• WordNet 3.6
    • n glacier a slowly moving mass of ice
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Glacier An immense field or stream of ice, formed in the region of perpetual snow, and moving slowly down a mountain slope or valley, as in the Alps, or over an extended area, as in Greenland.☞ The mass of compacted snow forming the upper part of a glacier is called the firn, or névé; the glacier proper consist of solid ice, deeply crevassed where broken up by irregularities in the slope or direction of its path. A glacier usually carries with it accumulations of stones and dirt called moraines, which are designated, according to their position, as lateral medial, or terminalsee Moraine). The common rate of flow of the Alpine glaciers is from ten to twenty inches per day in summer, and about half that in winter.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n glacier The form in which the snow, falling on the higher parts of those mountain-ranges which are above the snow-line, finds its way down into the valleys. Under suitable climatic conditions, the snow which thus falls does not all disappear by evaporation, or melt at once and run off in the form of water, but becomes gradually converted into ice, and moves slowly down the mountain-slope in the depressions or valleys until it reaches a point where the mean temperature has so far risen that evaporation and melting counterbalance the supply from above. Here the glacier ends, and a stream of water begins, which is often the head of some large river, as the Gangootri glacier of the Ganges, or the Rhone glacier of the river of that name. The snow of the glacier is not transformed into ice at once, but passes through the intermediate stage of névé (German firn). (See firn.) Several subordinate glaciers often combine to form one large one, a result dependent on the topography of that part of the mountain-range in which the glacier takes its rise. The great glaciers, those of the first order, as the Gorner and the Aletsch glaciers in Switzerland, begin in large amphitheaters (cirques), where a considerable number of affluents are forced by the topographical conditions to unite in forming one great glacier. The ice-stream of the longest glacier in the Swiss Alps, the Gross Aletsch, was in 1880 10¼ miles in length; some in the Himalayas are four times as long. From the cliffs which overhang the glacier is always being detached, by frost and aërial erosion, more or less detritus, which is carried downward on the ice as it moves, and finally dumped at the terminus of the ice-mass. Such accumulations of debris are called moraines, and are very conspicuous on many glaciers. (See moraine.) The former greater extension of glaciers over certain regions has been, and still is, a subject of much discussion among geologists. See the glacial epoch (under glacial) and ice.—
    • n glacier A vessel for holding ice and cooling wine.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Glacier glā′shēr or glas′i-ėr a field or, more properly, a slowly moving river of ice, such as is found in the hollows and on the slopes of lofty mountains.
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. glacier, fr. glace, ice, L. glacies,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—glace, ice—L. glacies, ice.


In literature:

It was the melting of this glacier which fed the little stream.
"The Later Cave-Men" by Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
Some large blocks of the glacier ice had fallen from above, and lay conveniently for examination.
"More Science From an Easy Chair" by Sir E. Ray (Edwin Ray) Lankester
To go and find new ways on virgin mountains and glaciers was not easy work.
"An Explorer's Adventures in Tibet" by A. Henry Savage Landor
At the heads of these glaciers there is little else but snow and ice.
"The Heart of Nature" by Francis Younghusband
Between the periods from volcano to glacier and from glacier to to-day, stream erosion has performed its miracles.
"The Book of the National Parks" by Robert Sterling Yard
In that way you can see the headwaters of the Fraser River, and glaciers twenty miles south of here.
"The Young Alaskans in the Rockies" by Emerson Hough
On arriving at the mouth of this last, they perceived that it was filled by a glacier.
"The Plant Hunters" by Mayne Reid
Let's head straight for the glaciers.
"The Great Sioux Trail" by Joseph Altsheler
The Heif Goats lived close to the Heifen Glacier, one of the largest in Switzerland.
"Soap-Bubble Stories" by Fanny Barry
No one who has not seen a glacier can possibly realise what they are like.
"The Beauties of Nature" by Sir John Lubbock

In poetry:

When spear-heads light the lakes,
When trumpets loose the snows,
When the rushing war-steed shakes
The glacier's mute repose;
"The Cavern Of The Three Tells" by Felicia Dorothea Hemans
Yes, though the virgin mountain-air
Fresh through these pages blows;
Though to these leaves the glaciers spare
The soul of their mute snows;
"Stanzas In Memory Of The Author Of 'Obermann'" by Matthew Arnold
Ho, wind of March, speed over sea,
From mountains where the snows lie deep
The cruel glaciers threatening creep,
And witness this, my jubilee!
"March" by Elizabeth Drew Barstow Stoddard
Since all eternity, a turban
Snow white, thy glorious brow has veiled,
The peace sublime about thy glacier
The strife of man has ne'er assailed.
"To Kasbek" by Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov
Torrents! that down the mountain rush,
Glaciers! that on its shoulders shine,
Pearls! in your ocean bed that blush,
Diamonds! yet sleeping in your mine,—
"Hymns For Dedication XI" by John Pierpont
But, see! There’s a man on the glacier;
His nose is turned into an icicle.
Don’t you know him? It’s Walls the ice-cream man,
Riding round with ice-cream on his tricycle.
"Christmas Day In The Workhouse" by Weston and Lee

In news:

"Glacier Soundscapes" is a multimedia presentation of music and video about Glacier National Park in Montana.
Novel Technique Reveals How Glaciers Sculpted Their Valleys.
The study of Columbia Glacier shows the first detailed observation of a glacier undergoing a transition from grounded to floating.
Hikers walk on the Matanuska Glacier near Palmer, Alaska on August, 10 2008.
The northeast face of Mt Shasta , Calif, showing the Hotlum glacier, dominates the horizon Thursday, June 19, 2008.
Multiple Vessels Rescue Sightseeing Boat in Glacier Bay.
Three separate vessels responded to a cruise ship that was taking on water in Glacier Bay on Sunday, according to the.
The Panthers notched impressive and rare victories against the cross-canal rival Glacier Bears during non-conferenc.
Skagway , and Glacier Bay - 8th wonder of the world.
Matt Lubejko, a fisheries technician for the US Forest Service, clears debris from a seasonal fish weir at the mouth of Steep Creek at the Mendenhall Glacier Visitors Center on Friday.
Naturalist at the Mendenhall Glacier Visitor Center reported see a large school of returning sockeye race up the creek starting Wednesday afternoon.
Glacier Peak dominates Snohomish in first-ever meeting between the two Snohomish high schools.
Upstart Glacier Peak beats big brother Snohomish soundly .
Body Found in Glacier County.
A volcano explodes a glacier in Iceland.

In science:

Glacier: Highly Durable, Decentralized Storage Despite Massive Correlated Failures.
CORE: Augmenting Regenerating-Coding-Based Recovery for Single and Concurrent Failures in Distributed Storage Systems
Only three percent of the water on Earth is freshwater in nature, and about two-thirds of this is frozen in glaciers and polar ice caps.
Extraction of Freshwater and Energy from Atmosphere
The same situation is in rain, mountain rivers and glaciers. 9.
Extraction of Freshwater and Energy from Atmosphere
Mendillo et al. 2006), (d) glaciers (Furget et al. 2006, which is actually a calculation pertaining to past epochs when the obliquity of the Martian ecliptic was 45◦ or more), and (e) two sorts of X-ray emission, fluorescence and charge exchange, both to be blamed on the sun (Dennerl et al. 2006).
Astrophysics in 2006
One possible design for a detector with mass order of 100 kton, called GLACIER concept , was assumed at this workshop.
Summary of the 3rd International Workshop on a Far Detector in Korea for the J-PARC Beam