gold

Definitions

  • BROOCHES OF GOLD
    BROOCHES OF GOLD
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj gold having the deep slightly brownish color of gold "long aureate (or golden) hair","a gold carpet"
    • adj gold made from or covered with gold "gold coins","the gold dome of the Capitol","the golden calf","gilded icons"
    • n gold a deep yellow color "an amber light illuminated the room","he admired the gold of her hair"
    • n gold something likened to the metal in brightness or preciousness or superiority etc. "the child was as good as gold","she has a heart of gold"
    • n gold great wealth "Whilst that for which all virtue now is sold, and almost every vice--almighty gold"--Ben Jonson"
    • n gold coins made of gold
    • n gold a soft yellow malleable ductile (trivalent and univalent) metallic element; occurs mainly as nuggets in rocks and alluvial deposits; does not react with most chemicals but is attacked by chlorine and aqua regia
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Additional illustrations & photos:

GOLD BREASTPINS FOUND AT POMPEII GOLD BREASTPINS FOUND AT POMPEII
Gold Pins Gold Pins
GOLD LAMP GOLD LAMP
GOLD JEWELRY GOLD JEWELRY
HEAVY GOLD PINS HEAVY GOLD PINS
GOLD NECKLACE OF TROY GOLD NECKLACE OF TROY
GOLD TASSELS OF TROY GOLD TASSELS OF TROY
GOLD PINS WITH SET GEMS GOLD PINS WITH SET GEMS

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Annually 17 tons of gold is used to make wedding rings in the United States
    • Gold (Chem) A metallic element of atomic number 79, constituting the most precious metal used as a common commercial medium of exchange. It has a characteristic yellow color, is one of the heaviest substances known (specific gravity 19.32), is soft, and very malleable and ductile. It is quite unalterable by heat (melting point 1064.4° C), moisture, and most corrosive agents, and therefore well suited for its use in coin and jewelry. Symbol Au (Aurum). Atomic weight 196.97.
    • gold a pale gold-colored alloy of aluminium and copper, used for journal bearings, etc.
    • Gold A yellow color, like that of the metal; as, a flower tipped with gold .
    • n Gold (Bot) An old English name of some yellow flower, -- the marigold (Calendula), according to Dr. Prior, but in Chaucer perhaps the turnsole.
    • Gold Figuratively, something precious or pure; as, hearts of gold .
    • Gold Money; riches; wealth. "For me, the gold of France did not seduce."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: An ounce of gold can be stretched into a wire 50 miles long.
    • n gold Chemical symbol, Au; atomic weight, 196.7. A precious metal remarkable on account of its unique and beautiful yellow color, luster, high specific gravity, and freedom from liability to rust or tarnish when exposed to the air. The specific gravity of pure gold is 19.3. Gold stands first among the metals in point of ductility and malleability. Its tenacity is almost equal to that of silver, two thirds that of copper, and, twelve times that of lead. It may be beaten into leaves thin enough to transmit a greenish light. It stands next to silver and copper as a conductor of heat and electricity; its melting-point is about 1,100° C. (or 2,000° F.); it is not attacked by any of the ordinary acids, but combines readily with chlorin; and it is dissolved by a mixture of hydrochloric and nitric acids. The crystalline form of gold is isometric, but crystallized gold is a rarity, and it is extremely uncommon to find crystals with smooth faces and sharp edges. Neither have any very large crystals ever been noticed, nor one so much as an inch in diameter. Arborescent masses, showing irregularly developed crystalline planes, are occasionally found, and such forms are sometimes aggregated into large masses; but much the larger part of the native gold found is entirely destitute of any appearance of crystallization, being usually in the form of small scales, which are often so minute as to be almost invisible to the naked eye. Larger rounded masses, called nuggets, are occasionally met with, and these are sometimes many pounds in weight. A specimen from the Ural preserved in the collection of the mining school at St. Petersburg weighs nearly a hundred pounds. The largest nugget of which there is any record was found in Australia, and was called the “Welcome,” It weighed over 184 pounds, contained by assay 99.2 per cent, of gold, and netted a value when melted of $46,625. Gold is a widely disseminated metal, but does not occur anywhere in large quantities, as compared with the ordinary useful metals. There is no proper ore of gold, this metal being never, so far as known, mineralized by sulphur or oxygen. Although gold is disseminated in fine and usually invisible particles through various ores of the other metals, and in many cases in quantity great enough to be separated with profit, most of the gold of the world is obtained either in the form of native gold, from washing the superficial detritus (sand and gravel), or by separating it from quartz, with which mineral it is almost invariably associated when occurring in veins or segregations in the solid rocks. Native gold is, however, in fact, an alloy of gold with silver, and traces of copper and iron are often associated with it. No native gold entirely free from silver has ever been found. The amount of the latter metal present in the gold varies greatly in different regions. The gold of California usually contains from 10 to 12 per cent of silver; that of Australia rather less than half as much. The native gold of Mount Morgan, Queensland, approaches more nearly to chemical purity than any hitherto discovered, since it contains 99.7 per cent of gold, and only a minute trace of silver. Pure gold is very rarely used in the arts. All gold coin and gold ornaments in use are alloys of gold with copper, or with copper and silver. The alloy is used, in the case of coin, because pure gold is too soft to bear rough usage; and for the same reason, as well as to diminish the cost, in the case of gold used for personal ornaments. The coin of (England is composed of 11 parts of gold and 1 of copper; that of France and the United States of 9 of gold and 1 of copper. The so-called gold used for jewels and watch-cases varies from 8 or 9 to 18 carats fine. (See carat, 3.) The alloys of gold with copper and silver are given various shades of color by treatment with chemicals, according to fashion or fancy. Gold has been in use for ornamental purposes from the earliest times.
    • n gold Hence, figuratively Money; riches; wealth.
    • n gold Anything very valuable or highly prized; anything regarded as very precious, or as of pure or sterling quality.
    • n gold A bright-yellow color, like that of the metal gold; also, gilding: as, a flower edged with gold.
    • n gold In archery, the exact center of the target, so called because marked with gold, or of a gold color; hence, a shot that strikes the center: as, to secure a gold.
    • n gold [English dial. also goolds (ef. Sc. gool, gule, gules, the corn-marigold), ⟨ ME. gold, goold, guld, merely a particular use of gold, the metal. Cf. marigold.] The marigold, Calendula officinalis.
    • n gold Tho corn-marigold, Chrysanthemum segetum.
    • n gold The turnsol; heliotrope.
    • n gold A sulphid of tin, the aurum musivum of the ancients.
    • gold Made of, consisting of, or like gold; golden; gilded: as, a gold chain; gold color.
    • gold Thin plates of gilded metal, especially of yellow metal or brass gilded.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The largest gold nugget ever found weighed 172 lbs., 13 oz.
    • n Gold gōld one of the precious metals much used for coin: money: riches: anything very precious: yellow, gold colour
    • adj Gold made of or like gold
    • v.t Gold to become golden
    • ***

Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “A Friend is a treasure. More precious than Gold, For love shared is priceless And never grows old.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Make new friends but keep the old ones; one is silver and the other's gold.”
  • Thomas Fuller
    Thomas%20Fuller
    “It is much better to have your gold in the hand than in the heart.”
  • Horace
    Horace
    “Gold will be slave or master.”
  • Johnson
    Johnson
    “To have gold is to be in fear, and to want it to be sorrow.”
  • Moliere
    Moliere
    “Gold makes the ugly beautiful.”

Idioms

All that glitters is not gold - This means that appearances can be deceptive and things that look or sound valuable can be worthless. ('All that glistens is not gold' is an alternative.)
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Good as gold - If children are as good as gold, they behave very well.
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Heart of gold - Someone with a heart of gold is a genuinely kind and caring person.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. gold,; akin to D. goud, OS. & G. gold, Icel. gull, Sw. & Dan. guld, Goth. gulþ, Russ. & OSlav. zlato,; prob. akin to E. yellow,. √49, 234. See Yellow, and cf. Gild (v. t.)

Usage

In literature:

He took them from a gold-looking case.
"Fairy Prince and Other Stories" by Eleanor Hallowell Abbott
Either it must be used only to gain more gold, and build a larger pyramid, or for some purpose other than the gaining of gold.
"The Crown of Wild Olive" by John Ruskin
Let me see, the gold has changed all at once and the law regulates the amount of gold that goes in a dollar.
"One Thousand Secrets of Wise and Rich Men Revealed" by C. A. Bogardus
I fold the two metals together in the usual way of folding gold to form strips, the tin being placed inside the gold.
"Tin Foil and Its Combinations for Filling Teeth" by Henry L. Ambler
The air gleamed with gold and roses, and life seemed like gold and roses.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
After that you can go to Caraquet with what gold we've got out and be gone as long as you please.
"The La Chance Mine Mystery" by Susan Carleton Jones
We didn't find gold, but we found God's own country.
"Colorado Jim" by George Goodchild
In the vein or lode or hard-rock deposits, the gold is mainly metallic gold, and to a minor extent is in the form of gold tellurides.
"The Economic Aspect of Geology" by C. K. Leith
Nevertheless, attempts are frequently made to reach the desired gold fields.
"Wood Rangers" by Mayne Reid
A large gold medallion stamped with a horse's head hung from a gold chain around her neck.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
Chinamen in long boots, much too large for them, came and went sombrely, buying gold sacks and picks.
"The Trail of the Goldseekers" by Hamlin Garland
Rainey could have gone when the blind man reached for the gold and left the ladder clear.
"A Man to His Mate" by J. Allan Dunn
The dawg ought to have a gold collar an' we might accept a gold plated collar-button, apiece, that's the way it sizes up to me.
"Rimrock Trail" by J. Allan Dunn
The Prince puts a hundred gold pieces into the purse, and Hubert pockets it in advance.
"Robin Hood" by Paul Creswick
And won't it look well with a brand-new gold chain to match?
"The Tale of Timber Town" by Alfred Grace
Take pale eyes gold for this land, and you can take the gold with you to the Ioway country and share it with our people.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
And Pete, he found gold and I reckon he told his gal where the gold was.
"Louisiana Lou" by William West Winter
It was of silk and embellished with gold-spun figures.
"The Web of the Golden Spider" by Frederick Orin Bartlett
Her sari was of gold, her shoes were of gold, for God loved her dearly.
"Indian Fairy Tales" by Anonymous
Well, yes; but about the gold?
"Timar's Two Worlds" by Mór Jókai
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In poetry:

Some men may hold
That hair of gold
Is lovelier
Than darker sheen:
They have not seen
My lady’s hair.
"Brunette" by Victor James Daley
At noon they opened wide
(O keep the scarves of gold!)­
At noon they opened wide
The palace of the plain:
"Song: IV" by Maurice Polydore-Marie-Bernard Maeterlinck
Ah, long ago!
As Aphrodite's handmaid bright
As gold wert thou then in my sight.
A very queen of love to me
"To Atthis The Inconstant" by Sappho
Silver and gold will be stolen away,
Stolen away, stolen away,
Silver and gold will be stolen away,
My fair Lady.
"London Bridge is Falling Down" by Anonymous British
Indians dance and run and stamp--
No good.
White men make gold-mines and the mountains unmake them
In their sleep.
"Men In New Mexico" by D H Lawrence
"Yet for her who waits at home,
For the dead who cannot come,
Let the little Gold-hair be
In the place of Menewee!
"The Truce of Piscataqua" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

The State Capitol's iconic gold dome will once again be clad with gold mined in Colorado, and the shiny stuff won't cost taxpayers a cent.
Oct 9, 2012 By Robert J Sheaf, Jr. A gold smelting plant couldn't get the hydraulically operated ladle to tilt and pour molten gold into ingot molds.
1848 – James W Marshall finds gold at Sutter's Mill near Sacramento, triggering the California Gold Rush (More info).
Gold medal winner /Angell wins gold at World Youth Games.
Stephanie Julie Gold, a daughter of Dr and Mrs Howard E Gold of Longmeadow, Mass.
David Manning/For The Star-Ledger Olympic gold-medal winner and Plainfield native Milt Campbell became the first African American to win gold in the decathlon in 1956.
Gold bars and coins at a gold dealer in London.
The Gold key Jazz Society wants to strike gold this weekend with its first Jazz Festival.
Oregon 'Gold Rush' crew takes another crack at panning for gold on Discovery Channel.
There may be gold in Alaska, but the Oregon men who hunted it last season on "Gold Rush" didn't exactly strike pay dirt.
Lantana 'Bandana Trailing Gold' Trailing Gold'.
Bill Chapman, former owner of Gold-N-Detectors in Golden, demonstrates gold-panning techniques inside the shop last week.
Julie Foudy catches up with newly-minted gold medalists Hope Solo, Carli Lloyd and Megan Rapinoe to get the inside scoop on the team's gold medal.
Gold Resource Corporation is a low-cost gold producer with operations in southern Mexico.
I think the gold bugs actually have a weak case in linking gold prices to inflation, but our exploding national debt practically mandates printing more dollars.
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In science:

We tested the distance-redshift relations of our models against the “gold” set of 157 SNe Ia of ref. , using flux-averaging statystics as implemented in .
Dynamical Relaxation of the Dark Matter to Baryon Ratio
Ultimately the final set contains 143 points plus the 14 points discovered recently using the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), and this set of 157 points is named the “gold” sample by Riess et al.
Generalizing the generalized Chaplygin gas
This ”gold set” has the virtue that all distance estimates were derived from a single set of algorithms.
A simple varying-speed-of-light hypothesis is enough for explaining high-redshift supernovae data
In particular the H ! Z Z ! four leptons, e.g. „„„„ channel is referred to as the \gold-plated" one, for masses above 180 GeV/c2 .
The CMS High Level Trigger
Recently it has been shown that current SN1a gold data can allow all four behaviors of this model with suitable choice of the matter density parameter Ωm0 .
Reconstructing K-essence
To simplify many expressions, I have chosen a normalisation in this letter which differs from my old /√2 gold and g = gold/√2. previous papers, e.g. .
On the Scattering Phase for AdS_5 x S^5 Strings
We demonstrate here that FLUX can reproduce a simple potential field calculation and the behavior of the Lundquist (1950) (linear force-free) and Gold and Hoyle (1960) (nonlinear force-free) flux tubes.
Fluxon Modeling of Low-Beta Plasmas
Gold-Hoyle flux tube has the interesting property that dθ/dz is constant across field lines.
Fluxon Modeling of Low-Beta Plasmas
We tested a Gold-Hoyle-like solution by launching a square, 11x11 array of fluxons from each of two flux concentrations in free space, separated by a distance of 30 on the z axis.
Fluxon Modeling of Low-Beta Plasmas
Because the twist is locked in by the fixed topology, this nonphysical initial condition should relax to become a Gold-Hoyle flux tube with the correct amount of twist for its final radius.
Fluxon Modeling of Low-Beta Plasmas
Analytic nonphysical field Fig. 10. — Three-dimensional rendering of the Gold-Hoyle flu lines were generated and converted to fluxons (LEFT), then re laxed with FLUX (right) in the presence of a cylindrical impermeable boundary.
Fluxon Modeling of Low-Beta Plasmas
RHIC collides gold nuclei with 200 GeV per nucleon.
String Theory: Progress and Problems
Indeed, DMC is usually a gold standard of accuracy.
Simple dynamic exchange-correlation kernel of the uniform electron gas
Soudan 2 used a modular fine grained tracking and showering calorimeter of 963 t located underground in the Soudan Gold mine in Minnesota.
Atmospheric neutrino and Long Baseline neutrino experiments
The first clear observation of a “hidden” order in disordered systems came from measures of the low-field AC magnetic susceptibility in diluted solutions of iron in gold.
Theoretical analysis of optimization problems - Some properties of random k-SAT and k-XORSAT
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