• A gopher-snake
    A gopher-snake
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n gopher burrowing edible land tortoise of southeastern North America
    • n gopher burrowing rodent of the family Geomyidae having large external cheek pouches; of Central America and southwestern North America
    • n gopher any of various terrestrial burrowing rodents of Old and New Worlds; often destroy crops
    • n Gopher a native or resident of Minnesota
    • n gopher a zealously energetic person (especially a salesman)
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Gopher snakes in Arizona are not poisonous, but when frightened they may hiss and shake their tails like rattlesnakes.
    • Gopher A large burrowing snake (Spilotes Couperi) of the Southern United States.
    • Gopher A large land tortoise (Testudo Carilina) of the Southern United States, which makes extensive burrows.
    • Gopher One of several North American burrowing rodents of the genera Geomys and Thomomys, of the family Geomyidæ; -- called also pocket gopher and pouched rat. See Pocket gopher, and Tucan.
    • Gopher One of several western American species of the genus Spermophilus, of the family Sciuridæ; as, the gray gopher (Spermophilus Franklini) and the striped gopher (S. tridecemlineatus); -- called also striped prairie squirrel leopard marmot, and leopard spermophile. See Spermophile.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n gopher One of the pouched rats or pocket-gophers, sundry species of the rodent family Geomyidœ and genera Geomys and Thomomys. See these words, and cut under Geomyidæ.
    • n gopher One of the spermophiles, burrowing squirrels, or ground-squirrels of the family Sciuridœ, subfamily Spermophilinœ, and genera Cynomys, Spermophilus, and Tamias. The animals of the genus Cynomys are prairie-dogs. (See prairie-dog.) The spermophiles are of numerous species in the western United States and Territories, such as S. 13-lineatus, S. franklini, S. richardsoni, etc. See cut under Spermophilus.
    • n gopher The Testudo (or Xerobates) carolina, a tortoise from 12 to 15 inches long, of gregarious nocturnal and fossorial habits, abundant in the southern Atlantic States. The burrows are dug to the depth of several feet. These tortoises lay eggs about as large as those of pigeons in hollows at the mouth of the burrow.
    • n gopher A snake, Spilote scouperi. Also called gopher snake.
    • n gopher In some parts of the southern United States, a plow.
    • n gopher A kind of waffle. See gofer.
    • gopher In mining, to begin or carry on mining operations at haphazard, or on a small scale; mine without any reference to the possibility of future permanent development. Such mine-openings are frequently called gopher-holes and coyote-holes.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Gopher gō′fėr a name in America applied to the prairie dog, the pouched rat, and to the land tortoise of the southern states
    • v.i Gopher to burrow, to mine in a small way
    • n Gopher gō′fėr (B.) a kind of wood, generally supposed identical with cypress.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. gaufre, waffle, honeycomb. See Gauffer
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary


In literature:

It has also been taken in California on pocket gophers and on a skunk.
"Insects and Diseases" by Rennie W. Doane
Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt {25} pitch it within and without with pitch.
"The Bible Story" by Rev. Newton Marshall Hall
There are various species of ground-squirrels and gophers, which are very abundant.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 1" by Various
Finally, we found that it was made by a species of gopher, whose holes we soon discovered.
"Camping & Tramping with Roosevelt" by John Burroughs
A few feet away from them sat a Gopher.
"Harper's Round Table, August 20, 1895" by Various
The sleeping Gopher had fallen off the rafter.
"Harper's Round Table, September 3, 1895" by Various
The little boy sat on the bench with the ex-Pirate on his left, and the Gopher on a high stool at his right.
"Harper's Round Table, September 10, 1895" by Various
It seemed to Tommy as if the Gopher would never get enough.
"Harper's Round Table, September 17, 1895" by Various
The ex-Pirate very good-naturedly put his head under the table and pulled the Gopher out from the pile of debris and broken crockery.
"Harper's Round Table, October 1, 1895" by Various
The Gopher became so alarmed that he dropped under the table and was never seen again.
"Harper's Round Table, October 8, 1895" by Various
The Gopher slowly arose and shook himself.
"First Fam'lies of the Sierras" by Joaquin Miller
It did not take many seconds for both Glen and Nettle to scramble to their feet after the tremendous header caused by the gopher-hole.
"Campmates" by Kirk Munroe
Probably both birds had eaten poisoned raisins left out for the gophers.
"A-Birding on a Bronco" by Florence A. Merriam
I was dead-heading him down from Gopher Butte, wasn't I?
"The Night Operator" by Frank L. Packard
The malignant cloud that settled over plain and mountain slope was broken on the Gopher lake.
"A Republic Without a President and Other Stories" by Herbert Ward
Sometimes, no doubt, they are like the one in Sinclair Lewis's Gopher Prairie; or they hardly outlast a season.
"One-Act Plays" by Various
Chipmunks were like small squirrels, and gophers were pretty striped little animals that played about on the prairie.
"Left on the Prairie" by M. B. Cox
The food of the gopher consists mostly of roots of plants but they often cut the roots of fruit trees.
"Science of Trapping" by Elmer Harry Kreps
A gopher in front of his hole beat Jack-in-the-box at his disappearing trick.
"The Trail of Conflict" by Emilie Baker Loring
Like him I catch mice too, but I also like beetles, gophers, and all sorts of little water birds.
"Birds Illustrated by Color Photography [January, 1898]" by Various

In poetry:

Soft sound the gophers' calls, and, ne'er the stillness waking,
Jerboas now appear - two or perhaps just one.
They ghost-like haunt the plain, great leaps across it taking,
And all at once are gone…
"As in a boundless sea in darkening fields and meadows" by Ivan Bunin

In news:

It's nice to see AudienceView and the Gophers energizing this space.
Last weekend was that the Gophers had plenty of opportunities to assemble a strong enough game to beat Michigan, one of the Big Ten powers they've been least successful against.
Gophers still trying to get over that Big Ten hump.
The good news for Minnesota last weekend was that the Gophers had plenty of opportunities to assemble a strong enough game to beat Michigan, one of the Big Ten powers they've been least successful against.
Gophers still trying to get over the Big Ten hump.
35 years ago, two words - ' good luck ' - lifted Gophers past Michigan.
The federal government has proposed listing four subspecies of the Mazama pocket gopher for endangered species protection.
Biologists looking to help gopher tortoise.
The Gophers are off until December 21st, when they host Northern Iowa.
To better service the ET product range, Gopher 's Systems Integrator, Dave Johnston attended ET's dealer training at the Dallas factory.
" Gopher is a very knowledgeable group of hard working guys," comments Vari-Lite / Entertainment Technology central regional manager Leonard Miller.
The Gophers (20-0-0, 14-0-0 Western Collegiate Hockey Association) led 2-0 after the first period, getting goals from Mira Jalosuo and Kessel.
The Gophers resume play Jan 11-12 against North Dakota at Ridder Arena.
Where does Tech- Gopher bowl game rank.
Christmas came a little early for the Golden Gophers football team who learned on Sunday that they had been invited to play in the Meineke Car Care Bowl in Houston Texas on December 28th.

In science:

Working Papers of the IntFilter Project, available by gopher from
Recognizing Text Genres with Simple Metrics Using Discriminant Analysis