gout

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n gout a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Gout (Med) A constitutional disease, occurring by paroxysms. It consists in an inflammation of the fibrous and ligamentous parts of the joints, and almost always attacks first the great toe, next the smaller joints, after which it may attack the greater articulations. It is attended with various sympathetic phenomena, particularly in the digestive organs. It may also attack internal organs, as the stomach, the intestines, etc. It is an inherited disease of purine metaboism, which causes an increased level of uric acid in the blood, and leads to deposition of crystals of sodium urate in cartilage within joints and in connective tissue. It can be alleviated by a diet low in purines, and is treated by drugs which block formation of uric acid.
    • Gout A disease of cornstalks. See Corn fly, under Corn.
    • Gout A drop; a clot or coagulation. "On thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood."
    • n Goût Taste; relish.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n gout A drop; a clot; a coagulation.
    • n gout In falconry, a spot on a hawk.
    • n gout A disorder characterized by uricemia, by very painful acute or chronic inflammations in the joints, chiefly the smaller joints, and especially in the metatarsophalangeal joint of the great toe, and by the deposition of crystals of sodium urate in the inflamed joint-tissues, in nodules in the pinna of the ear, under the skin in the hands and feet, and elsewhere. It is strongly hereditary, but a proper regimen has great efficacy in preventing its development and recurrence. Gout is specifically called, according to the part it chiefly affects, podagra (in the feet), gonagra (in the knees), chiragra (in the hands), etc.
    • n gout See the extract.
    • n gout A drain.
    • n gout A gateway bridge over a watercourse.
    • n gout A sluice in embankments against the sea, for letting out the land-waters when the tide is out, and preventing the ingress of salt water. Also written go-out.
    • n gout Taste; relish.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Gout gowt an acute inflammation of the smaller joints, and esp. of the great toe, in persons of luxurious habits and past middle life:
    • n Gout gōō taste: relish.
    • n Gout gowt (obs.) a drop
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Quotations

  • Josh Billings
    Josh%20Billings
    “The best medicine I know for rheumatism is to thank the Lord it ain't the gout.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. goutte, a drop, the gout, the disease being considered as a defluxion, fr. L. gutta, drop
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. goutte—L. gutta, a drop, the disease supposed to be caused by a defluxion of humours.

Usage

In literature:

Did they ever stop a twinge of the gout?
"The Abominations of Modern Society" by Rev. T. De Witt Talmage
He was kept indoors by the gout.
"Evelyn Innes" by George Moore
I will; for if you had the gout, you would swear like a trooper.
"International Weekly Miscellany, Vol. 1, No. 5, July 29, 1850" by Various
He had the podagra, (or gout), and ought not to have ventured forth; but zeal would not let him rest.
"Alfgar the Dane or the Second Chronicle of Aescendune" by A. D. Crake
All their faces were singularly white and many were streaked and gouted with red.
"The Collected Works of Ambrose Bierce, Vol. II: In the Midst of Life: Tales of Soldiers and Civilians" by Ambrose Bierce
He wrote a treatise on gout and identified scarlet fever.
"Our Legal Heritage, 5th Ed." by S. A. Reilly
The Tumtum Springs did my uncle's gout so much good; why doesn't your cousin try them for her headaches?
"A Librarian's Open Shelf" by Arthur E. Bostwick
The hot-air bath is excellent for colds, skin diseases, and the gout.
"Searchlights on Health" by B. G. Jefferis and J. L. Nichols
Lord Bramber enjoyed the privilege of an antique hereditary gout, and came to Bath every season for the waters.
"Library Of The World's Best Literature, Ancient And Modern, Vol. 5" by Various
At the palace, however, he was informed that the Prince was in bed with the gout.
"Clementina" by A.E.W. Mason
A week or two ago he ushered in a colonel suffering from the gout.
"A Love Episode" by Emile Zola
But an attack of gout delayed him, and, before he was out of his room, Lady Rose was dead.
"Lady Rose's Daughter" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
If that man hasn't the gout and half a dozen other troubles I'll jump overboard.
"Nedra" by George Barr McCutcheon
I might have spared myself the trouble of my self-denial, for go I cannot, Hamilton having a fit of gout.
"The Journal of Sir Walter Scott" by Walter Scott
He was much troubled by attacks of gout, which frequently prevented him from taking his place in the field.
"History of Holland" by George Edmundson
Milton died in 1674, of gout, which had long afflicted him; and he left his name and works to posterity.
"English Literature, Considered as an Interpreter of English History" by Henry Coppee
To which I must add, that in young people the rheumatism is frequently mistaken for the gout.
"Zoonomia, Vol. I" by Erasmus Darwin
You would then feel that there are other twinges worse than those of the gout.
"The Evil Eye; Or, The Black Spector The Works of William Carleton, Volume One" by William Carleton
I hope it isn't the suppressed gout she'll be giving him the next time!
"Mary Gray" by Katharine Tynan
We have been rendered anxious here about your health, by hearing you have had a severe attack of your gout.
"The Writings of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
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In poetry:

Dear honest Ned is in the gout,
Lies rack'd with pain, and you without:
How patiently you hear him groan!
How glad the case is not your own!
"Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift, D.S.P.D." by Jonathan Swift
Against the swart magnolias' sheen
Pronged maples, like a stag's new horn,
Stand gouted red upon the green,
In March when shaggy buds are shorn.
"Carolina Spring Song" by William Hervey Allen Jr
M. Another year to banish gloom,
And still my friend retains his bloom!--
Still laughs and jokes, and tells his tale; Eats heartily : drinks homebrew'd ale;
Though sometimes tortur'd with the gout --
"To J. W. On His Birth Day. A Dialogue Between Seventy Two and Twenty Seven" by Hector MacNeill
Now these, you know, have blest you long,
But yet, my friend! you're not still young;
And 'twixt us two, you were truths all told,
You think the gout sounds plaguy old --
Arriv'd at years full threescore ten --
"To J. W. On His Birth Day. A Dialogue Between Seventy Two and Twenty Seven" by Hector MacNeill
These things were worth a million to a maimed old chap like me,
I'd give it if I could, sir, with a zest of childish glee.
Oh! if I could but put away my gout and rheumatiz,
And take an old-time outing from the pressure of my biz!
"If I Had A Million" by Samuel Alfred Beadle
W. The gout! young man! come! come, refrain!
You know, Macneil, 'tis but a sprain ;--
A random step -- a heedless tread --
You smile, I see, and shake your head -- -- Well! be it so -- with all my heart --
You know the truth -- I know the smart!
"To J. W. On His Birth Day. A Dialogue Between Seventy Two and Twenty Seven" by Hector MacNeill

In news:

MMM > News > Takeda hits the race track with gout awareness effort.
FDA Panel Votes Against Gout Drug.
Live right to avoid pain of gout .
Fructose Poses Gout Risks Even in Women.
Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America and the Arthritis Foundation launched a gout awareness campaign featuring TV and radio PSAs airing nationally, along.
MMM > News > Takeda, Arthritis Foundation launch gout awareness effort.
An Old Gout Drug Gets New Life and a New Price, Riling Patients.
Counting foods, cherries lessen gout and more.
Gout is a condition in which there is too much uric acid in the joints, tissues, and sometimes, even the kidneys.
Those who drank six cups a day or more -- had nearly a 60% lowerrisk of gout .
Caffeine, whether from coffee, tea, or both, was not related to gout risk.
Tea, it turned out, did not decrease gout risk.
Gout affects more than one million Americans of all ages, but particularly men between 40 and 50 years old.
Nascar pit crew chiefs Todd Berrier and Kevin 'Bono' Manion discuss their battle with gout .
Pit crew chiefs Todd Berrier and Kevin "Bono" Manion have teamed up with the ' Gout Pit Stop' campaign to help spread awareness and educate the public on the painful disease.
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In science:

When the uncorrelated graphs are those of Erd¨os-R´enyi the value G = Gout of the coupling constant where the system jumps to the crumpled phase scales logarithmically with N : Gout = xout ln N .
Statistical mechanics of random graphs
The transition point Gout (N ) scales like ln N .
Perturbing General Uncorrelated Networks
It turns out, that at large enough N this analytic formula is a very good approximation in the almost whole region G < Gout (N ).
Perturbing General Uncorrelated Networks
Setting G = G0 ln N < Gout (N ) one obtains a network model with a nontrivially behaving clustering coefficient C ∝ N G0−1 .
Perturbing General Uncorrelated Networks
Furthermore, the nonleading contribution blows up as one approaches the transition point G = Gout , because the transition is an intrinsically nonperturbative phenomenon.
Perturbing General Uncorrelated Networks
The characteristic fan shows up as one moves toward the transition point G = Gout .
Perturbing General Uncorrelated Networks
At this point we are unable to tell how Gout behaves.
Perturbing General Uncorrelated Networks
We recall that Gout ∝ ln N when in zeroth order the graphs are of Erd¨os-R´enyi type.
Perturbing General Uncorrelated Networks
There is no evidence in the data for an increase of Gout with N .
Perturbing General Uncorrelated Networks
The apparent constancy of Gout could be a finite-size effect, however.
Perturbing General Uncorrelated Networks
At finite N the smooth phase exists only when the interaction coupling G is smaller than some threshold G < Gout .
Perturbing General Uncorrelated Networks
Generically Gout scales like ln N , but for scale-free networks with 2 < β < 3 it scales like N β−3 (modulo logs).
Perturbing General Uncorrelated Networks
Let us denote by Gout the subgroup of Aut g generated by exp(ad(e)), exp(ad(f )) and exp(ad(h)).
Classification of linearly compact simple N=6 3-algebras
Let us denote by Gout the subgroup of Aut g generated by exp(ad(e)), exp(ad(f )) and exp(ad(h)).
Classification of linearly compact simple N=6 3-algebras
F [Gout (z )] = h − log 2/t ≡ F [Gin (z )] .
Localization Transitions from Free Random Variables
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