glucose

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n glucose a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Wood frogs can be frozen solid and then thawed, and continue living. They use the glucose in their body to protect their vital organs while they are in a frozen state
    • Glucose A variety of sugar occurring in nature very abundantly, as in ripe grapes, and in honey, and produced in great quantities from starch, etc., by the action of heat and acids. It is only about half as sweet as cane sugar. Called also dextrose grape sugar diabetic sugar, and starch sugar. See Dextrose.
    • Glucose (Chem) Any one of a large class of sugars, isometric with glucose proper, and including levulose, galactose, etc.
    • Glucose The trade name of a sirup, obtained as an uncrystallizable reside in the manufacture of glucose proper, and containing, in addition to some dextrose or glucose, also maltose, dextrin, etc. It is used as a cheap adulterant of sirups, beers, etc.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n glucose The name of a group of sugars having the formula. C6H12O6, which may be regarded as aldehydes of hexatomic alcohols. They are less sweet than cane-sugar. One or more of them constitute the sugar of fruits, and they are produced from cane sugar, dextrine, starch, cellulose, etc., by the action of acids, certain ferments, and other reagents, and by processes going on in living plants. The two best-known varieties, distinguished by their action on polarized light, are dextroglucose, dextrose, or grape-sugar, which turns the plane of polarization to the right, and levoglucose, levulose, or fruit-sugar, which turns it to the left.
    • n glucose In com., the sugar-syrup obtained by the conversion of starch into sugar by sulphuric acid, the solid product being called grape-sugar, starch-sugar, diabetic sugar, etc.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Glucose the peculiar kind of sugar in the juice of fruits: the sugar-syrup obtained by the conversion of starch into sugar by sulphuric acid—grape-sugar, &c
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. sweet. Cf. Glycerin
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. glykys, sweet.

Usage

In literature:

The seeds of some varieties contain much glucose instead of starch.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Vol. I." by Charles Darwin
I have a good notion to poison myself by eating some of your glucose sugar.
"Peck's Bad Boy and His Pa 1883" by George W. Peck
Eating filthy coloured and flavoured glucose by the pound.
"Desert Conquest" by A. M. Chisholm
The rice will enter the pot unwashed and will transfer its talcum and glucose to our intestines.
"The Ascent of Denali (Mount McKinley)" by Hudson Stuck
Boiled to a thread, set off, add three pounds of glucose dissolved; pour, let get cold.
"One Thousand Secrets of Wise and Rich Men Revealed" by C. A. Bogardus
C. for twenty minutes to dissolve the peptone and glucose.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
I notice that the National Academy of Sciences have decided that glucose is not injurious to health.
"Prairie Farmer, Vol. 56: No. 4, January 26, 1884" by Various
Prepare the nuts by chopping them fine, boil the sugar, glucose and water to the degree 300.
"The Candy Maker's Guide" by Fletcher Manufacturing Company
Pure sugar, no glucose in it; not a mite!
"The Wooing of Calvin Parks" by Laura E. Richards
F. This organism is unable to ferment milk directly, but is able to decompose maltose and glucose with gas production.
"The Bacillus of Long Life" by Loudon Douglas
A word should be said concerning glucose.
"Candy-Making Revolutionized" by Mary Elizabeth Hall
Agar plates, litmus, glucose broth and a sheet of clean paper were at the same time exposed in the box.
"Handbook of Medical Entomology" by William Albert Riley
After that, you'll need a glucose IV to keep her hydrated.
"Syndrome" by Thomas Hoover
Confectioners use one part of glucose to ten of sugar and boil to 240 deg..
"The Century Cook Book" by Mary Ronald
That used to be Max Glucoses business though.
""That's me all over, Mable"" by Edward Streeter
Glucose may be estimated by means of the polarimeter, i.e.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 2" by Various
We are now using annually nineteen million bushels of corn for the purpose of making glucose or corn sugar.
"The Works of Robert G. Ingersoll, Vol. 8 (of 12) Dresden Edition--Interviews" by Robert G. Ingersoll
He's pure fruit and cane sugar, Jacob is, not a mite of glucose in his make-up.
"Pippin; A Wandering Flame" by Laura E. Richards
Cane sugar or glucose is sometimes added.
"Foods and Household Management" by Helen Kinne
Glucose, Gun Cotton, and Nitro-Glycerine.
"The Progress of Invention in the Nineteenth Century." by Edward W. Byrn
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In news:

The Glycemia Management Solution improves glucose management in the hospital inpatient environment.
Effective blood glucose management is integral to high-quality and safe patient care.
Dietary carbohydrates with a high glycaemic index cause a high postprandial glucose and insulin response, and are associated with decreased insulin sensitivity and an increased risk of CHD.
I'm rubber, and you're glucose intolerant .
Transplanting non-human islet cells to restore normal glucose levels in people with diabetes, with particular focus on preventing rejection of these islets by the immune system (1 project funded).
SAN DIEGO — What is an appropriate blood glucose level for patients with diabetes.
Low blood glucose levels can weaken your willpower, but a new study says you may not need to actually eat sugar to strengthen your resolve.
Seven-Day Continuous Glucose Monitor Approved.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a continuous glucose monitoring system that measures a person's glucose levels for seven consecutive days with a single sensor.
Richard Jauch, left, has his glucose level tested by Deborah McGratch-Zehm at the Cascade Skagit Health Alliance's free community health fair on Sept 22.
In his blog entry this week, Andy Stuckey writes about feeling the symptoms of low blood glucose, or hypoglycemia.
Glucose is the brain's main source of fuel and provides critical energy for the cells.
This month won approval from the US Food and Drug Administration for its Accu-Chek Nano SmartView blood glucose monitoring system.
Up pops a three-digit number—her blood-glucose level.
James Winchester, who is diabetic, travels around the country demonstrating how to turn phones into blood glucose meters.
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In science:

The activator CRP senses glucose starvation, MalT senses maltotriose, and malEFG, malK and malS participate in maltose metabolism and transport. b.
Topological Generalizations of network motifs
In vivo fluorescence detection of glucose using a single-walled carbon nanotube optical sensor: Design, fluorophore properties, advantages, and disadvantages.
Carbon Nanotubes in Biology and Medicine: in vitro and in vivo Detection, Imaging and Drug Delivery
The β (1, 4) refers to the configuration of the covalent link between adjacent glucose units, often called a glycosidic bond.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
The glycosidic bond in cellulose is between C-1 of one β D-glucose residue and the hydroxyl group on C-4 of the next unit (see Figure 1).
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
Physiologic variables in ischemic animals after nimesulide treatment There were no significant differences in arterial blood pressure, blood glucose, hematocrit, blood pH or blood gases between vehicle and nimesulide groups (Table 1).
Neuroprotective efficacy of nimesulide against hippocampal neuronal damage following transient forebrain ischemia
H.Z. Yin, S.L. Sensi, F. Ogoshi, J.H. Weiss, Blockade of Ca2+-permeable AMPA/kainate channels decreases oxygen-glucose deprivation- induced Zn2+ accumulation and neuronal loss in hippocampal pyramidal neurons, J. Neurosci. 22 (2002) 1273-1279.
Effects of pyruvate administration on infarct volume and neurological deficits following permanent focal cerebral ischemia in rats
Hippocampus increased expression of enzymes involved in glucose utilization Change in gene transcription Increased level of calcium in the central nervous system Table 1.
The physical condition from the perspective of complexity: Application of a physical activity program for Alzheimer's disease
There are seven potential predictors of diabetes recorded for this group; number of pregnancies (NP); plasma glucose concentration (PGC); diastolic blood pressure (BP); triceps skin fold thickness (TST); body mass index (BMI); diabetes pedigree function (DP) and age (AGE).
Estimating the evidence -- a review
It is also used in functional MRI (fMRI), which is based on the principle that active brain areas have higher resource (e.g. oxygen, glucose) demands and higher waste output .
A Quantum Mechanical Review of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Deng, B., Glucose-induced period-doubling cascade in the electrical activity of pancreatic β -cells, J.
The Time Invariance Principle, Ecological (Non)Chaos, and A Fundamental Pitfall of Discrete Modeling
Experimental results. The chemical logic gate mimicking Boolean AND was initiated in a solution containing glucose, oxygen and ABTS.
Optimization of Enzymatic Biochemical Logic for Noise Reduction and Scalability: How Many Biocomputing Gates Can Be Interconnected in a Circuit?
Furthermore, in the regime point out that of applicability of the present rate-equation description, this parameter is also controllable to some degree for gate function optimization. In particular, it will depend on the concentration of glucose.
Optimization of Enzymatic Biochemical Logic for Noise Reduction and Scalability: How Many Biocomputing Gates Can Be Interconnected in a Circuit?
Devices, such as, insulin pumps and glucose meters have also been successfully hacked [10, 27].
The Enemy Within: The Emerging Threats to Healthcare from Malicious Mobile Devices
Later, he gained full control over the insulin pump and glucose meter.
The Enemy Within: The Emerging Threats to Healthcare from Malicious Mobile Devices
As noted above this does not appear too unreasonable for a protein, however independent verification of this point would be useful. A particularly interesting remark in implies that the twist dynamics are only weakly dependent on the viscosity of the solvent when this is changed by adding glucose.
Twist dynamics of semiflexible polymer
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