft charges.
Yep, they are now grafting high value tomatoes that have issues with soil borne diseases or basically poor root stock.
The Afghan president has said he will ask for US$4 billion annually for 2015 to 2018, but he is facing donor fatigue and graft worries.
Pakistanis reach accord on graft Shaiq Hussain and Michele Langevine Leiby.
Graft Verdict May Help Croatia Change INA Contract With Mol.
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In science:

Subtree prune and re-graft: A reversible tree-valued Markov process.
Scaling limits of random trees and planar maps
The random infinite plane tree T∞ can be described as follows: Start with a semi-infinite line of vertices called the spine of the tree and graft to the left and to the right of each vertex of the spine an independent critical geometric Galton-Watson tree (with parameter 1/2).
The Simple Random Walk Snake on Z^4 is Recurrent
Ri (j )) the number of vertices at the j -th generation in the tree grafted on the left (resp. right) of the i-th vertex of the spine of T∞ .
The Simple Random Walk Snake on Z^4 is Recurrent
In order to first give a description of the marked tree conditionally on Fn , we consider the sub-trees that are grafted on Tn .
Record process on the Continuum Random Tree
Notice that xi represents the point of Tn at which the tree Ti is grafted on Tn .
Record process on the Continuum Random Tree
We consider the set I ∗n = {i ∈ In , xi ≥ mn} of indexes such that Ti is not grafted on the edge [[
Record process on the Continuum Random Tree
In the context of a (limited) stability analysis, in , two Schwarzschild spacetimes were surgically grafted together in such a way that no event horizon is permitted to form.
Generic spherically symmetric dynamic thin-shell traversable wormholes in standard general relativity
In addition, the open-source software libraries Normaliz (by Winfried Bruns, Bogdan Ichim and Christof Soeger) and SnapPea (by Jeff Weeks) have been grafted directly into Regina’s calculation engine.
Computational topology with Regina: Algorithms, heuristics and implementations
Yet tone color of an instrument is not something that is grafted on to the musical conception; it is part and parcel of the idea, as inseparable from is as are its harmony and rhythm.
Music in Terms of Science
The coarse graining used throughout this work, is an extension of the soft effective segment representation (SES) previously developed for both homopolymer linear (grafted and ungrafted) chains [23, 24] and block copolymers .
Telechelic star polymers as self-assembling units from the molecular to the macroscopic scaleBarbara Capone
Winter, Rayleigh processes, real trees, and root growth with re-grafting, Probab.
The scaling limit of the minimum spanning tree of the complete graph
Finally, formula (7) applies not to a true ASD connection, but to a connection obtained by an explicit grafting formula.
Simple Type is Not a Boundary Phenomenon
Gravity is not fundamentally unified with the other interactions in the standard model, although it is possible to graft on classical general relativity by hand.
Structure of the Standard Model
The equivalence relation is generated by the following condition: trees T and T ′ are equivalent if T ′ is obtained by removing an initial edge of T labeled with ιn and grafting in its place any tree S whose all initial edges are labeled with ιn .
From $\Gamma$-spaces to algebraic theories
Our problem involves a molecule grafted onto a surface, i.e. confined to a half space.
Excluded-Volume Effects in Tethered-Particle Experiments: Bead Size Matters
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